Knox County, Ohio Genealogy

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United States  > Ohio > Knox County

County Courthouse


Henry Knox.JPG

The county is named for General Henry Knox (1750-1806), Revolutionary War hero, and the nation's first Secretary of War.[1]

Parent County

1808--Knox County was created 30 January 1808 from Fairfield County (established 09 December 1800 as one of the original counties). The first white man known to have passed through this area was John Stilly, a white captive of a native tribe, crossed through in 1779. The "frontier character" Andrew Craig is believed to be the first permanent white settler—arriving before Ohio became a state and remaining until it became "too crowded" about 1809.[2]

The first settlers who remained in the area were mostly from Virginia, Maryland, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Many of these earliest settlers arrived between 1800-1808, attracted by inexpensive, but fertile, military land.
County seat: Mount Vernon [3]

Boundary Changes

Knox County gave up land for the formation of Morrow County in February 1848.  The townships of Chester, Franklin and South Bloomfield went to Morrow County.

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties



Mound View Cemetery, Mount Vernon,




Local Histories

  • History of Knox County, Ohio, Its Past and Present,...a complete history of Knox County; its townships, city, towns, villages, schools, churches,... etc; a record of its soldiers in the late war (Civil War); portraits of its early settlers and prominent men; biographies and histories of pioneer families; etc. compiled by Norman Newell Hill (published: Mt. Vernon, Ohio : A. A. Graham, 1881. 854 p.)
  • A History of Knox County, Ohio, from 1779 to 1862 Inclusive: comprising biographical sketches, anecdotes and incidents of men connected with the county from its first settlement: together with complete lists of the senators, representatives, sheriffs and other officers of the county, also of those who have served in a military capacity from its organization to the present time..., by Anthony Banning Norton, (Columbus : R. Nevins, 1862, 424 p.)



Civil War

Civil War service men from Knox County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment)that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Knox County.

- 4th Regiment, Ohio Infantry (3 months, 1861), Company A (also known as Knox County Guards) and Company B (also known as Union Guards).
For information about these companies, such as muster out rolls, see History of Knox County, Ohio, Its Past and Present starting with p. 290
- 96th Regiment, Ohio Infantry
Company A, roster 
Company B, roster




Vital Records

Ohio Deaths, 1908-1953 Free name indexes and images at FamilySearch – Pilot. Records include such information as birth date of deceased, city, county, and state of death, name of spouse if married, names of parents, maiden name of mother, name of informant, if deceased was single, married, windowed or divorced, occupation of deceased.

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


  1. "Henry Knox," Wikipedia,
  2. A. Banning Norton. A History of Knox County, Ohio, from 1779 to 1862 Inclusive. Columbus: Richard Nevins, Printer (1862)
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).