Difference between revisions of "Kentucky in the Civil War"

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=== Union Regiments  ===
 
=== Union Regiments  ===
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==== Units 1st through 22nd ====
  
 
*[[1st Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Union)|1st Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Union) ]]<br>Organized at Liberty, Burkeville and Monticello, Kentucky, October, 1861, and mustered in October 28, 1861.<br>Veterans and recruits consolidated to a Battalion of 3 Companies and on duty at various points in Kentucky, operating against guerrillas and quieting country, until September, 1865. Mustered out September 20, 1865.<br>
 
*[[1st Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Union)|1st Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Union) ]]<br>Organized at Liberty, Burkeville and Monticello, Kentucky, October, 1861, and mustered in October 28, 1861.<br>Veterans and recruits consolidated to a Battalion of 3 Companies and on duty at various points in Kentucky, operating against guerrillas and quieting country, until September, 1865. Mustered out September 20, 1865.<br>
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*[[10th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)|10th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)]]<br>Organized at Covington, Lexington and Crab Orchard, Kentucky, for one year's service, September 8 to November 11, 1862.<br>Expedition from Beaver Creek into Southwest Virginia July 3-11, 1863. Gladesville, Virginia, July 7. Regiment mustered out September 17, 1863.<br>
 
*[[10th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)|10th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)]]<br>Organized at Covington, Lexington and Crab Orchard, Kentucky, for one year's service, September 8 to November 11, 1862.<br>Expedition from Beaver Creek into Southwest Virginia July 3-11, 1863. Gladesville, Virginia, July 7. Regiment mustered out September 17, 1863.<br>
  
*[[10th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry(Union)|10th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry(Union)]]<br>Organized at Lebanon, Kentucky, November 21, 1861. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Army of Ohio, to December, 1861. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of Ohio, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Ohio, to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division (Centre), 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps, to October, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps, to December, 1864.<br>Moved to Ringgold, Georgia, thence to Chattanooga, Tennessee, and duty there until November. Ordered to Kentucky November 14. Mustered out December 6, 1864.<br>(Union)  
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*[[10th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry(Union)|10th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry(Union)]]<br>Organized at Lebanon, Kentucky, November 21, 1861. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Army of Ohio, to December, 1861. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of Ohio, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Ohio, to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division (Centre), 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps, to October, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps, to December, 1864.<br>Moved to Ringgold, Georgia, thence to Chattanooga, Tennessee, and duty there until November. Ordered to Kentucky November 14. Mustered out December 6, 1864.<br>(Union)
  
 
*[[11th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Union)|11th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Union)]]<br>Companies "A," "C," "D" and "F" organized at Harrodsburg, Kentucky, July, 1862. Balance at Louisville, Kentucky, September 26, 1862.<br>Moved to Atlanta, Georgia, thence to Louisa, Kentucky. Mustered out July 12 to 17, 1865.<br>
 
*[[11th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Union)|11th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Union)]]<br>Companies "A," "C," "D" and "F" organized at Harrodsburg, Kentucky, July, 1862. Balance at Louisville, Kentucky, September 26, 1862.<br>Moved to Atlanta, Georgia, thence to Louisa, Kentucky. Mustered out July 12 to 17, 1865.<br>
  
*[[11th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry (Union)|11th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry (Union)]]<br>Organized at Camp Calhoun, Kentucky, December 9,1861.<br>Ordered to Louisville, Kentucky, November 14; thence to Bowling Green, Kentucky, and duty there until December. Mustered out December 16, 1864.<br>(Union)  
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*[[11th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry (Union)|11th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry (Union)]]<br>Organized at Camp Calhoun, Kentucky, December 9,1861.<br>Ordered to Louisville, Kentucky, November 14; thence to Bowling Green, Kentucky, and duty there until December. Mustered out December 16, 1864.<br>(Union)
  
 
*[[12th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)|12th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)]]<br>Organized at Caseyville and Owensboro, Kentucky, November 17, 1862.<br>Returned to East Tennessee and duty at Sweetwater until August. Mustered out August 23, 1865.<br>
 
*[[12th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)|12th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)]]<br>Organized at Caseyville and Owensboro, Kentucky, November 17, 1862.<br>Returned to East Tennessee and duty at Sweetwater until August. Mustered out August 23, 1865.<br>
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*[[22nd Regiment, Kentucky Infantry (Enrolled Militia)(Union)|22nd Regiment, Kentucky Infantry (Enrolled Militia)(Union)]]<br>"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit."<br>
 
*[[22nd Regiment, Kentucky Infantry (Enrolled Militia)(Union)|22nd Regiment, Kentucky Infantry (Enrolled Militia)(Union)]]<br>"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit."<br>
  
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==== Units 23rd through Z<br> ====
  
*23rd Regiment, Kentucky Infantry<br>
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*23rd Regiment, Kentucky Infantry<br>Organized at Camp King, Lexington, Kentucky, and mustered in January 2, 1862<br>Duty at Indianola, Green Lake and Victoria, Texas until December 1865. Mustered out December 27, 1865.<br>
  
*24th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry<br>
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*24th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry<br>Organized at Lexington, Kentucky, December 31, 1861. <br>Ordered to Lexington, Kentucky and duty there until January, 1865. Mustered out January 31, 1865.<br>
  
*25th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry<br>
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*25th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry<br>Organized at Calhoun, Kentucky, January 1, 1862. Consolidated with 17th Kentucky Infantry April 13, 1862. <br>
  
 
*26th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry<br>
 
*26th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry<br>

Revision as of 22:43, 25 April 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Civil War  Gotoarrow.png  Kentucky  Gotoarrow.png  Kentucky Military  Gotoarrow.png  Kentucky in the Civil War


Battle of Mill Springs, Kentucky, January 19, 1862

Introduction

Kentucky was a border state during the Civil War. Its legislators preferred neutrality at the beginning of the war, since it had strong ties to both sides. In the 1861 election, most of the state congressional seats went to Union sympathizers. In September 1861, a Confederate army went into Kentucky, thus breaking its neutrality, and a Union army followed. During the war, many battles and guerilla campaigns were fought in Kentucky.  Kentucky soldiers served in both the Union and Confederate armies.[1]

Kentucky Military Units

Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and unassigned companies.


The information in the lists of Kentucky Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. This web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier.


Kentucky Union Units by Number or by Name
Union Units
1st-19th
20th-68th
A to Z





Kentucky Union Units by Type of Unit
Union Units
Infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Other





Kentucky Confederate Units by Number or by Name
Confederate Units
1st-14th
A-Z






Kentucky Confederate Units by Type of Unit
Confederate Units
Infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Other



Union Regiments

Units 1st through 22nd

  • 1st Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Union)
    Organized at Liberty, Burkeville and Monticello, Kentucky, October, 1861, and mustered in October 28, 1861.
    Veterans and recruits consolidated to a Battalion of 3 Companies and on duty at various points in Kentucky, operating against guerrillas and quieting country, until September, 1865. Mustered out September 20, 1865.
  • 1st Regiment, Kentucky Infantry (Union)
    First organized at Pendleton, Ohio, for three months April and May, 1861, but not recognized by Kentucky until June, when reorganized for three years. Duty at Pendleton, Ohio, April to July, 1861.
    Operations against Morgan's Invasion of Kentucky May 31-June 18. Mt. Sterling June 9. Mustered out June 18, 1864.
  • 2nd Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)
    Organized at Camp Joe Holt and Muldraugh's Hill, Kentucky, September 9, 1861, to February 13, 1862.
    Mustered out at Camp Joe Holt, Kentucky, July 9-27, 1865.
  • 2nd Regiment, Kentucky Infantry (Union)
    Organized at Pendleton, Ohio May and June, 1861.
    Ordered home June 3. Operations against Morgan in Kentucky until June 19. Mt. Sterling June 9. Mustered out June 19, 1864.
  • 3rd Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)
    Organized in Calhoun and McLean Counties, Kentucky, December 13, 1861.
    Surrender of Johnston and his army. Duty at Lexington, North Carolina, and in the Dept. of North Carolina until July. Mustered out July 15, 1865.
  • 4th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)
    Organized at Louisville, Kentucky, December 24, 1861.
    Capture of Macon April 20. Duty at Macon and in the Dept. of Georgia until August. Mustered out August 21, 1865.
  • 5th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)
    Organized at Columbus, Kentucky, December, 1861, to February, 1862, and mustered in at Gallatin, Tennessee, March 31, 1862.
    Surrender of Johnston and his army. Mustered out May 3, 1865.
  • 6th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry(Union)
    Organized at Sigel, Muldraugh's Hill and Shepherdsville, Kentucky, September 9 to December 24, 1861.
    Ordered to Louisville, Kentucky, Mustered out September 23, 1864, to January 2, 1865.
  • 7th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)
    Organized at large and mustered in at Paris, Kentucky, August 16, 1862.
    Duty at Macon until June and at Nashville, Tennessee until July. Mustered out July 10, 1865.
  • 7th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry(Union)
    "One of the first Recruited in the State. Old 3rd." Organized at Camp Dick Robinson, Kentucky, September 22, 1861.
    At Baton Rouge until May 1, 1865, and at Clinton until March, 1866. Mustered out March 11, 1866.
  • 8th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry(Union)
    Organized at Estill Springs and Lebanon, Kentucky, October, 1861.
    At Bridgeport, Alabama, until January, 1865. Mustered out February, 1865. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 4th Kentucky Mounted Infantry.
  • Independent Battery A, Kentucky Light Artillery(Union)
    Organized at Camp Joe Holt, Kentucky, from Louisville Legion July, 1861, as Stone's Battery, and mustered in at Camp Muldraugh's Hill, Kentucky, September 27, 1861
    Duty at San Antonio, Texas, and at Victoria, Texas, until November. Mustered out November 17, 1865.
  • Independent Battery C, Kentucky Light Artillery(Union)
    Commenced organizing at Lebanon, Kentucky, May, 1863. Morgan's attack on Lebanon, Kentucky, July 3, 1863. Battery captured. Reorganized at Louisville, Kentucky, September 10, 1863.
    Ordered to Little Rock, Arkansas, and post duty there until July. Mustered out July 26, 1865.
  • Independent Battery E, Kentucky Light Artillery(Union)
    Organized at Camp Nelson, Kentucky, October to December, 1863. Attached to District of North Central Kentucky, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. of Ohio, to November, 1863. District of Somerset, Kentucky, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, to January, 1864. District of Southwest Kentucky, Dept. of Ohio, to April, 1864. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, District of Kentucky, 5th Division, 23rd Army Corps, to December, 1864. Garrison, Lexington, Kentucky, District of Kentucky, to August, 1865.
    Duty at Lexington and Camp Nelson, Kentucky, until August, 1865. Mustered out August 1, 1865.
  • 10th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)
    Organized at Covington, Lexington and Crab Orchard, Kentucky, for one year's service, September 8 to November 11, 1862.
    Expedition from Beaver Creek into Southwest Virginia July 3-11, 1863. Gladesville, Virginia, July 7. Regiment mustered out September 17, 1863.
  • 10th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry(Union)
    Organized at Lebanon, Kentucky, November 21, 1861. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Army of Ohio, to December, 1861. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of Ohio, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Ohio, to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division (Centre), 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps, to October, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps, to December, 1864.
    Moved to Ringgold, Georgia, thence to Chattanooga, Tennessee, and duty there until November. Ordered to Kentucky November 14. Mustered out December 6, 1864.
    (Union)
  • 11th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Union)
    Companies "A," "C," "D" and "F" organized at Harrodsburg, Kentucky, July, 1862. Balance at Louisville, Kentucky, September 26, 1862.
    Moved to Atlanta, Georgia, thence to Louisa, Kentucky. Mustered out July 12 to 17, 1865.
  • 11th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry (Union)
    Organized at Camp Calhoun, Kentucky, December 9,1861.
    Ordered to Louisville, Kentucky, November 14; thence to Bowling Green, Kentucky, and duty there until December. Mustered out December 16, 1864.
    (Union)
  • 12th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)
    Organized at Caseyville and Owensboro, Kentucky, November 17, 1862.
    Returned to East Tennessee and duty at Sweetwater until August. Mustered out August 23, 1865.
  • 12th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry(Union)
    Company "A" organized at Camp Dick Robinson, Kentucky, September 26, 1861, and other companies near Waitsboro, Pulaski County, Kentucky, October, 1861, to January, 1862.
    Duty at Greensboro, North Carolina, until July. Mustered out July 11, 1865.
  • 13th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry(Union)
    Organized at Camp Hobson, near Greensburg, Kentucky, and mustered in at Green River December 10, 1861.
    Ordered to Louisville, Kentucky, and mustered out January 12, 1865.
  • 14th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)
    Companies "A," "B," "C" and "D" organized at Mt. Sterling, Kentucky, and mustered in November 6, 1862. Other Companies organized at Irvine, Kentucky, August 21, 1862, to February 13, 1863.
    Lancaster August 1. Mustered out September 16, 1863, to March 24, 1864.
  • 14th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry(Union)
    Organized at Camp Wallace, Lawrence County, Kentucky, December 10, 1861.
    at Louisa, Kentucky, protecting Virginia line until September, 1865. Mustered out September 15,1865.
  • 15th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)
    Organized at Owensborough, Kentucky, October, 1862.
    Expedition from Paducah, Kentucky, to McLemoresville, Tennessee, September 20-30. Mustered out October 6 to 29, 1863.
  • 16th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)
    Organized at Paducah, Kentucky, September, 1863.
    Near Rheatown, Duvall's Ford, Watauga River, September 30. Consolidated with 12th Kentucky Cavalry October 15, 1864.
  • 17th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Union)
    Organized at Russellsville, Kentucky, April 25, 1865.
    Assigned to duty at Hopkinsville, Kentucky, and in Southern Kentucky, along Louisville & Nashville Railroad. Mustered out September 20, 1865.
  • 20th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry(Union)
    Organized at Lexington, Camp Dick Robinson, and Smithland, Kentucky, and mustered in January 6, 1862.
    Ordered to Louisville, Kentucky, September, and guard duty there until January, 1865. Mustered out January 17, 1865.
  • 21st Regiment, Kentucky Infantry(Union)
    Organized at Camps Hobson and Ward, Kentucky, and mustered in December 31, 1861.
    Duty at Indianola and Victoria until December. Mustered out December 9, 1865.
  • 22nd Regiment, Kentucky Infantry(Union)
    Organized at Louisa, Kentucky, January 20, 1862.
    At Baton Rouge, Louisiana, until January, 1865. Mustered out January 20, 1865. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 7th Kentucky Infantry.

Units 23rd through Z

  • 23rd Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
    Organized at Camp King, Lexington, Kentucky, and mustered in January 2, 1862
    Duty at Indianola, Green Lake and Victoria, Texas until December 1865. Mustered out December 27, 1865.
  • 24th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
    Organized at Lexington, Kentucky, December 31, 1861.
    Ordered to Lexington, Kentucky and duty there until January, 1865. Mustered out January 31, 1865.
  • 25th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
    Organized at Calhoun, Kentucky, January 1, 1862. Consolidated with 17th Kentucky Infantry April 13, 1862.
  • 26th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 27th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 28th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 29th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 30th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 31st Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 32nd Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 33rd Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 34th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 35th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 36th Regiment, Kentucky Mounted Infantry
  • 37th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 39th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 40th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 45th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 47th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 48th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 49th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 50th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 52nd Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 53rd Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 54th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 55th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 56th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 57th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 58th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 63rd Regiment, Kentucky Infantry
  • 68th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry (Enrolled Militia)
  • 1st Battalion, Louisville Provost Guard, Kentucky Volunteers
  • Patterson's Independent Company, Kentucky Infantry
  • Rockcastle and Lincoln County Home Guards, Kentucky
  • Simmonds' Battery, Kentucky Light Artillery
  • Unassigned Kentucky Colored
  • Unassigned Drafted Men, Kentucky
  • Unassigned Kentucky Volunteers
  • Ward's Independent Company, Kentucky Cavalry

Confederate Regiments

Regiments 1st thru 2nd

  • 1st Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Helms') (Confederate)
    Organized during the late summer of 1861 and its companies were mustered into Confederate service in October.
    Because of its difficult service in Kentucky during September and October, 1862, it was reduced to a battalion and assigned to the 3rd Kentucky Cavalry.
    The field officers were Colonel Benjamin H. Helm; Lieutenant Colonels J.W. Griffith, H.C. Leavell, and Thomas G. Woodward; and Majors John W. Caldwell and N.R. Chambliss.
  • 1st Regiment, Kentucky Infantry (Confederate)
    Organized during the summer of 1861 for a one year term of enlistment. In August the 1st (Duncan's) Kentucky Battalion merged into the regiment. In April 1862, it was placed in D.R. Jones' Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia.
    When its term of service ended, it disbanded.
    The field officers were Colonel Thomas H. Taylor, Lieutenant Colonels Edward Crossland and William P. Johnston, and Major Benjamin Anderson.
  • Bolen's Independent Company, Kentucky Cavalry (Confederate)
    Assembled in August, 1863, and contained men from five different regiments of J.H. Morgan's dispersed command. It was assigned to B.W. Duke's Brigade in the Department of Western Virginia and East Tennessee, and saw action in several conflicts in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia. During January, 1865, only 32 effectives were present and the battalion disbanded. Captain John B. Dortch was in command.
  • 2nd Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Duke's) (Confederate)
    Was organized during the summer of 1862 using Morgan's Kentucky Cavalry Squadron as its nucleus. The unit contained men from Kentucky, Texas, Mississippi, and Alabama. It served in Morgan's Brigade and was active in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Ohio. Many were captured in the conflict at Buffington Island on July 19 and the remaining part at New Lisbon on July 26, 1863. The regiment was not reorganized. Its field officers were Colonels Basil W. Duke and John H. Morgan, Lieutenant Colonels James W. Bowles and John B. Hutcheson, and Majors G.W. Morgan and T.B. Webber.
  • 2nd (Woodward's) Cavalry Regiment (Confederate)
    Organized in December, 1862, using Woodward's Kentucky Cavalry Battalion as its nucleus. The unit served in F.C. Armstrong's, J.W. Grigsby's, and J.S. Williams', and J.H. Lewis' Brigade, Army of Tennessee. It was involved in many conflicts in Tennessee, Alabama, and Kentucky, then took an active part in the Atlanta Campaign. The regiment went on to aid in the defense of Savannah and the campaign of the Carolinas. On April 26, 1865, it surrendered. Its commanders were Colonel Thomas G. Woodward and Major Thomas W. Lewis.
  • 2nd Regiment, Kentucky Mounted Infantry (Confederate)
    Was organized in August, 1861, at Camp Boone, Tennessee, and became part of the Orphan Brigade or Louisville Legion. The men were from the counties of Hickman, Fayette, Bullitt, Jefferson, Graves, Franklin, Harrison, Scott, Owen, Bourbon, and Anderson. In October the unit contained 832 men and in the fight at Fort Donelson its force of 618 was captured. After being exchanged, it saw action at Shiloh and later was assigned to Hanson's, Helm's, and J.H. Lewis' Brigade. The 2nd was involved in the Battles of Murfreesboro and Chickamauga, then participated in the Atlanta Campaign. During the fall of 1864 the unit served as mounted infantry and took part in the defense of Savannah and the campaign of the Carolinas. It reported 13 killed, 70 wounded, and 21 missing at Murfreesboro, lost fifty-two percent of the 302 engaged at Chickamauga, and totalled 293 men and 214 arms in December, 1863. On April 26, 1865, it surrendered with the Army of Tennessee. The field officers were Colonels Roger W. Hanson, James M. Hawes, Robert A. Johnston, and James W. Moss; Lieutenant Colonels James W. Hewitt and Philip Lee; and Majors William P. Johnston and Harvey McDowell.

Regiments 3rd thru 4th

  • 3rd Battalion, Kentucky Mounted Rifles (Confederate)
    Also called 1st or 10th Battalion] was organized during the late summer of 1862. The unit served in the Department of East Tennessee, and later in the Department of Western Virginia and East Tennessee. It skirmished in various conflicts in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia, then surrendered at Bowling Green, Kentucky, in April, 1865. The field officers were Lieutenant Colonel E.F. Clay, and Majors P.M. Everett and J.B. Holladay.
  • 3rd Battalion, Kentucky Cavalry (Confederate)
    Was formed during the late fall of 1864 with men who had served under J.H. Morgan. It was attached to B.W. Duke's Brigade, Department of Western Virginia and East Tennessee, and skirmished in Tennessee and Virginia. The unit contained about 100 men in January, 1865, and surrendered at Washington, Georgia, on May 10. Colonel Joseph T. Tucker was in command.
    3rd Regiment, Kentucky State Guards (Misc)  (Confederate)
    "Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit.
  • 3rd Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Duke's Brigade) (Confederate)
    Was formed during the late fall of 1864 with men who had served under J.H. Morgan. It was attached to B.W. Duke's Brigade, Department of Western Virginia and East Tennessee, and skirmished in Tennessee and Virginia. The unit contained about 100 men in January, 1865, and surrendered at Washington, Georgia, on May 10. Colonel Joseph T. Tucker was in command.
  • 3rd Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Confederate)
    Was organized during the summer of 1862. In October the 1st Kentucky Cavalry Regiment merged into this command and at times was called the 1st (3rd) Kentucky Cavalry. It was assigned to Buford's, T.Harrison's, J.W. Grigsby's, J.S. Williams', and J.H. Lewis' Brigade, and skirmished in numerous actions in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Georgia. Later the unit was active in the Atlanta Campaign, the defense of Savannah, and the campaign of the Carolinas. It surrendered with the Army of Tennessee in April, 1865. The field commanders were Colonel J.R. Butler, Lieutenant Colonels Jack Allen and Jacob W. Griffith, and Major J.Q. Chenoweth.
  • 3rd Regiment, Kentucky Mounted Infantry (Confederate)
    Was organized during July 1861, at Camp Boone, Tennessee. Many of the men had previous service in the Kentucky State Guard. The unit took an active part in the Battle of Shiloh and reported 174 casualties. Later it was assigned to Rust's and Buford's Brigade, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. It lost 26 men at Baton Rouge then participated in various conflicts around Vicksburg and Jackson. During the spring of 1864 the regiment was mounted and continued the fight by confronting the Federals in Mississippi, Georgia, and Alabama. It was included in the surrender on May 4, 1865. The field officers were Colonels Gustavus A.C. Holt, Albert P. Thompson, and Lloyd Tilghman; Lieutenant Colonels Benjamin Anderson, T.T. Barnett, and Alfred Johnston; and Majors James H. Bowman, William P. Johnston, and Al. McGoodwin.
  • 4th Battalion, Kentucky Cavalry (Duke's Brigade) (Confederate)
    Was formed during the late fall of 1864 with men who had served under General J.H. Morgan. It was placed in B.W. Duke's Brigade, Department of Western Virginia and East Tennessee, and saw action in numerous engagements in Tennessee and Virginia. In January, 1865, the unit contained 101 effectives and during the spring odisbanded. It was commanded by Major (acting) W.R. Messick.
  • 4th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Confederate)
    During the spring of 1865 4th Cavalry Regiment was formed at Salyersville, Kentucky, in October, 1862. it disbanded. The field officers were Colonel Henry L. Giltner, Lieutenant Colonel Moses T. Pryor, and Major Nathan Parker.
  • 4th Regiment, Kentucky Mounted Infantry (Confederate)
    Was organized at Bowling Green, Kentucky, in September, 1861,Few surrendered on April 26, 1865. The field officers were Colonels Joseph P. Nuckols, Jr. and Robert P. Trabue; Lieutenant Colonels John A. Adair, Andrew R. Hynes, and Thomas W. Thompson; and Majors Joseph H. Millett, Thomas B. Munroe, Jr., and John B. Rogers

Regiments 5th thru 7th

  • 5th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Confederate)
    Organized during the summer of 1862 with men recruited in the central section of Kentuckymany of its members were captured at Buffington Island on July 19 and the remaining part at New Lisbon on July 26, 1863. The regiment was not reorganized. Its commanders were Colonel D. Howard Smith, Lieutenant Colonels Churchill G. Campbell and Preston Thomson, and Major Thomas Y. Brent, Jr
  • 5th Regiment, Kentucky Mounted Infantry (Confederate)
    Assembled during the late summer of 1861, included Freeman's Kentucky Infantry Battalion. Its members were raised in the counties of Pendleton, Breathitt, Morgan, Magoffin, Bath, Owen, Grant, Jessamine, Henderson, Harrison, Shelby, and Franklin. Being a twelve-month unit, when it became time to reenlist some of its members refused and were transferred to the 9th Kentucky Regiment. Later men of the 5th did reenlist for the duration of the war. It became part of the Orphan Brigade or Louisville Legion. surrendered on April 26, 1865. Its field officers were Colonels Hiram Hawkins, Andrew J. May, and John S. Williams; Lieutenant Colonels John W. Caldwell and George W. Conner' and Majors Richard Hawes and William Mynheir.
  • 6th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Confederate)
    Organized during the summer of 1862 with men from the central and eastern section of Kentucky.Most of its members were captured at Buffington Island on July 19 and the remaining part at New Lisbon on July 26, 1863. The regiment was not reorganized. Its commanders were Colonel J. Warren Grigsby, Lieutenant Colonel Thomas W. Napier, and Major William G. Bullitt.
  • 6th Regiment, Kentucky Mounted Infantry(Confederate)
    Regiment was organized at Cave City, Kentucky, in November, 1861, and included in Cofer's 1st Kentucky Infantry Battalion. Its members were raised in the counties of Nelson, Spencer, Hardin, Franklin, Barren, Green, Allen, Anderson, Bullitt, and Simpson. It became part of the Orphan Brigade or Louisville Legion. This regiment lost 108 killed and wounded at Shiloh, sustained 18 casualties at Baton Rouge, then was active at Vicksburg. During the war it was assigned to General Hanson's, Helm's, and J.H. Lewis' Brigade. It fought with distinction at Murfreesboro and Chickamauga, then saw action in the Atlanta Campaign. In the fall of 1864 the unit was mounted, and aided in the defense of Savannah and the campaign of the Carolinas. It lost seventeen percent of the 269 engaged at Murfreesboro and 220 saw action at Chickamauga. The unit totalled 263 men and 221 arms in December, 1863. The 6th surrendered with the Army of Tennessee on April 26, 1865. The field officers were Colonels Martin H. Cofer and Joseph H. Lewis, Lieutenant Colonel William L. Clarke, and Majors Thomas H. Hays and George W. Maxson.
  • 7th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry(Confederate)
    was organized in September, 1862, using Gano's Texas Cavalry Battalion as its nucleus.
    Most of its men were captured at Buffington Island on July 19, and the rest at New Lisbon on July 26, 1863. The regiment was not reorganized.
  • 7th Cavalry Regiment (Confederate)
    Organized in September, 1862, using Gano's Texas Cavalry Battalion as its nucleus. The unit skirmished in Tennessee and Kentucky, then fought with J.H. Morgan, Most of its men were captured at Buffington Island on July 19, and the rest at New Lisbon on July 26, 1863. The regiment was not reorganized. Colonel Richard M. Gano, Lieutenant Colonel J.M. Huffman, and Major Theophilus Steele were in command.
  • 7th Regiment, Kentucky Mounted Infantry (Confederate)
    Was assembled in September, 1861, at Camp Burnett, near Clinton, Kentucky, with men from the western section of the state. This regiment reported 14 casualties at Baton Rouge, then was assigned to Rust's and Buford's Brigade, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. It was active in various conflicts around Vicksburg and Jackson and during the spring of 1864 was mounted and attached to General Lyon's Brigade in Forrest's Corps. The unit saw action in the expedition from Memphis into Mississippi, June 1 - 13, and reported 39 casualties. During July there were 73 disabled at Harrisburg. Later it skirmished in Alabama and surrendered on May 4, 1865. The field officers were Colonels Edward Crossland and Charles Wickliffe, Lieutenant Colonels William D. Lannom and L.J. Sherrill, and Majors H.S.Hale and W.J.N. Welborn.

Regiments 8th thru 14th

  • 8th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Confederate)
    8th Cavalry Regiment was formed during the late summer of 1862 and mustered into Confederate service in September. The unit fought in Kentucky, then rode with J.H. Morgan. Most of the men were captured at Buffington Island on July 19 and a remnant at New Lisbon on July 26, 1863. The 8th was not reorganized. Its commanders were Colonel R.S. Cluke, Lieutenant Colonel Cicero Coleman, and Major Robert S. Bullock
  • 8th Regiment, Kentucky Mounted Infantry(Confederate)
    Was organized in September, 1861, at Camp Boone, Tennessee. The unit was captured at Fort Donelson, and of the 312 engaged, 99 were killed or wounded. After being exchanged it was attached to Tilghman's and Buford's Brigade, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. It sustained 11 casualties at Coffeeville, then was involved in numerous engagements around Jackson. During the spring of 1864 the regiment was mounted and assigned to General Lyon's Brigade. It reported 17 disabled in the expedition from Memphis into Mississippi and 32 in the fight at Harrisburg. Later it skirmished in Alabama and surrendered in May, 1865. The field officers were Colonels Henry C. Burnett and Hylan B. Lyon, Lieutenant Colonel A.R. Shacklett, and Majors Jabez Bingham and R.W. Henry.
  • 9th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Confederate)
    9th Cavalry Regiment [also called 4th Mounted Rifles] was organized in December, 1862, by consolidating Breckinridge's and Stoner's Kentucky Cavalry Battalions. The regiment served in J.W. Grigsby's, J.S. Williams', and J.H. Lewis' Brigade, skirmished in Kentucky and Tennessee, and fought in the Atlanta Campaign. It continued the conflict by sharing in the defense of Savannah and the campaign of the Carolinas. A detachment surrendered with the Army of Tennessee, but the main part of the unit escorted President Davis southward and surrendered in May, 1865. Colonel William C.P. Breckinridge, Lieutenant Colonel Robert G. Stoner, and Majors John P. Austin and William E. Jones were in command.
  • 9th Regiment, Kentucky Mounted Infantry (Confederate)
    [Also called 5th (Hunt's) Regiment] was organized at Russellville, Kentucky, during the fall of 1861. The men were recruited in the counties of Logan, Jefferson, Nelson, Harrison, Ohio, and Scott. It became part of the Orphan Brigade or Louisville Legion. The 9th served under Generals Hanson, Helm, and J.H. Lewis. It fought at Murfreesboro, was active in and around Jackson, saw action at Chickamauga, then participated in the Atlanta Campaign. During the fall of 1864 it was mounted and took part in the defense of Savannah and the campaign of the Carolinas. The regiment lost 1 killed and 28 wounded at Murfreesboro and forty-four percent of the 230 engaged at Chickamauga. In December, 1863, it totalled 235 men and 157 arms, but only a remnant surredered with the Army of Tennessee. The field officers were Colonels John W. Caldwell and Thomas H. Hunt; Lieutenant Colonels Alexander Casseday, Robert A. Johnston, and J.C. Wickliffe; and Major Ben Desha.
  • 10th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Diamond's) (Confederate)
    Was formed during the fall of 1863 using May's Kentucky Mounted Battalion as its nucleus. It contained men from Kentucky and Virginia. The unit served in the Department of East Tennessee and the Department of Western Virginia and East Tennessee, and skirmished in various conflicts in Tennessee, Virginia, and Kentucky. In the spring of 1865 it disbanded. The field officers were Colonels George R. Diamond, Andrew J. May, and Edwin Trimble, and Major William R. Lee.
  • 10th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Johnson's) (Confederate)
    10th Regiment Partisan Rangers was organized behind Federal lines during the spring and summer of 1863. Many of its members were recruited in Oldham and Crittenden counties. The unit saw action in Kentucky and Tennessee and acted as a guide for General J.H. Morgan on his raids into Indiana and Ohio. Later some of the men returned home, and a detachment surrendered at Paducah, Kentucky, in May, 1865. Colonel Adam R. Johnson, Lieutenant Colonel R.M. Martin, and Major Washington G. Owen were in command
  • 11th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Confederate)
    Was organized in Madison County, Kentucky, with 410 officers and men. Many of its members were raised in Webster, Madison, and Hopkins counties. It skirmished in Kentucky and Tennessee, then rode with J.H. Morgan into Indiana and Ohio. Most of the men were captured at Buffington Island on July 19 and some at New Lisbon on July 26, 1863. The unit was not reorganized. Colonels David W. Chenault and Joseph T. Tucker, and Lieutenant Colonel James B. McCreary were its commanders.
  • 12th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Confederate)
    [Also called 1st Kentucky and Tennessee Regiment] was organized and mustered into Confederate service at Verona, Mississippi, in September, 1863. The unit was assigned to General Lyon's Brigade and sustained 55 casualties in the expedition from Memphis into Mississippi and 94 in the fight at Harrisburg. Later it saw action in Alabama and during March, 1865, merged into the 8th Kentucky Infantry (Mounted) Regiment. It was commanded by Colonel W.W. Faulkner, Lieutenant Colonel W.D. Lannom, and Majors John M. Malone and Thomas S. Tate, Jr.
  • 13th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Confederate)
    [Also called 10th and 11th Regiment Mounted Infantry] was assembled at Abingdon, Virginia. It was assigned to the Department of East Tennessee and later the Department of Western Virginia and East Tennessee. The unit confronted the Federals in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia, and on April 27, 1865, surrendered at Louisa, Kentucky. The field officers were Colonel Benjamin E. Caudill, Lieutenant Colonel D.J. Caudill, and Major John T. Chenoweth.

Regiments A thru Z

  • Byrne's Company, Kentucky Horse Artillery (Confederate)
    Was organized at Camp Boone, Tennessee, during the early summer of 1861 with men from Kentucky and Mississippi. After taking part in the battle of Shiloh, the company joined the Army of Tennessee and saw action at Murfreesboro. Later it served in the eastern part of Tennessee and disbanded. Captain Edward P. Byrne was in command.
  • Cobb's Company, Kentucky Light Artillery (Confederate)
    Lyon's-Cobb's Battery [often called the Orphan Battery] was organized during the summer of 1861 as Lyon's Battery. Not reaching full strength, it merged with Captain Cobb's company which was being formed. After fighting at Shiloh the unit served in Hanson's and Helm's Brigade, then Cobb's Battalion of Artillery. It fought at Baton Rouge before taking part in the campaigns of the Army of Tennessee from Murfreesboro to Atlanta. The company lost 37 killed or wounded at Shiloh, reported 12 casualties in the fight at Chickamauga, and totalled 95 effectives in December, 1863. During the winter of 1864-1865 it disbanded. Captains Robert Cobb and H.L. Lyon were in command
  • Green's Battery, Kentucky Light Artillery (Confederate)
    Cumberland Light Artillery was organized during the fall of 1861. Many of its members were recruited in Cumberland County. It became part of the garrison at Fort Donelson and was captured in February, 1862. After being exchanged it was assigned to the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. Later the company was reorganized, ordered to Alabama, and served in the defense of Mobile. It was included in the surrender on May 4, 1865. Its captains were Henry F. Green and W.H. Hedden
  • Patton's Battalion, Kentucky Partisan Rangers (Confederate)
    Was organized in Morgan County, Kentucky, during the spring of 1863. It contained six companies and operated behind Federal lines in Kentucky. In October most of its members were captured near the Cumberland River and the unit disbanded. Lieutenant Colonel Oliver A. Patton was in command
  • Cobb's Company, Kentucky Light Artillery (Confederate)
    [Often called the Orphan Battery] was organized during the summer of 1861 as Lyon's Battery.
    The company lost 37 killed or wounded at Shiloh, reported 12 casualties in the fight at Chickamauga, and totalled 95 effectives in December, 1863. During the winter of 1864-1865 it disbanded.

References

  1. Wikipedia.com, Kentucky in the American Civil War, (accessed 9 March 2011)