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[[The Netherlands|''The Netherlands'']] > '''Groningen'''  
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| style="padding-right:0px"|[[Image:The Netherlands Locator Map Groningen Province.png|thumb]]
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Guide to '''Groningen Province ancestry, family history and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
 +
{{Click|Image:Netherlands ORP.png|The Netherlands Online Genealogy Records}}[[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups on Facebook]]<br>
 +
__TOC__
 +
==History==
 +
Groningen was originally a part of Frisia.  Groningen expanded its influence and at its peak almost all of the current province of Friesland was under the influence and control of Groningen.<br>
 +
In 1594, Groningen was conquered from the Spanish by the Republic of the Seven United Provinces, it was the precursor state of the Netherlands, to which it belonged from then on.<br>
 +
[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Groningen_(province)]
 +
== Background Information ==
 +
*For Geographical and Historical information see:[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Groningen_(province) Groningen].
 +
*The capital city of the province of Groningen is Groningen. See: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Groningen_(city) Groningen]
 +
*At the end of the 19th century, the crops were very poor in Groningen. That’s one of the reasons why many people emigrated to the United States. Most of them ended up around the Great Lakes, predominantly in Michigan.
 +
 
 +
== Jurisdictions  ==
 +
*[[Groningen Municipalities|Municipalities prior to 1998]]<br>
 +
*[[Groningen Municipalities after 1998|Municipalities after 1998]]<br>
 +
[[Image:Groningen.jpg|right|700x700px]]
 +
==Research Methods==
 +
 
 +
'''Most of your genealogical research for Groningen  will be in three main record types: civil registration, church records and population registers. This article will teach you methods for locating and searching these three record groups.'''
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
==Civil Registration (Burgelijke Stand)==
 +
'''Civil registration''' records are government records of births, marriages, and deaths.  Access to Netherlands Civil Registration records online is excellent. There is usually no longer any need to use microfilms from the Family History Library, or to visit archives. Nearly all records have survived, since two copies were made of each record and stored separately. <br>
 +
 
 +
*'''Dates:''' Civil registration began 1 March 1811 while under French rule. Law allows birth records up to 1916, marriage records up to 1941 and death records up to 1966 to be released to the public as of 2017. Archives can be up to 10 years behind putting them online.
 +
*'''Contents:'''
 +
**'''Births(''Geboorten''):''' Child’s name, birth date and place; parents’ names, ages, residence, and occupation: witnesses’ name, ages, occupations, residences; yearly indexes.
 +
**'''Marriages(''Huwelijken''):''' Bride and groom names, ages, residences, occupations, birth places; date and place of the marriage; parents' names, residences, occupations, whether living; the names of the witnesses, their ages, occupations, residence, and relationship to the bride or groom, if any; and officer who performed ceremony, former spouses, yearly indexes.
 +
**'''Marriage supplements(''Huwelijksbijlagen''):''' Copies of birth or baptism records of bride and groom; military conscription record of groom, containing name, birthdate, and parents, and sometimes a physical description; copies of death or burial records of deceased former spouses; copies of death or burial records of parents, if the marrying person is under 30 (and sometimes if they are over 30); (pre-1850), if both parents are dead,  death or burial records of grandparents.
 +
**'''Death registers(''Overlijdens''):''' Deceased's name, age, death date and place, occupation, birth place; name of spouse(s), parents’ names; names of the witnesses, their ages, occupations, residence, and relationship if any.
 +
*To learn more about The Netherlands Civil Registration, read [[Netherlands Civil Registration|'''Netherlands Civil Registration''']].
 +
 
 +
 
 +
=== Online Digital Records for Civil Registration ===
 +
Digital copies of civil registration can be searched online:
 +
*[http://AlleGroningers.nl AlleGroningers] contains all records, images and index.
 +
*[http://wiewaswie.nl WieWasWie], basic version free, index with some images.
 +
*{{RecordSearch|2026219|Netherlands, Groningen Province, Civil Registration, 1811-1940|access=browse}}, free, partial index with complete images 
 +
*[http://zoekakten.nl/prov.php?id=GR Zoekakten.nl] is a Dutch website that helps in locating Dutch images on FamilySearch.org. It breaks down films into smaller segments by year and record type for easier browsing. See [[Zoekakten|Zoekakten instructions]].
 +
 
 +
 
 +
== Church Records (DTB) ==
 +
*Church records are the main sources for births, marriages and deaths in the Netherlands between about 1550 and 1811.They recorded baptisms (or circumcisions), marriages and burials and sometimes confirmations, membership records and conversions.
 +
*In the late 1500s Churches began to mandate that registers of baptisms and marriages were kept. Burials were often not recorded at first. Records do not always exist for the period before 1700.
 +
*Records kept by Catholics are written in Latin. Most other records will be written in Dutch.
 +
*The main types of Church records are
 +
**'''Baptisms(''Dopen''):''' Child’s name,baptism date, sometimes birth date, parents’ names and residence: witnesses’ name.
 +
**'''Marriages(''Trouwen''):''' Bride and groom names, sometimes ages, residences and/or birthplace, date and place of the marriage; parents' names,; the names of the witnesses and relationship to the bride or groom, if any, former spouses.
 +
**'''Burials(''Begraven''):''' Deceased's name, death date and place, name of spouse(s),
  
[[Image:Vlag van Groningen.png|right|300px|Vlag van Groningen.png]]
+
*Church records continued to be kept after the introduction of civil registration, but after 1811 they were mostly superseded by Civil Registration.
<div style="float: left; width: 22%;">
+
*To learn more about church records, see [[Netherlands Church Records|'''Netherlands Church Records''']].
{| border="0" style="background: rgb(255, 255, 240);" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
| align="center" style="background: rgb(238, 238, 238); font-family: verdana;" | '''News'''
 
|-
 
| align="left" style="background: rgb(249, 243, 253)" |
 
<br>
 
  
|-
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===Online Digital Records for Church Records ===
| align="center" style="background: rgb(238, 238, 238); font-family: verdana;" | '''Topics'''
 
|-
 
| style="background: rgb(249, 243, 253); font-family: verdana;" | <br>
 
*[[Groningen Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]
 
*[[Groningen Biography|Biography]]
 
*[[Groningen Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
 
*[[Groningen Census|Census]]
 
*[[Groningen Church History|Church History]]
 
*[[Groningen Church Records|Church Records]]
 
*[[Groningen Civil Registration - Vital Records|Civil Registration - Vital Records]]
 
*[[Groningen Court Records|Court Records]]
 
*[[Groningen Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]
 
*[[Groningen Famous People|Famous People]]
 
*[[Groningen Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]
 
*[[Groningen Genealogy|Genealogy]]
 
*[[Groningen Guardianship|Guardianship]]
 
*[[Groningen Handwriting|Handwriting]]
 
*[[Groningen Heraldry|Heraldry]]
 
*[[Groningen Historical Geography|Historical Geography]]
 
*[[Groningen History|History]]
 
*[[Groningen Jewish Records|Jewish Records]]
 
*[[Groningen Land and Property|Land and Property]]
 
*[[Groningen Language and Languages|Language and Languages]]
 
*[[Groningen Maps|Maps]]
 
*[[Groningen Military History|Military History]]
 
*[[Groningen Military Records|Military Records]]
 
*[[Groningen Minorities|Minorities]]
 
*[[Groningen Names, Geographical|Names, Geographical]]
 
*[[Groningen Names, Personal|Names, Personal]]
 
*[[Groningen Naturalization and Citizenship|Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 
*[[Groningen Nobility|Nobility]]
 
*[[Groningen Notarial Records|Notarial Records]]
 
*[[Groningen Periodicals|Periodicals]]
 
*[[Groningen Place Names|Place Names]]
 
*[[Groningen Population|Population]]
 
*[[Groningen Probate Records|Probate Records]]
 
*[[Groningen Public Records|Public Records]]
 
*[[Groningen Record Selection Table|Record Selection Table]]
 
*[[Groningen Societies|Societies]]
 
*[[Groningen Taxation|Taxation]]
 
*[[Groningen Web-sites|Web-sites]]
 
  
|}
+
*[http://allegroningers.nl AlleGroningers] has most records and images.
</div> <div style="float: right; width: 77%;">
+
*{{RecordSearch|2037901|Netherlands, Groningen Province, Church Records, 1595-1864|access=browse}}, free, browseable images.Best browsed via [http://zoekakten.nl/prov.php?id=GR Zoekakten]
<br>
+
*[https://www.vpnd.nl Van Papier Naar Digitaal] has images, indexes and transcriptions.
  
== Getting started with Groningen research  ==
 
  
For Geographical and Historical information see:[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Groningen_(province) Groningen]  
+
== Population Registers (Bevolkingregisters) ==
 +
See [[Netherlands Population|Netherlands Population]] for further information.<br>
  
The capital city of the province of Groningen is Groningen. See: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Groningen_(city) Groningen] <br> A good genealogical web-site is: [http://www.allegroningers.nl/ allegroningers]
+
From 1850 onwards the Government has recorded the address and basic details such as name, birthdate, birthplace, occupation and religion of all residents of the Netherlands.  
  
Another genealogical website which contains Allegronigers but also gives you information concerning Jews in this province. It also gives other information covering Groningen. The website is [http://www.groningerarchieven.nl Groninger Archieven]
+
*From 1850-1940 these are on paper and public.
 +
*From 1940-1994 these are on paper and can be viewed on request (see below)
 +
*From 1994-present these are in digital format and can be viewed on request (see below)
  
A map of Groningen in 1868 is available on line: [http://www.atlas1868.nl/gr/provgroningen.html Groningen province]
+
=== Accessing Population Registers ===
  
== Research Tools  ==
+
* From 1850-1940
 +
**[http://www.geneaknowhow.net/digi/bronnen.html Geneaknowhow]. Click on "Internet" under Groningen in the left sidebar.
 +
**[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index?owc=95PF-PTT%3A338128901%3Fcc%3D2018408 FamilySearch collection Netherlands Census and Population Registers, 1574-1940]
 +
**[https://www.groningerarchieven.nl/onderzoek/zelf-onderzoek-doen/familieonderzoek/bevolkingsregister Groninger Archieven] has details about accessing the records in person.
  
A good genealogical web-site is: [http://www.allegroningers.nl/ allegroningers]
 
  
Another genealogical website which contains Allegronigers but allso gives you information concerning Jews in this province. It also gives other information covering Groningen. The website is [http://www.groningerarchieven.nl Groninger Archieven]
+
*From 1940 onwards. The records are only public if the person has been deceased for about two years. You must contact the [http://cbg.nl/diensten/onderzoeksvragen/ Central Bureau for Genealogy], fill in an application form and pay the fee as explained on their website. Email it to '''''pkpl@cbg.nl''''' or post to
  
A map of Groningen in 1868 is available on line: [http://www.atlas1868.nl/gr/provgroningen.html Groningen province]
+
:::CBG/Center for Family History <br>
 +
:::Section Personcart and Personlist <br>
 +
:::PO Box 11755<br> 
 +
:::2502 AT, The Hague <br>
 +
:::The Netherlands<br>
  
<br> '''Emigration from Groningen'''
+
If the record is found, it will also contain details about the main person's parents, spouse and children. Some information may be blanked out in the case of people deceased relatively recently.
  
At the end of the 19th century, the crops were very poor in Groningen. That’s one of the reasons why many people emigrated to the United States. Most up them ended up around the Great Lakes, predominantly in Michigan.
 
  
== Jurisdictions  ==
+
==Reading the Records==
 +
'''
 +
*Records are most commonly written in Dutch or Latin. '''You do not have to be fluent these languages to read your documents!''' Genealogical records usually contain a limited vocabulary. Use this [[Netherlands Language and Languages|'''Dutch Genealogical Word List''']] to translate the important points in the document.
  
*[[Groningen Municipalities|Municipalities prior to 1998 found in the province of Groningen]]<br>
+
*Also, the handwriting can be slightly different, so you will want to watch these lessons, as needed, depending on the pre-dominant language in the region your ancestors lived: 
 +
::[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-dutch-handwritten-records-lesson-1-the-dutch-alphabet/28 '''Reading Dutch Handwritten Records Lesson 1: The Dutch Alphabet'''].
 +
::[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-dutch-handwritten-records-lesson-2-dutch-words-and-dates/29 '''Reading Dutch Handwritten Records Lesson 2: Dutch Words and Dates'''].
 +
::[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-dutch-handwritten-records-lesson-3-reading-dutch-records/30'''Reading Dutch Handwritten Records Lesson 3: Reading Dutch Records'''].
 +
<br>
  
*[[Groningen Municipalities after 1998|Municipalities after 1998]]
+
== Tips for Finding Your Ancestor in the Records ==
 +
*Effective use of civil registration and church records includes the following strategies:
 +
#Identify your ancestor by finding his '''birth or christening record.'''
 +
#When you find an ancestor’s birth or baptismal record, search for the '''births of siblings'''.<br>
 +
#Search for the '''parents’ marriage record'''. Typically, the marriage took place one or two years before the oldest child was born.
 +
#Search for the '''parents' birth records.''' On the average, people married in their early 20s, so subtact 25 or so years from the marriage date for a starting year to search for the parents' birth records.
 +
#Search the '''death registers for all family members.'''
 +
#If you do not find earlier generations in the parish registers, search neighboring parishes.<br>
  
== Things you can do  ==
+
*Marriages were usually performed and recorded '''where the bride lived.'''
 +
*Do not overlook the '''importance of death records.''' Death records are especially helpful because they may provide important information about a person’s birth, spouse, and parents. Civil death records often exist for individuals for whom there are no birth or marriage records.
  
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:<br>
 
  
{| width="98%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0"
 
|-
 
|
 
| width="50%" |
 
*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]]
 
*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]
 
*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]
 
  
|  
+
== Websites==
*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]  
+
*{{RecordSearch|2704829|Netherlands, Archival Indexes, Miscellaneous Records}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]]  
+
*[http://www.groningerarchieven.nl Groninger Archieven]
*Other...
+
*[http://www.allegroningers.nl/ AlleGroningers] is the genealogical website of the above Groninger Archieven.
 +
*[http://www.wiewaswie.nl WieWasWie] is the national genealogical website for the Netherlands.
 +
*[http://www.atlas1868.nl/gr/provgroningen.html Groningen province map]
  
|}
+
{{Geographic location
However, please do not change the lay-out of the pages you would like to work on as&nbsp;considerable thought went into what has already been entered. But we love to have your help as mentioned above.</div>  
+
|title = '''Neighbouring Provinces'''
[[Category:Groningen]] [[Category:Netherlands]]
+
|Center    = Groningen
 +
|North    = ''Wadden Sea''
 +
|Northeast = ''Wadden Sea''
 +
|East      =
 +
|Southeast =
 +
|South    = [[Drenthe, The Netherlands Genealogy|Drenthe]]
 +
|Southwest = [[Fryslân_or_Friesland,_The_Netherlands_Genealogy|Friesland]]<br />
 +
|West      = [[Fryslân_or_Friesland,_The_Netherlands_Genealogy|Friesland]]
 +
|Northwest = ''Wadden Sea''
 +
}} 
 +
[[Category:Groningen Province, Netherlands]]

Latest revision as of 16:30, 21 February 2018

Groningen Wiki Topics
Vlag van Groningen.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Groningen Background
Local Research Resources
The Netherlands
Groningen Province
The Netherlands Locator Map Groningen Province.png

Guide to Groningen Province ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

{{{link}}}Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg

History

Groningen was originally a part of Frisia. Groningen expanded its influence and at its peak almost all of the current province of Friesland was under the influence and control of Groningen.
In 1594, Groningen was conquered from the Spanish by the Republic of the Seven United Provinces, it was the precursor state of the Netherlands, to which it belonged from then on.
[1]

Background Information

  • For Geographical and Historical information see:Groningen.
  • The capital city of the province of Groningen is Groningen. See: Groningen
  • At the end of the 19th century, the crops were very poor in Groningen. That’s one of the reasons why many people emigrated to the United States. Most of them ended up around the Great Lakes, predominantly in Michigan.

Jurisdictions

Groningen.jpg

Research Methods

Most of your genealogical research for Groningen will be in three main record types: civil registration, church records and population registers. This article will teach you methods for locating and searching these three record groups.

Civil Registration (Burgelijke Stand)

Civil registration records are government records of births, marriages, and deaths. Access to Netherlands Civil Registration records online is excellent. There is usually no longer any need to use microfilms from the Family History Library, or to visit archives. Nearly all records have survived, since two copies were made of each record and stored separately.

  • Dates: Civil registration began 1 March 1811 while under French rule. Law allows birth records up to 1916, marriage records up to 1941 and death records up to 1966 to be released to the public as of 2017. Archives can be up to 10 years behind putting them online.
  • Contents:
    • Births(Geboorten): Child’s name, birth date and place; parents’ names, ages, residence, and occupation: witnesses’ name, ages, occupations, residences; yearly indexes.
    • Marriages(Huwelijken): Bride and groom names, ages, residences, occupations, birth places; date and place of the marriage; parents' names, residences, occupations, whether living; the names of the witnesses, their ages, occupations, residence, and relationship to the bride or groom, if any; and officer who performed ceremony, former spouses, yearly indexes.
    • Marriage supplements(Huwelijksbijlagen): Copies of birth or baptism records of bride and groom; military conscription record of groom, containing name, birthdate, and parents, and sometimes a physical description; copies of death or burial records of deceased former spouses; copies of death or burial records of parents, if the marrying person is under 30 (and sometimes if they are over 30); (pre-1850), if both parents are dead, death or burial records of grandparents.
    • Death registers(Overlijdens): Deceased's name, age, death date and place, occupation, birth place; name of spouse(s), parents’ names; names of the witnesses, their ages, occupations, residence, and relationship if any.
  • To learn more about The Netherlands Civil Registration, read Netherlands Civil Registration.


Online Digital Records for Civil Registration

Digital copies of civil registration can be searched online:


Church Records (DTB)

  • Church records are the main sources for births, marriages and deaths in the Netherlands between about 1550 and 1811.They recorded baptisms (or circumcisions), marriages and burials and sometimes confirmations, membership records and conversions.
  • In the late 1500s Churches began to mandate that registers of baptisms and marriages were kept. Burials were often not recorded at first. Records do not always exist for the period before 1700.
  • Records kept by Catholics are written in Latin. Most other records will be written in Dutch.
  • The main types of Church records are
    • Baptisms(Dopen): Child’s name,baptism date, sometimes birth date, parents’ names and residence: witnesses’ name.
    • Marriages(Trouwen): Bride and groom names, sometimes ages, residences and/or birthplace, date and place of the marriage; parents' names,; the names of the witnesses and relationship to the bride or groom, if any, former spouses.
    • Burials(Begraven): Deceased's name, death date and place, name of spouse(s),
  • Church records continued to be kept after the introduction of civil registration, but after 1811 they were mostly superseded by Civil Registration.
  • To learn more about church records, see Netherlands Church Records.

Online Digital Records for Church Records


Population Registers (Bevolkingregisters)

See Netherlands Population for further information.

From 1850 onwards the Government has recorded the address and basic details such as name, birthdate, birthplace, occupation and religion of all residents of the Netherlands.

  • From 1850-1940 these are on paper and public.
  • From 1940-1994 these are on paper and can be viewed on request (see below)
  • From 1994-present these are in digital format and can be viewed on request (see below)

Accessing Population Registers


  • From 1940 onwards. The records are only public if the person has been deceased for about two years. You must contact the Central Bureau for Genealogy, fill in an application form and pay the fee as explained on their website. Email it to pkpl@cbg.nl or post to
CBG/Center for Family History
Section Personcart and Personlist
PO Box 11755
2502 AT, The Hague
The Netherlands

If the record is found, it will also contain details about the main person's parents, spouse and children. Some information may be blanked out in the case of people deceased relatively recently.


Reading the Records

  • Records are most commonly written in Dutch or Latin. You do not have to be fluent these languages to read your documents! Genealogical records usually contain a limited vocabulary. Use this Dutch Genealogical Word List to translate the important points in the document.
  • Also, the handwriting can be slightly different, so you will want to watch these lessons, as needed, depending on the pre-dominant language in the region your ancestors lived:
Reading Dutch Handwritten Records Lesson 1: The Dutch Alphabet.
Reading Dutch Handwritten Records Lesson 2: Dutch Words and Dates.
Reading Dutch Handwritten Records Lesson 3: Reading Dutch Records.


Tips for Finding Your Ancestor in the Records

  • Effective use of civil registration and church records includes the following strategies:
  1. Identify your ancestor by finding his birth or christening record.
  2. When you find an ancestor’s birth or baptismal record, search for the births of siblings.
  3. Search for the parents’ marriage record. Typically, the marriage took place one or two years before the oldest child was born.
  4. Search for the parents' birth records. On the average, people married in their early 20s, so subtact 25 or so years from the marriage date for a starting year to search for the parents' birth records.
  5. Search the death registers for all family members.
  6. If you do not find earlier generations in the parish registers, search neighboring parishes.
  • Marriages were usually performed and recorded where the bride lived.
  • Do not overlook the importance of death records. Death records are especially helpful because they may provide important information about a person’s birth, spouse, and parents. Civil death records often exist for individuals for whom there are no birth or marriage records.


Websites