Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855 .
These records cover the years 1814 through 1855.
In 1823, the Composition Act was passed in Ireland, requiring that the tithes that were owed to the Established Church (the Church of Ireland) to be paid in money. These tithes were a tax on agricultural land and had previously been payable in kind. As a result, it was necessary to have a valuation or assessment of each civil parish in the entire country to determine how much would be payable by each landholder. The act provided for the appointment of commissioners to make the valuations in each parish.
The tax was based on the average price of wheat and oats over the seven years up to 1823 and was levied at a different rate depending on the quality of the land. As a result, the tax was not assessed equally on all land; some lands had no tax assessed at all. The tax caused a great resentment by those who were not members of the Church of Ireland, since the money was used to support the church. A series of acts were passed from 1823 onwards in an effort to make the method of calculating the tax fairer. The tax was generally abolished in 1869.
Books listing tithe-payers and quantities of land were compiled for most parishes and generally ranged between the years 1823 to 1838. The books were first deposited with the Irish Land Commission, and then in the 1940s they were transferred to the Public Record Office of Ireland and the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland. The books list about 40 percent of families heads.
The Tithe Applotment books were compiled to determine the amount of tithes (tax) which must be paid to the Church of Ireland by those who occupied agricultural lands.
The information in the books is quite reliable.
The books are either handwritten on preprinted pages or handwritten using the same format as the preprinted pages.
Citation for this collection
The citation below refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
- “Ireland Tithe Applotment Books, 1824-1840,” database, FamilySearch Record Search FamilySearch.org from National Archives of Ireland. Tithe Applotment Books. National Archives of Ireland, Dublin. FHL microfilm, 140 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Tithe Apployment books contain the following information:
- Townland name
- Landholders’ names
- Amount of land held
- Amount to be paid in tithes
In addition, many books also record the following information:
- Landlord’s name
- Assessment of the economic productivity of the land
How to Use the Record
Because most pre-1901 census records of Ireland have been destroyed, the Tithe Applotment Books are an important substitute. Although the books do not have a complete list of householders and residents, they are the only countrywide survey for the time period. In addition, they generally name individuals of lower economic status who carried the heaviest burden of tithes and about whom there are few other records.
The information in these records verifies the place and length of residency. Once you have established residence information, you can determine which church records to search.
Beginning Your Search
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
- Name of Ancestor
- Year of birth
- Names of family members
Searching the Images
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒ Select the "County" category
⇒ Select the "Parish and Date" category which will take you to the images.
Look at each image one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
Searching the Index
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
- The National Archives of Ireland - Tithe Applotment Books
- Public Offices of Ireland
- Irish Ancestors - Tithe Applotment Books
Related Wiki Articles
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
When you copy information from the record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find th record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you do not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.
Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection
"Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855," database and digital images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 7 October 2011), entry for Patrick Tenton, Waterford County, 1830; citing Tax Records, FHL microfilm 256,563; National Archives of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.