Difference between revisions of "London Crime and Punishment"

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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[London]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[London_Prisons|Prisons]]'' [[Image:Fleetprison.jpg|thumb|right]]  
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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[London]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[London_Prisons|Prisons]]'' [[Image:{{FleetPrison}}]]
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<br>Many records related to London prisoners are kept in the London Sessions at the [[London Metropolitan Archives]] and were printed by journalists in the Old Bailey Sessions. The [[London Court Records|London Court Records]] article provides further information.
  
 
=== Bridewell  ===
 
=== Bridewell  ===
  
{{Wikipedia|Bridewell_Palace|Bridewell}}  
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{{Wikipedia|Bridewell_Palace|Bridewell}}Originally a workhouse-style hospital, by the late 1500s, many prisoners were held at Bridewell. The prison at Bridewell closed in 1855. Most of the buildings have been demolished.<ref name="lma" /> Records are kept at the [[London Metropolitan Archives]]. [[Bridewell Chapel|Bridewell Chapel]] also kept records.<br>
  
 
=== Fleet Prison  ===
 
=== Fleet Prison  ===
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=== Newgate  ===
 
=== Newgate  ===
  
{{Wikipedia|Newgate_Prison|Newgate}}  
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{{Wikipedia|Newgate_Prison|Newgate}}Newgate Prison was founded in 1188. It burned during the Great Fire of London (1666), but was rebuilt. Between 1770 and 1778, a new prison was designed, but burned down in the Gordon Riots (1780). It was rebuilt between 1780 and 1783. The prison closed in 1902 and the buildings were demolished.<ref name="lma">''Prison Records,'' London Metropolitan Archives Information Leaflet Number 59, http://217.154.230.218/NR/rdonlyres/5B8D735B-9FCB-47F4-A9BE-1A45430FF54A/0/59PRISONRECORDS.pdf, accessed 17 January 2012</ref>
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[http://members.tripod.com/~Data_Mate/Execut.txt List of Executions at England from 1606 at Newgate Prison]: Extracted from Haydn's Dictionar of Dates<br><br>A variety of records survive and are held at the [[London Metropolitan Archives]].
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Additional Newgate Prison history is available at the [http://www.capitalpunishmentuk.org/newgate.html Capital Punishments] website. Creators of the site have also compiled lists of executions at Newgate from [http://www.capitalpunishmentuk.org/ng1783.html 1783 to 1799], [http://www.capitalpunishmentuk.org/tower.html 1800 to 1836], and [http://www.capitalpunishmentuk.org/new1837.html 1837 to 1902]. Before that time, executions took place at Tyburn.<br>
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*Griffiths, Arthur. ''The Chronicles of Newgate''. 2 vols. London: Chapman and Hall, 1884. Digital version of Volume 1 at [http://archive.org/details/chroniclesnewga00grifgoog Internet Archive]; Volume 2 at [http://archive.org/details/chroniclesnewga02grifgoog Internet Archive] - both free.
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=== Executions  ===
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{{Wikipedia|Tyburn}}Many Londoners found guilty of capital crimes at the Old Bailey Sessions were publicly executed at Tyburn, although it was possible to be reprieved. A list of executions at Tyburn 1695-1783 is available [http://www.capitalpunishmentuk.org/tyburn.html online].
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<br>A list of executions at the Tower of London from 1388 to 1941 is also available [http://www.capitalpunishmentuk.org/tower.html online].
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Felons found guilty of crimes at sea, such as piracy, were put to death at Execution Dock, near the Tower of London. A list of executions there from 1735 to 1830 is available [http://www.capitalpunishmentuk.org/edock.html online].
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*Stevenson, Robert Louis. ''Lives of the Most Remarkable Criminals Who Have Been Condemned and Executed for Murder, Highway Robberies, House-breaking, Street Robberies, Coining, Or Other Offences; From the Year 1720 to the Year 1735, Collected from Original Papers and Authentic Memoirs.'' London: Reeves and Turner, 1874. Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/cu31924024870887 Internet Archive] - free.
  
== Maps ==
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== Maps ==
  
 
*[http://instruct.uwo.ca/english/234e/site/bckgrnds/maps/lndnmpprsns.html London Prisons ca. 1676] (The University of West Ontario)
 
*[http://instruct.uwo.ca/english/234e/site/bckgrnds/maps/lndnmpprsns.html London Prisons ca. 1676] (The University of West Ontario)
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== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />  
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<references />
  
 
== Websites  ==
 
== Websites  ==
  
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*[http://www.capitalpunishmentuk.org/ Capital Punishment U.K.]
 
*[http://www.londonlives.org/static/HousesOfCorrection.jsp Houses of Correction] (London Lives)  
 
*[http://www.londonlives.org/static/HousesOfCorrection.jsp Houses of Correction] (London Lives)  
*[http://www.londonlives.org/static/Prisons.jsp Prisons and Lockups] (London Lives)
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*[http://www.londonlives.org/static/Prisons.jsp Prisons and Lockups] (London Lives)
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*[http://217.154.230.218/NR/rdonlyres/5B8D735B-9FCB-47F4-A9BE-1A45430FF54A/0/59PRISONRECORDS.pdf Prison Records] (London Metropolitan Archives Information Leaflet)
  
 
{{London}}  
 
{{London}}  

Revision as of 19:49, 30 October 2012

England Gotoarrow.png London Gotoarrow.png Prisons
Fleet Prison


Many records related to London prisoners are kept in the London Sessions at the London Metropolitan Archives and were printed by journalists in the Old Bailey Sessions. The London Court Records article provides further information.

Bridewell

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Bridewell
Originally a workhouse-style hospital, by the late 1500s, many prisoners were held at Bridewell. The prison at Bridewell closed in 1855. Most of the buildings have been demolished.[1] Records are kept at the London Metropolitan Archives. Bridewell Chapel also kept records.

Fleet Prison

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Fleet Prison

Newgate

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Newgate
Newgate Prison was founded in 1188. It burned during the Great Fire of London (1666), but was rebuilt. Between 1770 and 1778, a new prison was designed, but burned down in the Gordon Riots (1780). It was rebuilt between 1780 and 1783. The prison closed in 1902 and the buildings were demolished.[1]

List of Executions at England from 1606 at Newgate Prison: Extracted from Haydn's Dictionar of Dates

A variety of records survive and are held at the London Metropolitan Archives.

Additional Newgate Prison history is available at the Capital Punishments website. Creators of the site have also compiled lists of executions at Newgate from 1783 to 1799, 1800 to 1836, and 1837 to 1902. Before that time, executions took place at Tyburn.

  • Griffiths, Arthur. The Chronicles of Newgate. 2 vols. London: Chapman and Hall, 1884. Digital version of Volume 1 at Internet Archive; Volume 2 at Internet Archive - both free.

Executions

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Tyburn
Many Londoners found guilty of capital crimes at the Old Bailey Sessions were publicly executed at Tyburn, although it was possible to be reprieved. A list of executions at Tyburn 1695-1783 is available online.


A list of executions at the Tower of London from 1388 to 1941 is also available online.

Felons found guilty of crimes at sea, such as piracy, were put to death at Execution Dock, near the Tower of London. A list of executions there from 1735 to 1830 is available online.

  • Stevenson, Robert Louis. Lives of the Most Remarkable Criminals Who Have Been Condemned and Executed for Murder, Highway Robberies, House-breaking, Street Robberies, Coining, Or Other Offences; From the Year 1720 to the Year 1735, Collected from Original Papers and Authentic Memoirs. London: Reeves and Turner, 1874. Digital version at Internet Archive - free.

Maps

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Prison Records, London Metropolitan Archives Information Leaflet Number 59, http://217.154.230.218/NR/rdonlyres/5B8D735B-9FCB-47F4-A9BE-1A45430FF54A/0/59PRISONRECORDS.pdf, accessed 17 January 2012

Websites

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