Jefferson County, Alabama Genealogy

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Dates for major county records
Birth
Marriage
Death
Tax
Land
Probate






For earlier dates, try...

  • Jefferson County, Alabama Genealogy residents may also have records in
    Neighboring Counties:
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Jefferson County, Alabama
Map
Map of Alabama highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Location of Alabama in the U.S.
Facts
Founded December 13, 1819
County Seat Birmingham
Courthouse



United States  Gotoarrow.png  Alabama  Gotoarrow.png  Jefferson County

County Courthouse

Jefferson county has two official County seats - Birmingham and Bessemer.

Birmingham

Jefferson County, Alabama Courthouse Birmingham.jpg
Jefferson County Courthouse
716 Richard Arrington, Jr.
Blvd. N.,
Birmingham, AL 35203
Phone: (205) 325-5355 Probate Judge has marriage records from 1818
Probate Records from 1870 and land records for 1820 [1]

Bessemer

Bessemer County Courthouse
Jefferson County, Alabama Courthouse Bessemer.jpg

1801 3rd Avenue
Bessemer, AL 35020
Phone: (205) 481-4110

History

Parent County

1819--Jefferson County was created 13 December 1819 from Blount County.
County seat: Birmingham [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

1870 -- Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.

For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following article on the Burned Counties Research

and also comparable article by Michael John Neill at the Ancestry.com blog site.

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Cities

Adamsville | Bessemer | Birmingham | Brighton | Center Point | Clay | Fairfield | Fultondale | Gardendale | Graysville | Helena | Homewood | Hoover | Hueytown | Irondale | Leeds | Lipscomb | Midfield | Mountain Brook | Pinson | Pleasant Grove | Sumiton | Tarrant | Trussville | Vestavia Hills | Warrior

Towns

Argo | Brookside | Cardiff | County Line | Kimberly | Maytown | McCalla | Morris | Mulga | North Johns | Sylvan Springs | Trafford | West Jefferson

Census Designations

Chalkville | Concord | Edgewater | Forestdale | Grayson Valley | McDonald Chapel | Minor | Mount Olive | Rock Creek

Neighboring Counties

Bibb | Blount | Saint Clair | Shelby | Tuscaloosa | Walker

Resources

African American

Biographies

  • The Book of Birmingham and Alabama. Birmingham, Ala.: The Birmingham Ledger Publishers, 1914. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free. Includes bios and photographs.
  • DuBose, John Witherspoon. Jefferson County and Birmingham Alabama, Historical and Biographical. Birmingham, Ala.: Teeple and Smith, 1887. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free.

Cemeteries


BillionGraves:

Additional Jefferson County cemeteries are included in Alabama Cemetery Records Vol. 1 and Vol. 5 at FamilySearch Books Online - free.

Census

For tips on accessing Jefferson County, Alabama Genealogy census records online, see: Alabama Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
18306,855
18407,1314.0%
18508,98926.1%
186011,74630.7%
187012,3455.1%
188023,27288.5%
189088,501280.3%
1900140,42058.7%
1910226,47661.3%
1920310,05436.9%
1930431,49339.2%
1940459,9306.6%
1950558,92821.5%
1960634,86413.6%
1970644,9911.6%
1980671,3714.1%
1990651,525−3.0%
2000662,0471.6%
2010658,466−0.5%
Est. 2011658,931−0.5%

Church Records

Baptists
  • Hageness, MariLee Beatty. Mount Hebron Church Minutes 1819-1857. Leeds, Jefferson County, Alabama. Anniston, Ala.: MLH Research, 1998. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Birmingham
  • McCalla

Court

Land and Property

To place a grant or deed on a map within context of Jefferson County, Alabama Genealogy see:

  • Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Jefferson County, Alabama: with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Pub. Co., 2007. This is a definitive work and can be used as an index to land grants. Digital version at HistoryGeo.com ($). Website includes free surname index. FHL Book 976.178 E7bg.

Local Histories

  • DuBose, John Witherspoon. Jefferson County and Birmingham Alabama, Historical and Biographical. Birmingham, Ala.: Teeple and Smith, 1887. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free.

Maps

Military


Newspapers

  • Obituary Index : Birmingham Area Newspapers  (Birmingham News, May 1929 - January 1980;  Birminham World, September 1940 - December 1996; Methodist Christian Advocate / Alabama Christian Advocate, January 1929 - December 1979; Shelby County Reporter, January 1932 - December 1979)
  • Alabama Citizen - full-text digital issues in Google News Archive; covers 1913-1918

Probate

Taxation

Vital Records

Birth
Marriage
Death

Yearbooks

  • Birmingham Southern College: 1914-2008 (via the Internet Archive)
  • Howard College Student Catalogs (formerly Samford College): 1847-1908 (via the Internet Archive)

Societies and Libraries

Genealogy
Southern History Department
Birmingham Public Library
2100 Park Place
Birmingham, AL 35203

Family History Center

  • 831 Briarwood Dr
    Bessemer, Jefferson, Alabama, United States
    Phone: 205-425-7928
    Hours: Wed 5pm-9pm other hours by appointment 919-1939
  • 2780 Altadena Rd
    Birmingham, Jefferson, Alabama, United States
    Phone: 205-967-7279
    Hours: Tues 10am-4pm;
    Wed 10am-8pm;
    Sat 10am-2pm.
    Closures: All holidays and first and fifth Sat of every month
  • 1337 Old Springville Rd, Birmingham, Alabama 35235
    Phone: 205-854-0300
    Hours: W 5pm-9pm by appointment only;
    F 9am-1pm by appt only
  • 1101 Rockhampton St NE
    Leeds, Jefferson, Alabama, United States
    Hours: Wed. 6:00-9:00 p Sat. by Appt.
  • 1925 Mt Olive Blvd
    Gardendale, Alabama 35071
    Phone: 205-631-6765:
Hours: T,Th 7pm-9pm by appt.
Closures: Closed Thanksgiving week and last 2 weeks of Dec.

Web Sites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jefferson County p. 38. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 Coverage Table, "Alabama County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," FamilySearch Research Wiki, https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Alabama_County_Marriages_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records), accessed 6 August 2012.