Indians of Connecticut
The word Connecticut comes from the Indian word Quinnehtukqut meaning "beside the long tidal river"
Tribes and Bands of Connecticut
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Connecticut has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians... and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.
Hammonassetts, Mahican, Mashantucket, Mohegan, Nehanticks, Narraganset, Niantic, Nipmuc, Nipnet or Nipmucks, Paugussett, Pequannock, Pequot, Podunk, Ponus, Quiripeys or Quinnipiac, Sachem, Schaghticoke, Sachemdom or Montewese, Wangum, Wongunk, Wappinger, Wasc-ssux, Wepawaugs, Winnipiacs
Eastern Pequot -- see Pauckatuck Pequot
Mashantucket Pequot, or Western Pequot -- This tribe has been federally recognized since 1983. The Connecticut State Library has some records for this tribe, 1836-1995. Their collection includes some genealogies.
Western Pequot -- see Mashantucket Pequot
New England Confederation: Paugussett, Naugatucks, Pootatuck, Wepawaug and Pequannock
- Corun Hill Reservation (1680 in Huntington)
- Eastern Pequot Reservation
- Golden Hill Reservation (1650's near Statford)
- Mashantucker Reservation (State, 1667 for Western Pequot's)
- Mohegan Indian Reservation
- Paucatuch Reservation (Eastern Pequot)
- Pequot Reservation (State, Tribes: Pequot and Mohegan in Fairfield and New London Counties)
- Schaghticoke Reservation (near Kent)
- Turkey Hill Reservation (1674)
- Isaacs, Katherine M., Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America, U.S. Data Sourcebook Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations Appendix E, Indian reservations, Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991,
Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs
Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.
The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Washington has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs..., Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians, and others.
No agencies located to date for Connecticut.
Leaping Deer (1979)
Family History Library
- Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
- Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o.)
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.)
- "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
- Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
- Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
- National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
- Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online