Indians of Oregon

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Tribes and Bands of Oregon

Ahantchuyuk, Athapascan, Alsea, Atfalati, Bannock, Calapooya, Chinook, Cayuse, Chastacosta, Chelamela, Chepenafa, Chetco, Clackamas, Clatskanie, Clatsop, Clowwewalla, Dakubetede, Hanis, Kalapooian, Kuitsh, Kusan, Klamath, Latgawa, Lohim, Luckiamute, Lakmiut, Lutuamian, Miluk, Mishikhwutmetunne, Modoc, Molala, Multnomah, Nez Perce, Paiute (Northern), Pit River, Salishan, Santiam, Shahaptiahn, Shasta, Shoshoni, Siletz, Siuslaw, Skilloot, Snake, Takelma, Taltushtuntude, Tenino, Tillamook, Tututni, Tyigh, Umatilla, Umpqua, Waillatpus, Walla Walla, Walpapi, Wasco (Wascopum), Watlala, Yahuskin, Yakima, Yakonan, Yamel, Yaquina, Yoncalla

Confederation Tribes:
Burns Paiute Tribe
Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians
Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes
Klamath Tribes


Hodge, Fredric Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of Ethonology, Bulletiin #30 1907 (Family History Library film 1320577 item 1).
Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America ( ) Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin #145 (Family History Library book 970.1 S24i; film 1598299 item 5).


As identified in the National Atlas of the United States of America, and Isaacs, Katherine M., Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian reservation, Appendix E, indian reservation, Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991. The following reservation names in bold are current federally-recognized reservations:

  • Burns Paiute Reservation
  • Celilo Village
  • Confederated Tribe of Coos, Lower Umpqua & Siuslaw Indians
  • Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Reservation:
  • Coquille Indian Tribal Community
  • Cow Creek
  • Fort McDermitt Reservation:
  • Grand Ronde Reservation:
  • Siletz Reservation: Federal /State, under the jurisdiction of Siletz Agency
  • Umatilla Reservation: Federal, under the jurisdiction of Umatilla Agency, Tribes: Cayuse, Walla Walla and Umatilla
  • Warm Springs Reservation: Federal, under the jurisdiction of Warm Springs Agency, Tribes: Warm Springs, Northern Paiute, and Wasco

Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Agencies were created as an administrative division of the federal government to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.


Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs,1824-1880: Historical Sketches. Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc., 1974 (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o).

Indian Schools

The Office of Indian Affairs (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.

In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. (read more...)

See Also:

Oregon- Church for a list of missions

Oregon-History for a calendar of events

Oregon- Military for a list of forts

Family History Library

The Family History Library has histories of the various tribes that have lived in Oregon. The library also has microfilm copies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs' records of births, marriages, deaths, censuses, schools, land allotments, and heirships. In general, these are for 1877 to 1952 and include records of the Chemawa Indian School, Grand Ronde-Siletz and Klamath agencies and the Portland Area Office. The original documents are at the National Archives—Pacific Alaska Region (Seattle) and their internet site.

  • Of special value are the Family Index Cards, 1938-1950 from the Portland Office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (Family History Library films 1028470 item 4 to 1028471) and Family History and Medical Data, 1904-1937 from the Klamath Agency (Family History Library films 1028454 item 2 to 1028455).
  • A useful guide is Charles E. McChesney, Rolls of Certain Indian Tribes in Oregon and Washington (Fairfield, Washington: Ye Galleon Press, l969; Family History Library book 970.1 R659).

Other records are also listed in the Subject Search of the Family History Library Catalog under the name of the tribe or in the Place Search of the catalog under the name of the state and various subjects, such as PROBATE RECORDS and LAND AND PROPERTY.

  • Jesuits Mission 1853-1960, 34 films, 1st film 1671639  (covering eastern Washington, northern Idaho, western Montana and northeast Oregon)
  • Chemawa Indian School 1883-1947, 1st film 1028472  (based in Salem, Oregon)
  • Territorial Papers of Oregon 1848-1907, 12 films M1049, 1st film 1695681
  • Department of Interior 1849-1907, 10 films M0814, 1st film 1695733
  • Office of Indian Affairs Oregon Superintendency 1848-1873, 29 films, 1st film 1617787
  • Oregon Superintendency 1842-1880

Records available on the internet can be located by using a search engine with key words such as "Indians Tribes Oregon".

Agency Records

The records are various and covers many different type of records such as births, marriages, deaths, land allotments, school records.

Census Records

Film # Years Covered Agency Specifics
1025313 1901-1950 Grand Ronde-Siletz Contains registers of Indian families, 1901-1902, 1922-1927, 1940; census rolls, 1932-1945, 1950.

1021379 item 5

Warm Springs
School census & related information
1021383 item 1

Warm Springs

Census 1880, 1882, 1915, 1934
1021384 item 9
Warm Springs
Burns census (of Paiutes)
1023185 item 2
Warm Springs
School census
1920-1924, 1927
Umatilla Agency census
576913 items  13-14
Census for Klamath Indians in the Klamath Agency at Klamath, Oregon, 1892-1893
576913 item 18 1896 Klamath Census for Klamath Indians in the Klamath Agency at Klamath, Oregon, 1896
576913 item 4
Census for Klamath, Modoc Indians in the Klamath Agency at Klamath Oregon, 1886
576913 item 6-7
Census for Klamath, Modoc Indians in the Klamath Agency at Klamath Oregon, 187-1888
576913 item 10
Census for Klamath, Modoc Indians in the Klamath Agency at Klamath Oregon, 1889