Jefferson County, West Virginia Genealogy

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Jefferson County, West Virginia
Map of West Virginia highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting West Virginia
Location of West Virginia in the U.S.
Founded 1801
County Seat Charles Town

United States  Gotoarrow.png West Virginia  Gotoarrow.png Jefferson County

West Virginia county in the Shenandoah Valley region.

County Courthouse

Jefferson County, West Virginia Courthouse.JPG

Jefferson County Courthouse
P O Box 208
Charles Town, WV 25414
Phone: 304-728-3215

County Clerk has birth, death from 1853
Military records from 1918 (except Civil War years)
Marriage, Probate and Land Records 1801[1]


Parent County

1801--Jefferson County was created 8 January 1801 from Berkeley County.
County seat: Charles Town [2]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Jefferson County boundary changes.

Record Loss

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties


Research Guides

  • Good, Rebecca H. and Rebecca A. Ebert. Finding Your People in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1998. 4th ed. FHL Book 975 D27e 1998

African American



For tips on accessing Jefferson County, West Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: West Virginia Census.

 Jefferson County, West Virginia GenWeb Census



Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Zoar (1799)[3]

Jefferson County fell within the bounds of the Ketocton Association.


Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):

  • Berkeley Monthly Meeting (1778-1832) formerly Bullskin[4]



It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]

Compiled genealogies that treat multiple Jefferson County families include:

  • O'Dell, Cecil. Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia. Marceline, Mo.: Walsworth Pub. Co., 1995. FHL Collection. One of the most impressively researched one-place studies in the United States. In a review, Dorman stated "Comprehensive studies such as this appear only rarely. This volume should be in every Virginia genealogical collection."[5]
  • [Beeler] Pappas, Carolyn H. "Christopher Beeler, 1705-1775," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 43, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1999):243-255; Vol. 44, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 2000):18-30; Vol. 44, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 2000):115-125. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg.
  • [Hefflebower] Rohrbach, Lewis Bunker. Hoffelbauer Genealogy, 1585-1993, The American Families Hefelbower, Heffelbower, Heflebower, Hefflebower, Heflybower, Hefflibauer, Heflibauer and Heffelbauer Together with Their German and Austrian Ancestry. Camden, Me.: Picton Press, 1993. FHL Book 929.273 H675rL.
  • [Hieronymus] Gentry, Veronica J. Descendants of Conrad Hironimus (Heironimus) Whose Will Was Probated in Frederick Co., Virginia in 1816. MSS., available at FHL.
  • [Hieronymus] Chenault, Louise Ryan, John P. Hieronymus, Dorothy Hieronymus, and George P. Unseld. The Hieronymus Story. Salt Lake City, Utah, 1959.
  • [Hieronymus] Hieronymus Family in America. The Hieronymus Story, 1985. Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, 1985. Available at FHL.
  • [Sinclair] Hall, Newman Arnold. "Allerton of Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 32, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1988):83-92; Vol. 32, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1988):171-178; Vol. 32, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1988):287-296; Vol. 33, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1989):13-18; Vol. 33, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1989):94-102; Vol. 33, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1989):175-180. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 32 (1988)-v. 33 (1989).
  • [Strother] Owen, Thomas McAdory, "William Strother of Virginia and His Descendants," Publications of the Southern History Association, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Apr. 1898):149-173. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  • [Turner] Tyler, Lyon G. "The Blackburns, of 'Ripon Lodge,'" The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 4 (Apr. 1896):266-269. Digital version at JSTOR - free.


Local Histories

  • Cartmell, T. K. Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants: A History of Frederick County, Virginia (Illustrated) from Its Formation in 1738 to 1908, Compiled Mainly from Original Records of Old Frederick County, Now Hampshire, Berkeley, Shenandoah, Jefferson, Hardy, Clarke, Warren, Morgan and Frederick. n.p.: n.p., c1909. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.59 H2c 1963; FHL US/CAN Film 1000634 Item 1; digital version at Ancestry ($); Digital view FamilySearch Books Online and World Vital Records ($). [3 copies at FHL.]
  • Norris, J. E.. History of the Lower Shenandoah Valley Counties of Frederick, Berkeley, Jefferson and Clarke: Their Early Settlement and Progress to the Present Time, Geological Features, a Description of Their Historic and Interesting Localities, Cities, Towns and Villages, Portraits of Some of the Prominent Men, and Biographies of Many of the Representative Citizens. Chicago: A. Warner, 1890. Original edition available at FHL; 1972 reprint available at FHL; digital version of original edition at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($).


Map of 1850 Virginia and West Virginia


Revolutionary War
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Book 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Jefferson County on page 134.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Jefferson County men served in the 55th Regiment.[6]

Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Jefferson County, West Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Jefferson County, West Virginia Genealogy:

- 1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate).
- 2nd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A (Jefferson Guards), Company B (Hamtramck Guards), Company G (Botts Greys), Company H (Letcher Riflemen), and Company K (Floyd Guards).
- 11th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry. Company A (The Wildcat Company).[7]
- 12th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company B (Baylor Light Horse) and Company D.[8]

Records and histories are available, including:

Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battles were fought in Jefferson County.

Map showing Civil War battles in West Virginia.


West Virginia, Naturalization Records, 1814-1991



  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (Together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. FHL Collection. [Includes sections on Charles Town, Harper's Ferry, and Shepherdstown silversmiths.]


Jefferson County, West Virginia Will Books 1832-1970

West Virginia Will Books


How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1802-1820] Heinegg, Paul. "Jefferson County Personal Property Tax List, 1802-1820," Free African [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Jefferson County is included in Vol. 6.]

Vital Records

West Virginia Vital Records: Birth, Death, Marriages

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites

 Learning How toEdit our Wiki Sites

Hands on keyboard.png Genealogy courses: Learn how to research from an expert in Fun Five Minute Genealogy Videos.


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jefferson County, West Virginia. Page 744 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (1810; reprint, Richmond, Va.: Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 386-387. Digital version at Google Books.
  4. Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.
  5. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 39, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1995):236.
  6. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 114. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  7. Richard L. Armstrong, 11th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 52.
  8. Dennis E. Frye, 12th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 42.
  9. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 20 September 2012)
  10. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 20 September 2012)
  11. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 25 September 2012)
  12. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 25 September 2012)