Difference between revisions of "Hidatsa Indians"

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{{infobox ethnic group
{{infobox ethnic group
|group = Hidatsa
|group = Hidatsa
|image = [[Image:Winter_Village_of_the_Manitaries_(Hidatsa)_in_North_Dakota_Territory._Artwork_by_Karl_Bodmer,_1833-34,_NO._178.jpg]]
|image = [[Image:Winter_Village_of_the_Manitaries_(Hidatsa)_in_North_Dakota_Territory._Artwork_by_Karl_Bodmer,_1833-34,_NO._178.jpg|232x231px]]
|poptime = '''Full-blooded''':
|poptime = '''Full-blooded''':
<table style="background: none; width: 100%;" rules="rows">
<table style="background: none; width: 100%;" rules="rows">

Revision as of 16:15, 17 March 2010

{{#if: Mandan Tribe, Arikara Tribe|
Winter Village of the Manitaries (Hidatsa) in North Dakota Territory. Artwork by Karl Bodmer, 1833-34, NO. 178.jpg
1980 1,547 
1910 547 
1905 450 [1]
1876 ≈500 


Regions with significant populations
Ancestral Homelands:
Western Minnesota; Devil's Lake region in North Dakota

Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota


Federally recognized as Three Affiliated Tribes

Linguistic Group

language related to Crow

Cultural Group


Other Related Ethnic Groups

Mandan Tribe, Arikara Tribe

Alternate Names and Spellings: Minataree, Minitari, Grosventre


Smallpox epidemics devastated the tribe in the 1780s and again in 1837.

In 1845 the tribe established Like-A-Fishhook Village near Fort Berthold trading post.

The Fort Berthold Agency was established in 1870 and was assigned to serve the Hidatsa, Mandan and Arikara tribes.

The tribe was allotted land in 1888 and Like-A-Fishhook Village was abandoned.

The Hidatsa, Mandan and Arikara formed the Three Affiliated Tribes in 1934 under the Indian Reorganization Act.


The primary reservation for the Hidatsa, Mandan, and Arikara Tribes - the Three Affiliated Tribes - is the Fort Berthold Reservation in North Dakota.

Brief Timeline

  • 1780-1781: smallpox epidemic
  • 1837: smallpox devastated the Tribe
  • 1845: established Like-A-Fishhook Village near Fort Berthold trading post
  • 1862: The Arikara joined them at Like-A-Fishhook Village
  • 1870: Fort Berthold Agency established for Hidatsa, Mandan, and Arikara Tribes.
  • 1888: most were located on allotted land; Like-A-Fishhook Village abandoned
  • 1934: Three Affiliated Tribes formed - Hidatsa, Mandan, and Arikara
  • 1951-1954: relocated for construction of Garrison Dam and reservoir

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Tribal Headquarters

Three Affiliated Tribes
404 Frontage Road
New Town, ND 58763
Phone: 701.627.4781
Fax: 701.627.3503



The following agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs had jurisdiction over the Hidatsa for the time periods indicated. BIA agencies were responsible to keep such records as census rolls, allotment (land) records, annuity rolls, school records, correspondence, and other records of individual Indians under their jurisdiction. For details, see the page for the respective agency.


  • 1851 Fort Laramie with Sioux, etc.
  • 1866 at Fort Berthold (unratified)

Tribal Office Records

The Tribal Office is responsible for such records as enrollment records, tribal police records, tribal court records,

Important Web Sites


  1. Frederick Webb Hodge. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906.


Hidatsa Tribe

  • Meyer, Roy W. The Village Indians of the Upper Missouri: the Mandans, Hidatsas, and Arikaras. Lincoiln: University of Nebraska Press, 1977. FHL book 970.1 M575v.


  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL 970.1 R259e; WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  • Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. WorldCat 14718193; FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006