Jefferson County, Mississippi Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Mississippi Gotoarrow.png Jefferson County

Guide to Jefferson County Mississippi genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

County Courthouse

Jefferson County, Courthouse
307 Main St; PO Box 145;
Fayette, MS 39069
Phone: 601.786.3021

Clerk Chancery Court has marriage records from 1798, court records from 1860, probate and land records from 1798. [1]

Beginning Dates for Jefferson County, Mississippi Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate




Jefferson County was named Pickering until 1802.

Parent County

1799--Jefferson County was created 2 April 1799 from the Natchez District.
County seat: Fayette [2]

Boundary Changes

Variant Spellings

Record Loss

1904--Some records were lost.


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

Bible Records



For tips on accessing Jefferson County, Mississippi Genealogy census records online, see: Mississippi Census.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Mississippi denominations, view the Mississippi Church Records wiki page.



Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Mississippi Land and Property for additional information about early Mississippi land ownership. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Jefferson County, Mississippi Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Mississippi Local Histories.



Civil War
  • Men from Jefferson County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Jefferson County. 
- 1st Regiment, Mississippi Light Artillery
Company K - Abbay’s Battery
- 4th Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry
Company H - Whitney’s Company
- 12th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry
Company A - Charlie Clark Rifles [also listed as Co. H]



Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Jefferson County, Mississippi Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate Records

Probate records are held by the Jefferson County, Mississippi Genealogy Clerk of Court and are housed at the Jefferson County, Mississippi Genealogy Courthouse. Microfilmed records can be found online at Mississippi Probate Records, 1781-1930. See the wiki page Mississippi Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, and adoptions.


Mississippi tax records replace missing censuses and provide lists of residents during years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years. For more information, see Mississippi Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. Mississippi law did not require keeping birth or death records until 1912. Births and deaths are kept by the Mississippi Bureau of Vital Statistics. Marriage records are kept by the county. See also How to order Mississippi Vital Records or order electronically online.

See Mississippi Vital Records for more information on getting Mississippi records.

  • 1805-1857 - Jefferson County Marriage Books A and B Index 1805-1857. Batch M516961 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1858-1869 - Jefferson County Marriage Books C and D Index 1858-1869. Batch M516962 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1869-1875 - Jefferson County Marriage Book E Index 1869-1875. Batch M516965 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1877-1905 - Jefferson County Marriage Books F thru L Index 1877-1905. Batches M516963, M516966, M749018, M516964, M748530 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1894-1900 - Jefferson County Marriage Books M thru O Index 1894-1900. Batches M516967 and M749023 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1900-1906 - Jefferson County Marriage Books P thru R Index 1900-1906. Batch M748531 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1904-1923 - Jefferson County Marriage Books M and V Index 1904-1923. Batch M748563 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1906-1911 - Jefferson County Marriage Books S and T Index 1906-1911. Batch M748592 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1912-1918 - Jefferson County Marriage Books U and W Index 1912-1918. Batch M748593 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
Vital Record Substitutes

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers


  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jefferson County, Mississippi page 380, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at