Indians of Louisiana

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Tribes and Bands of Louisiana

The following list of tribes is compiled from:

Hodge, Frederick Webb.Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907

Swanaton, John W. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution Bureau of Ethnology, Bulletin #145

Tribes and Bands

Acolapissa, Adai, Alabama, Atakapa, Avoyel, Bayogoula, Biloxi, Caddo, Chatot, Chawasha, Chitimacha, Choctaw, Coushatta, Doustioni, Houma, Kadohadacho, Koasati, Koroa, Mugulasha, Muskogee, Natchez, Natchitoches Confederacy, Ofo, Okelousa, Opelousa, Ouachita, Pascagoula, Quapaw, Quinipissa, Souchitioni, Taensa, Tangipahoa, Tawasa, Tensas, Tunica, Tunica-Biloxi, Washa, Yatasi

Reservations and Agencies


Reservations were established by treaty,  with westward expansion and settlement occured.  Tribes ceded land and were removed to restricted and reserved land. Reservation names in bold are current reservations.

Chitimacha Reservation (Federal, under jurisdiction of Choctaw Agency, Tribe: Chitimacha)

Coushatta Reservation (State, under jurisdiction of Choctaw Agency, Tribe: Coushatta)

Penobscot Reservation

Pleasant Point and Indian Township Reservation

Tunica-Biloxi Reservation (State, under jurisdiction of Choctaw Agency, Tribe Tunica-Biloxi)


Chactaw Agency, 421 Powell, Philadelphia, MS 39350 

See Also:

Louisiana History for a calendar of events

Louisiana Military for a list of forts