Iron County, Missouri Genealogy

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Pilot Knob Mountain,Iron County, Missouri

682px-Map of Missouri highlighting Iron County svg.png

United States Gotoarrow.png Missouri Gotoarrow.png Iron County

County Courthouse


Iron County Courthouse
250 S. Main
Ironton, Missouri 63650
Phone: 573-546-2912

Iron County Courthouse, Ironton, Missouri


The unusual shape of Iron County, Missouri, according to Goodspeed's 1888 History of Southeast Missouri, resulted from the difficulty inherent in creating the county. Land was taken from six other counties in order to form Iron County, but it became a challenge to accomplish this without reducing the size of those counties below their constitutional limits.

Iron County derives its name from its prevalence of iron ore. The county is located in a part of southeast Missouri that at one time was important as a mining center.

The county court first met 4 Aug 1857 at Arcadia. That was when Iron County was subdivided into the townships of Dent, Kaolin, Iron, Pilot Knob, Arcadia, Liberty, and Union.

The county is home to Pilot Knob, known as the site of Fort Davidson. This is where a significant Civil War battle, the Battle of Pilot Knob, took place in 1864.

For more about the history of Iron County, Missouri, see:

Parent County

1857--Iron County was created by a legislative act of 17 February 1857 from Dent, Madison, Reynolds, St. Francis, Washington, and Wayne Counties.  County seat: Ironton [1]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Iron County border changes at N2Genealogy.

Record Loss


Populated Places

In addition, see:

Neighboring Counties




  • The Iron County Genealogical Society has surname indexes for the 1860-1930 Federal Censuses.
  • The U.S. GenWeb Archives website has the following transcriptions:
1860 Mortality Schedules - partial listing for Iron County
1890 Special Census - transcription for Iron County of the names of Civil War Union veterans and widows of veterans enumerated in the 1890 Veterans Schedules, also known as the 1890 Special Census.

  • The 1910-1930 Federal censuses for Iron County are covered in the following three books:
Iron County, Missouri 1910 Census. WorldCat.
1920 Iron County, Missouri Census. WorldCat.
1930 Iron County, Missouri Census. WorldCat.


  • Lohman, Marcine. Immanuel Ev. Lutheran Church of Pilot Knob, Missouri, Iron County, 1861-1931. Firestone, CO: Self-published, 2007?. WorldCat page.



Local Histories




Current newspapers
Historic newspapers




Vital Records


Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).