Irion County, Texas Genealogy

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Irion County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Irion County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Founded March 7, 1889
County Seat Mertzon

County Courthouse

Irion County has had two county seats (Sherwood 1889-1936 and Mertzon 1936-present) and three courthouses.  When Irion County was organized in 1889, Sherwood was chosen as the county seat.  Sherwood, however, was bypassed by the railroad and its population declined. In 1927 the town of Mertzon made an unsuccessful bid for the county seat.  In 1936 Mertzon was successful and became the county seat.[1]

In 1889, the first courthouse was built in Sherwood.  By 1900 construction started on a new two-story stone courthouse.  This new courthouse, completed in 1901 served the county until the county seat until Mertzon became the county seat in 1936.[2]  The building is currently in use as a Community Center. [3]

In 1937 the Irion County Courthouse, a two-story brick contemporary style design building, in Mertzon was completed.

Irion County Courthouse
County Clerk
P.O. Box 736
Mertzon, TX 76941-0736
County Government Website

The county clerk's office has court records from 1889, land records from 1889, probate records from 1889, marriage records from 1889 and nirth and death records from 1903. [4]


Early settlements began in the early 1870's.

Parent County

1889--Irion County was created 7 March 1889 from Tom Green County. County seat: Mertzon [5]

Irion County was named for Robert Anderson Irion (1804-1861), physician, surveyor, and Republic of Texas secretary of state.

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Barnhart | Mertzon | Sherwood

Neighboring Counties


African American



1900 Census Index  ~   TXGenWeb




Original Land Owners of Texas ~  Irion County   ~  USGenWeb Archives Project

Local Histories

  • A History of Irion County, Texas, 1966 by Leta Crawford.
  • A History of Irion County, Texas, 1978 by Irion County Historical Society.







Vital Records

Societies and Libraries

Irion County Library
111 W Fayette Ave
Mertzon, TX 76941
Phone: (325) 835-2704

Society Hill  ~  Links and addresses to Texas genealogical and historical societies

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handbook of Texas Online: Irion County
  2. Google Books: Ghost Towns of Texas by T. Lindsay Baker - Sherwood
  3. Texas Escapes
  4. Family History 101: Irion County
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).