Gloucester County, New Jersey Genealogy

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Template:New Jersey-stub United States > New Jersey  > Gloucester County

County Courthouse

"Close To Everything, Far From It All"
Gloucester County Row
1 North Broad Street
Woodbury, NJ 08096


1642-1643: The New Sweden Colony expanded from present-day Wilmington, Delaware east to New Jersey at New Stockholm, now Bridgeport, Gloucester, New Jersey, and Sveaborg, now Swedesboro, Gloucester, New Jersey.[1][2][3] 

1654-1655: In 1654 New Sweden captured Fort Casimir (now New Castle, Delaware) from the Dutch without a fight and renamed Fort Trinty (Trefaldighets).[4] In 1655 New Netherland returned with a large army and all of New Sweden in presend-day New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware submitted to Dutch rule.[5]

1664: As part of the Second Anglo-Dutch War New Netherland including West Jersey was surrendered to the English.[6]

1673-1674: A new war broke out and the Dutch sent a large armada to retake New Netherland for a few months. But as the war ended the colony was ceeded to England for the last time.[7]

Created 28 May 1686 from the Colonial Lands. [8]

Parent County

Boundary Changes

  • 1686, courts separated from Burlington County
  • 1692, boundary set with Burlington county and repealed in 1693
  • 1694, formed in West Jersey with Egg Harbor from Cape May County
  • 1710, boundaries redefined
  • 1837, part forms Atlantic County
  • 1844, part made into Camden County
  • 1871, Monroe twp. and bulk of Washington twp. from Camden County
  • 1892, part of Landis twps., Cumberland County taken and returned in 1897
  • 1926, part of Washington twp. to Camden County with some more going in 1931
  • 1938, boundary clarified with Atlantic County
  • 1950, some to Camden County.

Record Loss

Places / Localities

Populated Places

  • City: Woodbury
  • Boroughs: Clayton . Glassboro . National Park . Newfield . Paulsboro . Pitman . Swedesboro . Wenonah . Westville . Woodbury Heights
  • Townships: Deptford . East Greenwich . Elk . Franklin . Greenwich . Harrison . Logan . Mantua . Monroe . South Harrison . Washington . West Deptford . Woolwich
  • Communities: Beckett . Bridgeport . Clarksboro . Cooper . Cross Keys . Franklinville . Gibbstown . Harrisonville . Malaga . Mickleton . Monroeville . Mount Royal . Mullica Hill . Oak Valley. Sewell . Thorofare . Turnersville . Victory Lakes . Williamstown

Neighboring Counties

Atlantic | Camden | Cumberland | Salem | New Castle County, Delaware | Pennsylvania Counties: Delaware | Philadelphia





Gazetteers of Places/Localities

  • United States Geographic Survey Place Names - GNIS for Gloucester County
    (may not always be present in alphabetic order on first try.)


Local Histories






Vital Records

Societies and Libraries

Web Sites


  1. "New Sweden" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at (accessed 7 November 2008).
  2. Swedes and Finns settled on the New Jersey side of the Delaware river as early as 1642 at Raccoon Creek. The first Swedish Lutheran minister to arrive in 1643, John Campanius, apparently described the luxurious growth of tobacco by Swedes between Raccoon Creek and Mantua Creek (Bridgeport) as mentioned in "Early History" in Gloucester County History and Genealogy [Internet site] at (accessed 10 November 2008).
  3. Trinity Episcopal 'Old Swedes' Church 1703-2007 [Internet site] at (accessed 10 November 2008)."Three years later [1641], Peter Hollander Ridder, the second governor of New Sweden, as the settlement in the Delaware Valley was called, purchased form the Indians the entire eastern side of the Delaware River from Raccoon Creek to Cape May. The first settlement by the Swedes was here on the banks of the Raccoon Creek in 1642, originally named Raccoon and later Swedesboro."
  4. "New Sweden" in Wikipedia.
  5. "New Sweden" in Wikipedia.
  6. "New Netherland" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at (accessed 13 December 2008).
  7. "New Netherland" in Wikipedia.
  8. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 181. [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].