Hidatsa Indians

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{{#if: Mandan Tribe, Arikara Tribe|
Hidatsa
Mandan Indians - Bundesarchiv Bild Interessengemeinschaft .jpg
Population
Full-blooded:
1971 30 
1905 249 [1]
1871 450 [2]
1837 ≈1,600 [3]
1804 ≈1,250 [4]

Descendants:
Last full-blooded Mandan died in 1971; many part-blood descendants on and off-reservation

Regions with significant populations
Ancestral Homelands:
Missouri River near North Dakota, Northwest United States

Descendants:
Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota

Status

Federally recognized

Linguistic Group

Siouan

Cultural Group

Mandan

Other Related Ethnic Groups

Mandan Tribe, Arikara Tribe

Alternate Names and Spellings: Minataree, Grosventre

History

Smallpox epidemics devistated the tribe in the 1780s and again in 1837.

In 1845 the tribe established Like-A-Fishhook Village near Fort Berthold trading post.

The Fort Berthold Agency was established in 1870 and was assigned to serve the Hidatsa, Mandan and Arikara tribes. 

The tribe was alloted land in 1888 and Like-A-Fishhook Village was abandoned.

The Hidatsa, Mandan and Arikara formed the Three Affiliated Tribes in 1934 under the Indian Reorganization Act.

In 1876, their population was estimated to be about 500. By 1910 that number had increased to 547, and by 1980, their population was 1,548.

Reservations

The primary reservation for the Hidatsa, Mandan, and Arikara Tribes - the Three Affiliated Tribes - is the Fort Berthold Reservation in North Dakota.


Brief Timeline

  • 1780-1781: smallpox epidemic
  • 1837: smallpox devistated the Tribe
  • 1845: established Like-A-Fishhook Village near Fort Berthold trading post
  • 1870: Fort Berthold Agency established for Hidatsa, Mandan, and Arikara Tribes. These tribes later became the Three Affiliated Tribes
  • 1888: most were located on alloted land; Like-A-Fishhook Village abandoned
  • 1934: Three Affiliated Tribes formed - Hidatsa, Mandan, and Arikara
  • 1951-1954: relocated for contruction of Garrison Dam and reservoir

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Tribal Headquarters

Three Affiliated Tribes
404 Frontage Road
New Town, ND 58763
Phone: 701.627.4781
Fax: 701.627.3503

Records

Agencies

The following agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs had jurisdiction over the Mandan for the time periods indicated. BIA agencies werre responsible to keep such records as census rolls, allotment (land) records, annuity rolls, school records, correspondence, and other records of individual Indians under their jurisdiction. For details, see the page for the respective agency.

Treaties

??* 1825 at the Mandan Village ??* 1851 Fort Laramie with Sioux, etc.

  •  1866 at Fort Berthold (unratified)

Tribal Office Records

The Tribal Office is responsible for such records as enrollment records, tribal police records, tribal court records,

Important Web Sites

References

  1. Frederick Webb Hodge. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906.
  2. Frederick Webb Hodge. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906.
  3. Frederick Webb Hodge. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906.
  4. Frederick Webb Hodge. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906.

Bibliography

Hidatsa Tribe

General

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL 970.1 R259e; WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  • Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. WorldCat 14718193; FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006