Difference between revisions of "Leicestershire Probate Records"

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[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Leicestershire]]  
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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Leicestershire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Leicestershire Probate Records''
  
For an explanation of probate records in England, click [[England Probate Records|here]].  
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== Getting Started  ==
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''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]] and [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]]. This article is about probate records in Leicestershire. See [[England Probate Records]] for a general description of probate records in England.
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=== 1858 to the Present  ===
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Beginning in 1858, the [[Principal Probate Registry|Principal Probate Registry]] had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.  
  
== Getting Started ==
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=== Before 1858 ===
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Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Leicestershire, follow these steps:
  
Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his/her heirs. 
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==== Step 1. Search Indexes  ====
  
In order to find a probate record for your ancestor, you must answer two questions:  
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Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Leicestershire. Search these indexes first:  
  
#When did your ancestor die?  
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*Calendars of wills and administrations relating to the county of Leicester, proved in the Archdeaconry Court of Leicester, 1495-1649 : and in the Peculiars of St. Margaret Leicester, Rothley, Groby, Evington, and the unproved wills, etc., previous to 1801.[http://books.google.com/books?id=Jj8EAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_similarbooks_r&cad=2]
#Where did your ancestor live or own property?
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*Card index to probated wills, Leicestershire, 1750-1929 Microreproduction of cards housed at the Leicestershire Record Office,[http://www.leics.gov.uk/record_office.htm] Leicester and through the Family History Library and branches. {{FHL|548482|title-id|disp=}}
  
A key date is 1858, when probate authority was taken from the ecclesiatical courts of the Church of England and given to the civil government. 
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Did you find a reference to a probate record?
  
*If your ancestor died before 1858, his/her probate would have been proven by an ecclesiatical court and it is important to know where he/she lived, as that will determine which courts had jurisdiction. 
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*If ''yes'', go to '''Step 4''' below.  
*If you know where your ancestor lived before 1858, you should go to the '''Court Jurisdictions''' section below to determine what courts had jurisdiction over your ancestor's place of residence. 
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*If ''no'', go to '''Step 2''' below.
*Beginning in 1858, probate authority was vested in the '''Principal Probate Registry''' system.  For more information, scroll to the '''Post-1857 Probate Records''' section at the bottom of the page.
 
  
Once you have answered the two questions and determined the courts, look for indexes. Indexes will be found on the individual court pages (when you click on a court name) or in the '''Probate Indexes''' section below.<br><br>
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==== Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died  ====
  
== Leicestershire Probate Courts<br> ==
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Determine ''when'' your ancestor died. If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.
  
Court of the Manor of Evington (Commissary Court)
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Determine ''where'' your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a [[P genealogical glossary terms|parish]]. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales'' online:
  
Court of the Peculiar of Groby (Commissary Court)
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*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/index.jsp Vision of Britain]
  
Court of the Peculiar of Old Dalby (Exempt jurisdiction-fomerly of Knights Hospitallers)
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The gazetteer will either tell you:
  
Court of the Manor of Merevale
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*A place is a parish, or
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*What parish it is a part of, or
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*What place it is near.
  
Court of the Manor of Rothley (Commissary Court)
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If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.
  
Court of the Peculiar of St. Margaret in Leicester
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Once you have identified the parish, go to '''Step 3'''.  
  
Court of the Archdeacon of Leicester
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==== Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish  ====
  
Court of the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln (Cathedral)
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Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Leicestershire fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with.
  
Court of the Bishop of Lincoln
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[[Leicestershire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes A|A]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Leicestershire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes B through F|B-F]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Leicestershire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes G through M|G-M]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Leicestershire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes N through Z|N-Z]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
  
Court of the Bishop of Lichfield
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If you do not know a parish, search the [[Court of the Archdeacon of Leicester|Court of the Archdeaconry of Leicester]].
  
== Some Explanatory Notes About the Leicestershire Probate Courts ==
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==== Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record ====
  
The Archdeaconry of Leicester is not technically a superior jurisdiction of the other courts, but as the largest court of original jurisdiction in the county it will often contain probate records of persons who resided in the other jurisdictions.
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Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:
  
Since there are no known records for the Court of the Peculiar of Old Dalby, it should be treated as though it belonged to the Court of the Archdeacon of Leicester.  
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*Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection. step
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*Visit the[https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Family History Library] or a[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history center]] and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below. <br>
  
== Probate Court Jurisdictions ==
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== Leicestershire Probate Courts ==
  
== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
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Most of Leicestershire was under the pre-1858 probate jurisdiction of the [[Court of the Archdeacon of Leicester|Court of the Archdeaconry of Leicester]]. The majority of probate searches will be in the records of this court and its superior courts. However, the following smaller courts also had some pre-1858 jurisdiction within the county. Click on a court name to learn about records and indexes.
  
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Between 1813-1858 estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Manor of Evington (Commissary Court)]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of Groby (Commissary Court)|Court of the Peculiar of Groby (Commissary Court)]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of Old Dalby|Court of the Peculiar of Old Dalby]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Manor of Merevale]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Manor of Rothley (Commissary Court)]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Prebendal of St. Margaret in Leicester]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln]]
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*[[Court of the Bishop of Lincoln (Episcopal Consistory)|Court of the Bishop of Lincoln]]
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*[[Court of the Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry (Episcopal Consistory)]]
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*[[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
  
 
<br>
 
<br>
  
== Post-1857 Probate Records ==
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=== Some Explanatory Notes About the Leicestershire Probate Courts ===
 +
 
 +
The Archdeaconry of Leicester is not technically a superior jurisdiction of the other courts, but as the largest court of original jurisdiction in the county it will often contain probate records of persons who resided in the other jurisdictions.
  
Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system.&nbsp; The system consists of 11 district registry offices and&nbsp;18 sub-district registries, located throughout England and Wales, and&nbsp;the principal registry&nbsp;office located in London.&nbsp; The records are available through the office of Her Majesty's Courts Service.&nbsp; To learn more, go to the [http://www.hmcourts-service.gov.uk/infoabout/civil/probate/index.htm HMCS website].  
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Since there are no known records for the Court of the Peculiar of Old Dalby, it should be treated as though it belonged to the Court of the Archdeacon of Leicester.  
  
A&nbsp;country-wide surname index to the records is available, so it is much easier to look for post-1857 wills.&nbsp; The [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=208102&disp=Calendar+of+the+grants+of+probate+and+le%20%20&columns=*,0,0 indexes] for 1858-1957 and the records for 1858-1925 are available on microfilm at the Family History Library.<br>
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<br>
  
[[Category:England|England]]
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[[Category:Leicestershire]]

Revision as of 15:10, 7 May 2013

England Gotoarrow.png Leicestershire Gotoarrow.png Leicestershire Probate Records

Getting Started

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include wills and administrations. This article is about probate records in Leicestershire. See England Probate Records for a general description of probate records in England.

1858 to the Present

Beginning in 1858, the Principal Probate Registry had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.

Before 1858

Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Leicestershire, follow these steps:

Step 1. Search Indexes

Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Leicestershire. Search these indexes first:

  • Calendars of wills and administrations relating to the county of Leicester, proved in the Archdeaconry Court of Leicester, 1495-1649 : and in the Peculiars of St. Margaret Leicester, Rothley, Groby, Evington, and the unproved wills, etc., previous to 1801.[1]
  • Card index to probated wills, Leicestershire, 1750-1929 Microreproduction of cards housed at the Leicestershire Record Office,[2] Leicester and through the Family History Library and branches. [3]

Did you find a reference to a probate record?

  • If yes, go to Step 4 below.
  • If no, go to Step 2 below.

Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died

Determine when your ancestor died. If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.

Determine where your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a parish. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales online:

The gazetteer will either tell you:

  • A place is a parish, or
  • What parish it is a part of, or
  • What place it is near.

If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.

Once you have identified the parish, go to Step 3.

Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish

Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Leicestershire fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with.

A    B-F   G-M   N-Z   

If you do not know a parish, search the Court of the Archdeaconry of Leicester.

Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record

Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:

  • Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection. step
  • Visit theFamily History Library or afamily history center and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below.

Leicestershire Probate Courts

Most of Leicestershire was under the pre-1858 probate jurisdiction of the Court of the Archdeaconry of Leicester. The majority of probate searches will be in the records of this court and its superior courts. However, the following smaller courts also had some pre-1858 jurisdiction within the county. Click on a court name to learn about records and indexes.


Some Explanatory Notes About the Leicestershire Probate Courts

The Archdeaconry of Leicester is not technically a superior jurisdiction of the other courts, but as the largest court of original jurisdiction in the county it will often contain probate records of persons who resided in the other jurisdictions.

Since there are no known records for the Court of the Peculiar of Old Dalby, it should be treated as though it belonged to the Court of the Archdeacon of Leicester.