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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Idaho|Idaho]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Idaho_History|Idaho History]]''
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<br>
  
 
Although many explorers and fur trappers had visited the area that became the State of Idaho, trading posts and forts had been established there, and travelers on the Oregon Trail heading to Oregon, Washington, and California had passed through the area, no permanent settlements were established until about 1860 at Franklin in the Cache Valley.  
 
Although many explorers and fur trappers had visited the area that became the State of Idaho, trading posts and forts had been established there, and travelers on the Oregon Trail heading to Oregon, Washington, and California had passed through the area, no permanent settlements were established until about 1860 at Franklin in the Cache Valley.  
  
In the early 1860s, gold and silver were discovered, which led to the establishment of [[Idaho_Territory|Idaho Territory]] in 1863. After the Civil War, many settlers from the East came to Idaho to mine or to establish farms along the river valleys. The completion of the railroad in the 1880s brought another wave of settlers, as did the establishment of reclamation (irrigation) projects in early 1900s.  
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In the early 1860s, gold and silver were discovered, which led to the establishment of [[Idaho Territory|Idaho Territory]] in 1863. After the Civil War, many settlers from the East came to Idaho to mine or to establish farms along the river valleys. The completion of the railroad in the 1880s brought another wave of settlers, as did the establishment of reclamation (irrigation) projects in early 1900s.  
  
 
Idaho has continued to grow as its settlers turned their attention away from mining and more toward agricultural pursuits.  
 
Idaho has continued to grow as its settlers turned their attention away from mining and more toward agricultural pursuits.  
  
=== Timelines ===
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=== Timeline ===
  
==== '''A Few Important Events in Idaho's History''' ====
+
'''A Few Important Events in Idaho's History'''  
  
 
The following important events in the history of Idaho affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements.  
 
The following important events in the history of Idaho affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements.  
  
'''1834: '''Fort Hall trading post was founded on the Snake River near the site of present-day Pocatello. During the 1840's and 1850's it became a major way station for those who passed through Idaho over the Oregon Trail.  
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*'''1803:''' The area that became State of Idaho was part of the Louisiana Purchase.
 
+
*'''1805:''' Lewis and Clark Expedition passes through.
'''1846:''' Oregon Treaty settled boundary.  
+
*'''1809:''' First fur trading post built by David Thompson
 
+
*'''1820:''' Fort Boise established.
'''1848:''' Idaho became part of the Oregon Territory.  
+
*'''1834:''' Fort Hall trading post was founded on the Snake River near the site of present-day Pocatello. During the 1840's and 1850's it became a major way station for those who passed through Idaho over the Oregon Trail.  
 +
*'''1846:''' Oregon Treaty settled boundary.  
 +
*'''1848:''' Idaho became part of the Oregon Territory.
 +
*'''16 July 1855: '''Through the Treaty of Hell Gate the Salish and Kutenai (Kootenai) Indians ceded their lands.
 +
*'''1859:''' Idaho became part of the Washington Territory.
 +
*'''1860:''' The Mormon community of Franklin in Cache Valley became the first permanent white settlement in Idaho.
 +
*'''1860-1863:''' Gold discoveries in the river valleys of northern Idaho attracted temporary settlement.
 +
*'''1860-1880s:''' A series of Indian conflicts continued until the Indians were assigned to reservations.
 +
*'''1861:''' Lewiston became first incorporated town.
 +
*'''1863:''' Nez Perce Indians ceded land.
 +
*'''29 January 1863:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bear_River_Massacre 224 Shoshone Indians] were massacred when they were attacked by the U.S. army while they were camped at confluence of Bear River and Beaver (now Battle) Creek.
 +
*'''3 March 1863:''' The Idaho Territory was created out of the Washington and Dakota Territories. In 1864, the Montana Territory was cut away from the Idaho Territory. In 1868, a small part of Idaho Territory was transferred to the new Wyoming Territory.
 +
*'''1865-1868:''' Indian Campaigns
 +
*'''June-October 1877:''' Nez Perce Indians went to war with the United States. The war ended when federal troops captured Chief Joseph and evacuated the Indians to a reservation in Oklahoma.
 +
*'''1880's:''' Mining booms in the north and the coming of the railroads to the south brought new settlers.
 +
*'''1887:''' The Bannock Indians ceded land.
 +
*'''3 July 1890:''' Idaho became a state.
 +
*'''1895:''' The Bannock Indians left Fort Hall Reservation to hunt in Wyoming under the provisions of the 1868 treaty. The cavalry overtook them and escorted them back to the reservation.
 +
*'''1900-1910:''' Reclamation projects brought another wave of settlement to the former desert lands of southern Idaho.
  
'''1855: '''(July 16) Through the Treaty of Hell Gate the Salish and Kutenai (Kootenai) Indians ceded their lands.
+
=== Local Histories  ===
  
'''1859:''' Idaho became part of the Washington Territory.  
+
Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]], public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies.  
  
'''1860:''' The Mormon community of Franklin in Cache Valley became the first permanent white settlement in Idaho.  
+
*Nelson, Milo G., Webbert, Charles A., eds., ''Idaho local history: A bibliography''. (Moscow, Idaho: The University Press of Idaho, 1976) -- a bibliography of local histories for Idaho. {{WorldCat|20419892|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|200417|item|disp=FHL book 979.6 A3n}})
  
'''1860-1863:''' Gold discoveries in the river valleys of northern Idaho attracted temporary settlement.  
+
*Filby, P. William. ''A Bibliography of American County Histories''. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985.) {{WorldCat|12356760|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; ({{FHL|299450|item|disp=FHL book 973 H23bi}}
  
'''1860-1880s:''' A series of Indian conflicts continued until the Indians were assigned to reservations.  
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*Kaminkow, Marion J. ''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress''. 5 vols. Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76. {{WorldCat|315166|At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|252458|item|disp=FHL book 973 A3ka}}
  
'''1863:''' Nez Perce Indians ceded land.
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=== State Histories Useful to Genealogists  ===
  
'''1863:''' (March 3,) The Idaho Territory was created out of the Washington and Dakota Territories. In 1864, the Montana Territory was cut away from the Idaho Territory. In 1868, a small part of Idaho Territory was transferred to the new Wyoming Territory.  
+
Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the lauditory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name.  
  
'''1865:'''(January) 224 Bannock Indians were killed when they were attacked by the U.S. army while they were camped at Battle Creek.  
+
*By William John McConnell, Idaho. Legislature Published by The Caxton Printers, 1913, Original from the University of Virginia. Full text can be viewed at [http://books.google.com/books?id=JBMUAAAAYAAJ Google Books].
  
'''1865-1868:''' Indian Campaigns
+
*Arrington, Leonard James. ''History of Idaho''. (Boise, Idaho: Idaho State Historical Society, c1994.) {{WorldCat|26800434|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|698024|item|disp=FHL book 979.6 H2a}}
  
'''1877:''' (June - October) Nez Perce Indians went to war with the United States. The war ended when federal troops captured Chief Joseph and evacuated the Indians to a reservation in Oklahoma.  
+
*Beal, Merrill D., Wells, Merle W. ''History of Idaho'', 3 vols. (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1959.) {{WorldCat|6565869|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|200766|item|disp=FHL book 979.6 H2b}}3 vols and Volume 3 has family histories -- an especially helpful source for studying the history of Idaho.
  
'''1880's:''' Mining booms in the north and the coming of the railroads to the south brought new settlers.  
+
*Defenbach, Byron. ''Idaho: the place and its people: a history of the gem state from prehistoric to present day'' (Chicago: American Historical Society, 1933.) {{WorldCat|41751364|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|200771|item|disp=FHL book 979.6 H2d}} 3 vols.
  
'''1887:''' The Bannock Indians ceded land.  
+
*French, Hiram Taylor. ''History of Idaho: a narrative account of its historical progress, its people and its principal interests''. (Chicago: Lewis Pub., 1914.) {{WorldCat|2739177|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|200780|title-id|disp=FHL book 979.6 H2f}}) 3 vols. Digital version available through FHL catalog entry.
  
'''1890:'''(July 3,) Idaho became a state.  
+
*Hailey, John. ''The History of Idaho''. Boise, Idaho: Syms-York Co., 1910) {{WorldCat|17455282|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|548678|item|disp=FHL book 979.6 H2hj}} A full text can be viewed at [http://books.google.com/books?id=2jvsOU6DSO4C&output=text Google books]
  
'''1895:''' The Bannock Indians left Fort Hall Reservation to hunt in Wyoming under the provisions of the 1868 treaty. The cavalry overtook them and escorted them back to the reservation.  
+
*Hawley, James H., ed. ''History of Idaho the gem of the mountains''. (Chicago: S.J. Clarke Pub., 1920) {{WorldCat|6449679|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|284203|item|disp=FHL book 979.6 H2h}}) 4 vols. Digital version available through FHL catalog entry.
  
'''1900-1910:''' Reclamation projects brought another wave of settlement to the former desert lands of southern Idaho.  
+
*''History of Idaho Territory: showing its resources and advantages, with illustrations ... from original drawings'' (San Francisco: W.W. Elliott, 1884.) {{WorldCat|640898|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|200841|item|disp=FHL film 924569 item 1; book 979.6 H2hi}}
  
==== External Links ====
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=== United States History ===
  
[http://www.idahohistory.net/dateline.html Idaho History Timeline] by the Idaho State Historical Society
+
The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:  
  
=== References  ===
+
*Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. ''The Almanac of American History.'' (Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983.) {{WorldCat|9392978|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}, {{FHL|531408|item|disp=FHL book 973 H2alm}}This book provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
  
==== Bibliography  ====
+
*''Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols''. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976.) {{WorldCat|2507380|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}, {{FHL|76529|title-id|disp=FHL book 973 H2ad}}Includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations.
  
*Arrington, Leonard James. ''History of Idaho''. Boise, Idaho: Idaho State Historical Society, c1994. [[/en/index.php?title=Special:Booksources&isbn=0893011762|ISBN 0893011762]] (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=698024&disp=History+of+Idaho%20%20&columns=*,0,0 979.6 H2a]).
+
*Van Doren, Charles Lincoln; Robert McHenry, ''Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium''. (Springfield, Mass.: G and C Merriam, 1971.) {{WorldCat|142893|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|280192|item|disp=FHL book 973 H2v}} Includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.
  
*Beal, Merrill D., &amp; Wells, Merle W. ''History of Idaho'', 3 vols. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1959. Volume 3 has family histories -- an especially helpful source for studying the history of Idaho. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=200766&disp=History+of+Idaho%20%20&columns=*,0,0 979.6 H2b]). 3 vols.&nbsp;
+
*American Historical Association, ''Writings on American History'' (Washington, D.C.:American Historical Association,1960-1960) {{WorldCat|1770230|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|244514|item|disp=FHL book 973 H23w}}Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=mgEPAAAAYAAJ& Google Books]
  
*Defenbach, Byron. ''Idaho: the place and its people: a history of the gem state from prehistoric to present day''. Chicago: American Historical Society, 1933. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=200771&disp=Idaho%2C+the+place+and+its+people%20%20&columns=*,0,0 979.6 H2d]). 3 vols.
+
=== Family History Library ===
  
*French, Hiram Taylor. ''History of Idaho: a narrative account of its historical progress, its people and its principal interests''. Chicago: Lewis Pub., 1914. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=200780&disp=History+of+Idaho%20%20&columns=*,0,0 979.6 H2f]). 3 vols.
+
To access histories available through the Family History Library Catalog, use the Place-names Search for:  
  
*Hailey, John. ''The history of Idaho''. Boise, Idaho: Syms-York Co., 1910. (Family History Library&nbsp;book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=548678&disp=The+history+of+Idaho%20%20&columns=*,0,0 979.6 H2hj]). &nbsp;
+
:IDAHO - HISTORY
 +
:IDAHO, [COUNTY] - HISTORY
 +
:IDAHO, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY
  
*Hawley, James H., ed. ''History of Idaho the gem of the mountains''. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Pub., 1920. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=284203&disp=History+of+Idaho%20%20&columns=*,0,0 979.6 H2h]). 4 vols.
+
=== Websites  ===
  
*''History of Idaho Territory: showing its resources and advantages, with illustrations ... from original drawings''. San Francisco: W.W. Elliott, 1884. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=200841&disp=History+of+Idaho+Territory%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 979.6 H2hi; microfilm 924569 item 1]).
+
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Idaho History of Idaho -Wikipedia]
 +
*[http://history.idaho.gov/history_timeline Idaho History Timeline] by the Idaho State Archives
 +
*[http://www.kindredtrails.com/Idaho_History-1.html The History of Idaho]
  
*Nelson, Milo G., &amp; Webbert, Charles A., eds., ''Idaho local history: A bibliography''. Moscow, Idaho: The University Press of Idaho, 1976 -- a bibliography of local histories for Idaho. (Family History Library&nbsp;book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=200417&disp=Idaho+local+history%20%20&columns=*,0,0 979.6 A3n]).&nbsp;
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{{Idaho|Idaho}}
  
[[Category:Idaho]]
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[[Category:Idaho|History]] [[Category:Timeline|Idaho]]

Revision as of 21:06, 6 July 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png Idaho Gotoarrow.png Idaho History


Although many explorers and fur trappers had visited the area that became the State of Idaho, trading posts and forts had been established there, and travelers on the Oregon Trail heading to Oregon, Washington, and California had passed through the area, no permanent settlements were established until about 1860 at Franklin in the Cache Valley.

In the early 1860s, gold and silver were discovered, which led to the establishment of Idaho Territory in 1863. After the Civil War, many settlers from the East came to Idaho to mine or to establish farms along the river valleys. The completion of the railroad in the 1880s brought another wave of settlers, as did the establishment of reclamation (irrigation) projects in early 1900s.

Idaho has continued to grow as its settlers turned their attention away from mining and more toward agricultural pursuits.

Timeline

A Few Important Events in Idaho's History

The following important events in the history of Idaho affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements.

  • 1803: The area that became State of Idaho was part of the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1805: Lewis and Clark Expedition passes through.
  • 1809: First fur trading post built by David Thompson
  • 1820: Fort Boise established.
  • 1834: Fort Hall trading post was founded on the Snake River near the site of present-day Pocatello. During the 1840's and 1850's it became a major way station for those who passed through Idaho over the Oregon Trail.
  • 1846: Oregon Treaty settled boundary.
  • 1848: Idaho became part of the Oregon Territory.
  • 16 July 1855: Through the Treaty of Hell Gate the Salish and Kutenai (Kootenai) Indians ceded their lands.
  • 1859: Idaho became part of the Washington Territory.
  • 1860: The Mormon community of Franklin in Cache Valley became the first permanent white settlement in Idaho.
  • 1860-1863: Gold discoveries in the river valleys of northern Idaho attracted temporary settlement.
  • 1860-1880s: A series of Indian conflicts continued until the Indians were assigned to reservations.
  • 1861: Lewiston became first incorporated town.
  • 1863: Nez Perce Indians ceded land.
  • 29 January 1863: 224 Shoshone Indians were massacred when they were attacked by the U.S. army while they were camped at confluence of Bear River and Beaver (now Battle) Creek.
  • 3 March 1863: The Idaho Territory was created out of the Washington and Dakota Territories. In 1864, the Montana Territory was cut away from the Idaho Territory. In 1868, a small part of Idaho Territory was transferred to the new Wyoming Territory.
  • 1865-1868: Indian Campaigns
  • June-October 1877: Nez Perce Indians went to war with the United States. The war ended when federal troops captured Chief Joseph and evacuated the Indians to a reservation in Oklahoma.
  • 1880's: Mining booms in the north and the coming of the railroads to the south brought new settlers.
  • 1887: The Bannock Indians ceded land.
  • 3 July 1890: Idaho became a state.
  • 1895: The Bannock Indians left Fort Hall Reservation to hunt in Wyoming under the provisions of the 1868 treaty. The cavalry overtook them and escorted them back to the reservation.
  • 1900-1910: Reclamation projects brought another wave of settlement to the former desert lands of southern Idaho.

Local Histories

Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the Family History Library, public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies.

State Histories Useful to Genealogists

Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the lauditory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name.

  • By William John McConnell, Idaho. Legislature Published by The Caxton Printers, 1913, Original from the University of Virginia. Full text can be viewed at Google Books.
  • Beal, Merrill D., Wells, Merle W. History of Idaho, 3 vols. (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1959.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 979.6 H2b3 vols and Volume 3 has family histories -- an especially helpful source for studying the history of Idaho.
  • French, Hiram Taylor. History of Idaho: a narrative account of its historical progress, its people and its principal interests. (Chicago: Lewis Pub., 1914.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 979.6 H2f) 3 vols. Digital version available through FHL catalog entry.

United States History

The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:

  • Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. The Almanac of American History. (Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983.) At various libraries (WorldCat), FHL book 973 H2almThis book provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
  • Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976.) At various libraries (WorldCat), FHL book 973 H2adIncludes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations.
  • Van Doren, Charles Lincoln; Robert McHenry, Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium. (Springfield, Mass.: G and C Merriam, 1971.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 H2v Includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.

Family History Library

To access histories available through the Family History Library Catalog, use the Place-names Search for:

IDAHO - HISTORY
IDAHO, [COUNTY] - HISTORY
IDAHO, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY

Websites