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Online Federal Censuses

Population Schedules

Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. Click here for more information about federal census records.

Before becoming a state in 1846, Iowa was part of the Wisconsin and Iowa Territory. It will not be included in the early censuses.

United States Federal Censuses with Online Links
1840 1850 1860 1870
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
1880 1890 1900 1910 1920
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
1930 1940
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com

Non-Population Schedules for Iowa

Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules.

Year Type of Census Links
1840 Veteran Pensioners FamilySearch Books, United States Census Bureau,
1850 Mortality FamilySearch, Ancestry.com
1850 Agriculture Ancestry.com, FamilySearch - browsable images
1850 Industry Ancestry.com, FamilySearch - browsable images
1860 Mortality FamilySearch, Ancestry.com
1860 Agriculture Ancestry.com, FamilySearch - browsable images
1860 Industry
1870 Mortality FamilySearch, Ancestry.com
1870 Agriculture Ancestry.com, FamilySearch - browsable images
1870 Industry Ancestry.com, FamilySearch - browsable images
1880 Mortality FamilySearch, Ancestry.com
1880 Agriculture Ancestry.com, FamilySearch - browsable images
1880 Industry Ancestry.com, FamilySearch - browsable images
1880 Defective, Dependent, and Delinquent Classes Ancestry.com

Existing and Lost Censuses

Online State and Territorial Censuses

State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten-year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit United States Census Bureau.

Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the US Territorial Census page.

Year Type of Census Links
1925 State, all household members at FamilySearch

at Ancestry

1915 State, all household members at FamilySearch

at Ancestry

1905 State, all household members at FamilySearch

at Ancestry at My Heritage

1895 State, all household members at FamilySearch

at Ancestry

1885 State, all household members at FamilySearch

Ancestry

1856 State, all household members at FamilySearch

at Ancestry

1854 State, all household members at Ancestry
1852 State at Ancestry
1851 State (limited counties) at Ancestry
1849 State (limited counties) at Ancestry
1847 State (limited counties), head of household at Ancestry
1846 State (limited counties), head of household at Ancestry
1844 Territorial (Keokuk), all household members at Ancestry
1838 Territorial (limited counties) at Ancestry
1836 Territorial (Dubuque and Des Moines Counties), head of household at Ancestry

Other Census Images

Why Use the Census?

State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:

  • Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
  • Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
  • Sex
  • Age
  • Color
  • Nativity
  • Place of birth of this person
  • Place of birth of Father of this person
  • Place of birth of Mother of this person
  • Period of Residence
  • How long a resident of this State (years and months)
  • How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
  • Regular occupation
  • Military service