Difference between revisions of "Kent, England Probate Jurisdictions"

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[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Kent]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Kent, England Probate|Kent Probate Records]].  
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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Kent]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Kent Probate Records]]''.  
  
<br>
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== Getting Started  ==
  
=== Court Jurisdictions ===
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''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The term ''probate'' refers to a collection of documents, including [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]], [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]] (also called admons), [[I genealogical glossary terms|inventories]], and [[A genealogical glossary terms|act books]]. This article is about probate records in Kent.  See [[England Probate Records]] for a general description of probate records in England.
  
Here is the list of Kent places beginning with the letter A,&nbsp;and&nbsp;the pre-1858&nbsp;courts that had probate jurisdiction over each.
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=== 1858 to the Present  ===
  
To go to another letter, click on a link: &nbsp;[[Kent, England Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with B|B]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent, England Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with C|C]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent, England Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with D|D]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with E|E]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with F and G|F-G]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with H|H]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with I through K|I-K]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with L|L]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with M and N|M-N]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with O through R|O-R]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with S|S]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with T through V|T-V]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with W through Z|W-Z]]  
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Beginning in 1858, the [[Principal Probate Registry|Principal Probate Registry]] had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.
 +
=== Before 1858  ===
 +
*Links to Kent places.  Here is the list of Kent places from A to Z  of the pre-1858&nbsp;courts that had probate jurisdiction over each.
 +
[[Kent, England Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with A|A]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Kent, England Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with B|B]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent, England Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with C|C]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent, England Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with D|D]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with E|E]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with F and G|F-G]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with H|H]]&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with I through K|I-K]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with L|L]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with M and N|M-N]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with O through R|O-R]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with S|S]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with T through V|T-V]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Kent Probate Jurisdictions for Parishes Beginning with W through Z|W-Z]]  
  
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" border="1" align="center" width="95%"
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The courts listed for each place are those that had jurisdiction over probating wills prior to 1858. To use this table, follow these steps. <br>1. Find the place where your ancestor lived in the first column. <br>2. Click on the court name in the second column to learn where to find the records and indexes.<br>3. Click on each name of the court in the third column if the record isn't found in the first court.<br>4. Search last the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]].
|-
 
! width="15%" style="background: rgb(255, 222, 173) none repeat scroll 0% 50%; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial;" | PLACE
 
! width="40%" style="background: rgb(255, 222, 173) none repeat scroll 0% 50%; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial;" | PRIMARY COURT
 
! width="40%" style="background: rgb(255, 222, 173) none repeat scroll 0% 50%; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial;" | SECONDARY COURTS - IN SEARCH ORDER
 
|-
 
| Acrise
 
| [[Court of the Archdeaconry of Canterbury]]
 
|
 
2 - [[Court of the Bishop of Canterbury]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 
  
|-
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Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in&nbsp;Kent follow these steps:
| Addington
 
| Pre-1845 - [[Courts of the Bishop (Episcopal Consistory) and Archdeaconry of Rochester]];  
 
Post-1844 - [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
 
  
| <u>Pre-1845 </u>
+
==== Step 1. Search Indexes  ====
2 - [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
 
  
<u>Post-1844</u>
+
Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Kent.&nbsp; Search these indexes first:
 +
*The [http://www.kfhs.org.uk/ Kent Record Society] has&nbsp;published four volumes of indexes to Kent wills.
 +
*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/wills-and-probate.htm Prerogative Court of Canterbury wills (1384-1858)].
  
2 -&nbsp;Same&nbsp;
+
==== Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died  ====
  
|-
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Determine ''when'' your ancestor died.&nbsp;If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.&nbsp;
| Adisham
 
| [[Court of the Bishop of Canterbury]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 
|
 
2 - [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
 
  
|-
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Determine ''where'' your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a [[P genealogical glossary terms|parish]]. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the [http://archive.org/details/imperialgazettee02wils 1872 ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales''] online:
| Aldington
 
| [[Court of the Bishop of Canterbury]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 
|
 
2 - [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]  
 
  
|-
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*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/index.jsp Vision of Britain]
| Alkham
 
| [[Court of the Archdeaconry of Canterbury]]
 
| &nbsp;2 - [[Court of the Bishop of Canterbury]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 
|-
 
| Allhallows
 
| [[Courts of the Bishop (Episcopal Consistory) and Archdeaconry of Rochester]]
 
| &nbsp;2 - [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
 
|-
 
| Allington
 
| Pre-1845 - [[Courts of the Bishop (Episcopal Consistory) and Archdeaconry of Rochester]];
 
Post-1844 - [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]  
 
  
| <u>Pre-1845</u>
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The gazetteer will either tell you:
2 - [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
 
  
<u>Post-1844</u>
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*A place is a parish, or
 +
*What parish it is a part of, or
 +
*What place it is near.
  
2 - Same
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If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.
  
|-
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Once you have identified the parish, go to '''Step 3'''.
| Appledore
 
| [[Court of the Archdeaconry of Canterbury]]
 
| &nbsp;2 - [[Court of the Bishop of Canterbury]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 
|-
 
| Ash (near Ridley)
 
| [[Courts of the Bishop (Episcopal Consistory) and Archdeaconry of Rochester]]
 
| &nbsp;2 - [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
 
|-
 
| Ash (near Sandwich)
 
|
 
Pre-1547 - [[Court of the Exempt Jurisdiction of Wingham]];
 
  
Post-1546 - [[Court of the Bishop of Canterbury]] (Episcopal Consistory)
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==== Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish  ====
  
| &nbsp;2 - [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
+
Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Kent fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with.
|-
+
If no will is found, your ancestor may not have left one.
| Ashford
 
| [[Court of the Archdeaconry of Canterbury]]
 
| &nbsp;2 - [[Court of the Bishop of Canterbury]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 
|-
 
| Ashurst
 
| Pre-1845 - [[Courts of the Bishop (Episcopal Consistory) and Archdeaconry of Rochester]];
 
Post-1844 - [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
 
  
| <u>Pre-1845 </u>
 
2 - [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
 
  
<u>Post-1844</u>
+
[[Category:Kent]]
 
 
2 - Same
 
 
 
|-
 
| Aylesford
 
| [[Courts of the Bishop (Episcopal Consistory) and Archdeaconry of Rochester]]
 
| &nbsp;2 - [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
 
|}
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
=== Search an Index  ===
 
 
 
Now that you have identified the courts with jurisdiction over your parish of interest, return to the [[Kent, England Probate|list of indexes]].
 
 
 
<br><br>
 

Revision as of 15:10, 7 May 2013

England Gotoarrow.png Kent Gotoarrow.png Kent Probate Records.

Getting Started

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The term probate refers to a collection of documents, including wills, administrations (also called admons), inventories, and act books. This article is about probate records in Kent. See England Probate Records for a general description of probate records in England.

1858 to the Present

Beginning in 1858, the Principal Probate Registry had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.

Before 1858

  • Links to Kent places. Here is the list of Kent places from A to Z of the pre-1858 courts that had probate jurisdiction over each.

A  B   C   D   E   F-G   H  I-K   L   M-N   O-R   S   T-V   W-Z

The courts listed for each place are those that had jurisdiction over probating wills prior to 1858. To use this table, follow these steps.
1. Find the place where your ancestor lived in the first column.
2. Click on the court name in the second column to learn where to find the records and indexes.
3. Click on each name of the court in the third column if the record isn't found in the first court.
4. Search last the Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury.

Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Kent follow these steps:

Step 1. Search Indexes

Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Kent.  Search these indexes first:

Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died

Determine when your ancestor died. If you aren't sure, use an approximate date. 

Determine where your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a parish. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales online:

The gazetteer will either tell you:

  • A place is a parish, or
  • What parish it is a part of, or
  • What place it is near.

If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.

Once you have identified the parish, go to Step 3.

Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish

Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Kent fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with. If no will is found, your ancestor may not have left one.