Jefferson County, Mississippi Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Mississippi Gotoarrow.png Jefferson County

Guide to Jefferson County Mississippi genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Mississippi
Online Records

County Courthouse

Jefferson County, Courthouse
307 Main St; PO Box 145;
Fayette, MS 39069
Phone: 601.786.3021

Clerk Chancery Court has marriage records from 1798,
Court records from 1860, probate and land records ;from 1798. [1]


Jefferson County was named Pickering until 1802.

Parent County

1799--Jefferson County was created 2 April 1799 from the Natchez District.
County seat: Fayette [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

1904--Some records were lost.


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




For tips on accessing Jefferson County, Mississippi Genealogy census records online, see: Mississippi Census.




Local Histories



  • Civil War service men from Jefferson County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Jefferson County. 
- 1st Regiment, Mississippi Light Artillery
Company K - Abbay’s Battery
- 4th Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry
Company H - Whitney’s Company
- 12th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry
Company A - Charlie Clark Rifles [also listed as Co. H] 




Vital Records

  • 1805-1857 - Jefferson County Marriage Books A and B Index 1805-1857. Batch M516961 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1858-1869 - Jefferson County Marriage Books C and D Index 1858-1869. Batch M516962 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1869-1875 - Jefferson County Marriage Book E Index 1869-1875. Batch M516965 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1877-1905 - Jefferson County Marriage Books F thru L Index 1877-1905. Batches M516963, M516966, M749018, M516964, M748530 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1894-1900 - Jefferson County Marriage Books M thru O Index 1894-1900. Batches M516967 and M749023 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1900-1906 - Jefferson County Marriage Books P thru R Index 1900-1906. Batch M748531 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1904-1923 - Jefferson County Marriage Books M and V Index 1904-1923. Batch M748563 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1906-1911 - Jefferson County Marriage Books S and T Index 1906-1911. Batch M748592 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1912-1918 - Jefferson County Marriage Books U and W Index 1912-1918. Batch M748593 at FamilySearch - free.[3]

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jefferson County, Mississippi page 380, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at