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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lincolnshire|Lincolnshire]]''  
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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lincolnshire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Lincolnshire Probate Records''  
  
The following article is about probate records in Lincolnshire. The following is about For an explanation of probate records in England, click [[England Probate Records|here]].<br>
+
== Getting Started  ==
 +
 
 +
''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]] and [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]]. This article is about probate records in Lincolnshire. See [[England Probate Records]] for a general description of probate records in England.
 +
 
 +
=== 1858 to the Present  ===
 +
 
 +
Beginning in 1858, the [[Principal Probate Registry|Principal Probate Registry]] had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.  
  
<br>
+
The Principal Probate Register is a National Index that covers Lincoln. Lincolnshire also has a local court for Probate. The Family History Library [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1975072 has an index that covers 1858-1910 on CD].
 +
 
 +
This CD can be purchased from the [http://www.lincolnshirefhs.org.uk/index.php/publications Lincolnshire Family History Society undex CD's Miscellaneous] and covers 1700-1910 for the Consistory Court of Lincoln.
 +
 
 +
=== Before 1858  ===
 +
 
 +
Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Lincolnshire, follow these steps:
 +
 
 +
==== Step 1. Search Indexes  ====
 +
 
 +
Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Lincolnshire. Search these indexes first:
 +
 
 +
Search the [http://www.lincolnshire.gov.uk/residents/archives/family-history/family-history-sources-at-lincolnshire-archives/lincoln-consistory-court-wills-index/75498.article?tab=downloads Lincoln Consistory Court Wills Index, 1701-1800]. The site contains lists in PDF format in alphabetical order by name. [http://books.google.com/books?id=oC8EAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=Lincolnshire,+England+Wills&source=gbs_similarbooks_s&cad=1 Calendars of Lincoln Wills 1320-1600] is a digitized book.<br>
 +
 
 +
The website British History Online has transcriptions of Lincoln probate records for early years:
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=53656 1271-1489]
 +
*[http://www.british-history.ac.uk/source.aspx?pubid=408 1505-1530]
 +
*[http://www.british-history.ac.uk/source.aspx?pubid=410 1530-1532]
 +
 
 +
Family History Library in Salt Lake City has these indexes available:
 +
 
 +
*{{FHL|330052|subject-id|disp=Lincoln probate records-indexes}}
 +
*{{FHL|4791|title-id|disp=Index to records of Lincoln Peculiar Courts}}, including Caistor, Louth, Heydour, Corringham, Bishop Norton, Kirton in Lindsey, Gretton, Empingham, Biggleswade and Sleaford.
 +
*The ''Lincolnshire Wills Beneficiary Index&nbsp;''covers the period approximately from 1383 to1900. It was compiled by Pam Baker from information submitted by members of the Lincolnshire Family History Society. It's an index to the names of people who appear in a will made by someone else. The Family History Library has a copy of this index on fiche numbers {{FHL|755208|title-id|disp=6393728-6393730 and 6393718-6393720}}.
 +
 
 +
Did you find a reference to a probate record?
 +
 
 +
*If ''yes'', go to '''Step 4''' below.
 +
*If ''no'', go to '''Step 2''' below.
 +
 
 +
==== Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died  ====
 +
 
 +
Determine ''when'' your ancestor died.&nbsp;If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
Determine ''where'' your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a [[P genealogical glossary terms|parish]]. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales'' online:
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/index.jsp Vision of Britain]
  
== Description  ==
+
The gazetteer will either tell you:
  
''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The term ''probate'' refers to a collection of documents, including [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]], [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]] (also called admons), [[I genealogical glossary terms|inventories]], and [[A genealogical glossary terms|act books]]. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. This article explains about probates and how to get started to search for a will.  
+
*A place is a parish, or
 +
*What parish it is a part of, or
 +
*What place it is near.
  
Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. The '''Probates After 1857'''&nbsp;section below has a link to an article about probates after 1857.  
+
If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.  
  
<br>
+
Once you have identified the parish, go to '''Step 3'''.
  
== Getting Started ==
+
==== Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish ====
  
Follow these steps to look for a probate record before 1858:<br>
+
Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in&nbsp;Lincolnshire fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with.
  
#Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you don’t know, use the approximate date and place where they lived. <br>
+
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes A|A]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes B|B]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes C and D|C-D]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes E and F|E-F]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes G|G]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes H|H]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes I through K|I-K]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes L and M|L-M]]&nbsp; &nbsp; [[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes N through P|N-P]]&nbsp; &nbsp; [[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes Q and R|Q-R]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes S|Sa-So]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes beginning with Sp through Sw|Sp-Sw]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes T through Z|T-Z]]
#Go to the Court Jurisdictions section below.<br>
 
#Click a letter or span of letters for your place. This opens an article showing a table of places and the courts that had jurisdiction over them.<br>
 
#Follow the steps at the top of the table to search for a will.<br><br>
 
  
== Court Jurisdictions by Parish<br> ==
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==== Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record  ====
  
Before 1858, every town and parish in Lincolnshire was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and one or more secondary courts.&nbsp;
+
Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:
  
To see a list of Lincolnshire places and the pre-1858 courts that had probate jurisdiction over them, and instructions of what to do next, click on a link:
+
*Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
 +
*Visit the [https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Family History Library] or a [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history center]] and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below. <br>Storey, Anne M. The Rev. James Hopewell's Will.&nbsp; An interesting English Will that provides information on some Irish families.&nbsp; Names include Griffin, Holdsworth, Briggs, Kerr, Enroe, Francis, Hays, Barkwood, Robinson, Oak and Hawkland.&nbsp; Covers years 1773-1919, Lincoln, and Ireland Sligo. Will in The Irish Ancestor, vol. XVI, no.2, 1984, pages 8-9. Family History Library Ref. 941.5 B2i
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes A|A]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes B|B]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes C and D|C-D]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes E and F|E-F]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes G|G]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes H|H]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes I through K|I-K]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes L and M|L-M]]&nbsp; &nbsp; [[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes N through P|N-P]]&nbsp; &nbsp; [[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes Q and R|Q-R]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes S|Sa-So]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes beginning with Sp through Sw|Sp-Sw]]&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Lincolnshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes T through Z|T-Z]].
 
<div id="refHTML"></div>
 
 
== Lincolnshire Probate Courts  ==
 
== Lincolnshire Probate Courts  ==
  
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Prebendal of Sleaford]]  
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Prebendal of Sleaford]]  
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Prebendal of Stow in Lindsey]]<br>
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Prebendal of Stow in Lindsey]]<br>
 +
*[[Exchequer and Prerogative Courts of the Archbishop of York]]
 +
*[[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
  
In addition, the [[Exchequer and Prerogative Courts of the Archbishop of York]] had jurisdiction over most of the Northern counties of England.
+
<br>
 
 
In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England and specifically in the following cases.<br>
 
 
 
*Wealthy individuals
 
*Interregnum, 1649-1660, because the Prerogative Court was the only court.
 
*Property in more than one diocese in the Province of Canterbury.
 
*Property in both the Province of Canterbury and Province of York.
 
*People who died outside England, including British citizens and others who held property in England.
 
 
 
==== Appeals Courts  ====
 
 
 
Any probate that was disputed and could not be settled by the county courts could be sent to these higher appeals courts:
 
 
 
*[[Court of Arches]]
 
*[[High Court of Delegates]]
 
 
 
The [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]&nbsp;also served as an appeals court.
 
 
 
== Probate Indexes Online<br> ==
 
 
 
Search the [http://microsites.lincolnshire.gov.uk/archives/section.asp?docId=53085&catId=13105&pageTitle=Lincoln+Consistory+Court+Wills+Index Lincoln Consistory Court Wills Index, 1701-1800]. The site contains lists in PDF format in alphabetical order by name. [http://books.google.com/books?id=oC8EAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=Lincolnshire,+England+Wills&source=gbs_similarbooks_s&cad=1 Calendars of Lincoln Wills 1320-1600] is a digitized book.<br>
 
 
 
[http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=53656] [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/source.aspx?pubid=408] [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/source.aspx?pubid=410] Transcriptions of Lincoln probate records 1271-1526 with transcripts of probate to 1532.
 
 
 
== Probate Indexes  ==
 
 
 
Family History Library has these indexes available [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=topicdetails&subject=330052&subject_disp=England%2C+Lincoln+%2D+Probate+records+%2D+Indexes&columns=*,0,0] [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=topicdetails&subject=329888&subject_disp=England%2C+Lincoln+%2D+Probate+records&columns=*,0,0] [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=233030&disp=Calendars+of+Lincoln+wills%20%20&columns=*,0,0].
 
 
 
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=4791&disp=Index+to+records+of+Lincoln+Peculiar+Cou%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Index to records of Lincoln Peculiar Courts], including Caistor, Louth, Heydour, Corringham, Bishop Norton, Kirton in Lindsey, Gretton, Empingham, Biggleswade and Sleaford.<br>
 
*The ''Lincolnshire Wills Beneficiary Index&nbsp;''covers the period approximately from 1383 to1900. It was compiled by Pam Baker from information submitted by members of the Lincolnshire Family History Society. It's an index to the names of people who appear in a will made by someone else. The Family History Library has a copy of this index on fiche numbers [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=755208&disp=Wills+beneficiary+index++ 6393728-6393730 and 6393718-6393720].
 
  
== Some Explanatory Notes on the Lincolnshire Probate Courts  ==
+
=== Some Explanatory Notes on the Lincolnshire Probate Courts  ===
  
 
Before the Reformation the diocese of Lincoln comprised:<br>
 
Before the Reformation the diocese of Lincoln comprised:<br>
  
*Archdeaconries of Lincoln and Stow in the county of Lincoln<br>
+
*Archdeaconries of Lincoln and Stow in the county of Lincoln  
*Archdeaconry of Leicester<br>
+
*Archdeaconry of Leicester  
*Archdeaconry of Northampton (including the counties of Northampton and Rutland)<br>
+
*Archdeaconry of Northampton (including the counties of Northampton and Rutland)  
*Archdeaconry of Oxford<br>
+
*Archdeaconry of Oxford  
*Archdeaconry of Bedford<br>
+
*Archdeaconry of Bedford  
*Archdeaconry of Buckingham<br>
+
*Archdeaconry of Buckingham  
 
*Huntingdon (including the counties of Huntingdon and the county of Hertford except for the peculiar of St. Albans).<br>
 
*Huntingdon (including the counties of Huntingdon and the county of Hertford except for the peculiar of St. Albans).<br>
  
 
After the Reformation, the archdeaonries of Bedford, Buckingham and Huntingdon remained until the period 1837-1845 when they were transferred to other dioceses. Since court records of the Bishop's Commissaries for the various Archdeaconries tended to be kept with the records of these archdeacons there is only a relatively small number of wills at Loncoln relating to the counties other than Lincolnshire.<br>
 
After the Reformation, the archdeaonries of Bedford, Buckingham and Huntingdon remained until the period 1837-1845 when they were transferred to other dioceses. Since court records of the Bishop's Commissaries for the various Archdeaconries tended to be kept with the records of these archdeacons there is only a relatively small number of wills at Loncoln relating to the counties other than Lincolnshire.<br>
  
For most of the wills proved in all the courts down to 1532, printed abstracts will be found in C.W. Foster's ''Lincoln Wills'' published by the Lincoln Record Society volumes 5 (1271-1526) and 10 (1505-1530). There are further abstracts of selected items in ''Lincolnshire Wills: First Series A.D 1500-1600'' (published in 1888) and ''Lincolnshire Wills: Second Series A.D. 1600-1617 ''(published in 1891) by Canon A.R. Maddison.<ref>Camp, Anthony J. Wills and Their Whereabouts. London: published by author, 1974; page 66.</ref> The Family History Library has a copy of these volumes (FHL [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=203079&disp=Lincolnshire+wills++ 942.53 P2ma; film 990132 Items 3-4]). <br>
+
For most of the wills proved in all the courts down to 1532, printed abstracts will be found in C.W. Foster's ''Lincoln Wills'' published by the Lincoln Record Society volumes 5 (1271-1526) and 10 (1505-1530). There are further abstracts of selected items in ''Lincolnshire Wills: First Series A.D 1500-1600'' (published in 1888) and ''Lincolnshire Wills: Second Series A.D. 1600-1617 ''(published in 1891) by Canon A.R. Maddison.<ref>Camp, Anthony J. Wills and Their Whereabouts. London: published by author, 1974; page 66.</ref> The Family History Library has a copy of these volumes (FHL {{FHL|203079|title-id|disp=942.53 P2ma; film 990132 Items 3-4}}). <br>
  
== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
+
<br>
 
 
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].
 
 
 
== Probates After 1857  ==
 
 
 
Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to [[Principal Probate Registry]].<br>
 
 
 
== References  ==
 
  
 
{{reflist}}  
 
{{reflist}}  
  
[[Category:Lincolnshire]]
+
[[Category:Lincolnshire|Probate]]

Revision as of 15:10, 7 May 2013

England Gotoarrow.png Lincolnshire Gotoarrow.png Lincolnshire Probate Records

Getting Started

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include wills and administrations. This article is about probate records in Lincolnshire. See England Probate Records for a general description of probate records in England.

1858 to the Present

Beginning in 1858, the Principal Probate Registry had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.

The Principal Probate Register is a National Index that covers Lincoln. Lincolnshire also has a local court for Probate. The Family History Library has an index that covers 1858-1910 on CD.

This CD can be purchased from the Lincolnshire Family History Society undex CD's Miscellaneous and covers 1700-1910 for the Consistory Court of Lincoln.

Before 1858

Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Lincolnshire, follow these steps:

Step 1. Search Indexes

Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Lincolnshire. Search these indexes first:

Search the Lincoln Consistory Court Wills Index, 1701-1800. The site contains lists in PDF format in alphabetical order by name. Calendars of Lincoln Wills 1320-1600 is a digitized book.

The website British History Online has transcriptions of Lincoln probate records for early years:

Family History Library in Salt Lake City has these indexes available:

  • Lincoln probate records-indexes
  • Index to records of Lincoln Peculiar Courts, including Caistor, Louth, Heydour, Corringham, Bishop Norton, Kirton in Lindsey, Gretton, Empingham, Biggleswade and Sleaford.
  • The Lincolnshire Wills Beneficiary Index covers the period approximately from 1383 to1900. It was compiled by Pam Baker from information submitted by members of the Lincolnshire Family History Society. It's an index to the names of people who appear in a will made by someone else. The Family History Library has a copy of this index on fiche numbers 6393728-6393730 and 6393718-6393720.

Did you find a reference to a probate record?

  • If yes, go to Step 4 below.
  • If no, go to Step 2 below.

Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died

Determine when your ancestor died. If you aren't sure, use an approximate date. 

Determine where your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a parish. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales online:

The gazetteer will either tell you:

  • A place is a parish, or
  • What parish it is a part of, or
  • What place it is near.

If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.

Once you have identified the parish, go to Step 3.

Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish

Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Lincolnshire fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with.

    A   B   C-D   E-F  G   H   I-K   L-M    N-P    Q-R   Sa-So   Sp-Sw   T-Z

Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record

Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:

  • Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
  • Visit the Family History Library or a family history center and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below.
    Storey, Anne M. The Rev. James Hopewell's Will.  An interesting English Will that provides information on some Irish families.  Names include Griffin, Holdsworth, Briggs, Kerr, Enroe, Francis, Hays, Barkwood, Robinson, Oak and Hawkland.  Covers years 1773-1919, Lincoln, and Ireland Sligo. Will in The Irish Ancestor, vol. XVI, no.2, 1984, pages 8-9. Family History Library Ref. 941.5 B2i

Lincolnshire Probate Courts

The following ecclesiastical courts had some probate jurisdiction over the county of Lincoln prior to 1858. Click on a court name to learn more about its records, indexes and finding a probate for your ancestor. To determine which court, go to the Court Jurisdictions by Parish section above.


Some Explanatory Notes on the Lincolnshire Probate Courts

Before the Reformation the diocese of Lincoln comprised:

  • Archdeaconries of Lincoln and Stow in the county of Lincoln
  • Archdeaconry of Leicester
  • Archdeaconry of Northampton (including the counties of Northampton and Rutland)
  • Archdeaconry of Oxford
  • Archdeaconry of Bedford
  • Archdeaconry of Buckingham
  • Huntingdon (including the counties of Huntingdon and the county of Hertford except for the peculiar of St. Albans).

After the Reformation, the archdeaonries of Bedford, Buckingham and Huntingdon remained until the period 1837-1845 when they were transferred to other dioceses. Since court records of the Bishop's Commissaries for the various Archdeaconries tended to be kept with the records of these archdeacons there is only a relatively small number of wills at Loncoln relating to the counties other than Lincolnshire.

For most of the wills proved in all the courts down to 1532, printed abstracts will be found in C.W. Foster's Lincoln Wills published by the Lincoln Record Society volumes 5 (1271-1526) and 10 (1505-1530). There are further abstracts of selected items in Lincolnshire Wills: First Series A.D 1500-1600 (published in 1888) and Lincolnshire Wills: Second Series A.D. 1600-1617 (published in 1891) by Canon A.R. Maddison.[1] The Family History Library has a copy of these volumes (FHL 942.53 P2ma; film 990132 Items 3-4).



  1. Camp, Anthony J. Wills and Their Whereabouts. London: published by author, 1974; page 66.