Difference between revisions of "Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{Record_Search_article
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{{FamilySearch_Collection
 
|location=Ireland
 
|location=Ireland
 
|CID=CID1804886
 
|CID=CID1804886
|title=Ireland Tithe Applotment Books}}<br>
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|title=Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855}}  
  
[[Image:Olde irish counties.jpg|thumb|center|500px]]
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== Record Description  ==
  
== Collection Time Period  ==
+
These records cover the years 1814 through 1855.
  
These records cover the years 1824 through 1840.  
+
In 1823, the Composition Act was passed in Ireland, requiring that the tithes that were owed to the Established Church (the Church of Ireland) to be paid in money. These tithes were a tax on agricultural land and had previously been payable in kind. As a result, it was necessary to have a valuation or assessment of each civil parish in the entire country to determine how much would be payable by each landholder. The act provided for the appointment of commissioners to make the valuations in each parish.  
  
== Record History  ==
+
The tax was based on the average price of wheat and oats over the seven years up to 1823 and was levied at a different rate depending on the quality of the land. As a result, the tax was not assessed equally on all land; some lands had no tax assessed at all. The tax caused a great resentment by those who were not members of the Church of Ireland, since the money was used to support the church. A series of acts were passed from 1823 onwards in an effort to make the method of calculating the tax fairer. The tax was generally abolished in 1869.
  
In 1823, the Composition Act was passed in Ireland. This act required that the tithes that were owed to the Established Church (the Church of Ireland) must now be paid in money. These tithes were a tax on agricultural land and had previously been payable in kind. As a result, it was necessary to have a valuation or assessment of each civil parish in the entire country to determine how much would be payable by each landholder. The act provided for the appointment of commissioners to make the valuations in each parish.  
+
Books listing tithe-payers and quantities of land were compiled for most parishes and generally ranged between the years 1823 to 1838. The books were first deposited with the Irish Land Commission, and then in the 1940s they were transferred to the Public Record Office of Ireland and the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland. The books list about 40 percent of families heads.  
  
The tax was based on the average price of wheat and oats over the seven years up to 1823 and was levied at a different rate depending on the quality of the land. As a result, the tax was not assessed equally on all land; some lands had no tax assessed at all. The tax caused a great resentment by those who were not members of the Church of Ireland since the money was used to support the church. A series of acts were passed from 1823 onwards in an effort to make the method of calculating the tax fairer. The tax was generally abolished in 1869.  
+
The Tithe Applotment books were compiled to determine the amount of tithes (tax) which must be paid to the Church of Ireland by those who occupied agricultural lands.  
  
Books listing tithe-payers and quantities of land were compiled for most parishes and generally ranged between the years 1823 to 1838. The books were first deposited with the Irish Land Commission, and then in the 1940s, they were transferred to the Public Record Office of Ireland and the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland. The books list about 40 per cent of the heads of families
+
The information in the books is quite reliable.  
  
=== Why This Record Was Created  ===
+
The books are either handwritten on preprinted pages or handwritten using the same format as the preprinted pages.
  
The Tithe Applotment books were compiled to determine the amount of tithes (tax) which must be paid to the Church of Ireland by those who occupied agricultural lands.  
+
For a list of records by localities, and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//familysearch.org/records/collection/1804886/waypoints Browse].  
  
=== Record Reliability ===
+
=== Citation for this collection ===
  
The information in the books is quite reliable.  
+
The citation below refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.  
  
== Record Description  ==
+
{{Collection citation|text = <!--bibdescbegin-->“Ireland Tithe Applotment Books, 1824-1840,” database, FamilySearch Record Search [https://www.familysearch.org/ FamilySearch.org ]from National Archives of Ireland. Tithe Applotment Books. National Archives of Ireland, Dublin. FHL microfilm, 140 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->}}
  
The books are either handwritten on preprinted pages or handwritten using the same format as the preprinted pages.  
+
[[Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
&nbsp;
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== Record Content  ==
  
<gallery caption="Ireland Tithe Applotment Books Examples" widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
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<gallery>
Image:Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (09-0401) (10-0149) DGS 256560_65.jpg|Tithe Applotment Book exmple 1
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Image:Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (09-0401) (10-0149) DGS 256560_65.jpg|Tithe Applotment Book example 1
Image:Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (09-0401) (10-0149) DGS 256560_97.jpg|Tithe Applotment Book exmple 2
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Image:Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (09-0401) (10-0149) DGS 256560_97.jpg|Tithe Applotment Book example 2
 +
Image:Olde irish counties.jpg|Olde Irish Counties
 
</gallery>  
 
</gallery>  
  
<br>  
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'''Tithe Apployment&nbsp;books contain the following information:<br>'''
  
=== Record Content  ===
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*Townland name
 +
*Landholders’ names
 +
*Amount of land held
 +
*Amount to be paid in tithes
  
'''Tithe Apployment&nbsp;books contain the following information:<br>'''• Townland name<br>• Landholders’ names<br>• Amount of land held<br>• Amount to be paid in tithes<br>'''In addition, many books also record the following information:<br>'''Landlord’s name<br>• Assessment of the economic productivity of the land  
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'''In addition, many books also record the following information:<br>'''
 +
 
 +
*Landlord’s name  
 +
*Assessment of the economic productivity of the land
  
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
Line 48: Line 55:
  
 
The information in these records verifies the place and length of residency. Once you have established residence information, you can determine which church records to search.  
 
The information in these records verifies the place and length of residency. Once you have established residence information, you can determine which church records to search.  
 +
 +
'''Beginning Your Search'''
 +
 +
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
 +
 +
*Name of Ancestor
 +
*Year of birth
 +
*Names of family members
 +
 +
'''Searching the Images'''
 +
 +
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br>
 +
 +
⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br>⇒ Select the "County" category<br>⇒ Select the "Parish and Date" category which will take you to the images.
 +
 +
Look at each image one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
 +
 +
'''Searching the Index'''
 +
 +
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
 +
 +
== Known Issues with This Collecton ==
 +
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
[http://www.nationalarchives.ie/genealogy/valuation.html http://www.nationalarchives.ie/genealogy/valuation.html]<br>[http://homepage.eircom.net/%257Eseanjmurphy/nai/puboffs.htm http://homepage.eircom.net/%257Eseanjmurphy/nai/puboffs.htm]<br>[http://www.irishtimes.com/ancestor/browse/records/land/tiap.htm http://www.irishtimes.com/ancestor/browse/records/land/tiap.htm]  
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*[http://www.nationalarchives.ie/genealogy/valuation.html The National Archives of Ireland - Tithe Applotment Books]  
 
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*[http://homepage.eircom.net/%257Eseanjmurphy/nai/puboffs.htm Public Offices of Ireland]  
This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related Web sites here.
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*[http://www.irishtimes.com/ancestor/browse/records/land/tiap.htm Irish Ancestors - Tithe Applotment Books]
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
Line 59: Line 89:
 
*[[Ireland Taxation#Tithe_Applotment_Books|Ireland Taxation - Tithe Applotment Books]]
 
*[[Ireland Taxation#Tithe_Applotment_Books|Ireland Taxation - Tithe Applotment Books]]
  
== Sources of This Collection ==
+
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections ==
 +
 
 +
When you copy information from the record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find th record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you do not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->“Ireland Tithe Applotment Books, 1824-1840,” database, FamilySearch Record Search (http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch) from National Archives of Ireland. Tithe Applotment Books. National Archives of Ireland, Dublin. FHL microfilm, 140 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. <!--bibdescend-->
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
==== How to Cite Your Sources ====
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=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection ===
  
[[Cite Your Sources (Source Footnotes)|Click here for]] instructions on citing specific records or images within this collection. A full bibliographic record is available in the Family History Library Catalog.&nbsp;&nbsp;
+
"Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855," database and digital images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 7 October 2011), entry for Patrick Tenton, Waterford County, 1830; citing Tax Records, FHL microfilm 256,563; National Archives of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.

Revision as of 05:49, 1 December 2012

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855 .
CID1804886
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Record Description

These records cover the years 1814 through 1855.

In 1823, the Composition Act was passed in Ireland, requiring that the tithes that were owed to the Established Church (the Church of Ireland) to be paid in money. These tithes were a tax on agricultural land and had previously been payable in kind. As a result, it was necessary to have a valuation or assessment of each civil parish in the entire country to determine how much would be payable by each landholder. The act provided for the appointment of commissioners to make the valuations in each parish.

The tax was based on the average price of wheat and oats over the seven years up to 1823 and was levied at a different rate depending on the quality of the land. As a result, the tax was not assessed equally on all land; some lands had no tax assessed at all. The tax caused a great resentment by those who were not members of the Church of Ireland, since the money was used to support the church. A series of acts were passed from 1823 onwards in an effort to make the method of calculating the tax fairer. The tax was generally abolished in 1869.

Books listing tithe-payers and quantities of land were compiled for most parishes and generally ranged between the years 1823 to 1838. The books were first deposited with the Irish Land Commission, and then in the 1940s they were transferred to the Public Record Office of Ireland and the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland. The books list about 40 percent of families heads.

The Tithe Applotment books were compiled to determine the amount of tithes (tax) which must be paid to the Church of Ireland by those who occupied agricultural lands.

The information in the books is quite reliable.

The books are either handwritten on preprinted pages or handwritten using the same format as the preprinted pages.

For a list of records by localities, and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

Citation for this collection

The citation below refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

“Ireland Tithe Applotment Books, 1824-1840,” database, FamilySearch Record Search FamilySearch.org from National Archives of Ireland. Tithe Applotment Books. National Archives of Ireland, Dublin. FHL microfilm, 140 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

Tithe Apployment books contain the following information:

  • Townland name
  • Landholders’ names
  • Amount of land held
  • Amount to be paid in tithes

In addition, many books also record the following information:

  • Landlord’s name
  • Assessment of the economic productivity of the land

How to Use the Record

Because most pre-1901 census records of Ireland have been destroyed, the Tithe Applotment Books are an important substitute. Although the books do not have a complete list of householders and residents, they are the only countrywide survey for the time period. In addition, they generally name individuals of lower economic status who carried the heaviest burden of tithes and about whom there are few other records.

The information in these records verifies the place and length of residency. Once you have established residence information, you can determine which church records to search.

Beginning Your Search

To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:

  • Name of Ancestor
  • Year of birth
  • Names of family members

Searching the Images

To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:

⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒ Select the "County" category
⇒ Select the "Parish and Date" category which will take you to the images.

Look at each image one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

Searching the Index

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Known Issues with This Collecton

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from the record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find th record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you do not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"Ireland, Tithe Applotment Books, 1814-1855," database and digital images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 7 October 2011), entry for Patrick Tenton, Waterford County, 1830; citing Tax Records, FHL microfilm 256,563; National Archives of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.