Difference between revisions of "Illinois, State Census, 1865 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Illinois, United States Genealogy|Illinois]]''
|CID=CID1803971
+
 
|title= Illinois State Census, 1865
+
{{US State HR Infobox
|location= United States}} <br>
+
|CID=CID1803971  
 +
|title=Illinois State Census, 1865
 +
|location=Illinois
 +
| LOC_01 = Illinois
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_02_type =
 +
| LOC_03 = 
 +
| loc_map = 
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| state_loc_map = US Locator Illinois.png
 +
| State_flag =Illinois flag.png
 +
| record_type =State Census
 +
| start_year = 1865
 +
| end_year =
 +
| FS_URL_01 =[[Illinois Genealogy|Illinois]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 =[[Illinois Census|Illinois Census]] 
 +
| FS_URL_03 =[[Illinois Archives and Libraries]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 =
 +
| FS_URL_05 =
 +
| FS_URL_06 =
 +
| FS_URL_07 = 
 +
| FS_URL_08 = 
 +
| FS_URL_09 = 
 +
| FS_URL_10 = 
 +
| RW_URL_01 =[http://ilgenweb.net/ Illinois Genealogy and History (ILGenWeb)]
 +
| RW_URL_02 =[http://www.ilgensoc.org/ Illinois State Genealogical Society] 
 +
| RW_URL_03 = 
 +
| RW_URL_04 = 
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| RW_URL_05 = 
 +
| custodian = 
 +
}}
  
<br>
 
  
== Record Description ==
+
== What is in the Collection? ==
  
Name index and images of the Illinois state census taken on 3 July 1865.  
+
This collection contains a name index and images of the Illinois state census taken on 3 July 1865.  
  
 
The following counties are missing:  
 
The following counties are missing:  
Line 18: Line 46:
  
 
The state constitution of 1848 accepted the federal decennial censuses as the basis for apportionment of representatives, but also provided for state censuses at mid-decades. As a result state censuses were conducted in 1855 and 1865. The state constitution of 1870 ended the practice of state censuses. Census returns for 1865 exist for 99 of the 102 counties.  
 
The state constitution of 1848 accepted the federal decennial censuses as the basis for apportionment of representatives, but also provided for state censuses at mid-decades. As a result state censuses were conducted in 1855 and 1865. The state constitution of 1870 ended the practice of state censuses. Census returns for 1865 exist for 99 of the 102 counties.  
 
For a list of localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1803971/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page.
 
  
 
This census counted and gathered information about the population in 1865.  
 
This census counted and gathered information about the population in 1865.  
Line 25: Line 51:
 
The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.  
 
The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.  
  
Reliability of the information in the census is determined by the accuracy of the knowledge of the informant, which could have been any member of the family or even a neighbor. ' &nbsp;
+
Reliability of the information in the census is determined by the accuracy of the knowledge of the informant, which could have been any member of the family or even a neighbor.  
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 
+
|CID=CID1803971
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
+
|title=Illinois State Census, 1865|
 +
}}
  
{{Collection citation | text= "Illinois, State Census, 1865." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Secretary of State. State Library, Springville.}}
+
==Collection Content  ==
 +
=== Sample Image ===
  
[[Illinois 1865 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
 +
Image:Illinois 1865 State Census (10-0088) McDonough-Chalmers1.jpg|1865 Illinois State Census
 +
</gallery>
  
== Record Content  ==
+
==What Can this Collection Tell Me?==
  
The census includes the following information:  
+
'''The census''' includes the following information:  
  
 
*Name of head of family  
 
*Name of head of family  
Line 45: Line 75:
 
*Total number in household  
 
*Total number in household  
 
*Number of males eligible for duty in the militia  
 
*Number of males eligible for duty in the militia  
*Manufactories by type (for example: mill, tin shop, saddle shop) and their value  
+
*Manufacturers by type (for example: mill, tin shop, saddle shop) and their value  
 
*Number and tons of coal products  
 
*Number and tons of coal products  
 
*Value of live stock  
 
*Value of live stock  
Line 55: Line 85:
 
*Number of common schools and number of students
 
*Number of common schools and number of students
  
== How to Use the Records ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
 +
 
 +
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
 +
 
 +
*The name of your ancestor.
 +
*The approximate age of your ancestor.
 +
*The county where your ancestor lived.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Search by Name by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1803971?collectionNameFilter=false Collection Page]:'''<br>Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. To search the index you will need to know:  
+
'''View images in this collection by visiting the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/1803971/waypoints Browse Page]:'''<br>To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select "County" <br> ⇒Select "Locality" which takes you to the images.
  
*The name of your ancestor. If your ancestor was unmarried at the time of the census you will need to know his or her parent's names.  
+
Keep in mind:
*Where your ancestor or their parents lived.
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.  
 +
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.  
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  
=== Search the Index  ===
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/FamilySearch_Search_Tips_and_Tricks FamilySearch Tips and Tricks]].
  
Search the index for entries that may match your ancestor. Compare the information to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
+
{{Tip | More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1803971 Illinois state census, 1865]. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.}}
  
=== Using the Information  ===
+
==What Do I Do Next?==
  
Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
+
When you have located your ancestor’s census record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Download a copy of the record, or extract the genealogical information needed. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family.
  
For example:
+
=== I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now? ===
  
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date.  
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date.  
 
*Use the ages and place of residence to locate the family in federal census records.  
 
*Use the ages and place of residence to locate the family in federal census records.  
 
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau.
 
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau.
 
+
*If they are in the militia they may have military files in the State or National Archives.  
=== Tips to Keep in Mind  ===
 
 
 
*If your ancestor was in the militia they may have military files in the State or National Archives.  
 
 
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
 
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
 
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.  
 
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.  
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.  
+
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want *to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.  
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.  
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.  
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
+
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
*You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
 
  
If you do not find your ancestors in the census try the following:
+
=== I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now? ===
  
*Look for alternate spellings of the names.  
+
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.  
*Look in neighboring counties or states.  
+
*Search the records of nearby counties.  
*Look for another index. Check with local or historical or genealogical societies as they often have indexes to local records.
+
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals with the same family number.
  
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
  
{{HR Known Issues}}&nbsp;For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Illinois 1865 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
+
{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]  
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=Illinois-State-Census-1865-known-issues&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
 +
|}
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=Illinois-State-Census-1865-known-issues&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
*[http://ilgenweb.net/ Illinois Genealogy and History (ILGenWeb)]
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.com/~ilsgs/index.html Illinois State Genealogical Society]
 
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
+
== Citing this Collection ==
  
*[[Illinois|Illinois]]
+
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
*[[Illinois Census|Illinois Census]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "Illinois State Census, 1865." Database with Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Secretary of State. State Library, Springfield.}}<br><br>
  
{{Contributor invite}}  
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1803971
 +
|title=Illinois State Census, 1865
 +
}}  
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
'''Image Citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 
+
|CID=CID1803971
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
|title=Illinois State Census, 1865
 
+
}}
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
'''[[#top|Top of Page]]'''
 
 
"Illinois State Census, 1865" images,&nbsp;''FamilySearch'', (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 21 March 2012). entry for Patrick Green, Downs, McHenry, Illinois; citing state census records, FHL Digital Folder Number 4,679,645, FHL 1012404, Image Number 00126; FHL United States.
 
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
[[Category:Illinois|Census]]
+
{{Contributor invite}}

Latest revision as of 20:59, 18 August 2017

United States Gotoarrow.png Illinois

Access the Records
Illinois State Census, 1865 .
CID1803971
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Illinois, United States
Illinois flag.png
Flag of Illinois
US Locator Illinois.png
Location of Illinois
Record Description
Record Type State Census
Collection years 1865
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites



What is in the Collection?

This collection contains a name index and images of the Illinois state census taken on 3 July 1865.

The following counties are missing:

  • Gallatin
  • Monroe
  • Part of Mason
  • Part of Tazewell

The state constitution of 1848 accepted the federal decennial censuses as the basis for apportionment of representatives, but also provided for state censuses at mid-decades. As a result state censuses were conducted in 1855 and 1865. The state constitution of 1870 ended the practice of state censuses. Census returns for 1865 exist for 99 of the 102 counties.

This census counted and gathered information about the population in 1865.

The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.

Reliability of the information in the census is determined by the accuracy of the knowledge of the informant, which could have been any member of the family or even a neighbor.

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Illinois State Census, 1865.

Collection Content

Sample Image

What Can this Collection Tell Me?

The census includes the following information:

  • Name of head of family
  • Free white males by decennial age ranges; under 10, 10 to 20, 20 to 30, 30 to 40, etc.
  • Free white females by decennial age ranges; under 10, 10 to 20, 20 to 30, 30 to 40, etc.
  • Numbers of male and female Negros and mulattoes
  • Total number in household
  • Number of males eligible for duty in the militia
  • Manufacturers by type (for example: mill, tin shop, saddle shop) and their value
  • Number and tons of coal products
  • Value of live stock
  • Value of grain products
  • Value of all other agricultural products
  • Number of pounds of wool
  • Number of universities and number of students
  • Number of academies and grammar schools and number of students
  • Number of common schools and number of students

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor.
  • The approximate age of your ancestor.
  • The county where your ancestor lived.


Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select "County"
⇒Select "Locality" which takes you to the images.

Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [FamilySearch Tips and Tricks].

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s census record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Download a copy of the record, or extract the genealogical information needed. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date.
  • Use the ages and place of residence to locate the family in federal census records.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau.
  • If they are in the militia they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
  • It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
  • Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want *to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.

I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Search the records of nearby counties.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals with the same family number.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"Illinois State Census, 1865." Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Secretary of State. State Library, Springfield.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Illinois State Census, 1865.


Image Citation:

When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Illinois State Census, 1865.

Top of Page

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.