Difference between revisions of "Gloucestershire, England Genealogy"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (external to internal link)
(46 intermediate revisions by 10 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
'''Gloucestershire or Gloucester is an inland but partly a maritime county located in the central part of [[England|England]].'''
+
[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Gloucestershire]]
 +
{{sidebar
 +
|news=
 +
**Please add upcoming genealogical news and events.**
 +
|info=
 +
**Please add items of interest.**
 +
}} <div style="float: right; width: 74%">
 +
{{multiple image
 +
| align    = right
 +
| direction = vertical
 +
| width    = 180
 +
<!-- Image 1 -->
  
== Featured Content&nbsp;  ==
 
  
== Topics <br> ==
+
| image1    = Flag of Gloucestershire.png
 +
| caption1  = Flag of Gloucestershire
 +
<!-- Image 2 -->
  
{| width="676" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|
 
*[[Gloucestershire Archives and Libraries|Archives and&nbsp;Libraries]]
 
*[[Gloucestershire Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
 
*[[Gloucestershire Census|Census]]
 
*[[Glourcestershire Church Records|Church Records]]
 
*[[Gloucestershire Court Records|Court Records]]
 
*[[Gloucestershire Directories|Directories]]
 
  
|  
+
| image2    = England-gloucestershire.png
*[[Gloucestershire Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]
+
| caption2  = Location of Gloucestershire in [[England]]
*[[Gloucestershire Genealogy|Genealogy]]
+
}} '''Gloucestershire''' is an inland but partly a maritime county located in South West [[England]]. It borders on [[Monmouthshire, Wales|Monmouthshire]] to the west.
*[[Gloucestershire History|History]]  
 
*[[Gloucestershire Land and Property|Land and Property]]
 
*[[Gloucestershire Maps|Maps]]  
 
*[[Gloucestershire Newspapers|Newspapers]]
 
  
|
+
=== Featured Content  ===
*[[Gloucestershire Periodicals|Periodicals]]
 
*[[Gloucestershire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes A & B|Probate Records]]
 
*[[Gloucestershire School Records|School Records]]
 
*[[Gloucestershire Societies|Societies]]
 
*[[Gloucestershire Taxation|Taxation]]
 
*<br>
 
  
|}
+
“GLOUCESTERSHIRE, or Gloucester, an inland, but partly maritime, county of England; bounded, on t he NW, by Herefordshire and Worcestershire; on the N, by Worcestershire and Warwickshire; on the E, by Oxfordshire; on the SE, by Berks and Wilts; on the S, by Wilts and Somerset; on the W, by the Severn's estuary and by Monmouthshire... and its area is 805,102 acres... The hill section extends from end to end of the county; is, in some parts, 8 miles broad; bears the name of Cotswolds...
  
== Research Tools  ==
+
“The county contains 356 parishes or quasi-parishes, parts of 5 others, and 10 extra-parochial tracts...
  
== Jurisdictions  ==
+
“Gloucestershire is governed by a lord lieutenant, about 60 deputy lieutenants, and about 390 magistrates. It is in the Oxford judicial circuit, and in the Home military district. The assizes and the quarter sessions are held at Gloucester... The entire county is in the diocese of Gloucester and Bristol... The places of worship in the political county, in 1851, were 433 of the Church of England, 96 of Independents, 102 of Baptists, 12 of Quakers, 7 of Unitarians, 3 of Moravians, 144 of Wesleyan Methodists, 30 of Primitive Methodists, 7 of Bible Christians, 3 of the Wesleyan Association, 30 of Wesleyan Reformers, 11 of Calvinistic Methodists, 1 of the New Church, 8 of Brethren, 16 of isolated congregations, 9 of Latter Day Saints, 14 of Roman Catholics, and 2 of Jews.
  
= Parishes  =
+
“Population in 1801 was 250,723; in 1821, 336,190; in 1841, 431,495; in 1861, 485,770.”
  
== &nbsp;'''Cerney, North Parish'''  ==
+
The above extract comes from: John Marius Wilson, ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales ''(1870-72). To see the full version, go to [http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/entry_page.jsp?text_id=783060&word=NULL Vision of Britain].
  
"Cerney North is so called from the point of distance it bears from Cirencester, and in distinction to another village, which lies in the opposite direction.&nbsp; (South Cerney)&nbsp; It is one of the parishes, by which the Hundred of Rapsgate is formed, in the Coteswold Division of the county; distant four miles from Cirenester, seven south-westerly from North Leach, and from Gloucester fourteen on the east.&nbsp; The extent of it is nearly six miles, the breadth less than three, of a light soil chiefly tilled, with many meadows on the river's side.&nbsp; The Village, on every approach to it, forms a pleasing and highly cultivated landscape; the acclivities upon which it is built being easy and picturesque."
+
{{closing div}}
  
(''Historical, Monumental and Genealogical Collections of Gloucester,'' FHL BRITISH Book Q Area, 942.41, v2b 1786) '''North Cerney is a Parish and a Village'''<br>[[Image:North-Cerney-Parish-Gloucestershire.jpg|thumb|left|North Cerney Parish, All Saints Church]]
+
== Research Tools ==
 
 
'''North Cerney Parish''' is located on a hill across the street from North Cerney Village.&nbsp; A small light shines through a stained glass window, bidding&nbsp; travelers welcome.<br>
 
 
 
"It is worth spending a short time walking round the outside of this little church, which has been described as one of the prettiest in rural Gloucestershire.&nbsp; Pearched on a hillside overlooking the village, which is across the main road.&nbsp; '''All Saints''' is a typical Churn valley church, with a lovely old slate roof and a charming low saddle-back tower.&nbsp; The grass in the churchyard is cropped in Spring and Summer by sheep." <ref>(All Saints Church, North Cerney (Church brochure) Rewritten by Mrs. V. A. Patuck, 1989, from information gathered by Canon A. James Turner, Vicar of North Cerney Church from 1952 to 1973.)</ref>
 
 
 
(All Saints Church, North Cerney (Church brochure) Rewritten by Mrs. V. A. Patuck, 1989, from information gathered by Canon A. James Turner, Vicar of North Cerney Church from 1952 to 1973.)
 
 
 
<br> <br>
 
 
 
'''North Cerney Parish Churchyard'''<br>
 
 
 
[[Image:North Cerney Parish, Showing Parish North Side and Parish Back.jpg|thumb|left|North side and back of the North Cerney Parish Churchyard, showing lack of graves on the north side.]]North side and back of the North Cerney Parish Churchyard, showing lack of graves on the north side.
 
 
 
"The Churchyard Cross dates from the 14th century, but has been completely restored within the past ten years.&nbsp; There are some interesting table tombs in the churchyard and there is a complete record of every memorial and inscription, marking where they are set.&nbsp; The Cross was originally the memorial for all those buried on the south side - '''There was a great fear of the north side and no burials took place there. &nbsp; The coffin was taken out through the north door - it still is, the only time this door is used - '''but burials now take place on all sides and as it is now the custom for indivual stones to be erected (this dates from the 17th century) it is impossible to re-use the ground as they did in medieval times."<br>
 
 
 
(All Saints Church, North Cerney (Church brochure) Rewritten by Mrs. V. A. Patuck, 1989, from information gathered by Canon A. James Turner, Vicar of North Cerney Church from 1952 to 1973.)<br>
 
 
 
'''Imperial Gazeteer:'''<br>
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
=== '''Calmsden'''  ===
 
 
 
"Calmsden is a tithing and small hamlet, 2 miles east, and near the old Roman Rossway. A curious old wayside dial-cross stands here over a copious and perennial spring. The village consists of two or three farms and a few cottages. Parish Clerk, Henry James Mason."(Kelly's Directory of the County of Gloucester, 1914; Farmily History Library, British 942.41, E4ke)
 
 
 
=== <br> '''Woodmancote'''  ===
 
 
 
"Woodmancote is a hamlet 1 mile north-west. Here is a Plymouth Brethren Mission hall." (Kelly's Directory of the County of Gloucester, 1914; Farmily History Library, British 942.41, E4ke)
 
 
 
"Woodland recorded on Gilbert son of Turold's manor of Cerney in 1086 (80) [Com. Bk. (Rec. Com.), i. 168v.] evidently lay in the north-west part of the parish, where Woodmancote hamlet takes its name from a woodman's cottage. (81) [P.M. Glos. i. 148.]" (The Victoria History Of The Counties of England, The History of Gloucester, Edited by N. M. Herbert, Volume VII, Page 150)
 
 
 
=== <br> '''Cerney Downs'''  ===
 
 
 
"The slopes of the Churn valley, above the narrow belt of meadow-land in the valley bottom, and much of the Calmsden area were formerly cultivated as open fields while the high and level ground on the east side of the valley was occupied by extensive downland. In the early 18th centurh Cerney Downs were said to be famous for hawking, hunting, coursing, and racing (86) [Bodl. MS. Top. Glouc. c. 3, f.214.] and they were long the venue for the annual Cirencester races. (87) Glouc. Fnl. 5 May 1752; Rudder, Glos. 325.) (The Victoria History Of The Counties of England, The History of Gloucester, Edited by N. M. Herbert, Volume VII, Page 150) <br> __________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
 
 
== Jurisdictions:  ==
 
 
 
Deanery:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Church belongs to the Deanery of Cirencester, and is dedicated to All Saints.
 
 
 
&nbsp;Hundred:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Rapsgate
 
 
 
Union:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Cirencester Union
 
 
 
Archdeaconry:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Archdeaconry of Cirencester and diocese of Gloucester.
 
 
 
Probate:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Bishop of Gloucester, (Episcopal Consistory) and Perogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury <br>
 
 
 
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________<br>
 
 
 
= Inside North Cerney Parish, All Saints Church<br>  =
 
 
 
== '''North Cerney Parish Banner'''  ==
 
 
 
[[Image:North-Cerney-Parish-Banner-.jpg|thumb|left|North Cerney Parish Banner]]
 
 
 
A regal banner with scarlet side borders and vibrant blue embroidered letters introduces the North Cerney Parish and the Holy Mother Mary, holding baby Jesus.
 
 
 
Adjacent to the banner, on the left side, a corner of a North Cerney Memorial wall plaque is visible in the picture (to the left).&nbsp; The plaque is one of two plaques embedded in the parish walls, facing each other on opposite walls.&nbsp; It is interesting to note that both memorial plaques recognize and honor the early ancestral Painter families that lived and worked, and died in North Cerney.&nbsp; Their children and children's children also stayed to live, worship and work in the parish and now rest in the North Cerney Parish Churchyard.&nbsp; To list their individual names, would require a plaque that would cover an entire parish wall.<br>
 
 
 
The Townsend surname represents another large family of individuals who lived, worked, and died and now rest in the North Cerney Parish Churchyard.&nbsp; The first Townsend surname appears in the North Cerney Parish registers in 1660. Two ancestral North Cerney Parish families united when the William and Ann (Mustoe) Painter's son, Joseph married Hannah Townsend, the daughter of George and Margaret Townsend, as declared on the three-generation Painter Memorial Wall Plaque described below.<br>
 
 
 
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
 
 
= '''<br>'''North Cerney Parish Painter Family Memorial Wall Plaques  =
 
 
 
Honoring early Painter Family parishoners&nbsp; (Picture of the William &amp; Ann Painter plaque to be uploaded)<br>
 
 
 
== '''William Painter and Ann Mustoe (3 generation wall plaque)&nbsp;&nbsp;'''  ==
 
 
 
Reads: "In this churchyard lie the bodies of William Painter and Ann (Mustoe) his wife, who both died in September 1727, both aged 65, also
 
 
 
Joseph Painter, their son, died May 1799, aged 85, and Hannah, his wife, daughter of George and Margaret Townsend, of North Cerney, buried 3rd January 1788, aged 71.
 
 
 
Also John Painter, son of Joseph and Hannah, died 1800 aged 51, and
 
 
 
Elizabeth, his first wife, daughter of Jacoband Sarah Heaven,'of Frocester, died May 1783, aged 34.
 
 
 
In Piam Memoriam Proavorum Posuit A.C.P. MCMXIV."<br>
 
 
 
'''Additional Family Information:'''<br>North Cerney Parish Christening, Marriage, and Burial records provide vital information regarding the Painter family members honored on the plaque. William and Ann, married North Cerney Church 6 Jul 1703, christened 7 children between May 7, 1704 and 17 Nov. 1715. Their names were Richard, William, John, Ann, Martha, Joseph, and Thomas.
 
 
 
Joseph and Hannah, married 14 Jun 1740, North Cerney, christened 8 children between 15 Mar 1740/1 and
 
 
 
8 Aug 1758. Their names were: Ann, William, Mary, Richard, Hannah, John, Margaret, and Betty.
 
 
 
John and Elizabeth, married 25 Oct 1772, North Cerney, christened 4 children between 11 Apr 1773 and 15 May 1781. Their names were: Joseph, Richard, William, and Thomas. <br>
 
 
 
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________<br>
 
 
 
=== '''Richard Painter and Joyce Stockwell Memorial Wall Plaque'''<br> ===
 
 
 
[[Image:North Cerney Parish Wall Plaque honoring Richard Painter & Joyce Stockwell.jpg|thumb|left|North Cerney Parish Memorial Wall Plaque honoring Richard Painter and Joyce Stockwell]]"Near this place lyeth the bodys of Richard Painter Sen. and Joyce, his wife, Daughter of Phillip and Prudence Stockwell. He died Aug: the 14, 1749, aged 75 years. She died December 15th, 1757, aged 85 years. "
 
 
 
"Here in the dust our bodys lyes, Till trumpet sound the dead arise. Then soul and body shall unite, in hopes of everlasting life."<br>
 
 
 
"This was erected by Richard Painter, their younger son." <br>
 
 
 
'''Additional Information about Richard and Joyce Painter:'''<br>
 
 
 
North Cerney Christening records provide birthdates for 4 of Richard and Joyce's children, christened beginning 14 Sep 1701 through 26 May 1710. The children's names are: John, Prudence, Daniel, and William. Richard, jr., who erected the wall monument, is not listed in the Christening records.
 
 
 
The Victoria History of Gloucester gives additional information on&nbsp; Richard Painter:
 
 
 
"A new mill built on the Cerney on the Cerney Manor Estate by Richard Painter c. 1715 was probably Perrott's Brook Mill c. 600 m. upstream of the Perrott's Brook bridge."
 
 
 
(The Victoria History Of The Counties Of England, The History of Gloucester, Edited by N. M. Herbert, Volume VII, Brightwells Barrow and Rapsgate Hundreds, Oxford University Press 1981, British Q Area, 942. H2svg, V. 2. page 159.)
 
 
 
"The river Churn bisets the parish from north to south in a deep valley. From south of North Cerney village to near Perrott's Brook a straight channel was but in 1824 alongside the original meandering course of the river to supply a newly built cloth-mill (Glos. R.O., D 2525, loose deed 1824.) But in 1978 the new cut was dry and had been partly filled in."
 
 
 
(The Victoria History Of The Counties Of England Gloucester, Edited by N. M. Herbert, Volume VII, Brightwells Barrow and Rapsgate Hundreds, Oxford University Press 1981, British Q Area, 942 H2svg, V. 2, page 150) <br>
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
 
 
= Church Records<br>&nbsp; <br>  =
 
 
 
== LDS Family History Library Catalogue  ==
 
 
 
'''Christenings:'''
 
 
 
Parish register printouts of North Cerney, Gloucester, England; Christenings, 1578-1793
 
 
 
Authors:&nbsp; Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.&nbsp; Genealogical Society (Main Auathor) C-2741-1
 
 
 
FHL BRITISH Film # 932,902, Item 14.
 
 
 
Extracted from microfilm of North Cerney Bishop's transcripts FHL BRITISH Film # 417,134 (Several Missing Years)
 
 
 
'''Marriages:'''
 
 
 
Gloucestershire Marriage Index, 1525-1926
 
 
 
compiled by Eric Roe (Main Author)
 
 
 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Society (Added Author)
 
 
 
Call Number - Location
 
 
 
942.41 K29r v.1 through 25 - FHL BRITISH Book
 
 
 
942.41 K29r supp. FHL BRITISH Book (contains a list of parishes included in the marriage index.)
 
 
 
Note: Volumes 5, 16, and 19 are photocopies of original typescripts
 
 
 
(See the listing in the Family History Library Catalogue for listing of the contents of the 26 volumes of marriage records.) <br>
 
 
 
'''Burials:'''
 
 
 
North Cerney Register of Burials, LDS BRITISH Microfilm # 991,301
 
 
 
'''Probate:'''
 
 
 
Gloucestershire Record Office:
 
 
 
&lt;http://www.gloucestershire.gov.uk/genealogy/Results.aspx&gt;
 
 
 
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________<br>
 
 
 
= '''North Cerney Village'''  =
 
 
 
"North Cerney Village stands in the centre of the parish on the east bank of the river Churn.&nbsp; '''The church stands by itself on the opposite bank, probably because it was founded by the owner of an estate which passed to the honor of Gloucester and included the land of Woodmancote tithing west of the river, while the village and land adjoining on the east of the river belonged to a manor held by the archbishops of York.&nbsp;''' From a crossing-point on the Church the village developed up the hillside on the road leading up to the White way near Nordown; a small green was formed at the junction with the Calmsden road.&nbsp; '''The only large house is the former manor-house, Cerney Manor (formerly North Cerney Farm), at the bottom of the village.'''&nbsp; The village is formed mainly of stone cottages of the late 17th and 18th centuries, several of which were restored and modernized in the 1960's and 1970s when some new houses in reconstructed stone were built at the top of the village."
 
 
 
(The Victoria History Of The Counties Of England, The History of Gloucester, Edited by N. M. Herbert Volume VII, Brightwells Barrow and Rapsgate Hundreds, Oxford University Press 1981,)<br>
 
 
 
(Pictures of village cottages to be uploaded)
 
 
 
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________<br>
 
 
 
== North Cerney Manor <br>  ==
 
 
 
[[Image:North-Cerney-Manor-House.jpg|thumb|left|North Cerney Ancient Farm Manor House]]The picturesque&nbsp; North Cerney ancient Farm Manor House is the largest house in the North Cerney Village.&nbsp; The stately mansion, resting on a carefully-trimmed velvet lawn, has been the village "anchor," marking the bottom of North Cerney Village. <br>
 
 
 
'''The history of the land known as "the Manor of North Cerney," dates back to Beorhtwulf, king of the Mercians'''.<br>
 
 
 
"In 852 Beorhtwulf, king of the Mercians granted to Alfeah 12 hides of land in Cerney and Calmsden, evidently including the whole of the later parish of North Cerney. (45) [Grundy, Saxon Charters, 56-61)&nbsp; Part of the estate, extended at 4 hides , later passed to St. Oswald's Priory, Gloucester, and was among the lands of the priory that the archbishop of York held in 1086. (46) [''Dom. Bk. ''Rec. Com.), i. 164v.] That land, known as the manor of North Cerney, was retained by the archbishop as a member of his&nbsp; barony of Churchdown (47) ''Feud. Aids, ''ii. 239, 299.) until 1545 when the manors of the barony were exchanged with the Crown. (48) ''L. &amp; P. Hen. VIII, ''xx(I), p. 214.])&nbsp; In 1552 they were granted to Sir Thomas Chamberlayne (49) [''Cal. Pat 1550-3, 357.'']) who sold North Cerney manor in 1556 to William Partridge (50) Glos. R.O., D 2525, N. Cerney man. 1552-1657]) (d. 1600) and Robert by his son John Partridge (52) [C 142/268 no. 146.]) of Synde who sold the manor in 1610 to his brother Anthony, of Wishanger. (53) [Glos. R.O., D 2525, N. Cerney man. 1581-1610)&nbsp; Anthony Partridge sold it in 1611 to William Poole of Long Newton (Wilts., later Glos.) (54) Ibid. N. Cerney man. 111-20) (d. 1625 or 26)." (The Victoria History Of The Counties Of England, The History of Gloucester, Edited by N. M. Herbert Volume VII, Brightwells Barrow and Rapsgate Hundreds, Oxford University Press 1981, page 152.)<br>
 
 
 
From 1611 to 1715 William Poole's descendants and extended family members controlled the manorial rights&nbsp; in North Cerney manor until a sale was made to Allen Bathurst. (Ibid. 152)<br>
 
 
 
&nbsp;On page 160, in the above referenced Victoria History of Gloucester, page 160, There is a more complete description of who held the manor property, through an advowson, and when and why it was transfered to the next owner--beginning with Richard de Clare, earl of Gloucester, who held the advowson in 1255....) <br>
 
 
 
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
 
 
'''School'''
 
 
 
Village School:&nbsp; (Gloucestershire County Council) '''North Cerney''' (Voluntary Controlled),
 
 
 
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; '''CE Primary School.&nbsp; '''(Photos to be uploaded)
 
 
 
________________________________________________________________________________________________________<br>
 
 
 
== The North Cerney Manor Farm<br>  ==
 
 
 
[[Image:North-Cerney-Ancient-Manor-.jpg|thumb|left|North Cerney ancient Manor Farm Building]]This century old North Cerney Manor Farm brick building may have, at one time, housed farm laborers who worked among the large flocks of Cotswold sheep, helped herd the farm cattle, or plant the farm crops of corn, wheat, or rye-grass on the large arable open parish fields.
 
 
 
The North Cerney Manor Farm yard has many sheds and brick structures, forming a circle around the very large farm yard.
 
 
 
Directly across from this brick building the North Cerney Farm horses are stabled in a matching ancient brick building.
 
 
 
<br> [[Image:Horses-on-Manor-Farm.jpg|thumb|right|North Cerney Manor Farm Horses stabled in their snug ancient brick home.]]Friendly, well-groomed North Cerney Manor Farm horses stretch their necks to poke their<br>
 
 
 
heads over their stall doors in their ancient rock stable home.&nbsp; Bridles hang on the wall next to the first stall, ready to slide over the horses' muzzles and lead them out into the large farm yard.&nbsp; The North Cerney Manor Farm is one of the very largest farms in the area.&nbsp; Farm horses carried their riders all over the Churn River Valley.<br>
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
(Thatched-roof North Cerney Farm Building picture to be uploaded.)<br>
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
There is a fascinating circular building, with a very interesting roof, that appears to be cut
 
 
 
out of sod, still in use on the North Cerney Manor farm.&nbsp; Speculation is that the building
 
 
 
without windows might have been used as a storage building for wool, or farm crops.&nbsp; This interesting building demands attention as the dirt farm road is obliged to circle around this round structure to gracefully wind its way up a small incline.
 
 
 
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________<br>
 
 
 
== '''Agriculture''' '''and Livestock'''<br>  ==
 
 
 
== '''Live Stock - Sheep'''  ==
 
 
 
'''"For many centuries the county of Gloucester has held a prominent place in the agriculture of the kingdom, originally by reason of the native breed of sheep which takes its name from the Cotswold HIlls. '''The wool of this variety was once highly valued for the production of the fine fabrics that were formerly in great demand, not only in this country, but on the continent of Europe, and numerous large flocks were maintained in the country, which was for a long period the centre of the English wool trade." (The Victoria History Of The Counties Of England, The History of Gloucester, Edited by N. M. Herbert, Volume VII, Brightswells Barrow And Rapsgate Hundreds, Oxford University Press 1981, British Q Area, 942 H2svg, V. 2, Page 239.)
 
 
 
'''Agriculture and Live Stock'''
 
 
 
"Until the closing years of the eighteenth century the greater part of the arable land was cultivated on the unfenced, open-field system, it being the exception for agricultural holdings to be divided into fields by fences, or held, as it was then termed, 'in severalty.'&nbsp; There were generally two or three large arable fields in each parish divided into acre or half-acre strips among the tenants."&nbsp; ("The three tithings, Cerney, Woodmancote, and Calmsden, had their separate open fields.&nbsp; The north and south (or upper and lower) fields of Cerney, which comprised mainly the lands of the archbishop's manor, were recorded from 1401; they occupied the slopes on the east side of the Churn. (79) [Glos. R.W., D 2525, N. Cerney man, 1713-32 , partition 1712.]&nbsp; The two large Calmsden fields lay north and south of that hamlet. (80) [Ibid. Q/RI63]&nbsp; Woodmancote tithing appears to have had at least four open fields." (The Victoria History Of The Counties Of England, The History of Gloucester, Edited by N. M. Herbert Volume VII, Brightwells Barrow and Rapsgate Hundreds, Oxford University Press 1981, page 156))&nbsp; Owing to the absence of fences the whole of each field was of necessity in the same crop, and in the Vale the usual course was to plant two successive corn crops followed by a fallow, while on the lighter land of the hills a fallow followed each crop of corn.&nbsp; Adjoining the village were crofts or pastures attached to each holding of arable land, which were mown for hay, or a meadow, of which every tenant might mow a portion, and in some cases a sheep or cow common, where the stock might graze at such times as there was no other pasturage available, which would be during the late summer and autumn.&nbsp; Turnips not having been introduced, the fallow field was sometimes sown with rye-grass to be fed, but even if left uncroped there was a quantity of couch-grass and weeds which was fed off until June or July, when the land was ploughed for wheat.&nbsp; After harvest the stubbles were thrown open, as well as the grazing common, and as the season advanced the live stock was brought home, and, when the lattermath of the pasture was gone, was as far as possible carried through the winter on hay.&nbsp; This system was terribly wasteful.&nbsp; '''The divisions, or baulks, in the arable fields occupied a considerable area of surface and bore no crop, while the absence of turnips, and consequent scarcity of winter food, made it impossible to carry the whole of the live stock through the winter.&nbsp; It was therefore necessary either to sell, or put out to agistment, every autumn, animals that should have been maintained on the holding.&nbsp; '''Beyond this the cultivation of the narrow detached strips entailed great waste of time, and these&nbsp; small holdings required a far larger strength in men, oxen, or horses, than would have been the case if they had formed part of a larger farm divided into fields and fenced.&nbsp; While each occupier's land lay in scattered strips all over the parish, any amelioration of the soil by drainage was impracticable, and '''it was hopeless to attempt any improvement in live stock so long as the sheep were sent out in a common flock, and the cattle in a common herd, to graze under the care of a common shepherd and herdsman respectively, the male animals being in some cases provided by the lord of the manor, and in others by the tenants.&nbsp; Under these conditions it was improssible to deal with the contagious diseases of live stock, and it will cause no surprise to find in the ''Agricultural Survey of Gloucestershire, ''drawn up by Rudge in 1805 for the Board of Agriculture, scab, or shab, described as 'a disease of the skin to which long-wooled sheep are more or less subject.'"'''<br>
 
 
 
"The remedy for this state of affairs was to consolidate the various occupations, allotting to each the equivalent in value of the former holdings, not in detached strips, but in compact blocks that might be enclosed within fences.&nbsp; Acts of Parliament were obtained to effect this change, the first Inclosure Act dealing with land in the county of Gloucester being that relating to the parish of Farmington, passed in 1714.&nbsp; Inclosures in the county did not, however, become general until the end of the eighteenth century, more than eighty Acts having been passed between 1760 and 1800." (The Victoria History Of The Counties of England, The History of Gloucester, Edited by N. M. Herbert, Volume VII, Page 239-240) <br>
 
 
 
==  ==
 
 
 
== North Cerney Parish Arable Land Enclosures  ==
 
 
 
"Inclosure of the Cerney fields had begun by the early 18th century, when Henry Combe's portion of the demesne farm included some newly inclosed arable, (8) Glos. R.O., D 2525, N. Cerney man. 1713-32]&nbsp; and was evidently completed by the Bathursts later in the century; new inclosures taken out of the south field were mentioned in 1751.&nbsp; Inclosure of the south part of Cerney Downs was in progress in 1755 (9) Ibid. N. Cerney leases 1715-89.] and by 1807 72 a. in the north part had also been inclosed and ploughed up.&nbsp; The remaining 244 a. of the downs were attached to North Cerney farm in 1807 (10) Ibid. D 1388, tithe papers, N. Cerney.] and comprised the land laying east of the White way bounded on the north and south by the roads from Calmsden to North Cerney and from Calmsden to Perrott's Brook.&nbsp; All pasture rights in that land apparently then belonged to the farm but other occupiers had furze-cutting rights.&nbsp; Those rights were apparently extinguished and inclosure of the downs completed by Lord Bathurst in the 1830s. (11) Ibid. D 2525, N. Cerney drarft leases 170-1833; cf. ibid. P 70A/PC I/I, entry for 1898.] (The Victoria History Of The Counties of England, The History of Gloucester, Edited by N. M. Herbert, Volume VII, Page 157) <br>
 
 
 
"'''Gloucestershire shared in the agricultural prosperity of the kingdom from 1853 to 1874 due to the expansion of trade and manufactures, the gold discoveries in Australia and California, and the generally favorable seasons.'''&nbsp; In spite of deplorable losses from rinderpest, pleuro-pneumonia, and foot-and-mouth disease, the numbers of cattle and sheep increased and agriculture flourished.&nbsp; Wages, however, did not rise as quickly as the prices of commodities, and in the early seventies there were numerous strikes of farm labourers that were unprofitable both to employer and employed and created much ill-feeling on either side."<br>
 
 
 
== North Cerney Farm's Cereal Crops  ==
 
 
 
"The general depression in the price of cereals, owing to imports from the United States, combined with the wet seasons, culminating in the disasterous year of 1879, occasioned great losses among arable farmers.&nbsp; In the Vale, in order to meet the altered circumstances, much of the heavier clay arable land was laid down to permanent pasture." The Victoria History Of The Counties Of England, The History of Gloucester, Edited by N. M. Herbert Volume VII, Brightwells Barrow and Rapsgate Hundreds, Oxford University Press 1981, page 242-243)<br>
 
 
 
"...c. 1899 the lease to a new tenant of North Cerney farm made particular allowances in respect of several fields that had degenerated to a foul condition. (39) [Glos. R.O., D 2299/1585.]&nbsp; The farms attempted to mitigate the effects of the slump in cereals by building up their flocks and introducing more beef and dairy cattle: ...("The Victoria History Of The Counties of England, The History of Gloucester, Edited by N. M. Herbert, Volume VII, Page 158])<br>
 
 
 
"Dairying and cattle-raising were still important elements in the agriculture of the parish in the later 1970s, '''though the number of sheep had increased again to the late 19th century level and the two big farms, Calmsden and North Cerney, were devoted largely to growing cereal crops.''' (43) [Agric. Returns 1976; local information.])&nbsp; "The Victoria History Of The Counties of England, The History of Gloucester, Edited by N. M. Herbert, Volume VII, Page 159]
 
 
 
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________<br>
 
 
 
== North Cerney Tradesmen  ==
 
 
 
'''"Though predominantly agricultural, North Cerney parish usually had a fairly substantial number of tradesmen.'''&nbsp; Eight tradesmen, including the tucker mentioned above, were listed in 1608 compared with 21 men employed in agriculture, (55) [Smith, ''Men and Armour, ''252-3] and trade supported 33 families in 1831 compared with 90 supported by agriculture. (56) [''Census'', 1831]&nbsp; With the exception of the man described as parchment-maker in 1751 and glue-maker in 1778, the tradesmen found recorded during the 18th and 19th centuries were the usual village craftsmen together with a few small shopkeepers. (57) Glos. R. O., D 2525, N. Cerney leases 1715-89, 1749-1825; H.O. 107/1968; ''Kelly's Dir. Glos. ''(1856 and later edns.).]&nbsp; '''Carpenters were perhaps represented in more than usual numbers for a rural parish in 1851 when 12 lived in the parish; the 9 slaters and masons formed the next largest group''' while other trades had only one or two representatives. (58) [H.O. 107/1968.]&nbsp; Weavers were occasionally recorded in the parish (59) [Glos. R.O., D 326/E, abs. of title to cott. at Calmsden; Hockaday Abs. cxliii, 1816.] and in the early 19th century it presumably had a number of cloth-workers; the increase from 16 to 33 tradsman families between 1811 and 1831 (60) [''Census, ''1811-1831.] may be partly explained by developments at Perrot's Brook mill. (See Perrot's Brook mIll below.) A few crafts survived into the mid 20th century:&nbsp; in 1939 Cerney village still had a boot repairer and Calmsden a blacksmith, (61) [''Kelly's Dir. Glos. ''(1939), 62.] and a firm of tailors established at Woodmancote before 1906 (62) [Ibid. (1906), 55.] remained in business in 1978.&nbsp; From 1927 a quarry beside the railway in the east corner of the parish was worked by the Fosse Lime and Limestone Co. which burnt lime for agricultural and building purposes; the firm employed 30 men in 1936 and remained at the site until at least 1959. (63) Glos. R.O., D 2299/5816; W.I. hist. of Chedworth (1959, TS. in Glos. Colln.), 70.] (The Victoria History Of The Counties Of England, The History of Gloucester, Edited by N. M. Herbert, Volume VII, Brightswells Barrow And Rapsgate Hundreds, Oxford University Press 1981, British Q Area, 942 H2svg, V. 2, Page 159)<br>
 
 
 
== '''Developments at Perrot's Brook mill'''<br>  ==
 
 
 
"A new mill built on the Cerney manor estate by Richard Painter c. 1715 (49) [Glos. R.O., D 2525, N. Cerney man. 1713-32.] was probably Perrott's Brook mill c. 600 m. upstream of the Perrott's Brook bridge.&nbsp; In 1799 John Radway, a wool-stapler, became lessee of Perrott's Brook mill (50) [Ibid. D 182/III/203.] and he was succeeded there by Giles Radway before 1809, when the mill was described as formerly a grist-mill (51) [Ibid. D2525, N. Cerney leases 1804-62.] and had perhaps been converted to cloth-making.&nbsp; In or shortly before 1824 Giles Radway built a new cloth-mill south of the old mill (52) [Ibid. loose deed 1824; Bryant, Map of Glos. (1824).] and he was still working it in 1837. (53) [G.D.R., T 1/45.]&nbsp;&nbsp; In the later 19th century it was used as a corn mill. (54) O.S. Map 6", Glos. XLIII. SE. (1884 edn.)]&nbsp; Both the old and new mills survived together with some cottages in 1978 when the newer mill was used as a farm build for Perrott's Brook farm, which had its other buildings and its recently built new farm house at the site." (The Victoria History Of The Counties Of England, The History of Gloucester, Edited by N. M. Herbert, Volume VII, Brightswells Barrow And Rapsgate Hundreds, Oxford University Press 1981, British Q Area, 942 H2svg, V. 2, Page 159)<br>
 
 
 
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________<br> '''Websites:''' =
 
 
 
'''Census Returns for Gloucestershire:&nbsp;'''&nbsp;
 
 
 
[http://www.genuki.org.uk http://www.genuki.org.uk]
 
 
 
(Gloucestershire - Census Returns 1801-1901)
 
 
 
(Genuki- "&lt;FreeCEN&gt; is an ongoing volunteer-based project to provide a&nbsp;free to view' online searchable database of the 19th century UK census returns.&nbsp; Volunteers are being sought to assist with transcribing - visit the &lt;FreeCen Project&gt; page to see each county's status as well as a FAQ for volunteers.")
 
 
 
(Genuki - "Index of names, and downloadable images of Census 1841-1901 are available from&lt; Ancestry.co.uk&gt;
 
 
 
Access is by Annual subscription, or Pay-per-View.&nbsp; A subscription includes access to other Ancestry resources.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
'''Probate:'''
 
 
 
[[Gloucestershire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes C through F|Gloucestershire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes C through F]]
 
 
 
[http://www.findmypast.com/parish-records-collection-search-start.action?redef=0&event=D FindMyPast.com]
 
 
 
'''Search for Ancestors:'''
 
  
[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/default.asp Familysearch.org]
+
=== Jurisdictions  ===
  
[http://www.worldvitalrecords.com www.worldvitalrecords.com]
+
Use an [http://maps.familysearch.org interactive map ]to find jurisdictions for each parish in Gloucestershire.  
  
'''Maps:'''
+
==== Civil Districts  ====
  
[http://www.aboutbritain.com/maps/north-cerney-map.asp Map of North Cerney]  
+
When civil registration of births, marriages and deaths began in 1837, Gloucestershire was divided into civil districts, each containing several parishes.&nbsp; To see a list of civil districts and the parishes they contain, click [http://www.ukbmd.org.uk/genuki/reg/gls.htm here].
  
[http://www.british-towns.net/en/level_4_display.asp?GetL3=2705 British Towns and Villages Network]&nbsp;
+
Read more about [[England Civil Registration]].  
  
'''School:'''
+
==== Parishes  ====
  
[http://www.axcis.co.uk34058.html North Cerney CE Primary School, Gloucester]
+
Here is an alphabetical list of the historic [[Gloucestershire Parishes|Gloucestershire parishes]], with links to their own pages.  
  
'''Church:'''
+
=== Probates  ===
  
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~engcots/NorthCerneyPhotos01.html North Cerney Parish Church]
+
Before 1858, every town and parish&nbsp;in Gloucestershire was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and one or more secondary courts.&nbsp; To&nbsp;see a list of&nbsp;Gloucestershire parishes and the pre-1858 courts that had probate jurisdiction over them,&nbsp;go to [[Gloucestershire_Probate_Records#Court_Jurisdictions|Gloucestershire Probate Jurisdictions]].  
  
______________________________________________________________________________________________________<br>
+
Abstracts of Wills.&nbsp; Article is a collection of Abstracts of Wills gathered from many sources covering 1654-1837 and includes Courtland SCHUYLER, formerly of Cheltenham, Co. Gloucester, but late of Cove, near Cork, Ireland dated 21 Sept. 1819 - Will proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 26 March 1822.&nbsp; Article found in The Irish Ancestor, vol.II, no.2, 1970, pages 117-127, Family History Ref. 941.5 B2i
  
== Did You Know ==
+
=== Web Sites ===
  
== News and Events ==
+
To view a further list of web sites and/or web pages for Gloucestershire and many of its parishes, visit [http://fhlfavorites.info/Links/British/England/gloucestershire.htm FHLFavorites.info].
 +
{{Geographic location
 +
|Center = Gloucestershire
 +
|North = [[Worcestershire]]
 +
|Northeast = [[Warwickshire]]
 +
|East = [[Oxfordshire]]
 +
|Southeast = [[Oxfordshire]]<br />[[Wiltshire]]
 +
|South = [[Wiltshire]]
 +
|Southwest = [[Somerset]]
 +
|West = [[Monmouthshire|Monmouthshire, ''Wales'']]
 +
|Northwest = [[Herefordshire]]
 +
}} {{England counties}} </div>
 +
[[Category:Gloucestershire]]

Revision as of 19:10, 28 August 2012

England Gotoarrow.png Gloucestershire

News & Events
**Please add upcoming genealogical news and events.**
Topics

Key topics to get started:

Other topics:

Did You Know?
**Please add items of interest.**
Flag of Gloucestershire
Location of Gloucestershire in England
Gloucestershire is an inland but partly a maritime county located in South West England. It borders on Monmouthshire to the west.

Featured Content

“GLOUCESTERSHIRE, or Gloucester, an inland, but partly maritime, county of England; bounded, on t he NW, by Herefordshire and Worcestershire; on the N, by Worcestershire and Warwickshire; on the E, by Oxfordshire; on the SE, by Berks and Wilts; on the S, by Wilts and Somerset; on the W, by the Severn's estuary and by Monmouthshire... and its area is 805,102 acres... The hill section extends from end to end of the county; is, in some parts, 8 miles broad; bears the name of Cotswolds...

“The county contains 356 parishes or quasi-parishes, parts of 5 others, and 10 extra-parochial tracts...

“Gloucestershire is governed by a lord lieutenant, about 60 deputy lieutenants, and about 390 magistrates. It is in the Oxford judicial circuit, and in the Home military district. The assizes and the quarter sessions are held at Gloucester... The entire county is in the diocese of Gloucester and Bristol... The places of worship in the political county, in 1851, were 433 of the Church of England, 96 of Independents, 102 of Baptists, 12 of Quakers, 7 of Unitarians, 3 of Moravians, 144 of Wesleyan Methodists, 30 of Primitive Methodists, 7 of Bible Christians, 3 of the Wesleyan Association, 30 of Wesleyan Reformers, 11 of Calvinistic Methodists, 1 of the New Church, 8 of Brethren, 16 of isolated congregations, 9 of Latter Day Saints, 14 of Roman Catholics, and 2 of Jews.

“Population in 1801 was 250,723; in 1821, 336,190; in 1841, 431,495; in 1861, 485,770.”

The above extract comes from: John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72). To see the full version, go to Vision of Britain.


Research Tools

Jurisdictions

Use an interactive map to find jurisdictions for each parish in Gloucestershire.

Civil Districts

When civil registration of births, marriages and deaths began in 1837, Gloucestershire was divided into civil districts, each containing several parishes.  To see a list of civil districts and the parishes they contain, click here.

Read more about England Civil Registration.

Parishes

Here is an alphabetical list of the historic Gloucestershire parishes, with links to their own pages.

Probates

Before 1858, every town and parish in Gloucestershire was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and one or more secondary courts.  To see a list of Gloucestershire parishes and the pre-1858 courts that had probate jurisdiction over them, go to Gloucestershire Probate Jurisdictions.

Abstracts of Wills.  Article is a collection of Abstracts of Wills gathered from many sources covering 1654-1837 and includes Courtland SCHUYLER, formerly of Cheltenham, Co. Gloucester, but late of Cove, near Cork, Ireland dated 21 Sept. 1819 - Will proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 26 March 1822.  Article found in The Irish Ancestor, vol.II, no.2, 1970, pages 117-127, Family History Ref. 941.5 B2i

Web Sites

To view a further list of web sites and/or web pages for Gloucestershire and many of its parishes, visit FHLFavorites.info.

Retrieved from "https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Gloucestershire,_England_Genealogy&oldid=1103167"