Highland County, Virginia Genealogy

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Highland County, Virginia genealogy and family history research page. Guide to Highland County (established 1847) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.

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Online Records

Highland County, Virginia
Boundary map of Highland County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Highland County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Founded 1847
County Seat Monterey

County Courthouse

Highland County Courthouse, Monterey, Va.

Highland County Courthouse
P.O. Box 190
Monterey, VA 24465-0190
Phone 540-468-2447

Clerk Circuit Court has birth records from 1850-1898,
marriage, divorce and land records from 1850
probate records from 1860 and court records from 1837[1]

Beginning Dates for Highland County, Virginia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1847 1853 1850 1847 1859


The county takes its name from its elevation in the Appalachian Mountains.

Parent County

1847--Highland County was created 19 March 1847 from Bath and Pendleton Counties.
County seat: Monterey [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost census: 1890


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties


Research Guides

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:


The Genealogy Center at Allen County Public Library (Indiana) has a number of searchable databases of Highland County cemeteries:

Clover Creek Presbyterian Church Cemetery
Doe Hill Cemetery
Headwaters Community Cemetery
McDowell Community Cemetery
McKendree Methodist Cemetery
Old McDowell Presbyterian Cemetery

Tombstone Transcription Project Highland County - cemetery transcriptions - USGenWeb


For tips on accessing Highland County, Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records



More than 15 genealogies have been published about Highland County families. To view a list, visit Highland County, Virginia Genealogy.

Land and Property

An early settlers map is available for Highland County. Cambelt plots the locations of pioneers' farms. The Family History Library has a copy: FHL Map 975.589 E7c (2 parts).

Local Histories

  • Morton, Oren Frederic. A Handbook of Highland County and a Supplement to Pendleton and Highland History. Monterey, Va.: Highland Recorder, 1922. FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Morton, Oren Frederic. A History of Highland County, Virginia. Monterey, Va.: Morton, c1911. Original edition: FHL Collection; 1979 reprint with index: FHL Collection; digital versions of original edition at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($).



War of 1812
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Highland County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Highland County, Virginia Genealogy:

- 14th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company A (White's Mounted Riflemen), Company C (Valley Cavalry or Rangers).[3]
- 18th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company G.[4]
- 25th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Heck's) (Confederate). Company D (Highland Rangers).[5]
- 26th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company E.[6]
- 31st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Future 2nd Company B (The Highlanders) and Company E (Highland County Highlanders).[7]
Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battle was fought in Highland County.

  • May 8, 1862 = McDowell, also known as Sitlington’s Hill[8]
Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865


The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Highland County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.

Probate Records


Vital Records

Indexes to Highland County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

  • Fridley, Beth, comp. Highland County Virginia Birth Records, 1853-1896 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
Vital Record Substitutes

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Higland County, Virginia. Page 715 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Robert J. Driver, 14th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 47.
  4. Roger U. Delauter, 18th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1985). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 18.
  5. Richard L. Armstrong, 25th Virginia Infantry and 9th Battalion Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1990). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 71.
  6. Richard L. Armstrong, 26th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1994). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 110.
  7. John M. Ashcraft, 31st Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 48.
  8. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).