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Cultural area: Great Plains
Linguistic group: Kiowan
Federal Status: recognized
Kiowas Societies: Buffalo Doctor Society; Owl Doctor Society; Sun Dance Shield Society; Eagle Shield Society; only men were members of these societies. There was one society of a select older group of women known as Bear Women Society.
Pictoral history of the tribe known as winter and summer counts
1781: a smallpox epidemic killed an estimated 2,000 Kiowa
1785: Left the Black Hills areadue to conflict with Cheyenne-Arapaho and Sioux.
Unique Military advancement; some soldiers known as "Dog Soldiers"
1790: Southern Kiowa move with Comanche to what is now New Mexico.
1801: Smallpox epidemic loss of nearly half of the tribe
1806: Northern Kiowa reunite with Southern Kiowa
1816: Smallpox epidemic
1833: Cut-Throat Massacre: Osage Indians attact Kiowas camp killing many
1849: Cholera killed more than half of the tribe
1860's: Govenor John Evans encouraged a campaign of extermination against the Indians in the territory.
November 29, 1864: Sand Creek Massacre Colorado mlitia under the command of Colonel John Chivington engaged in battle against a friendly group of Kiowa- Black Kettle's camp where an American Flag flew over the camp, the tribe had been promised protection as long as the flag flew over their camp. More than 100 Kiowa were killed.
1864: Kit Carson led troops against the Kiowa and Comanche Adope Walls in the Texas Panhandle destroying 176 tipis and employing the scorched earth policy.
November 27, 1868: General Philip Sheridan directed winter attacts by: Major Anderew W. Evans,Major Eugene A. Carr and Colonel George Armstron Custer to attact the Indians along the Canadian and Wshita river valleys.
1868: removed to ______ with the Comanche and Kiowa Apache
1892: Measles killed more than 300 of the Kiowa, Comanche and Kiowa-Apache
Additional References to the History of the Tribe
Kiowa Tribe of Oklahoma
P.O. Box 369
Carnegie, OK 73015
March 26, 1837
July 27 1853 Fort Atkinson
October 18, 1865
October 21, 1867
Important Web Sites
- Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
- Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
- Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
- Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
- Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
- Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
- Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
- Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
- Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
- Volume 1 -- Not yet published
- Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
- Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
- Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
- Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
- Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
- Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
- Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
- Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
- Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
- Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
- Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
- Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
- Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
- Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
- Volume 16 -- Not yet published
- Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
- Volume 18 -- Not yet published
- Volume 19 -- Not yet published
- Volume 20 -- Not yet published