Difference between revisions of "Handcart Pioneers"

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Many families have a tradition that their ancestry came to Utah in a handcart company. However, mormon handcart companies were only used between 1856 and 1860.
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''[[Tracing LDS Ancestors|Tracing LDS Ancestors]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[LDS Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Handcart_Pioneers|Handcart Pioneers]]'' <br>
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[[Image:Handcart pioneers.jpg|right|300px]]
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=== Handcart Companies  ===
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Between 1856 and 1860 nearly 3,000 [http://www.xmission.com/~nelsonb/handcart.htm emigrants] from the [http://www.lds.org/ The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints] joined [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mormon_handcart_pioneers ten handcart companies]--about 650 handcarts total--and walked to Utah from [http://www.lds.org/gospellibrary/pioneer/03_Iowa_City.html Iowa City, Iowa], (a distance of 1,300 miles) or from [http://www.lds.org/ldsorg/v/index.jsp?vgnextoid=e1fa5f74db46c010VgnVCM1000004d82620aRCRD&locale=0&sourceId=496ff48fa2d20110VgnVCM100000176f620a____&hideNav=1&contentLocale=0 Florence, Nebraska (1,030 miles)]. Among these [http://www.mormonhistoricsitesfoundation.org/projects/iowaCity.htm courageous handcart pioneers] were cobblers, factory workers, farmers, fisherman, and aristocrats. Swiss, Danish, Scottish, Norwegian, Welsh, and English immigrants; they often didn’t share the same language. However they did share the same desire, to reach the Rocky Mountains and live among the members of their newfound church. This was, according to historian LeRoy Hafen, "the most remarkable travel experiment in the history of Western America." <ref> LeRoy R. and Ann W. Hafen, ''Handcarts to Zion: The Story of a Unique Western Migration, 1856-1860'' (1960); </ref> <ref>Wallace Stegner, The Gathering of Zion: ''The Story of the Mormon Trail'' (1964).</ref> See also [[Mormon Trail]] and [[LDS Emigration and Immigration]].
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Many families have a tradition that their ancestry came to Utah in a [http://www.handcart.com/ handcart company]. These and others came [http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompanysearch/1,15773,3966-1,00.html overland between 1847 and 1868].  
  
 
{| width="100%"
 
{| width="100%"
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Handcart Company'''
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| '''Handcart Company'''  
| '''Captain'''
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| '''Captain'''  
| '''Left<br>Florence'''
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| '''Left<br>Florence'''  
| '''Individuals'''
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| '''Individuals'''  
| '''Died en route'''
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| '''Died en route'''  
 
| '''Arrived<br><span>&nbsp;</span>Salt Lake City'''
 
| '''Arrived<br><span>&nbsp;</span>Salt Lake City'''
 
|-
 
|-
| '''First'''
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| '''[http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompany/0,15797,4017-1-111,00.html First]'''  
| Edmund Ellsworth
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| Edmund Ellsworth  
| 20 July 1856
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| 20 Jul 1856  
| 274
+
| 274  
| 13
+
| 13  
 
| 26 Sep 1856
 
| 26 Sep 1856
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Second'''
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| '''[http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompany/0,15797,4017-1-195,00.html Second]'''  
| Daniel D. McArthur
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| Daniel D. McArthur  
| Jul 24 1856
+
| 24 Jul 1856  
| 221
+
| 221  
| 7
+
| 7  
| 26 Sep1856
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| 26 Sep 1856
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Third<br>(Welsh)'''
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| '''[http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompany/0,15797,4017-1-80,00.html Third<br>(Welsh)]'''  
| Edward<br>Bunker
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| Edward Bunker  
| 30 Jul 1856
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| 30 Jul 1856  
| 320
+
| 320  
| &lt; 7
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| &lt; 7  
| 2 Oct 1857
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| 2 Oct 1856
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Fourth/Willie Company'''
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| [[Willie Handcart Company|Forth/Willie]]
| James G. Willie
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| [http://handcart.byu.edu/Sources/WilliamWoodward.aspx James G. Willie]
| 17 Aug 1856
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| 17 Aug 1856  
| ~404 <br>left Florence
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| ~404  
| 68
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| 68  
 
| 9 Nov 1856
 
| 9 Nov 1856
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Fifth/Martin'''
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| '''[[Martin Handcart Company|Fifth/Martin]]'''  
| Edward Martin
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| Edward Martin  
| 27 Aug 1856
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| 27 Aug 1856  
| 576
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| 576  
| &gt;145
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| &gt;145  
 
| 30 Nov 1856
 
| 30 Nov 1856
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Sixth'''
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| '''[http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompany/0,15797,4017-1-115,00.html Sixth]'''  
| Israel Evans
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| Israel Evans  
| 20 Jun 1857
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| 20 Jun 1857  
| 149
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| 149  
| (0)
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| (0)  
| 11 Sep1857
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| 11 Sep 1857
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Seventh<br>Scandinavian'''
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| '''[http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompany/0,15797,4017-1-88,00.html Seventh<br>Scandinavian]'''  
| Christian Christiansen
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| Christian Christiansen  
| 7 Jul 1859
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| 15 Jul 1857
| ~330
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| ~330  
| ~6
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| ~6  
| 12 Sep 1859
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| 13 Sep 1857
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Eighth'''
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| '''[http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompany/0,15797,4017-1-17,00.html Eighth]'''  
| George Rowley
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| George Rowley  
| 9 Jun 1859
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| 9 Jun 1859  
| 235
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| 235  
| ~5
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| ~5  
 
| 4 Sep 1859
 
| 4 Sep 1859
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Ninth'''
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| '''[http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompany/0,15797,4017-1-255,00.html Ninth]'''  
| Daniel Robinson
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| Daniel Robison
| 6 Jun 1860
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| 6 Jun 1860  
| 233
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| 233  
| 1
+
| 1  
 
| 27 Aug 1860
 
| 27 Aug 1860
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Tenth'''
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| '''[http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompany/0,15797,4017-1-295,00.html Tenth]'''  
| Oscar O. Stoddard
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| Oscar O. Stoddard  
| 6 Jul 1860
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| 6 Jul 1860  
| 124
+
| 124  
| 0
+
| 0  
 
| 24 Sep 1860
 
| 24 Sep 1860
 
|}
 
|}
  
[[Category:Tracing LDS Ancestors]]
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=== Histories  ===
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==== Google Books  ====
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*[http://books.google.com/books?id=qR5MFgbZmvIC&pg=PA84&lpg=PA84&dq=handcart+pioneers+Edmund+Ellsworth&source=web&ots=p1EzX4Y6Yc&sig=wxinQcisIiJm8yQgFWcWpgXdYSM&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=7&ct=result ''The Divine Handcart Plan'']
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*[http://books.google.com/books?id=XgLIT0OrVb8C&pg=PA153&lpg=PA153&dq=Israel+Evans+handcarts&source=web&ots=TdtgJIdJGu&sig=CSku-unz8lmZmAVGLYPC46Md9Q8&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=3&ct=result ''Handcarts to Zion''] <ref>Le Roy Reuben Hafen, Ann W. Hafen, ''Handcarts to Zion: The Story of a Unique Western Migration, 1856-1860'' (1960) </ref>
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*[http://books.google.com/books?id=zmdqNeTOBeEC&pg=PA24&lpg=PA24&dq=handcart+pioneers+Daniel+D.+McArthur&source=web&ots=LBmHmQFLu8&sig=0L_O-gqTT7ccAlrce5-q34JUsnE&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=9&ct=result ''Painters of the Wasatch Mountains'']
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*[http://books.google.com/books?id=UEgOAAAAIAAJ&printsec=titlepage&dq=rocky+mountain+handcarts&source=gbs_summary_r&cad=0 ''The Rocky Mountain Saints'' ] <ref>Thomas B. H. Stenhouse ''The Rocky Mountain Saints: A Full and Complete History of the Mormons, from the First Vision of Joseph Smith to the Last Courtship of Brigham Young...and the Development of the Great Mineral Wealth of the Territory of Utah'' Published by D. Appleton and company, 1873, 761 pages</ref>
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==== Articles  ====
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*[http://heritage.uen.org/companies/Wc756fb76ddd90.htm 1848-1868 Companies]
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*[http://www.historynet.com/martin-company-mormon-pioneers-used-handcarts-to-trek-to-salt-lake-city.htm Martin Company: Mormon Pioneers Used Handcarts to Trek to Salt Lake City]
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*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~pioneervoices/tlloyd.htm Pioneer Voices]
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*[http://www.lds.org/ldsorg/v/index.jsp?hideNav=1&locale=0&sourceId=736de2270ed6c010VgnVCM1000004d82620a____&vgnextoid=2354fccf2b7db010VgnVCM1000004d82620aRCRD Some Must Push and Some Must Pull]
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*[http://allenhackworth.com/Brighton/handcarts.htm They Came By Handcart]
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*[http://piercesweb.com/pioneers/walked-1300-miles.htm They Walked 1,300 Miles]
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=== References  ===
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<references />
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[[Category:Tracing_LDS_Ancestors]]

Revision as of 15:18, 19 July 2011

Tracing LDS Ancestors Gotoarrow.png Emigration and Immigration Gotoarrow.png Handcart Pioneers

Handcart pioneers.jpg

Handcart Companies

Between 1856 and 1860 nearly 3,000 emigrants from the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints joined ten handcart companies--about 650 handcarts total--and walked to Utah from Iowa City, Iowa, (a distance of 1,300 miles) or from Florence, Nebraska (1,030 miles). Among these courageous handcart pioneers were cobblers, factory workers, farmers, fisherman, and aristocrats. Swiss, Danish, Scottish, Norwegian, Welsh, and English immigrants; they often didn’t share the same language. However they did share the same desire, to reach the Rocky Mountains and live among the members of their newfound church. This was, according to historian LeRoy Hafen, "the most remarkable travel experiment in the history of Western America." [1] [2] See also Mormon Trail and LDS Emigration and Immigration.

Many families have a tradition that their ancestry came to Utah in a handcart company. These and others came overland between 1847 and 1868.

Handcart Company Captain Left
Florence
Individuals Died en route Arrived
 Salt Lake City
First Edmund Ellsworth 20 Jul 1856 274 13 26 Sep 1856
Second Daniel D. McArthur 24 Jul 1856 221 7 26 Sep 1856
Third
(Welsh)
Edward Bunker 30 Jul 1856 320 < 7 2 Oct 1856
Forth/Willie James G. Willie 17 Aug 1856 ~404 68 9 Nov 1856
Fifth/Martin Edward Martin 27 Aug 1856 576 >145 30 Nov 1856
Sixth Israel Evans 20 Jun 1857 149 (0) 11 Sep 1857
Seventh
Scandinavian
Christian Christiansen 15 Jul 1857 ~330 ~6 13 Sep 1857
Eighth George Rowley 9 Jun 1859 235 ~5 4 Sep 1859
Ninth Daniel Robison 6 Jun 1860 233 1 27 Aug 1860
Tenth Oscar O. Stoddard 6 Jul 1860 124 0 24 Sep 1860

Histories

Google Books

Articles

References

  1. LeRoy R. and Ann W. Hafen, Handcarts to Zion: The Story of a Unique Western Migration, 1856-1860 (1960);
  2. Wallace Stegner, The Gathering of Zion: The Story of the Mormon Trail (1964).
  3. Le Roy Reuben Hafen, Ann W. Hafen, Handcarts to Zion: The Story of a Unique Western Migration, 1856-1860 (1960)
  4. Thomas B. H. Stenhouse The Rocky Mountain Saints: A Full and Complete History of the Mormons, from the First Vision of Joseph Smith to the Last Courtship of Brigham Young...and the Development of the Great Mineral Wealth of the Territory of Utah Published by D. Appleton and company, 1873, 761 pages