Indians of Missouri

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Missouri's name comes from the Missouri Indian Tribe. "Missouri" means "Town of the large canoes"

Tribes and Bands of Missouri

Caddo, Chickamauga, Chickasaw, Cherokee, Dakota, Delaware, Foxes, Illinois, Iowa, Kansa, Kickapoo, Missouri, Northern Cherokee, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Quapaw, Sauk, Shawnee

Sac White River Band = Chickamauga Cherokee Nation


Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of Ehtonology, Bulletin #30 1907
Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. ( ) Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin #145.


As identified in the National Atlas of the United States of America, there are no current federally-recognized reservations in Missouri.


  • Miami Agency
  • Kickapoo Agency


Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater publishing Co., Inc., 1974.

Family History Library

  • Chickamauga Tribal Enrollment 6 films 1st film 1597952


Web Sites

See Also:

Missouri-History for a calendar listing date of importance to American Indians

Missouri-Military for a list of forts