Difference between revisions of "Illinois, State Census, 1865 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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==== Style Guide  ====
 
==== Style Guide  ====
  
For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: [[FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages|FamilySearch Wiki: Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages ]]  
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For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: [[FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages|FamilySearch Wiki: Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages]]
  
== Collection Time Period<br> ==
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== Collection Time Period<br> ==
  
 
This census counted and gathered information about the population in 1865.  
 
This census counted and gathered information about the population in 1865.  
  
== How to Use the Records<br> ==
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== How to Use the Records<br> ==
  
 
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
 
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
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You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.  
 
You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.  
  
== Record Description<br> ==
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== Record Description<br> ==
  
 
The census information was handwritten on preprinted sheets.  
 
The census information was handwritten on preprinted sheets.  
  
=== Record Content<br> ===
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=== Record Content<br> ===
  
 
The census includes the following information:  
 
The census includes the following information:  
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*Number of common schools and number of students
 
*Number of common schools and number of students
  
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== Record History<br> ==
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== Record History<br> ==
  
 
The state constitution of 1848 accepted the federal decennial censuses as the basis for apportionment of representatives, but also provided for state censuses at mid-decades. As a result state censuses were conducted in 1855 and 1865. The state constitution of 1870 ended the practice of state censuses. Census returns for 1865 exist for 99 of the 102 counties.  
 
The state constitution of 1848 accepted the federal decennial censuses as the basis for apportionment of representatives, but also provided for state censuses at mid-decades. As a result state censuses were conducted in 1855 and 1865. The state constitution of 1870 ended the practice of state censuses. Census returns for 1865 exist for 99 of the 102 counties.  
  
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=== Why This Collection Was Created?  ===
 
=== Why This Collection Was Created?  ===
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The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.  
 
The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.  
  
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=== Record Reliability  ===
 
=== Record Reliability  ===
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== Related Web Sites  ==
 
== Related Web Sites  ==
  
[http://ilgenweb.net/ Illinois Genealogy and History (ILGenWeb) ]<br> [http://www.rootsweb.com/~ilsgs/index.html Illinois State Genealogical Society]  
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[http://ilgenweb.net/ Illinois Genealogy and History (ILGenWeb) ]<br>[http://www.rootsweb.com/~ilsgs/index.html Illinois State Genealogical Society]  
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
[[Illinois_Census|Illinois Census]]
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[[Illinois Census|Illinois Census]]  
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
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==== Style Guide  ====
 
==== Style Guide  ====
  
For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: [[FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages|FamilySearch Wiki: Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages ]]  
+
For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: [[FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages|FamilySearch Wiki: Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages]]
  
 
== Sources of Information for This Collection:  ==
 
== Sources of Information for This Collection:  ==
  
To assist wiki patrons with making citations that describe their findings, create a bibliographic source citation that describes the digital collection following the instructions referenced below.  
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<!—bibdescbegin-->Illinois State Census 1865, database, FamilySearch; from Illinois State Archives, Springfield. FHL microfilm, 18 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah<!—bibdescend-->
  
Illinois State Census 1865, database, FamilySearch; from Illinois State Archives, Springfield. FHL microfilm, 18 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.
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<br>Instructions for creating these sources, including how to add information about individual archives is found in the wiki article: “[[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Bibliographic Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections"]]
 
 
<br> Instructions for creating these sources, including how to add information about individual archives is found in the wiki article: “[[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Bibliographic Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections"]]  
 
 
 
<br>'''Example showing a general statement and details of several archives:'''
 
 
 
&nbsp;England, Cheshire, school records, 1796-1950,” database, FamilySearch; 2009, from Great Britain, Board of Education. "School Records." Cheshire Record Office, Chester (England). FHL microfilm, 41 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.
 
 
 
*Acton (near Nantwich) National School (Cheshire). School registers for Acton (near Nantwich), 1877-1920. Cheshire Record Office, Chester, England. FHL microfilm 1894886, Items 4-5; 2299012, Items 1-2.
 
*Alderley Edge Day School (Cheshire). School registers, 1875-1915. Cheshire Record Office, Chester, England. FHL microfilm 1894886, Item 8.
 

Revision as of 00:48, 1 September 2010

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records scheduled to become available at FamilySearch.org.
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We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Style Guide

For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: FamilySearch Wiki: Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages

Collection Time Period

This census counted and gathered information about the population in 1865.

How to Use the Records

Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date.
  • Use the ages and place of residence to locate the family in federal census records.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau.
  • If they are in the militia they may have military files in the State or National Archives.

It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.

Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.

Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:

  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.

You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.

Record Description

The census information was handwritten on preprinted sheets.

Record Content

The census includes the following information:

  • Name of head of family
  • Free white males by decennial age ranges; under 10, 10 to 20, 20 to 30, 30 to 40, etc.
  • Free white females by decennial age ranges; under 10, 10 to 20, 20 to 30, 30 to 40, etc.
  • Numbers of male and female Negros and mulattoes
  • Total number in household
  • Number of males eligible for duty in the militia
  • Manufactories by type (for example: mill, tin shop, saddle shop) and their value
  • Number and tons of coal products
  • Value of live stock
  • Value of grain products
  • Value of all other agricultural products
  • Number of pounds of wool
  • Number of universities and number of students
  • Number of academies and grammar schools and number of students
  • Number of common schools and number of students


Record History

The state constitution of 1848 accepted the federal decennial censuses as the basis for apportionment of representatives, but also provided for state censuses at mid-decades. As a result state censuses were conducted in 1855 and 1865. The state constitution of 1870 ended the practice of state censuses. Census returns for 1865 exist for 99 of the 102 counties.


Why This Collection Was Created?

The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.


Record Reliability

Reliability of the information in the census is determined by the accuracy of the knowledge of the informant, which could have been any member of the family or even a neighbor.

Related Web Sites

Illinois Genealogy and History (ILGenWeb)
Illinois State Genealogical Society

Related Wiki Articles

Illinois Census

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

Create a link to the “How to Cite FamilySearch Collections” wiki article by typing the phrase “A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections”. Create the link using the name of the article:
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections”.

We are encouraging wiki users to add sample citations to the articles. Please post this text in Normal font:
Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above.

Please add the following examples to the article:

  • United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71
  • Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023

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Style Guide

For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: FamilySearch Wiki: Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages

Sources of Information for This Collection:

<!—bibdescbegin-->Illinois State Census 1865, database, FamilySearch; from Illinois State Archives, Springfield. FHL microfilm, 18 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah<!—bibdescend-->


Instructions for creating these sources, including how to add information about individual archives is found in the wiki article: “How to Create Bibliographic Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections"