Difference between revisions of "Leicestershire Probate Records"

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Since there are no known records for the Court of the Peculiar of Old Dalby, it should be treated as though it belonged to the Court of the Archdeacon of Leicester.  
 
Since there are no known records for the Court of the Peculiar of Old Dalby, it should be treated as though it belonged to the Court of the Archdeacon of Leicester.  
  
== Probate Court Jurisdictions  ==
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== Court Jurisdictions  ==
  
[[Leicestershire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes A|A]]    [[Leicestershire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes B through F|B-F]]   [[Leicestershire_Probate_Jurisdictions_Parishes_G_through_M|G-M]]   [[Leicestershire_Probate_Jurisdictions_Parishes_N_through_Z|N-Z]]   
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Before 1858, every town and parish in Leicestershire came under the jurisdiction of a primary probate court and one or more secondary courts. When looking for the pre-1858 will of an ancestor in Leicestershire, you need to determine what courts had jurisdiction over the place where your ancestor died or had property. Click on a link below for the letter your parish of interest begins with and follow the instructions given on the next page.<br>
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[[Leicestershire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes A|A]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Leicestershire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes B through F|B-F]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Leicestershire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes G through M|G-M]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Leicestershire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes N through Z|N-Z]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  
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If you do not know a parish, search the [[Court of the Archdeacon of Leicester|Court of the Archdeaconry of Leicester]].
  
 
== Online Probate Indexes  ==
 
== Online Probate Indexes  ==

Revision as of 16:48, 21 September 2009

England Gotoarrow.png Leicestershire

For an explanation of probate records in England, click here.

Getting Started

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his/her heirs. 

In order to find a probate record for your ancestor, you must answer two questions:

  1. When did your ancestor die?
  2. Where did your ancestor live or own property?

A key date is 1858, when probate authority was taken from the ecclesiatical courts of the Church of England and given to the civil government. 

  • If your ancestor died before 1858, his/her probate would have been proven by an ecclesiatical court and it is important to know where he/she lived, as that will determine which courts had jurisdiction. 
  • If you know where your ancestor lived before 1858, you should go to the Court Jurisdictions section below to determine what courts had jurisdiction over your ancestor's place of residence. 
  • Beginning in 1858, probate authority was vested in the Principal Probate Registry system.  For more information, scroll to the Post-1857 Probate Records section at the bottom of the page.

Once you have answered the two questions and determined the courts, look for indexes. Indexes will be found on the individual court pages (when you click on a court name) or in the Probate Indexes section below.

Leicestershire Probate Courts

Most of Leicestershire was under the pre-1858 probate jurisdiction of the Court of the Archdeaconry of Leicester. The majority of probate searches will be in the records of this court and its superior courts. However, the following smaller courts also had some pre-1858 jurisdiction within the county. Click on a court name to learn about records and indexes.

Some Explanatory Notes About the Leicestershire Probate Courts

The Archdeaconry of Leicester is not technically a superior jurisdiction of the other courts, but as the largest court of original jurisdiction in the county it will often contain probate records of persons who resided in the other jurisdictions.

Since there are no known records for the Court of the Peculiar of Old Dalby, it should be treated as though it belonged to the Court of the Archdeacon of Leicester.

Court Jurisdictions

Before 1858, every town and parish in Leicestershire came under the jurisdiction of a primary probate court and one or more secondary courts. When looking for the pre-1858 will of an ancestor in Leicestershire, you need to determine what courts had jurisdiction over the place where your ancestor died or had property. Click on a link below for the letter your parish of interest begins with and follow the instructions given on the next page.

A    B-F   G-M   N-Z   

If you do not know a parish, search the Court of the Archdeaconry of Leicester.

Online Probate Indexes

Calendars of wills and administrations relating to the county of Leicester, proved in the Archdeaconry Court of Leicester, 1495-1649 : and in the Peculiars of St. Margaret Leicester, Rothley, Groby, Evington, and the unproved wills, etc., previous to 1801.[1]


Estate Duty Records

Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Between 1813-1858 estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to Estate Duty Records.


Post-1857 Probate Records

Beginning in 1858, the government took over the settlement of estates and all wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system.  The system consists of 11 district registry offices and 18 sub-district registries, located throughout England and Wales, and the principal registry office located in London.  The records are available through the office of Her Majesty's Courts Service.  To learn more, go to the HMCS website.

A country-wide surname index to the records is available, so it is much easier to look for post-1857 wills.  The indexes for 1858-1957 and the records for 1858-1925 are available on microfilm at the Family History Library.