Difference between revisions of "Indians of Missouri"

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[[Portal:Missouri|Missouri]]'s name comes from the Missouri Indian Tribe. "Missouri" means "Town of the large canoes"
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Missouri]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Indians_of_Missouri]]''
  
== Tribes and Bands of Missouri ==
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:''This article is about American Indian tribes including the Missouri Tribe. For other uses, see [[Missouri (disambiguation)]].''
  
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Missouri has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/missouri/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.
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<br>__TOC__
  
Caddo, Chickamauga, Chickasaw, Cherokee, Dakota, Delaware, Foxes, Illinois, Iowa, Kansa, Kickapoo, Missouri, Northern Cherokee, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Quapaw, Sauk, Shawnee
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Missouri's name comes from the Missouri Indian Tribe. "Missouri" means "Town of the large canoes"
  
Sac White River Band = Chickamauga Cherokee Nation
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== Tribes and Bands of Missouri  ==
  
== Reservations  ==
+
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Missouri has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/missouri/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
 
 
Many of the reservations in Washington are small, with one [[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|agency]] of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] having responsibilities for the tribes residing on several reservations. Most of the records kept by the federal government about the tribes will be found in the appropriate agency.  
 
  
From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.
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*[[Caddo Indians|Caddo]]
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*Dakota
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*[[Delaware Indians|Delaware]]
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*Fox
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*Illinois
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*[[Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska|Iowa]]
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*[[Kickapoo Indians|Kickapoo]]
 +
*Missouri
 +
*[[Omaha Indians|Omaha]]
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*[[Osage Indians|Osage]]
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*[[Oto Indians|Oto]]
 +
*[[Quapaw Indians|Quapaw]]
 +
*Sauk
 +
*[[Shawnee Indians|Shawnee]]
  
Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.
+
<br>Sac White River Band = Chickamauga Cherokee Nation
  
The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.
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Northern Cherokee
  
The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/mo.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.<br>
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===== Tribe Recognized by the State of Missouri  =====
  
There are no current federally-recognized reservations in Missouri.
+
Northern Cherokee Nation
  
 
== Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs  ==
 
== Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs  ==
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[[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Agencies]] and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.  
 
[[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Agencies]] and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.  
  
The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Missouri has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs...''<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=247426&amp;disp=The+Office+of+Indian+Affairs%2C+1824%2D1%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 book 970.1 H551o].)</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=207428&amp;disp=Guide+to+records+in+the+National+Archive%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 book 970.1 H551g].)</ref>, and others.  
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The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Missouri has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs...''<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. {{FHL|247426|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 H551o}}.</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. {{FHL|207428|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 H551g.}}</ref>, and others.  
  
*Great Nemaha Agency  
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*[[Great Nemaha Indian Agency (Kansas)|Great Nemaha Agency]]
 
*[[Ioway Indian Subagency (Missouri)|Ioway Subagency]]  
 
*[[Ioway Indian Subagency (Missouri)|Ioway Subagency]]  
*Kickapoo Agency  
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*[[Kickapoo Indian Agency (Kansas)|Kickapoo Agency]]
*Miami Agency  
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*[[Miami Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Miami Agency]]<br>
*Upper Missouri Agency
 
  
 
== Family History Library  ==
 
== Family History Library  ==
  
*Chickamauga Tribal Enrollment 6 films Family History Library 1st film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=544141&disp=Application+for+Chickamauga+tribal+enrol++ 1597952]
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*Chickamauga Tribal Enrollment {{FHL|544141|item|disp=FHL film 1597952 (first of six films)}}
*St. Louise Superintendency
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*[[St. Louis Superintendency of Indian Affairs|St. Louis Superintendency]]
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== Maps  ==
  
== [[Image:http://www.native-languages.org/missouri.jpg]]Maps  ==
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[[Image:Missouri.jpg]]<br>
  
[http://www.native-languages.org/missouri.jpg http://www.native-languages.org/missouri.jpg]
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Historic Indian Tribes of Missouri
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For more information on these tribes, as well as other tribes that passed through Missouri,  [http://www.native-languages.org/missouri.htm Native American Tribes of Missouri].
 +
 
 +
== Reservations  ==
 +
 
 +
From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.
 +
 
 +
Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.
 +
 
 +
The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.
 +
 
 +
A list of reservations has been published in the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/mo.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources. While there have been reservations historically associated with the state, there are no current federally-recognized reservations in Missouri.
 +
 
 +
That does not mean there were no American Indians within the state; it simply means that there are no reservations within the state's boundaries.
 +
 
 +
<br>
  
 
== '''See Also:'''  ==
 
== '''See Also:'''  ==
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== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />  
+
<references />
  
 
==== Bibliography  ====
 
==== Bibliography  ====
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*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].  
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].  
 
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.  
 
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.  
*National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/mo.pdf Available online.]
+
*National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://nationalatlas.gov/printable.html#fedlands Available online].  
 
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]  
 
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]  
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/missouri/index.htm Available online].
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/missouri/index.htm Available online].
 +
 +
{{American Indian}} {{Missouri|Missouri}}
  
 
[[Category:Missouri]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]
 
[[Category:Missouri]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]

Revision as of 23:59, 29 May 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png Missouri Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians_of_Missouri

This article is about American Indian tribes including the Missouri Tribe. For other uses, see Missouri (disambiguation).

Missouri's name comes from the Missouri Indian Tribe. "Missouri" means "Town of the large canoes"

Tribes and Bands of Missouri

The following list of American Indians who have lived in Missouri has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians...[1] and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America[2]. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.


Sac White River Band = Chickamauga Cherokee Nation

Northern Cherokee

Tribe Recognized by the State of Missouri

Northern Cherokee Nation

Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.

The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Missouri has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[3], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[4], and others.

Family History Library

Maps

Missouri.jpg

Historic Indian Tribes of Missouri

For more information on these tribes, as well as other tribes that passed through Missouri, Native American Tribes of Missouri.

Reservations

From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

A list of reservations has been published in the National Atlas of the United States of America[5], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[6], and other sources. While there have been reservations historically associated with the state, there are no current federally-recognized reservations in Missouri.

That does not mean there were no American Indians within the state; it simply means that there are no reservations within the state's boundaries.


See Also:

Missouri-History for a calendar listing date of importance to American Indians

Missouri-Military for a list of forts

References

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  2. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  3. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. FHL book 970.1 H551o.
  4. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. FHL book 970.1 H551g.
  5. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  6. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.

Bibliography

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.