Difference between revisions of "Iowa Probate Records"

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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Probate Records|Probate Records]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Iowa_Probate_Records|Iowa Probate]]''
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Probate Records|Probate Records]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Iowa_Probate_Records|Iowa Probate]]''  
  
{{Template:US-probate-topic_bar}}
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== Record Synopsis  ==
  
Probate records are court records created after an individual’s death that relate to a court’s decisions regarding the distribution of the estate to the heirs or creditors and the care of any dependents. These documents are important to family history researchers because they usually exist for time periods before civil birth and death records were kept. While probate records are one of the most accurate sources of genealogical evidence, they have [[United States Probate Limitations|limitations]].  
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Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”<ref>Henry Campbell Black, ''Black's Law Dictionary,'' 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."</ref> Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. These documents are extremely valuable to genealogists and should not be neglected. In many instances, they are the only known source of relevant information such as the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence. They may also include information about adoption or guardianship of minor children and dependents. For further information about&nbsp;the probate process,&nbsp;types of probate records,&nbsp;analyzing probate records, and to access a glossary of probate terms, see [[United States Probate Records|United States Probate Records]].  
  
=== Jurisdictions ===
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== History ==
  
 
Iowa probate records date from about 1834, when the first county in the state was created. A probate court was created in each county when Iowa became an organized territory. These courts were responsible for settling estates. Probate courts were eventually discontinued, and probate matters have since been the responsibility of the district courts. Before 1887 some probate cases were settled in circuit courts and from 1851 to 1868, some in county courts. You can write to the clerk of the district court for copies of wills, administrations, dockets, calendars, and other records.  
 
Iowa probate records date from about 1834, when the first county in the state was created. A probate court was created in each county when Iowa became an organized territory. These courts were responsible for settling estates. Probate courts were eventually discontinued, and probate matters have since been the responsibility of the district courts. Before 1887 some probate cases were settled in circuit courts and from 1851 to 1868, some in county courts. You can write to the clerk of the district court for copies of wills, administrations, dockets, calendars, and other records.  
  
=== Obtaining the Records ===
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== State Statutes ==
  
'''National Repositories '''
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Understanding the Iowa probate laws and how they changed over time can help us learn how the estate was administered, taxed, and distributed and might help to solve difficult genealogical problems. Online digital versions of state statutes can often be found by conducting a search engine search for the term, "Iowa statutes."<br>
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== Repositories  ==
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==== Local  ====
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==== Regional  ====
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==== National ====
  
 
The Family History Library has microfilm and microfiche copies of many probate records, including some will records as late as the 1970s and indexes to the 1990s.  
 
The Family History Library has microfilm and microfiche copies of many probate records, including some will records as late as the 1970s and indexes to the 1990s.  
  
*A quick overview of probate records that can be found at the Family History Library can be seen in this [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&title=iowa+probate+records&pretitle=iowa+probate+records list].
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*A quick overview of probate records that can be found at the Family History Library can be seen in this {{FHL|iowa probate records|title|disp=list}}.
  
Probate records are listed in the Locality Search of the [[The Family History Library|The Family History Library Catalog]] under:  
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Probate records are listed in the Locality Search of the [https://familysearch.org/search/#form=catalog The Family History Library Catalog] under:  
  
::*IOWA - PROBATE RECORDS <br>  
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::*[https://familysearch.org/search/search/index/catalog-search#searchType=catalog&filtered=true&collectionId=&fed=false&page=1&catSearchType=title&searchCriteria=Iowa+probate+records&placeName=&author_givenName=&author_surname= IOWA - PROBATE RECORDS] <br>  
::*IOWA, [COUNTY] - PROBATE RECORDS
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::*[https://familysearch.org/search/search/index/catalog-search#searchType=catalog&filtered=true&collectionId=&fed=false&page=1&catSearchType=title&searchCriteria=Iowa+probate+records&placeName=&author_givenName=&author_surname= IOWA, [COUNTY - PROBATE RECORDS]]
  
'''Web Sites '''  
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== Statewide Record Collections  ==
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== Learn More  ==
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*Anne Roach, ''[https://fch.ldschurch.org/WWSupport/Courses/FamilyHistoryLibraryExport/Goldmine__Beyond_the_Court_Order_Book/Player.html Courthouse Records Overview]'' (35 minute online video)&nbsp;[https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/home.html FamilySearch Research Classes Online], 2010.
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*Eichholz, Alice, Editor. ''Redbook: American State, County, and Town Sources.'' Third Edition. Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004, p. 216. {{FHL|1185723|item}}
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*Rose, Christine. ''Courthouse Research for Family Historians: Your Guide to Genealogical Treasures.'' San Jose, California: CR Publications, 2004. {{FHL|1202197|item}}
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==== Published Materials  ====
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==== Websites  ====
  
 
*[http://www.sampubco.com/index.htm Sampubco] A gateway to Indexes of Will, Guardianships, Probate Records, and Letters Testamentary for some Iowa counties.  
 
*[http://www.sampubco.com/index.htm Sampubco] A gateway to Indexes of Will, Guardianships, Probate Records, and Letters Testamentary for some Iowa counties.  
 
*[http://iagenweb.org/ The Iowa GenWeb Project] A cooperative volunteer effort with links to resources for the state and counties.
 
*[http://iagenweb.org/ The Iowa GenWeb Project] A cooperative volunteer effort with links to resources for the state and counties.
  
=== Learn More  ===
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'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''
  
*Anne Roach, ''[https://fch.ldschurch.org/WWSupport/Courses/FamilyHistoryLibraryExport/Goldmine__Beyond_the_Court_Order_Book/Player.html Courthouse Records Overview]'' (35 minute online video) [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/education/frameset_education.asp?PAGE=education_research_series_online.asp%3FActiveTab=2 FamilySearch Research Classes Online], 2010.
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[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Iowa,_Fayette_County_Probate_Case_Files_%28FamilySearch_Historical_Records%29 Iowa Fayette County Probate Case Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)]
*Eichholz, Alice, Editor. ''Redbook: American State, County, and Town Sources.'' Third Edition. Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004. (See page 216.)  
 
*Rose, Christine. ''Courthouse Research for Family Historians: Your Guide to Genealogical Treasures.'' San Jose, California: CR Publications, 2004.
 
 
 
Click on the following links to wiki articles for additional information on probate records:
 
 
 
*[[United States Probate Records|United States Probate Records]]
 
*[[United States Probate Process|Probate Process]]
 
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
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<references />  
 
<references />  
  
[[Category:Iowa|Probate]]
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{{Iowa|Iowa}}
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[[Category:Iowa|Probate]] [[Category:United_States_Probate_Records|Iowa]]

Revision as of 22:28, 21 June 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Probate Records Gotoarrow.png  Iowa Probate

Record Synopsis

Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[1] Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. These documents are extremely valuable to genealogists and should not be neglected. In many instances, they are the only known source of relevant information such as the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence. They may also include information about adoption or guardianship of minor children and dependents. For further information about the probate process, types of probate records, analyzing probate records, and to access a glossary of probate terms, see United States Probate Records.

History

Iowa probate records date from about 1834, when the first county in the state was created. A probate court was created in each county when Iowa became an organized territory. These courts were responsible for settling estates. Probate courts were eventually discontinued, and probate matters have since been the responsibility of the district courts. Before 1887 some probate cases were settled in circuit courts and from 1851 to 1868, some in county courts. You can write to the clerk of the district court for copies of wills, administrations, dockets, calendars, and other records.

State Statutes

Understanding the Iowa probate laws and how they changed over time can help us learn how the estate was administered, taxed, and distributed and might help to solve difficult genealogical problems. Online digital versions of state statutes can often be found by conducting a search engine search for the term, "Iowa statutes."

Repositories

Local

Regional

National

The Family History Library has microfilm and microfiche copies of many probate records, including some will records as late as the 1970s and indexes to the 1990s.

  • A quick overview of probate records that can be found at the Family History Library can be seen in this list.

Probate records are listed in the Locality Search of the The Family History Library Catalog under:

Statewide Record Collections

Learn More

Published Materials

Websites

  • Sampubco A gateway to Indexes of Will, Guardianships, Probate Records, and Letters Testamentary for some Iowa counties.
  • The Iowa GenWeb Project A cooperative volunteer effort with links to resources for the state and counties.

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Iowa Fayette County Probate Case Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)

References

  1. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."