Difference between revisions of "Germany Handwriting"

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== Handwriting Examples and Tools<br> ==
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=== Handwriting Examples and Tools  ===
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[[File:Sütterlin Gothic script.png|400px|float:right]]
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Old German gothic handwriting and print are very different from the Roman script most English- speaking genealogists use.
  
[[Image:Old German Handwriting.jpg|thumb|right]]Old German gothic handwriting and print are very different from the Roman script most English- speaking genealogists use. For examples of old German Gothic handwriting see [{{fullurl:Image:Old_German_Handwriting.jpg}} Old German Handwriting (Gothic)] and the [{{fullurl:Image:German_Gothic_Handwriting_Guide.pdf}} Handwriting Guide: German Gothic].  
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*For examples of old German Gothic handwriting see [{{fullurl:Image:Old_German_Handwriting.jpg}} Old German Handwriting (Gothic)] and the [{{fullurl:Image:German_Gothic_Handwriting_Guide.pdf}} Handwriting Guide: German Gothic].  
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*A short handy reference guide with an alphabet, reading tips, and record samples is found [https://www.dropbox.com/s/ni7ftv8pepo3d70/Old%20German%20handwriting%20reading%20helps.pdf?dl=0 here.]
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*A list of given names with handwritten examples from records is found here: [https://s3.amazonaws.com/ps-services-us-east-1-914248642252/s3/research-wiki-elasticsearch-prod-s3bucket/images/9/93/German_given_names_handwriting_examples.pdf German given names handwriting examples.pdf]
  
Sütterlin or Suetterlin writing ("old German hand") is a practiced style of writing similar to earlier styles. This is a script, created by the Berlin graphic artist Ludwig Sütterlin (1865-1917), which was taught from 1915 to 1941 in German schools. It is also called the "deutsche Schrift". The website [http://www.suetterlinschrift.de/Englisch/Sutterlin.htm suetterlinschrift.de] allows you to type any word and see what it would look like in that script. This is a very useful learning tool. [http://www.suetterlinschrift.de/Lese/Kanzlei1.htm This comparison page] for the alphabet gives multiple examples of each letter.<br>
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Sütterlin or Suetterlin writing ("old German hand") is a practiced style of writing similar to earlier styles. This is a script, created by the Berlin graphic artist Ludwig Sütterlin (1865-1917), which was taught from 1915 to 1941 in German schools. It is also called the "deutsche Schrift". The website [http://www.suetterlinschrift.de/Englisch/Sutterlin.htm suetterlinschrift.de] allows you to type any word and see what it would look like in that script. This is a very useful learning tool. [http://www.suetterlinschrift.de/Lese/Kanzlei1.htm This comparison page] for the alphabet gives multiple examples of each letter.<br>  
  
== Tutorials and Classes<br> ==
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==== '''Script Generator Tool''' ====
  
A three-part online class called&nbsp;[https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?fq=place%3A%22Germany%22 Reading German Handwritten Records] is available on the FamilySearch.org website.  
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See your family names in the script of the era. Type your name or other word into the font generator tool using "[http://altdeutsche-schrift.de/adsschreiben.php#schrifftfeld alte deutsche Handschriften]" website. Click on the 8 different fonts. Save the image to your computer and use it as you work with old Germanic records.<br>
  
Another helpful learning tool is the [http://script.byu.edu/german/en/welcome.aspx German Script Tutorial]. This section shows how letters are formed, provides practice exercises, and allows students to test their knowledge.<br>
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==== Tutorials and Classes  ====
  
Taking a course in German genealogy from a reputable college is also a worthwhile option for those who want to succeed in reading old German script. Such a course provides opportunities to practice your reading ability. For example, Brigham Young University - Independent Study offers such a free course in [http://is.byu.edu/courses/pe/999022071006/public/start.htm German Research].  
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A three-part online class called&nbsp;[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?fq=place%3A%22Germany%22&resultListItem=1 Reading German Handwritten Records] is available on the FamilySearch.org website.  
  
== German Word Lists  ==
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Another helpful learning tool is the&nbsp;[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/german-script-tutorial/91 German<span style="font-size: 13.2800006866455px; line-height: 19.9200019836426px;">&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height: 1.5em; font-size: 13.2800006866455px; background-color: white;">&nbsp;Script Tutorial</span>].<span style="line-height: 1.5em; font-size: 13.2800006866455px;">&nbsp;This tutorial shows how letters are formed, provides practice exercises, and allows students to test their knowledge.</span>
  
If you do not know German, additional helps may be required such as the [https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/German_Word_List German Word List] page on this wiki or a list of [http://german.about.com/library/blzahlen.htm German Numbers] from about.com. In order to not be overwhelmed, focus on [https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/German_Word_List#Key_Words key words]. Numbers are often written out, such as when they appear in paragraph form church register entries. These numbers represent birth, christening, marriage and other important dates within church registers. They can be especially difficult to read when the German word is not known.<br>
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Taking a course in German genealogy from a reputable college is also a worthwhile option for those who want to succeed in reading old German script. Such a course provides opportunities to practice your reading ability. For example, Brigham Young University - Independent Study offers such a free course in [http://is.byu.edu/courses/pe/999022071006/public/start.htm German Research].
  
== Books<br> ==
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=== German Word Lists ===
  
The book ''Deciphering Handwriting in German Documents ''by Roger P. Minert is an excellent textbook for studying the German script. It can be purchased [http://www.grtpublications.com/deciphering.htm here]  
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If you do not know German, additional helps may be required such as the [[German Word List]] page on this wiki or a list of [http://german.about.com/library/blzahlen.htm German Numbers] from about.com. In order to not be overwhelmed, focus on [[German Word List#Key_Words|key words]]. Numbers are often written out, such as when they appear in paragraph form church register entries. These numbers represent birth, christening, marriage and other important dates within church registers. They can be especially difficult to read when the German word is not known.<br>
  
A useful chapter on German print and script is found on pages 204 to 217 of:
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=== Books  ===
  
Schweitzer, George K. ''German Genealogical Research.'' Knoxville, Tennessee, USA: Schweitzer, 1992. (FHL book 973 D2sg.)
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These books include significant sections to help read the writing in German language documents:  
  
Another is on pages 171 to 197 of Smith's ''German Church Books''. The chart in the next column shows how each letter of the alphabet looks in gothic handwriting and type.  
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*Edna M. Bentz, ''If I Can, You Can: Decipher Germanic Records'' (San Diego, Calif.: E.M. Bentz, 1982). {{WorldCat|18860770|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|657732|item|disp=FHL Book 943 G3b 1992}}.
  
A further really useful book for help is&nbsp;If I Can You Can Decipher Germanic Records by&nbsp;Edna M. Bentz.  
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*Roger P. Minert, ''Deciphering Handwriting in German Documents 2nd Edition'' (Provo, Utah: GRT Publications, 2013), 271 pages. {{WorldCat|47035095|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1010491|item|disp=FHL Book 417.7 M662d 2001}}. An excellent textbook for studying German script.
  
The ISBN for the book is&nbsp;ISBN-10: 0961542004 or&nbsp;ISBN-13: 978-0961542009. &nbsp;It can be purchased&nbsp;online.  
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*George K. Schweitzer, ''German Genealogical Research'' (Knoxville, Tennessee, USA: Schweitzer, 1995), 239-70. [https://dcms.lds.org/view/action/ieViewer.do?dps_pid=IE1025232&dps_dvs=1369420586444~593&dps_pid=IE1025232&change_lng=en&ar_dvs=1369420585905~929&ar_pid=IE1025232 1995 digital edition].
  
<br> &nbsp;  
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*Kenneth L. Smith, ''German Church Books: Beyond the Basics'' (Camden, Maine: Picton Press, 1989), 171-97. {{WorldCat|19393114|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|498963|item|disp=FHL Book 943 D27skL}}. Including the chart above showing how each letter of the alphabet looks in Gothic handwriting and type.
  
[[Category:Germany]] [[Category:Handwriting]]
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{{Germany|Germany}}
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{{H-langs|en=Germany Handwriting|fr=Allemagne : Ecriture Manuscrite|pt=Alemanha, Paleografia alemã}}
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[[Category:Germany_Language_and_Handwriting]]

Latest revision as of 19:12, 4 October 2017

Germany Research Topics
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Beginning Research
Record Types
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Germany
Handwriting

Handwriting Examples and Tools

float:right

Old German gothic handwriting and print are very different from the Roman script most English- speaking genealogists use.

Sütterlin or Suetterlin writing ("old German hand") is a practiced style of writing similar to earlier styles. This is a script, created by the Berlin graphic artist Ludwig Sütterlin (1865-1917), which was taught from 1915 to 1941 in German schools. It is also called the "deutsche Schrift". The website suetterlinschrift.de allows you to type any word and see what it would look like in that script. This is a very useful learning tool. This comparison page for the alphabet gives multiple examples of each letter.

Script Generator Tool

See your family names in the script of the era. Type your name or other word into the font generator tool using "alte deutsche Handschriften" website. Click on the 8 different fonts. Save the image to your computer and use it as you work with old Germanic records.

Tutorials and Classes

A three-part online class called Reading German Handwritten Records is available on the FamilySearch.org website.

Another helpful learning tool is the German  Script Tutorial. This tutorial shows how letters are formed, provides practice exercises, and allows students to test their knowledge.

Taking a course in German genealogy from a reputable college is also a worthwhile option for those who want to succeed in reading old German script. Such a course provides opportunities to practice your reading ability. For example, Brigham Young University - Independent Study offers such a free course in German Research.

German Word Lists

If you do not know German, additional helps may be required such as the German Word List page on this wiki or a list of German Numbers from about.com. In order to not be overwhelmed, focus on key words. Numbers are often written out, such as when they appear in paragraph form church register entries. These numbers represent birth, christening, marriage and other important dates within church registers. They can be especially difficult to read when the German word is not known.

Books

These books include significant sections to help read the writing in German language documents:

  • George K. Schweitzer, German Genealogical Research (Knoxville, Tennessee, USA: Schweitzer, 1995), 239-70. 1995 digital edition.
  • Kenneth L. Smith, German Church Books: Beyond the Basics (Camden, Maine: Picton Press, 1989), 171-97. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 943 D27skL. Including the chart above showing how each letter of the alphabet looks in Gothic handwriting and type.