Lawrence County, Illinois Genealogy

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Lawrence County, Illinois
Boundary map of Lawrence County, Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Founded: January 16, 1821
County Seat Lawrenceville
Lawrence County Courthouse.gif
Photo courtesy Illinois Regional Archives Depository, Illinois State Archives
Address Lawrence County Courthouse
1100 State Street
Lawrenceville, IL 62439
Lawrence County Website


United States Gotoarrow.png Illinois Gotoarrow.png Lawrence County

County Organization

Lawrence County's civil records start the following years:

                                     Beginning Dates for Lawrence County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Lawrence County are kept, see the Lawrence County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts

James Lawrence.JPG

Lawrence County is named for Captain James Lawrence who was mortally wounded while commanding the USS Chesapeake in the War of 1812. He is best known for his dying command "Don't give up the ship!" [1]

Parent County

  • 1821--Lawrence County was created 16 January 1821 from Crawford and Edwards Counties.

County seat: Lawrenceville [2]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Lawrence County boundary changes.

Record Loss

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Records and Resources


  • Toussaint Dubois played an important role in the early history of Lawrence County.
  • USGenWeb, Lawrence County, Illinois (ILGenWeb), Pioneer Biographies
  • The Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois has a Lawrence County edition. This includes a state history section along with a county history and biographies of Lawrence County residents. See the wiki article for links to available copies and indexes.


Gotoarrow.png Illinois Cemeteries for more information.

Illinois cemetery records often identify birth, death, relationship, and military information, as well as religious affiliation.

  • Find A Grave can be searched by the name of a person or family to find where a person is buried.  Usually gives birth and death dates often with a picture of the tombstone.  May give obituaries, names of family members and links to their information in Find A Grave.
  • Database of 1929 Illinois Roll of Honor, created by Fred Delap and donated to the Illinois State Archives.  Illinois burial locations of over 72,000 military personnel who served in U.S. wars.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
IL Counties 1900-1990

1840 Pensioners

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C., 1841. FHL 973 X2pc 1840; FHL 2321; digital version at Google Books. [See Illinois, Lawrence County on page 187.]

Church Records

  • USGenWeb, Lawrence County, Illinois (ILGenWeb), Churches of Lawrence County


FamilySearch has made parish records from three Belleville Diocese Catholic churches in Lawrence County available online. The records include first communions, confirmations, marriages, and deaths:

Court Records

Ethnic Research

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.



Land and Property

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Land and Property for more information.

1821-present The original land and property records for Lawrence County are held by the County Recorder. See the info box above for contact information. The following copies are available:



Civil War
Civil War service men from Lawrence County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Lawrence County.

- 36th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company C.
- 61st Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies H and K.
- 62nd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company A.
- 66th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company I.
- 70th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company K.
- 91st Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company F.


  • Satterthwaite, Geraldine, and Terry Warren. Civil War Men, Lawrence Co. Bridgeport, Ill. (?: G. Satterthwaite, 2000). A list of civil war young men from Lawrence county taken from the original County Civil War records that have been lost. Library with this book.

  • Database of 1929 Illinois Roll of Honor, created by Fred Delap and donated to the Illinois State Archives.  Illinois burial locations of over 72,000 military personnel who served in U.S. wars.


Newspapers and Obituaries

Probate Records

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Probate Records for more information.


County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Lawrence County are kept, see the Lawrence County Courthouse page.

Family History Centers

There are over 4500 Family History Centers worldwide which serve as branch facilities of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.  Volunteers provide research assistance to help patrons identify their ancestors.  Microfilm and microfiche may be ordered from the FHL collection at a nominal cost.  Locate your nearest Family History Center at the FamilySearch website.  Call ahead to verify operating hours.  All are welcome.

The following centers are accessible to residents of Lawrence County, Illinois:

Linton Indiana Family History Center
1000 W Lone Tree Rd
Linton, Greene, Indiana
Phone: 812-847-9044
Hours: Wed. 6 - 9 pm, Sat 9 - 2 
Terre Haute Indiana Family History Center
1845 N 6 1/2 St
Terre Haute, Vigo, Indiana
Phone: 812-234-0269
Hours: Tue 6:30 p.m. - 8 p.m.
Closed: Mondays after 6:00 p.m., all major holidays, inclement weather, whenever Vigo schools are on delays or early dismissals.
Attention: The Center is also available by appointment.

Vincennes Indiana Family History Center
1940 N Old Hwy 41
Vincennes, Knox, Indiana
Phone: 812-882-4022
Hours: T, Thu 9am-12:30pm, 5pm-8:30pm
Closed: Closed 1 1/2 weeks for Christmas

Please note: Addresses posted are not mailing addresses. Due to limited staff, Family History Centers are unable to respond to mail inquiries.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)

The Illinois State Archives administers a system of Illinois Regional Archives Depositories (IRAD) to manage the archival records of local governments.  Local governments which have transferred records to the regional depositories include counties, townships, municipalities, and school districts.  The records of Lawrence County come under the jurisdiction of the Eastern Illinois University (EIU) regional depository.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)
Booth Library
Eastern Illinois University (EIU)
600 Lincoln Avenue
Charleston, IL 61920
Telephone: (217) 581-6093

Hours: Monday – Friday, except state holidays
9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.; 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.

Note: The depository is staffed by graduate student interns. Because of class scheduling conflicts, hours may vary somewhat from the published schedule. Researchers are urged to call before planning a visit.


Lawrence County Public Library
814 12th St.
Lawrenceville, IL 62439
Phone: (618) 943-3016
Hours: M-W-F 12 noon-5 pm; T-TH 12 noon-6 pm; Sat 10 am-3 pm

The Library contains a varied genealogical collection including (but not limited to): marriage indexes, obituaries, biographies, local county histories, newspapers on microfilm, and census records on microfilm (1830-1920) and in book form (1850-1880 w/indexes).  USGenWeb, Lawrence County, Illinois, Libraries

Irene Black Genealogical Library
125 E. Olive
Bridgeport, IL 62417
Phone: (618) 945-7113
Hours: M-F 2 pm -5 pm

Social Groups Online


Lawrence County Historical Society (LCHS)
P.O. Box 425
Lawrenceville IL 62439
(618) 943-1200
The Lawrence County Historical Society was organized in 1961 for the collection and preservation of Lawrence County history. Lawrence Lore is the Lawrence County, Illinois Historical Society blog. Each day the editor posts articles about Lawrence County history. Research is from primary sources. Names of individuals are included. Articles include biographies, obits, military records, business owners, as well as general news items. Finding aids are provided in the form of topic names as well as a search engine to use for specific names. Photographs are included in web albums such as identified school pictures.

Genealogical Society of Southern Illinois has a page with details about its' activities.


Vital Records

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Vital Records for more information.


1877–present  The original Lawrence County birth records 1877- present are housed in the office of the County Clerk. The following copies are available:

  • 1889-1970 Birth Certificates - IRAD-EIU Search for Lawrence County records. How to use IRAD
  • 1877-1923 Birth Record - IRAD-EIU Search for Lawrence County records. 
  • 1877-1911 Birth Record Index – IRAD-EIU Search for Lawrence County records.
  • 1890-1921 Birth Record Index, Delayed - IRAD-EIU Search for Lawrence County records.
  • 1896-1852 Birth Record, Corrected - IRAD-EIU Search for Lawrence County records.
  • 1882-1972 Birth Record, Delayed - IRAD-EIU Search for Lawrence County records.


1821–present  The original Lawrence County marriage records 1821-present are housed in the office of the County Clerk. The following copies are available:

  • 1909–1971 Marriage License Applications - IRAD-EIU Search for Lawrence County records. How to use IRAD
  • 1937-1970 Marriage Licenses - IRAD-EIU Search for Lawrence County records.
  • 1821–1937 Marriage Record - IRAD-EIU Search for Lawrence County records.
  • 1821-1970 Marriage Record Index - IRAD-EIU Search for Lawrence County records.

The following abstracts are available:


1878–present  The original Lawrence County death records 1878-present are housed in the office of the County Clerk. The following copies are available:

  • 1889–1907 Death Certificates - IRAD-EIU Search for Lawrence County records. How to use IRAD
  • 1888–1960 Death Certificates, Stillbirths - IRAD-EIU Search for Lawrence County records.
  • 1878-1972 Death Record - IRAD-EIU Search for Lawrence County records.
  • 1878-1927 Death Record Index - IRAD-EIU Search for Lawrence County records.
  • 1902-1909 Death Reports - IRAD-EIU Search for Lawrence County records.

The following abstracts are available:

Web Sites

Databases pertinent to Lawrence County


  1. James Lawrence Wikipedia
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), 195. (FHL Collection Ref Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.