Isles of Shoals, Maine

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Isles of Shoals is an extinct town on a set of islands six miles offshore in the Gulf of Maine. The islands are divided by the New Hampshire-Maine border, and the Maine-side is now part of the town of Kittery in York County in Maine. The original town was first called Apledoore (now spelled Appledore), but the name was changed to Isles of Shoals by 1665. In 1696 the Town of Kittery annexed those islands on the Maine side of the border.[1] About 1700 the entire settlement on Appledore Island moved for a time to nearby Star Island (New Hampshire) to avoid the heavier taxes imposed by Maine-Massachusetts.[2]

The Isles of Shoals islands on the New Hampshire side of the border are are now part of the town of Rye in Rockingham County.


  1. Maine Historical Records Survey Project, Division of Professional and Service Projects, Work Projects Administration, Counties, Cities, Towns, and Plantations of Maine: a Handbook of Incorporations, Dissolutions, and Boundary Changes (Portland, Maine: The Survey, 1940), 129 and 156 (digital pp. 138 and 165). A digital version is available via a link in the FHL Catalog.
  2. Appledore Island in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 15 June 2013).