Halifax County, North Carolina Genealogy

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Halifax County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Halifax County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded December 12, 1754
County Seat Halifax
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United States  Gotoarrow.png  North Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  Halifax County

County Courthouse


In 1758 the residents of Edgecombe County petitioned the Governor and the Colonial Assembly requesting that the parish of Halifax be granted the status of an individual county - having functioned along with St. Mary’s Parish as the two original Edgecombe County parishes since its creation in 1741 from the southwestern section of Bertie County. Bertie County was formed from the western extension of Chowan Precinct (west of the Chowan River) in the year 1722, and was even earlier, an undefined part of the now extinct original Albemarle County 1664-1668. All territory within the boundaries of Edgecombe County north of the Fishing Creek and Rainbow Banks on the Roanoke River - approximately 711 square miles - was officially designated as Halifax County on January 1, 1759. Halifax County is located in the northeastern area of North Carolina and is bordered on all sides by seven neighboring NC counties. As suggested by Governor Author Dobbs, Halifax was named for George Montague II, Earl of Halifax, first Lord of the Board of Trade and Plantations. The county seat, also named Halifax (town) had been established in 1757 on the Roanoke River. Located on the fall line of the Piedmont and Coastal Plain, the county has an interesting mixture of flat and hilly terrain and an excellent climate for agricultural pursuits. The original residents of this area along the southern banks of the Moratuck [Roanoke] River and Quankie Creek were the Tuscarora Indians.

In 1917 Milton Whitney, Chief of Bureau, U. S. Department of Agriculture submitted an official report to the US Government in which he stated that the early settlers of the Halifax County area came mainly from the British Isles. Many of them settled first in New Jersey and other northern States and then migrated to this county. Others came directly to Halifax County. The first settlements in Halifax County were apparently made near the watercourses. The first crops grown were corn, peas, potatoes, flax, and various vegetables. Live stock was brought in at an early date, and gradually increased in number. Flax was spun and woven into garments for home use. Considerable wool was produced and made into clothing at home. Tanneries were in operation at an early date, and furnished leather for making shoes. Nearly every settler grew tobacco for domestic use. Cotton was grown in small patches and made into homespun garments, the lint being separated from the seed by hand.

In 1774, the southeastern part of Halifax County was combined with part of Tyrrell County to form Martin County. Today Halifax County is comprised of twelve townships with a total population of 57,370 people (2000 Census). The Townships are: Brinkleyville, Butterwood, Conoconnara, Enfield, Faucett, Halifax, Littleton, Palmyra, Roanoke Rapids, Roseneath, Scotland Neck, and Weldon.

Land records of Edgecombe County, and Bertie District, are included in the record of deed series.

Parent County

1754--Halifax County was created 12 December 1754 from Edgecombe County.
County seat: Halifax [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Many court records are missing. Many of the early marriage records are also missing.


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties






The Halifax County Register of Deeds has copies of land records starting from 1732. Marriage records are available since 1825. Birth & Death records are available since October 1913. Generally, it is more cost effective to obtain documents from the County offices for non-certified copies rather than the State Archives, so contact the Registry for availability & pricing.

The North Carolina State Archives has copies of most records prior to about 1930. For a listing of available Halifax County records at the Archives, click onto our Guide. It is generally more cost effective to order directly from the County offices, so check the local offices first for document availability. Before ordering anything from the Archives, please read our Contacting the State Archives page.

Halifax County Register of Deeds
Court Services Building
P. O. Box 67
357 Ferrell Lane
Halifax, NC 27839
Tel: 259-583-2101
Access the Property Index Search on their website

The following pages contain transcriptions of deeds:

Local Histories





The Clerk of the Superior Court for Halifax County has copies of court, wills and estate records starting from 1759 if they have not been transferred to the State Archives.

The North Carolina State Archives has copies of most records prior to about 1930. For a listing of available Halifax County records at the Archives, click onto our Guide. It is generally more cost effective to order directly from the County offices, so check the local offices first for document availability.

Halifax County Courthouse
Clerk of the Superior Court
357 Ferrell Lane
Halifax, NC 27839
(252) 583-5061

Mailing Address:
P. O. Box 66
Halifax, NC 27839

North Carolina State Archives
109 E. Jones Street
Raleigh, NC 27601
4614 Mail Service Center
Raleigh, NC 27699-4614
Tel: 919-807-7310

Following are links to pages with transcribed Wills or Estate Records:


Vital Records

Societies and Libraries 

Halifax County Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 447
Halifax, NC 27839

North Carolina Genealogical Society
P. O. Box 22
Greenville, NC 27835

Edgecombe County Genealogical Society
PO Box 656
Pinetops, North Carolina 27864

Tar River Connections Genealogical Society
P O Box 8764
Rocky Mount, N.C. 27804

Web Sites


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).