Kansas in the Civil War

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United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png U.S. Civil War, 1861 to 1865 Gotoarrow.png Kansas in the Civil War

Battle of Lawrence, Kansas, August 21, 1863, also known as the Lawrence Massacre and Quantrill's Raid

Introduction

From about 1854 and 1858, fighting between pro-slavery and anti-slavery groups had caused the state to be known as 'bleeding Kansas'.[1]  Finally on January 29, 1861,  Kansas was admitted as a free state.  20,097 Kansas men joined the Union forces, more than had been requested.[2]

Kansas Military Units

Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and other units.

The information in the lists of Kansas Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. That web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.


Kansas Units by Number or by Name
Union Units
1st-22nd
A to Z





Kansas Units by Type of Unit
Union Units
Infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Guards
Colored Troops
Other





Records

for men age 18 to 45 may list address, birth date, birthplace, race, nationality, citizenship, and next of kin. Not all registrants served in the war. For registration cards for Kansas, see:

Civil War Pension Index Cards - An Index to Pension Applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see Union Pension Records.

Volunteer Regiments - An index to the enlistment papers of Kansas Volunteer Regiments, 1861-1865, which are housed in the Kansas State Archives is on the Lineages, Inc. website (free search). The enlistment papers may contain the following information on a soldier:

  • Name
  • Date
  • Place of birth,
  • Date and place enlisted
  • Date and place mustered into service
  • Physical description
  • Signature
  • Occasionally a medical report.


See Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kansas, Vol. 1. - 1861-1865 and Vol. 1 Reprint.

Civil War Pension Index Cards - An Index to Pension Applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see Union Pension Records.

For a list of officers commissioned by the President see here.

For a list of officers from Kansas commissioned in Regiments not belonging to the State see here.

References

  1. Wikipedia contributors, Bleeding Kansas, (accessed 26 July 2011).
  2. Wikipedia contributors. Kansas in the American Civil War, (accessed 26 July 2011).