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Iowa in the Civil War

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Michigan Military Units[edit | edit source]

Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and other units.

The information in the lists of Michigan Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. That web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.


Iowa Units by Number or by Name
Union Units





Iowa Units by Type of Unit
Union Units




Regiments
[edit | edit source]

  • 1st Regiment, Iowa Cavalry
    Organized at Davenport August and September, 1861.
    Mustered out February 15, 1866. Moved to Iowa February 19-March 12, and discharged March 16, 1866.
  • 2nd Regiment, Iowa Cavalry
    Organized in Iowa at large and mustered in at Council Bluffs, Ia., August 18, 1861.
    Mustered out August 7, 1865.
  • 2nd Regiment, Iowa Infantry
    Organized at Keokuk and mustered in May 27, 1861.
    Mustered out July 12 and discharged at Davenport, Iowa, July 20, 1865.
  • 3rd Regiment, Iowa Infantry
    Organized at Keokuk and mustered in June 8, 1861. Veterans consolidated to a Battalion of three Companies July, 1864.
    Transferred to 2nd Iowa Infantry as Companies "A," "F" and "I," November 4, 1864.
  • 4th Regiment, Iowa Cavalry
    Organized at Camp Harlan, Mount Pleasant, September to November, 1861. Companies muster in "A," "E" and "F" November 23, "B," "C," "D," "I," "K" and "M" November 25, "G" November 27, "L" December 24, and "H" January 1, 1862.
    Mustered out at Atlanta August 10, 1865, and discharged at Davenport, Ia., August 24, 1865.
  • 5th Regiment, Iowa Cavalry
    Organized as Curtis Horse by order of General Fremont. Cos. "A," "B," "C" and "D" organized at Omaha, Neb., September 14 to November 13, 1861; "E" at Dubuque, Ia.; "F" in Missouri, as Fremont Hussars, October 25, 1861; "H" at Benton Barracks, Mo., December 28, 1861; "G," "I" and "K" as 1st, 2nd and 3rd Independent Companies, Minnesota Cavalry, at Fort Snelling, Minn., October 29 to December 20, 1861; "L" as Naughton's Irish Dragoons at Jefferson City, Mo., and "M" as Osage Rifles at St. Louis, Mo., November 1, 1861.
    Mustered out August 11, 1865.
  • 5th Regiment, Iowa Infantry
    Organized at Burlington July 15, 1861.
    Mustered out July 30. Consolidated with 5th Iowa Cavalry August 8, 1864.
  • 7th Regiment, Iowa Cavalry
    Organized at Davenport April 27 to July 13, 1863, Companies "A" to "H." Company "I" organized as Sioux City Cavalry November 14, 1861, and three Companies organized for 41st Iowa Battalion assigned as Companies "K," "L" and "M."
    Mustered out June 22, 1866.
  • 29th Regiment, Iowa Infantry
    Organized at Camp Dodge, Council Bluffs, and mustered in December 1, 1862. Moved to New Orleans, La.; thence home.
    Mustered out August 10, 1865.
  • 33rd Regiment, Iowa Infantry
    Organized at Oskaloosa and mustered in October 4, 1862.
    Mustered out July 17, 1865, and discharged at Rock Island, Ill., August 7, 1865.
  • 41st Battalion, Iowa Infantry
    Originally organized at Companies "A," "B," "C," 14th Iowa Infantry, October, 1861. Detached by order of General Fremont, and march from Davenport, via Des Moines, Council Bluffs and Sioux City, to Fort Randall, Dakota Territory, arriving December 5, 1861, and on special duty at that point till April, 1863. Permanently detached from 14th Iowa Infantry September 18, 1862, and designated 41st Iowa Battalion Infantry.
    Transferred to 7th Iowa Cavalry as Companies "K," "L" and "M."
  • 45th Regiment, Iowa Infantry (100 days, 1864)
    Organized at Keokuk May 25, 1864. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., thence to Memphis and Moscow, Tenn., and assigned to duty guarding Memphis & Charleston Railroad till September, 1864.
    Mustered out September 16, 1864.
  • 47th Regiment, Iowa Infantry (100 days, 1864)
    Organized at Davenport July 13, 1864. Ordered to Helena, Ark., and duty there and in District of Eastern Arkansas, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to September. Ordered to Davenport, Iowa, September 1.
    Mustered out September 28, 1864.
  • Sioux City Iowa Cavalry
    "Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer contains no history for this unit.

Civil War, 1861–65[edit | edit source]

Iowa provided over 76,000 troops to the Civil War, of which 13,000 died. An index to the compiled military service records is:

  • Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Iowa [1]This index lists each soldier’s name, company, unit, rank in, and rank out. There are also references to service in other units. The actual service records have not been filmed and are available only at the National Archives.

For lists of the soldiers by regiment, see volumes 1–5 of the following:

  • Roster and Record of Iowa Soldiers in the War of the Rebellion: Together with Historical Sketches of Volunteer Organizations, 1861–1866 [2]This book provides each soldier’s name, rank, and often the date and place he was mustered out. The soldiers are listed by company but not alphabetically. Volume 6 has names of soldiers from later wars, as well. An index to the six volumes is found in:
  • Index to Iowa Soldiers [3]
  • For a list of the Civil War soldiers living in Iowa in 1886, see the book, List of Ex-Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines, Living in Iowa, [4]mentioned previously. The Civil War soldiers are listed by the state from which they served, then by their regiment and then alphabetically.
  • Civil War Pension Index Cards - A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch Record Search. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.

After the Civil War, veterans formed the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR). At its peak in the 1890s, the GAR had posts and members throughout Iowa. Post records give the name, birth date, birthplace (town and state), war record (regiment, enlistment date, date mustered out), wife’s name and sometimes, the names and residences of children and parents. For the index and post records, see:

  • Grand Army of the Republic. Grand Army of the Republic Records, ca. 1800–1962 [5]The index cards generally provide the name of the person, his company and regiment, the state from which he served in the Civil War, and the number and city of the GAR post where he was listed. Often the cards also give the exact birth date, county of birth, exact death date and place, name and location of cemetery, and parents’ names. The forms are on microfilm, are listed by county, and often name the parents, spouse, and children. The original records are at the State Historical Society in Des Moines.

Regimental Lists. See a list of regiments and links to their histories. 

Three guidebooks to Iowa Civil War information are:

  • Discovering Your Iowa Civil War Ancestry [6]
  • Iowa in the Civil War: A Reference Guide [7]This book mentions articles, reports, histories, letters, and diaries that have been published about the different regiments that were in the Civil War.
  • Iowa Colonels and Regiments: Being a History of Iowa Regiments in the War of the Rebellion and Containing a Description of the Battles in Which They Fought' [8]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. United States. Adjutant General’s Office. Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Iowa. National Archives Microfilm Publications; M0541. Washington, DC: The National Archives, 1964. (Family History Library films 881808–36)
  2. Iowa. Adjutant General’s Office. Roster and Record of Iowa Soldiers in the War of the Rebellion: Together with Historical Sketches of Volunteer Organizations, 1861–1866. 6 vols. Des Moines, Iowa: E. H. English, 1908–1911. (Family History Library book 977.7 M2i; films 987646–50)
  3. Index to Iowa Soldiers. 7 vols. N.p.: Idaho State Historical Society Genealogical Library, 1979. (Family History Library book 977.7 M2i index; film 1033761 items 3–9; fiche 6051153)
  4. List of Ex-Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines, Living in Iowa. Des Moines, Iowa: G. E. Roberts, State Printer, 1886. (Family History Library book 977.7 M22ig; film 982150)
  5. Iowa. Grand Army of the Republic. Grand Army of the Republic Records, ca. 1800–1962. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1978, 1987. (On 69 Family History Library films beginning with 1487370)
  6. Meyer, Steve. Discovering Your Iowa Civil War Ancestry. Garrison, Iowa: Meyer Pub., 1993. (Family History Library book 977.7 M2ms)
  7. Robertson , James J. Jr. Iowa in the Civil War: A Reference Guide. Iowa City, Iowa: State Historical Society of Iowa, 197-. (Family History Library book 977.7A1 no. 40; fiche 6049713)
  8. Stuart, Addison A. Iowa Colonels and Regiments: Being a History of Iowa Regiments in the War of the Rebellion and Containing a Description of the Battles in Which They Fought. Des Moines, Iowa: Mills, 1865. (Family History Library book 977.7 M2s; film 1036165)