Jewish Population

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In the late 1800s and early 1900s, governments of Central Europe began keeping track of their citizens using Population Registers. Offices were set up for people to register when they moved in or out of a community. In large cities cards were filled out for each person or household with notes listing the various addresses where they lived in the city at different times.

These registration cards and records often include valuable genealogical information. Besides identifying where a person lived at various times, they often list a person’s name, birth date, birthplace, marriage date and place, military service, parent’s names, occupations, permissions granted for work permits, trips a person made, and so forth. Population Registers have been filmed for some ofthe large European cities where Jews lived. They list all inhabitants of the city including Jewish residents. They are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under the name of the locality and the topic population. Following are examples from Leipzig, Germany and Vienna, Austria:
Einwohnermelderegister 1811–1893
(Inhabitant Register 1811–1893). Leipzig:
Stadtarchiv, 1985. (On 97 FHL films,
beginning with number 1,417,354.) Lists
families and includes cross-references to
earlier and later registration records.
Melderegister, 1890–1949 (Notification
Register, 1890–1949). Leipzig: Zentralstelle
für Genealogie, 1991. (On 3706 FHL films,
beginning with number 1,767,397.) Includes
both a male and a female register of people
living in Leipzig, Germany. The male
register includes names, birth dates and
places, and relationships for each household,
along with marriage dates, death dates,
places of residence, and other added notes.
Listed alphabetically with two sets for each
letter of the alphabet: the regular set and a
supplement set (nachtrag).
Meldezettel, 1850–1920 (Registration Notes,
1850–1920). Wien: Stadt und Landesarchiv,
1981–1995. (On 3060 FHL films, beginning
with 1,277,212.) Lists heads of families,
wives, children, birth dates, occupations,
religions, and new and old addresses for each
household in Vienna. Cards are listed
phonetically, skipping the first vowel and
grouping the consonants that sound alike
together (for example letters D, T, Dh, and
Th are all filed together).
Meldezettel, 1910–1920 (Registration Notes,
1910–1920). Wien: Stadt und Landesarchiv,
1981–1995. (On 108 FHL films, beginning
with 2,015,756.) Lists heads of families,
wives, children, birth dates, occupations,
religions, and new and old addresses for each
household in Vienna. Cards listed
Meldekartei 18.–20. Jahrhundert
(Registration Cards 18th–20th Centuries).
Wien: Stadt und Landesarchiv, 199–. (On
1148 FHL films, beginning with 1,916,011.)
Household registration for residents of
greater Vienna, which included 26 districts
(Bezirke) in 1938. Cards listed phonetically.
Population Registers kept for Copenhagen were
called police censuses and were taken twice a year
in May and November. The later police censuses
referred to where the family or individuals were
living in the previous census. These records are
listed in the catalog under Copenhagen and Census.
Mandtaller, 1866–1881 (Census, 1866–1881).
København: Stadsarkivet, 1961. (On 908
FHL films, beginning with number 322,451.)
Copenhagen bi-annual police censuses.
Includes an alphabetical index by district
showing names of all the people on a given
street grouped by the first letter of the
alphabet. Censuses do not include children
under 10 years old.
Mandtaller, 1882–1899 (Census, 1882–1899).
København: Stadsarkivet, 1961. (On 1613
FHL films, beginning with number
324,021.) Copenhagen bi-annual police
Mandtaller, 1900–1923 (Census, 1900–1923).
København: Stadsarkivet, 1961. (On 3984
FHL films, beginning with number
330,507.) Copenhagen bi-annual police