Difference between revisions of "Historical Maps of Sweden"

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''[[Sweden|Sweden]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Historical_Maps_of_Sweden|Historical Maps of Sweden]]''  
 
''[[Sweden|Sweden]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Historical_Maps_of_Sweden|Historical Maps of Sweden]]''  
  
Whether you are working in Swedish church, taxation, or military records, there are lots of references to place names. These places names show where people lived. With this information, you can find the place on a historical map (a map that was created close to the time period that your ancestors lived in.)  
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[[Image:Storskifte Dunker Ekeby nr 1 and 2 from 1759.jpg|thumb|right|400x300px]]
 +
 
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In most Swedish records you will find references to place names. These places names show where people lived. With this information, you can find the place on a historical map (a map that was created close to the time period that your ancestors lived in.)  
  
 
It's really exciting to see the place where your ancestor lived on a map that was created about the same time they lived there. The information you see on the map can be used in your research strategy or to enhance your family history. A huge amount of historical maps have survived in Sweden. The maps were created for a variety of reasons including real estate maps for taxation, surveying boundaries, and road development.  
 
It's really exciting to see the place where your ancestor lived on a map that was created about the same time they lived there. The information you see on the map can be used in your research strategy or to enhance your family history. A huge amount of historical maps have survived in Sweden. The maps were created for a variety of reasons including real estate maps for taxation, surveying boundaries, and road development.  
  
The largest collection of historical maps was created to asses or move property boundaries that were associated to farming. Sometimes the property was owned; most often before the mid 1800's it was only leased. But this depends on where you are in the country. Sweden is slightly larger than the state of California and has a great diversity of land usage. The majority of arable land is in southern Sweden, with regional mining, and vast forests in the west and north. Historically, the good arable farm land was under the control of manorial estates (either by nobility or the crown.) Each owner of an estate would divide up the estate into smaller lots to maximize productivity. Then the lots would be leased. Each lease holder had financial obligations such as taxes and other fees associated to the lease agreement. These contracts were often transferred within a family, usually going to the oldest son. It was in the estate’s best interest to try to do this as fairly as possible (each lot having good land and poor land.)  
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The largest collection of historical maps were created to asses or move property boundaries (mostly associated to farming.) Sometimes the property was owned; most often before the mid 1800's it was only leased. But this depends on where you are in the country. Sweden is slightly larger than the state of California and has a great diversity of land usage. The majority of arable land is in southern Sweden, with regional mining, and vast forests in the west and north. Historically, the good arable farm land was under the control of manorial estates (either by nobility or the crown.) Each owner of an estate would divide up the estate into smaller lots to maximize productivity. Then the lots would be leased. Each lease holder had financial obligations such as taxes and other fees associated to the lease agreement. These contracts were often transferred within a family, usually going to the oldest son. It was in the estate’s best interest to try to do this as fairly as possible (each lot having good land and poor land.)  
  
The problem was that over time trying to be fair, the transfer of contracts and the increase of population, only complicated the structure of boundaries. These reasons, combined with the ambitions of the king and government in the 1600’s set the stage for land usage reform beginning in the mid 1700's. The land reforms were supposed to streamline farm production which in turn increased tax revenue. <br>  
+
The problem was that trying to be fair, transferring contracts and the increase of population, only complicated the structure of boundaries. These reasons, combined with the ambitions of the king and government in the 1600’s set the stage for land usage reform beginning in the mid 1700's. The land reforms were supposed to streamline farm production which in turn increased tax revenue. <br>  
  
 
=== Lantmäteriet  ===
 
=== Lantmäteriet  ===
  
 
The royal [http://www.lantmateriet.se/ lantmäteri] (land surveying office) was founded in 1628. Its duties included geometrical measurements, and the creation of maps. The maps were created by a Lantmätare (surveyor) and his team.  
 
The royal [http://www.lantmateriet.se/ lantmäteri] (land surveying office) was founded in 1628. Its duties included geometrical measurements, and the creation of maps. The maps were created by a Lantmätare (surveyor) and his team.  
 
Find the time period you need on the table below to see what historical maps are available. Use the links in the Tools area when you do the actual searching.
 
  
 
=== Tools  ===
 
=== Tools  ===
  
*Scales on Maps  
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*[[Scales on Historical Maps of Sweden|Scales on Historical Maps]]
*Linear Measurments in Sweden  
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*[[Historical Maps of Sweden Word List|Historical Maps Word List]]
*Word List for Historical Maps  
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*[http://www.lantmateriet.se/ Lantmäteriet Website]
*Lantmäteriet Website (direct link)
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*[http://www.riksarkivet.se/default.aspx?id=2227&refid=1132 Krigsarkivet Website]
*Krigsarkivet Website (direct link)
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*[http://www.riksarkivet.se/default.aspx?id=21561&refid=22519 Sveriges äldsta storskaliga kartor - databasen GEORG] (by Riksarkivet)
*&nbsp;? SVAR Historical Maps
 
  
 
<br>  
 
<br>  
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== Types of Historical Maps  ==
 
== Types of Historical Maps  ==
  
{| border="1" width="90%" class="wikitable"
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Find the time period you need on the table below to see what historical maps are available. Use the links in the Tools area when you do the actual searching. As you search the Lantmäteriet website, you will find that the selection of maps varies from place to place. Along with the maps mentioned below, there are small scale maps, large scale maps, road maps, property assessment maps, maps for taxation, household and property division, and lots of supporting documents.
 +
 
 +
{| width="90%" border="1" class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="col" | Name  
 
! scope="col" | Name  
 
! scope="col" | Time Period  
 
! scope="col" | Time Period  
! scope="col" | Number of Maps
+
! scope="col" |  
 +
Number of Maps (Approximately)
 +
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
Line 39: Line 42:
 
*Also called Geometriska jordeböcker. These maps are visual tax records. See the [[Äldre Geometriska Historical Maps of Sweden|Äldre Geometriska Historical Maps]] page.
 
*Also called Geometriska jordeböcker. These maps are visual tax records. See the [[Äldre Geometriska Historical Maps of Sweden|Äldre Geometriska Historical Maps]] page.
  
| 1600's
+
| 1628 - abt. 1700
 
| 12,000
 
| 12,000
 
|-
 
|-
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*Arial views of residential and cultivation areas. See the [[Geometriska Historical Maps of Sweden|Geometriska Historical Maps]] page.
 
*Arial views of residential and cultivation areas. See the [[Geometriska Historical Maps of Sweden|Geometriska Historical Maps]] page.
  
| early 1700's - 1750  
+
| &nbsp; Late 1600's - 1750  
| Unknown
+
| 23,967
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
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| 1750's - 1820  
 
| 1750's - 1820  
| 40,000
+
| 37,888
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
Line 64: Line 67:
  
 
| 1803 - 1827  
 
| 1803 - 1827  
| Unknown
+
| 4,354
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
Line 72: Line 75:
  
 
| 1828 - 1926  
 
| 1828 - 1926  
| Unknown
+
| 63,582
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
Line 83: Line 86:
 
|}
 
|}
  
===References===
+
=== References ===
 +
 
 
Ångström, Karl-Ingvar and Johansson, Björn, <u>Kart-forskning Sverige Släktforskarförbunds Handböcker 3</u>, Svärd &amp; Söner, Falköping, 2011  
 
Ångström, Karl-Ingvar and Johansson, Björn, <u>Kart-forskning Sverige Släktforskarförbunds Handböcker 3</u>, Svärd &amp; Söner, Falköping, 2011  
  
 
Wikipedia Community, [http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Storskifte Storskiftet], Swedish Wikipedia 2012  
 
Wikipedia Community, [http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Storskifte Storskiftet], Swedish Wikipedia 2012  
  
Wikipedia Community, [http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enskiftet Enskiftet], Swedish Wikipedia 2012
+
Wikipedia Community, [http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enskiftet Enskiftet], Swedish Wikipedia 2012  
  
 
Wikipedia Community, [http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laga_skifte Laga skifte], Swedish Wikipedia 2012  
 
Wikipedia Community, [http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laga_skifte Laga skifte], Swedish Wikipedia 2012  
Line 94: Line 98:
 
Gernandt, C.E., [http://runeberg.org/nf/ Nordisk Familjebok] "Skifte af jord", Halmstad 1904 – 1926  
 
Gernandt, C.E., [http://runeberg.org/nf/ Nordisk Familjebok] "Skifte af jord", Halmstad 1904 – 1926  
  
[[Category:Sweden]] [[Category:Historical Maps in Sweden]]
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[[Category:Sweden]] [[Category:Historical_Maps_of_Sweden]]

Revision as of 15:05, 23 April 2013

Sweden Gotoarrow.png Historical Maps of Sweden

Storskifte Dunker Ekeby nr 1 and 2 from 1759.jpg

In most Swedish records you will find references to place names. These places names show where people lived. With this information, you can find the place on a historical map (a map that was created close to the time period that your ancestors lived in.)

It's really exciting to see the place where your ancestor lived on a map that was created about the same time they lived there. The information you see on the map can be used in your research strategy or to enhance your family history. A huge amount of historical maps have survived in Sweden. The maps were created for a variety of reasons including real estate maps for taxation, surveying boundaries, and road development.

The largest collection of historical maps were created to asses or move property boundaries (mostly associated to farming.) Sometimes the property was owned; most often before the mid 1800's it was only leased. But this depends on where you are in the country. Sweden is slightly larger than the state of California and has a great diversity of land usage. The majority of arable land is in southern Sweden, with regional mining, and vast forests in the west and north. Historically, the good arable farm land was under the control of manorial estates (either by nobility or the crown.) Each owner of an estate would divide up the estate into smaller lots to maximize productivity. Then the lots would be leased. Each lease holder had financial obligations such as taxes and other fees associated to the lease agreement. These contracts were often transferred within a family, usually going to the oldest son. It was in the estate’s best interest to try to do this as fairly as possible (each lot having good land and poor land.)

The problem was that trying to be fair, transferring contracts and the increase of population, only complicated the structure of boundaries. These reasons, combined with the ambitions of the king and government in the 1600’s set the stage for land usage reform beginning in the mid 1700's. The land reforms were supposed to streamline farm production which in turn increased tax revenue.

Lantmäteriet

The royal lantmäteri (land surveying office) was founded in 1628. Its duties included geometrical measurements, and the creation of maps. The maps were created by a Lantmätare (surveyor) and his team.

Tools


Types of Historical Maps

Find the time period you need on the table below to see what historical maps are available. Use the links in the Tools area when you do the actual searching. As you search the Lantmäteriet website, you will find that the selection of maps varies from place to place. Along with the maps mentioned below, there are small scale maps, large scale maps, road maps, property assessment maps, maps for taxation, household and property division, and lots of supporting documents.

Name Time Period

Number of Maps (Approximately)

Äldre geometriska kartor

1628 - abt. 1700 12,000

Geometriska kartor

  Late 1600's - 1750 23,967

Storskifte

1750's - 1820 37,888

Enskifte

1803 - 1827 4,354

Lagaskifte

1828 - 1926 63,582

Krigsarkivets Maps

1600's - early 1800's 35,000

References

Ångström, Karl-Ingvar and Johansson, Björn, Kart-forskning Sverige Släktforskarförbunds Handböcker 3, Svärd & Söner, Falköping, 2011

Wikipedia Community, Storskiftet, Swedish Wikipedia 2012

Wikipedia Community, Enskiftet, Swedish Wikipedia 2012

Wikipedia Community, Laga skifte, Swedish Wikipedia 2012

Gernandt, C.E., Nordisk Familjebok "Skifte af jord", Halmstad 1904 – 1926