Indians of Kansas

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The word Kansas comes from a Sioux word meaning "people of the south wind"

Tribes and Bands of Kansas

The following list of tribes is compiled from:

  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907.
  • Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution Bureau of Ethnology, Bulletin #145


Apache, Arapaho, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Comanche, Delaware, Illinois, Iowa, Iroquois, Jicarilla, Kansa, Kaskaskia (New York Indians), Kaw, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Kiowa-Apache, Miami, Missouri, Munsee, Osage, Oto, Ottawa, Pawnee, Peoria, Piankashaw, Potawatomi, Prairie Band of Potawatomi, Quapaw, Sac and Fox - Musquacki (of Mississippi and Missouri), Seneca, Shawnee, Southern Cheyenne, Wea, Wyandotte


Black Bob's Band of Shawnee, Prairie Band Potawatomi, Sac and Fox of Kansas


As identified in the National Atlas of the United States of America, the following reservation names in bold are current federally-recognized reservations:

Chippewa - Munsee Reservation

  • Iowa Reservation Federal, under jurisdiction of Horton Agency, Tribe: Iowa
  • Kickapoo Reservation State, under jurisdiction of Horton Agency, Tribe: Kickapoo
  • Ottawa Reservation
  • Prairie Potawatomi Reservation Federal, under jurisdiction of Horton Agency, Tribe: Potawatomi
  • Peoria Reservation
  • Potawatomi Reservation
  • Sac and Fox Reservation
  • Shawnee Reservation (1854)
  • Wyandot Reservation


Isaacs, Katherine M., editor, Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Afffairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E. Indian Reservations, Onmigraphics, Inc., 1991.

Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Agencies were created as an administrative division of the federal government to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.


Hill, Edward E., The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches., Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc., 1974.

Indian Schools

The Office of Indian Affairs (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.

In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. (read more...)

Family History Library

  • John Gill Pratt Papers 1834-1899 13 films Family History Library  1st film 0812758
  • Central Superintendency of Indian Affairs 1813-1878  108 films M 856 Family History Library 1st film: 1602893

Web Sites

Kansas Native American Genealogy

See Also:

Kansas Church for a list of missions

Kansas History for a calendar of events

Kansas Military for a list of forts