Difference between revisions of "Kansas in the Civil War"

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=== Regiments  ===
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''[[United States of America|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|U.S. Civil War, 1861 to 1865]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Kansas Military Records|Kansas Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Kansas in the Civil War''
  
*1st Regiment, Kansas Infantry
+
[[Image:{{Battle of Lawrence, Kansas}}]]<br>
  
:Organized at Camp Lincoln, Fort Leavenworth, May 20 to June 3, 1861.
+
=== Introduction  ===
:Mustered out June 19, 1864.
 
:Veterans on duty in District of Vicksburg, Miss., till August, 1864
 
:Mustered out August 30, 1865.
 
  
<br>
+
From about 1854 and 1858, fighting between pro-slavery and anti-slavery groups had caused&nbsp;the state&nbsp;to be known as 'bleeding Kansas'.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bleeding_Kansas Bleeding Kansas], (accessed 26 July 2011).</ref>&nbsp; Finally on&nbsp;January 29, 1861,&nbsp; Kansas was admitted as a free state.&nbsp; 20,097 Kansas men&nbsp;joined the Union forces, more than had been requested.<ref>Wikipedia contributors. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kansas_in_the_American_Civil_War Kansas in the American Civil War], (accessed 26 July 2011).</ref>  
  
*[[1st_Regiment,_Indian_Home_Guards,_Kansas_Infantry|1st Regiment, Indian Home Guards, Kansas Infantry]]
+
=== Kansas Military Units  ===
  
:Organized at Leroy, Kansas, May 22, 1862.
+
Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and other units. <br>
:Mustered out May 31, 1865.
 
  
<br>
+
The information in the lists of Kansas Military Units comes from the [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. That web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.
  
*1st Independent Battery, Kansas Light Artillery
+
<br>
 +
<center>'''Kansas Units by Number or by Name'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Kansas Civil War Union Units 1st through 22nd|1st-22nd]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Kansas Civil War Union Units A to Z|A to Z]]</div>
 +
<br><br><br><br>
 +
<center>'''Kansas Units by Type of Unit'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Kansas Civil War Union Infantry Units|Infantry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Kansas Civil War Union Cavalry Units|Cavalry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Kansas Civil War Union Artillery Units|Artillery]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 65px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Kansas Civil War Union Guard Units|Guards]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Kansas Civil War Union Colored Troops|Colored Troops]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Kansas Civil War Union Other Units|Other]]</div>
  
:Organized at Mound City July 24, 1861.
+
=== Records  ===
:Mustered out July 17, 1865.
 
  
<br>
+
==== Service Records  ====
  
*2nd Regiment, Kansas Cavalry
+
An [http://www.kshs.org/p/kansas-adjutant-general-s-report-1861-1865/11175 index to the Kansas Adjutant General's Report, 1861-1865], is on the Kansas Historical Society website (free search). The index gives name, regiment, company, and place of residence with occasional notes. This index is mostly about volunteer regiments.&nbsp; It does NOT include all Kansans who served in the Civil War; in particular, the index does not include the Kansas State Militia.<br>
  
:Organized at Kansas City as 12th Kansas Infantry.  
+
The Adjutant General's Report, 1861-1865, lists the names of all troops who served in the Kansas volunteer regiments during the Civil War. It also includes each soldier's rank, the place and date of enlistment, his discharge date, and notes about promotions, prisoner of war status, and other events. If a soldier died on active duty, the place, date, and cause of death are listed.  
:At Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, designation changed to 9th Kansas Infantry February 4, 1862, and to 2nd Cavalry March 5, 1862.
 
:Mustered out August 17, 1865.
 
  
<br>
+
See ''[http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/archives/statewide/military/civilwar/adjutant/index2.html Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kansas, Vol. 1. - 1861-1865 ]and [http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/archives/statewide/military/civilwar/adjutant/index3.html Vol. 1 Reprint.]'' A film copy is also available through [http://www.kshs.org/p/interlibrary-loan-policies-for-researchers/11527 interlibrary loan from the Kansas Historical Society] [microfilm reel LM 977].
  
*2nd Regiment, Kansas Infantry (3 months, 1861)
+
The compiled service records of Kansas soldiers have not been microfilmed and are only available from the National Archives. For more information see [[Union Service Records|Union Service Records]].
  
:Organized at Lawrence for three months May, 1861.
+
==== Officers from Kansas ====
:Mustered in at Kansas City June 20, 1861.
 
:Mustered out October 31, 1861.
 
  
<br>
+
For a list of officers commissioned by the President see [http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/archives/statewide/military/civilwar/adjutant/i/kansas.html here].
  
*2nd Regiment, Indian Home Guards, Kansas Infantry
+
For a list of officers from Kansas commissioned in Regiments not belonging to the State see [http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/archives/statewide/military/civilwar/adjutant/i/nonstate.html here].
  
:Organized on Big Creek and at Five-Mile Creek, Kansas, June 22 to July 18, 1862.
+
==== Civil War Pension Index Cards  ====
:Mustered out May 31, 1865.
 
  
<br>
+
An {{RecordSearch|1471019|Index to Pension Applications}} of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see [[Union Pension Records|Union Pension Records]].
  
*2nd Independent Battery, Kansas Light Artillery
+
=== Other Sources  ===
  
:Organized at Fort Scott.  
+
*Kansas Negro Regiment in the Civil War. ''Cornish, Dudley Taylor:'' (Kansas Historical Quarterly 20, no. 6 (May 1953):417-429.) {{FHL|248365|item|disp=FHL Book 978.1 B2k 1-33 index}}
:Mustered in September 10, 1862.  
 
:Mustered out August 11, 1865.
 
  
<br>
+
*Daughters of the American Revolution (Kansas). ''Genealogical material from Kansas State D.A.R. (source material).'' (Genealogical material from Kansas State D.A.R. (source material)) {{FHL|248365|item|disp=FHL 851235&nbsp;Item 4}}
  
*2nd Independent Battery, Kansas Light Artillery (Hopkins')
+
=== References  ===
  
:Attached to 2nd Kansas Cavalry. See 3rd Battery.
+
<references />
  
<br>
+
<br>{{U.S. Civil War}}
  
*3rd Regiment, Kansas Infantry
+
[[Category:Kansas_-_Military_-_Civil_War,_1861-1865]]
 
 
:Organization not completed.
 
:Consolidated with 4th Kansas Infantry to form 10th Kansas Infantry April 3, 1862.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*3rd Regiment, Indian Home Guards, Kansas Infantry
 
 
 
:Organized at Carthage, Mo., September 16, 1862.
 
:Served unattached.
 
:Mustered out May 31, 1865.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*[[3rd Independent Battery, Kansas Light Artillery|3rd Independent Battery, Kansas Light Artillery]]
 
 
 
:Organized as Company "B," 2nd Kansas Cavalry, December 9, 1861.
 
:Organized as a Battery October 27, 1862; designated as Hopkins' Kansas Battery.
 
:Designated 3rd Battery October 1, 1863.
 
:A detachment of 60 men sent to Little Rock to receive new Battery and duty there till January, 1865. Attached to Battery "G," 1st Missouri Light Artillery. September 13, 1864, to January 1, 1865.
 
:Mustered out January 19, 1865.
 
:Veterans and Recruits transferred to 2nd Kansas Battery.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*4th Regiment, Kansas Infantry
 
 
 
:Organization not completed.
 
:Consolidated with 3rd Kansas Infantry to form 10th Kansas Infantry April 3, 1862.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*4th Independent Battery, Kansas Light Artillery
 
 
 
:"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*5th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry
 
 
 
:Organized at Leavenworth City July 12, 1861, to January 22, 1862.
 
:Cos. "L" and "M" organized April to July, 1862.
 
:Non-Veterans mustered out (Cos. "A" to "H") August 11 to December 8, 1864.
 
:Companies "I" and "K" mustered out June 22, 1865.
 
:Companies "L" and "M" consolidated with 15th Kansas Cavalry August 22, 1865.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*6th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry
 
 
 
:Organized at Fort Scott July, 1861.
 
:Mustered out August 27, 1865.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*6th Regiment, Kansas Infantry
 
 
 
:"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*7th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry
 
 
 
:Organized at Fort Leavenworth October 28, 1861.
 
:Mustered out September 29, 1865.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*8th Regiment, Kansas Infantry
 
 
 
:Regiment organized for service in the State and along border August, 1861.
 
:Companies "A," "D," "G" and "H" at Lawrence, Kan., October, 1861.
 
:Mustered out November 29, 1865.
 
:Moved to Fort Leavenworth, Kan., November 30, 1865-January 6, 1866, and honorably discharged January 9, 1866.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*9th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry
 
 
 
:Organized at Fort Leavenworth by consolidation of Independent Battalions, Squadrons and Detachments originally formed for other Regiments March 27, 1862.
 
:Company "A" organized as Company "D," 8th Kansas, September 13 to October 14, 1861.
 
:Company "B" as Company "H," 8th Kansas, September 21 to November 20, 1861.
 
:Company "C" as Company "C," 3rd Kansas, July 24, 1861.
 
:Company "D" as Company "D," 1st Battalion Cavalry, October 19, 1861, to January 16, 1862.
 
:Company "E" as Company "E" 1st Battalion Cavalry, October 19, 1861, to January 16, 1862.
 
:Company "F" organized as Home Guard October 19, 1861, to January 16, 1862, and on scout and patrol duty at Paola.
 
:Company "G" for 1st Battalion Cavalry September 9, 1861, to January 16, 1862.
 
:Company "H" for 1st Battalion Cavalry October 22, 1861.
 
:Company "I" mustered in March 6, 1862.
 
:Company "K" mustered in July 11, 1862.
 
:Company "L" mustered in May 2, 1863.
 
:Company "M" mustered in June 11 to August 2, 1863.
 
:Mustered out July 17, 1865.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*10th Regiment, Kansas Infantry
 
 
 
:Organized at Paola by consolidation of 3rd and 4th Kansas Infantry April 3, 1862.
 
:Mustered out August 30, 1865.
 
:Discharged at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., September 20, 1865.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*11th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry
 
 
 
:Organized at Kansas City April 1863, from 11th Kansas Infrantry.
 
:Moved to Kansas and mustered out September 26, 1865.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*12th Regiment, Kansas Infantry
 
 
 
:Organized at Paola September, 1862.
 
:Mustered out June 3, 1865.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*13th Regiment, Kansas Infantry
 
 
 
:Organized at Atchison.
 
:Mustered in September 20, 1862.
 
:Mustered out June 26, 1865.
 
:Discharged at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., July 13, 1865.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*14th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry
 
 
 
:Organized at Fort Scott and Leavenworth April, 1863, as a Battalion of 4 Companies for escort to General Blunt.
 
:Regiment organized at Fort Scott, December, 1863.
 
:Mustered out June 25, 1865.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*15th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry
 
 
 
:Organized at Leavenworth September and October, 1863.
 
:Mustered out October 19, 1865.
 
:Company "H" mustered out December 7, 1865.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*16th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry
 
 
 
:Organized at Leavenworth City November, 1863, to May, 1864.
 
:Mustered out December 6, 1865.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*17th Regiment, Kansas Infantry (100 days, 1864)
 
 
 
:Organized at Fort Leavenworth July 28, 1864, for 100 days.
 
:Mustered out November 16, 1864.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*18th Battalion, Kansas Cavalry
 
 
 
:"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*19th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry (6 months)
 
 
 
:"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*Abernathy's Company, Kansas Home Guards
 
 
 
:"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*Block's Company (Leavenworth Zouaves), Kansas Infantry
 
 
 
:"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*Post Battery, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Artillery
 
 
 
:"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
*Unassigned Kansas Volunteers
 
 
 
:"Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.
 

Revision as of 20:59, 29 October 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png U.S. Civil War, 1861 to 1865 Gotoarrow.png Kansas Military Gotoarrow.png Kansas in the Civil War

Battle of Lawrence, Kansas, August 21, 1863, also known as the Lawrence Massacre and Quantrill's Raid

Introduction

From about 1854 and 1858, fighting between pro-slavery and anti-slavery groups had caused the state to be known as 'bleeding Kansas'.[1]  Finally on January 29, 1861,  Kansas was admitted as a free state.  20,097 Kansas men joined the Union forces, more than had been requested.[2]

Kansas Military Units

Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and other units.

The information in the lists of Kansas Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. That web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.


Kansas Units by Number or by Name
Union Units
1st-22nd
A to Z





Kansas Units by Type of Unit
Union Units
Infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Guards
Colored Troops
Other

Records

Service Records

An index to the Kansas Adjutant General's Report, 1861-1865, is on the Kansas Historical Society website (free search). The index gives name, regiment, company, and place of residence with occasional notes. This index is mostly about volunteer regiments.  It does NOT include all Kansans who served in the Civil War; in particular, the index does not include the Kansas State Militia.

The Adjutant General's Report, 1861-1865, lists the names of all troops who served in the Kansas volunteer regiments during the Civil War. It also includes each soldier's rank, the place and date of enlistment, his discharge date, and notes about promotions, prisoner of war status, and other events. If a soldier died on active duty, the place, date, and cause of death are listed.

See Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kansas, Vol. 1. - 1861-1865 and Vol. 1 Reprint. A film copy is also available through interlibrary loan from the Kansas Historical Society [microfilm reel LM 977].

The compiled service records of Kansas soldiers have not been microfilmed and are only available from the National Archives. For more information see Union Service Records.

Officers from Kansas

For a list of officers commissioned by the President see here.

For a list of officers from Kansas commissioned in Regiments not belonging to the State see here.

Civil War Pension Index Cards

An Index to Pension Applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see Union Pension Records.

Other Sources

  • Kansas Negro Regiment in the Civil War. Cornish, Dudley Taylor: (Kansas Historical Quarterly 20, no. 6 (May 1953):417-429.) FHL Book 978.1 B2k 1-33 index
  • Daughters of the American Revolution (Kansas). Genealogical material from Kansas State D.A.R. (source material). (Genealogical material from Kansas State D.A.R. (source material)) FHL 851235 Item 4

References

  1. Wikipedia contributors, Bleeding Kansas, (accessed 26 July 2011).
  2. Wikipedia contributors. Kansas in the American Civil War, (accessed 26 July 2011).