Difference between revisions of "Kiowa Indians"

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'''Agencies'''
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'''Agencies'''  
  
*Upper Platte Agency
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*Upper Platte Agency  
*Upper Arkansas Agency
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*Upper Arkansas Agency  
 
*Kiowa Agency
 
*Kiowa Agency
  

Revision as of 23:32, 7 March 2010

 

Ancestral Homeland:

Alternative Names and Spellings: Kiowa, Kioway, Kaigwa, Gaigwa 

Cultural area: Great Plains - western Montana, migrated to Wyoming and western South Dakota

Linguistic group: Kiowan

Federal Status: recognized

Kiowas Societies: Buffalo Doctor Society; Owl Doctor Society; Sun Dance Shield Society; Eagle Shield Society; only men were members of these societies.  There was one society of a select older group of women known as Bear Women Society.

Pictoral history of the tribe known as winter and summer counts

Population: 1990: 10,000

History

Brief Timeline

  • 1682: Rene-Robert Caavelier, Sieure de La Salle a French explorer encountered the Kiowa
  • 1781: a smallpox epidemic killed an estimated 2,000 Kiowa
  • 1785: Left the Black Hills areadue to conflict with Cheyenne-Arapaho and Sioux.
  • Unique Military advancement; some soldiers known as "Dog Soldiers"
  • 1790: Southern Kiowa move with Comanche to what is now New Mexico.
  • 1801: Smallpox epidemic loss of nearly half of the tribe
  • 1805: Lewis and Clark reported the Kiowa living along the North Platte River in Nebraska
  • 1806-: Migrated to southern Kansas and northern Oklahoma
  • 1806: Northern Kiowa reunite with Southern Kiowa
  • 1816: Smallpox epidemic
  • 1832: Treaty
  • 1833: Cut-Throat Massacre: Osage Indians attact Kiowas camp killing many
  • 1835: Treaty at Fort Gibson
  • 1849: Cholera killed more than half of the tribe 
  • 1853: Treaty at Fort Atkinson
  • 1860's:  Govenor John Evans encouraged a campaign of extermination against the Indians in the territory.
  • November 29, 1864:  Sand Creek Massacre Colorado militia under the command of Colonel John Chivington engaged in battle against a friendly group of Kiowa- Black Kettle's camp where an American Flag flew over the camp, the tribe had been promised protection as long as the flag flew over their camp.  More than 100 Kiowa were killed. 
  • 1864:  Kit Carson led troops against the Kiowa and Comanche Adope Walls in the Texas Panhandle destroying 176 tipis and employing the scorched earth policy.
  • 1865: Treaty at Little Arkansas River placed Kiowa and Comanche on a reservation in Indian Territory
  • 1867: Treaty
  • November 27, 1868:  General Philip Sheridan directed winter attacts by: Major Anderew W. Evans, Major Eugene A. Carr and Colonel George Armstron Custer to attact the Indians along the Canadian and Wahita river valleys.
  • 1868: removed to ______ with the Comanche and Kiowa Apache
  • 1892: Measles killed more than 300 of the Kiowa, Comanche and Kiowa-Apache

Brief History

Reservations

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Arikara tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.

Tribal Headquarters

Kiowa Tribe of Oklahoma
P.O. Box 369
Carnegie, OK 73015
Phone: 580.654.2300
Fax: 580.654.2188

Agencies

  • Upper Platte Agency
  • Upper Arkansas Agency
  • Kiowa Agency

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

 Roll Number

FHL

Film Number

Post-1885 Census M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number

FHL

Film Number

Kiowa Upper Platte Agency, 1846-55 Washington D.C. Roll 889 - - -
Kiowa Upper Arkansas Agency,1855-64 Fort Worth Roll 878 - - -
Kiowa Kiowa Agency,   1864-1962 Fort Worth Rolls 375-86 - Rolls 211-23 576900-912
Kiowa Apache Kiowa Agency/Anadarko, 1864-80 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Rolls 375-86 - Rolls 211-23 -


Treaties:

  • 1832 March 26, Kiowa, Ect., 
  • 1853 July 27, 1853 Fort Atkinson, Comanche, Kiowa and Apache 
  • 1865 October 18, Comanche and Kiowa 
  • 1867 October 21,  
  • 1867

Vital Records

  • Kiowa Agency, M595, Births and Deaths 1924-1932, FHL Film: 576909
  • Kiowa Agency, M595, Births and Deaths 1930-1936,  FHL Film: 576911

Important Web Sites

References


Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published