Jackson County, Texas Genealogy

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County Courthouse

Jackson County Courthouse
115 W Main Street
Edna, TX 77957-2733
Phone: 361.782.3563 

County Clerk has birth and death records from 1903,
marriage, probate and land records from 1836
and court records from 1910; District Clerk has divorce

Jackson County has been the home of two county seats and four courthouses. Texana served as the county seat at the county's inception in 1836. The first courthouse building was built there in 1858. In 1883 voters elected to move the county seat to the new town of Edna. A new courthouse was built in Edna in 1884; it burned in June 1900. A third courthouse was built in 1906, a three-story brick Beaux-Arts style domed-building. The current courthouse was built in 1954.

Apply for a Birth or Death Certificates contact local Registrar Barbara Williams. Application form - pdf document

Jackson County Government website

Inventory of county records, Jackson County Courthouse, Edna, Texas, 1980. Inventory of records housed in the Jackson County Courthouse. Describes the records of the Commissioners Court, County Judge, County Clerk, County Court, County Attorney, District Clerk, Justice of the Peace, Sheriff, Tax Assessor-Collector, Treasurer, and Auditor. Provides a list of Jackson County records and an index. Digital book online at the Portal to Texas History.

Inventory of the county archives of Texas : Jackson County, no. 120, 1940. Inventory of records housed in the Jackson County Courthouse as of 1936. Describes the records of the County Commissioners Court, County Clerk as Recorder, District Court, County Court, Justices of the Peace, District Attorney, County Attorney, Tax Assessor-Collector, County Treasurer, and other offices. Digital book online at the Portal to Texas History.


Andrew Jackson.JPG

The county is named after President Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) who was in office at the time of the county's formation.[1]

Parent County

1836--Jackson County was created 17 March 1836 from Old Mexican Municipality.
County seat: Edna [2]

Boundary Changes[3]

1837-- Jackson County lost a narrow north-south strip of land that is now part of present-day Matagorda and Wharton Counties. Part of the city of El Campo is included in this strip. Jackson county gained a 2x4 mile wedge of land that is now in present day Wharton County and about half of the land between Arenosa Creek and the Lavaca River. The towns of El Toro and Vanderbilt lie in this region.

1844-- Jackson County lost the area 6 miles west of the Lavaca River to Victoria County. Jackson County gained land to the west 35 x 8 miles long, now part of present-day Matagorda and Wharton counties. This land included the town of Palacios.

1846--Part of Jackson County's waterfront on Lavaca, Tres Palacios and Carancahua Bays given to Calhoun County. The rest of the the land between the Arenosa Creek and the Lavaca River given to Jackson county. Half of the area added in 1844 was given to Wharton County. Some area in the north was given to Lavaca County.

1848--Jackson County lost the remainder of the land gained to the east in 1844 to Matagorda County, including the area that contains the town of Palacios.

1905 -- A strip of land in northern Jackson County was removed and attached to Colorado County (the Colorado County "panhandle").

Map showing the boundary changes mentioned above.

Record Loss

1900 -- Jackson County Courthouse destroyed by fire on Jun 15, 1900.  Records of the County Judge, Assessor and Justice of the Peace were lost. [4]

1906 -- The Jackson County Progress Newspaper plant and offices (along with part of the Edna business district) were destroyed by fire, 12 November 1906.[5]

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Edna | Francitas | Ganado | La Salle | La Ward | Lolita | Vanderbilt

Neighboring Counties




Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1850 996
1860 2,612 162.2%
1870 2,278 −12.8%
1880 2,723 19.5%
1890 3,281 20.5%
1900 6,094 85.7%
1910 6,471 6.2%
1920 11,244 73.8%
1930 10,980 −2.3%
1940 11,720 6.7%
1950 12,916 10.2%
1960 14,040 8.7%
1970 12,975 −7.6%
1980 13,352 2.9%
1990 13,039 −2.3%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.




Local Histories

The Cavalcade of Jackson County, 1938, by Ira T. Taylor.

Jackson County History from the Handbook of Texas Online.


Texas Counties Map. Click on the county to go to the TXGenWeb site.



Jackson County News newspaper



Vital Records

Societies and Libraries

Jackson County Memorial Library
411 North Wells Street, Room 121
Edna, Texas 77957 website

Family History Centers

Web Sites

  • TXGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the county


  1. "Jackson County, Texas," Wikipedia.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Inventory of the county archives of Texas : Jackson County, no. 120, 1940: Historical Sketch, pages 11-13.
  4. GenDisasters.com - Edna, TX Courthouse Fire, Jun 1900 http://www3.gendisasters.com/texas/7559/edna-tx-courthouse-fire-jun-1900
  5. Handbook of Texas Online: Edna, Texas http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hfe01