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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1491272 |location=Germany|title=Germany, Prussia, Brandenburg and Posen, Church Book Duplicates, 1794-1874}}<br>
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{{breadcrumb
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| link1 = [[Germany Genealogy|Germany]]
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|  link2 = [[Prussia, Germany Genealogy|Prussia]]
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|  link3 =
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|  link4 =
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|  link5 = [[Brandenburg, Germany Genealogy|Brandenburg]]
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}}
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{{breadcrumb
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|  link1 = [[Germany Genealogy|Germany]]
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|  link2 = [[Prussia, Germany Genealogy|Prussia]]
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|  link3 =
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|  link4 =
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| link5 = [[Posen, Germany Genealogy|Posen]]
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}}
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{{Germany HR Infobox
 +
| CID = CID1491272
 +
| title = Germany, Prussia, Brandenburg and Posen, Church Book Duplicates, 1794-1874
 +
| location = Brandenburg (Prussia)
 +
| LOC_01 = Prussia
 +
| LOC_02 = Brandenburg & Posen
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| alt_flag_desc =
 +
| loc_map =German Empire - Prussia - Brandenburg and Posen (1871).svg.png
 +
| record_type = Church
 +
| start_year = 1794
 +
| end_year = 1874
 +
| language = [[German Languages|German]], [[Poland Languages|Polish]]
 +
| title_language = Deutschland, Preußen, Brandenburg und Posen, Kirchenbuchduplikate
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[Germany Record Finder|Record Finder]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [[Germany Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&query=%2Bkeywords%3ABrandenburg%20%2Bkeywords%3AChurch%20%2Bkeywords%3Arecords FamilySearch Catalogue Keyword Search - Brandenburg]
 +
| FS_URL_04 = [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&query=%2Bkeywords%3Aposen%20%2Bkeywords%3Achurch%20%2Bkeywords%3Arecords FamilySearch Catalogue Keyword Search - Posen]
 +
| FS_URL_05 = [[Germany Church History]]
 +
| FS_URL_06 = [[Germany Church Records]]
 +
| FS_URL_07 = [[Germany Genealogy]]
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.ggsmn.org/cpage.php?pt=18 German Genealogy Society – Brandenburg]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.kirchenbuchportal.de/inhalt.htm Kirchenbuchportal Germany Church Book Portal]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.ekd.de/english/ Evangelical Church in Germany]
 +
| RW_URL_04 =
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| RW_URL_06 =
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| RW_URL_07 =
 +
| RW_URL_08 =
 +
| RW_URL_09 =
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| RW_URL_10 =
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| Current_LOC = Parts of Brandenburg are now in Poland. All of Posen is in Poland.
 +
| custodian = [http://www.landeshauptarchiv-brandenburg.de/ Brandenburgisches Landeshauptarchiv]
 +
}}
  
== Title in the Language of the Records ==
+
== What is in This Collection? ==
 +
This collection includes images and indexes of births, marriages, and deaths from state copies of some parish registers (Kirchenbuchduplikate) from the provinces of Brandenburg and Posen, Germany. Original records are located in the Brandenburgisches Landeshauptarchiv, Potsdam, Germany. German states successively began creating church book duplicates from 1792 to 1876. This collection of church records covers the years 1794–1874 and are good sources to find information of ancestors before the institution of civil registration in 1876. 
 +
 +
In Germany, a parish was an ecclesiastical jurisdiction made up of many villages and hamlets, with one of the villages designated as the main parish town. This set of church book duplicates do not usually include records from all of the villages within a parish, but only records from one village, or from a few of the villages within the parish. In larger cities, where there was more than one church, each church is listed separately.  
  
Deutschland, Preußen, Brandenburg und Posen, Kirchenbuchduplikate
+
Outside of Prussia, the clergy were required to record the vital events (births, marriages and deaths) of people living within their jurisdiction regardless of their religion. For example, Catholic or Jewish people living in an area that did not have a Catholic church or Jewish synagogue were often recorded in the Lutheran records. The reverse was also true in Catholic areas, where Lutherans and Jews were recorded in Catholic records.&nbsp; However, in Prussia--including Brandenburg and, from 1793 onward, Posen--this was not the common practice.Some Posen church books have entries for Jews during the period 1807-1814, i.e., the Napoleonic occupation.
  
== Record Description  ==
+
German church book duplicates, like the originals, are the most reliable and accurate family history source until 1876 when civil registration of births, marriages and deaths began in all of Germany.Church book duplicates may differ slightly from the originals because of transcription variations. They are often more legible than the originals. Entries are usually arranged in chronological order in a column format. The baptisms, marriages and deaths for one year are grouped together before the baptisms, marriages and deaths for the next year.
  
This collection will include records from 1794 to 1874.<br>
+
=== For Help Reading These Records ===
 +
These records are written in German and Polish. For help reading these records see the following: 
 +
*[[Germany Language and Languages]]
 +
*[[German Word List]]
 +
*[[Germany Handwriting]]
 +
*[[Poland Language and Languages]]
 +
*[[Polish Word List]]
  
Entries are usually arranged in chronological order in a column format. The baptisms, marriages and deaths for one year are grouped together before the baptisms, marriages and deaths for the next year (some of the records include only marriages and deaths, or only births and marriages, etc.). Some of the records are on preprinted forms. Some include indexes.<br>Many church book duplicates were lost but those that remain are well kept in civil archives.
+
===To Browse This Collection===
  
In Germany, a parish was an ecclesiastical jurisdiction made up of many villages and hamlets, with one of the villages designated as the main parish town. This set of church book duplicates do not usually include records from all of the villages within a parish, but only records from one village, or from a few of the villages within the parish. In larger cities, where there was more than one church, each church is listed separately.
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID = CID1491272
 +
| title=Germany, Prussia, Brandenburg and Posen, Church Book Duplicates, 1794-1874 
 +
}}
  
German states successively began creating church book duplicates from 1792-1876. The duplicates ended with the institution of civil registration in 1876 (October 1, 1874 in Prussia). Inspired by the institution of church book duplicates in the Hapsburg Empire under Joseph II&nbsp;and the beginning of civil registration in France in 1792, the state of Brandenburg began creating church book duplicates.The German states required the clergy to create a transcript of their church books and turn them in annually to the state. Civil authorities assumed the registration function in Brandenburg in January 1876.
+
== What Can These Records Tell Me? ==
 +
The information in these records usually include the following:
 +
{{col-begin|width=79%}}
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
'''Marriage'''
 +
*Names of bride, groom, their parents, and witnesses
 +
*Date and place of marriage and marriage proclamations or bans
 +
*Age of bride, groom, and their parents
 +
*Residence of bride, groom, and their parents
 +
*Religion of bride and groom
 +
*Occupation of groom and fathers
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
'''Death'''
 +
*Names of deceased, spouse, and parents
 +
*Date and place of death and burial
 +
*Age and residence of deceased (sometimes date and place of birth)
 +
*Cause of death
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
'''Baptismal'''
 +
*Names of child, parents, and witnesses or godparents
 +
*Date of birth and place of baptism
 +
*Residence and religion of parents
 +
*Occupation of father
 +
*Whether child was legitimate or illegitimate
 +
{{col-end}}
  
Outside of Prussia, the clergy were required to record the vital events (births, marriages and deaths) of people living within their jurisdiction regardless of their religion. For example, Catholic or Jewish people living in an area that did not have a Catholic church or Jewish synagogue were often recorded in the Lutheran records. The reverse was also true in Catholic areas, where Lutherans and Jews were recorded in Catholic records.&nbsp; However, in Prussia--including Brandenburg and, from 1793 onward, Posen--this was not the common practice.&nbsp; Some Posen church books have entries for Jews during the period 1807-1814, i.e., the Napoleonic occupation.<br>
+
== Collection Content ==
  
Large cities had many churches or parishes, each serving part of the city. Rural churches often served several villages and hamlets. The church book duplicates for Posen cover a majority of the population.<br>
+
=== Sample Images ===  
 
+
<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
German church book duplicates, like the originals, are the most reliable and accurate family history source until 1876 when civil registration of births, marriages and deaths began in all of Germany. Ages, birth dates and birth places found in marriage and death entries may be inaccurate, depending on the informant's knowledge. Church book duplicates may differ slightly from the originals because of transcription variations. They are often more legible than the originals.&nbsp;
 
 
 
=== Citation for This Collection ===
 
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
 
 
 
{{Collection citation | text= "Germany, Prussia, Brandenburg and Posen, Church Book Duplicates, 1794-1874." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Evangelical Church. Brandenburgisches Landeshauptarchiv Potsdam.}}
 
 
 
<br> [[Germany, Brandenburg and Posen Church Book Duplicates (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
 
 
<br>'''Baptismal records generally contain the following information:''' <gallery>
 
Image:Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Baptism.jpg|Baptismal entry
 
</gallery>
 
 
 
*Names of the child, parents and witnesses or godparents
 
*Date and place of birth and baptism
 
*Residence and religion of the parents
 
*Occupation of the father
 
*Whether the child was legitimate or illegitimate
 
 
 
<br><br>'''Marriage records generally contain the following information:''' <gallery>
 
 
Image:Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Marriage.jpg|Marriage Entry  
 
Image:Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Marriage.jpg|Marriage Entry  
</gallery> <br>
+
Image:Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Death.jpg|Death Entry
 
+
Image:Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Baptism.jpg|Baptismal Entry  
*Names of the bride, groom, their parents (usually the fathers) and witnesses
+
</gallery>
*Date and place of marriage and marriage proclamations or bans
 
*Age of bride and groom (sometimes date and place of birth)
 
*Residence of the bride, groom and their parents
 
*Religion of the bride and groom
 
*Occupation of groom and fathers<br>
 
 
 
<br>'''Death records generally contain the following information:''' <gallery>
 
Image:Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Death.jpg|Death Entry
 
</gallery>  
 
 
 
*Names of the deceased, spouse and parents
 
*Date and place of death and burial
 
*Age and residence of deceased (sometimes date and place of birth)
 
*Cause of death<br>
 
 
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 
 
 
German church book duplicates are a back up source for church books (parish registers) which are the best German records to identify individuals, parents, and spouses before the civil registration of vital events. German states instituted registration at different times from 1792-1874. There are more duplicates in the Family History Library and on FamilySearch, making them the best records available at this time.
 
  
Search the records for the villages where the person lived. If you do not find record of the person you need, you might want to: a) look for other people with the same surname in the village as that information might lead you to the records you need, b) search several years before and after the event you are looking for, and c) search surrounding villages for the individual.  
+
==How Do I Search This Collection? ==
 +
Before beginning a search in these records, it is best to know the full name of the individual in question, as well as an approximate time range for the desired record. When entered into the search engine on the Collection Page, this information provides the quickest, most reliable path to finding the correct person. Of course, other information can be substituted as necessary.
  
==== Search the Collection  ====
+
=== Search the Index ===
 +
{{Search Collection Link
 +
| CID=1491272}}
 +
=== View the Images ===
 +
View images in this collection by visiting the '''{{RecordSearch|1491272|Browse Page|access=browse}}'''
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.<br> Keep in mind:
+
# Select '''Province'''
 +
# Select '''Town (district): Affiliated Towns'''
 +
# Select '''Religion'''
 +
# Select '''Event, Year Range (Archival Call Number)''' to view the images
  
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 
  
For a browse collection: To search the collection image by image <br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select "Province" <br> ⇒Select "Town (district): Affiliated Towns" <br> ⇒Select "Religion" <br> ⇒Select "Event, Year Range (Archival Call Number)" which will take you to images  
+
{{Tip | More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1491272  Germany, Prussia, Brandenburg and Posen, Church Book Duplicates, 1794-1874]. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.}}
  
== Related Web Sites  ==
+
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 +
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.  Keep track of your research in a [[Use_Appropriate_Forms#Prepare_a_Research_Log | research log]].
  
[http://www.kirchenbuchportal.de/inhalt.htm Kirchenbuchportal Germany Church Book Portal]
+
== What Do I Do Next? == 
 +
Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
=== I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
 +
*Use the age in the record to find an approximate birth year, which will help you find their other records 
 +
*Use the information in each record to find additional family members
 +
*Repeat this process with additional family member’s records to find more generations of the family
  
*[[Germany Church History]] <br>
+
=== I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now? === 
*[[Germany Church Records]]
+
*Consult the [[Germany Record Finder]] to find other records
 +
*Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc.  Remember that their may be more than one person in the records with the same name
 +
*Collect entries for every person who has the same surname.  This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records
 +
*If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search 
 +
*Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
=== Research Helps ===
 +
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in [[Germany Genealogy|Germany]].
 +
* [[Germany Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]
 +
* [[Germany Record Finder]]
  
{{Contributor_invite}}<br>  
+
<!--
 +
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 +
{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]] 
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=Germany-Prussia-Brandenburg-and-Posen-Church-Book-Duplicates-1794-1874-known-issues&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
 +
|}
 +
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=Germany-Prussia-Brandenburg-and-Posen-Church-Book-Duplicates-1794-1874-known-issues&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
 +
-->
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
== Citing This Collection ==
 +
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
  
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1491272/waypoints Germany, Prussia, Brandenburg and Posen, Church Book Duplicates, 1794-1874]
+
{{Collection_Published}}
 +
{{Record_Citation}} 
 +
{{Image_Citation}}
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
 +
{{Contributor invite}}
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]. Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above.
+
{{H-langs|en=Germany, Prussia, Brandenburg and Posen, Church Book Duplicates - FamilySearch Historical Records|pt=Alemanha, Prússia, Bradenburg e Posen, Duplicatas do Livro da Igreja (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}
 +
[[Category:Posen (Prussia) FamilySearch Historical Records]]

Latest revision as of 00:48, 24 May 2019

Access the Records
Germany, Prussia, Brandenburg and Posen, Church Book Duplicates, 1794-1874
CID1491272
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Brandenburg & Posen, Prussia,  Germany
Flag of the German Empire.svg.png
Flag of the German Empire, 1871-1917
German Empire - Prussia - Brandenburg and Posen (1871).svg.png
Location of Brandenburg & Posen, Prussia, Germany
German Empire blank map.svg.png
Map of the German Empire, 1871-1917
Germany.png
Current Location
Parts of Brandenburg are now in Poland. All of Posen is in Poland.
Record Description
Record Type Church
Collection years: 1794-1874
Languages: German, Polish
Title in the Language: Deutschland, Preußen, Brandenburg und Posen, Kirchenbuchduplikate
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
Brandenburgisches Landeshauptarchiv


What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

This collection includes images and indexes of births, marriages, and deaths from state copies of some parish registers (Kirchenbuchduplikate) from the provinces of Brandenburg and Posen, Germany. Original records are located in the Brandenburgisches Landeshauptarchiv, Potsdam, Germany. German states successively began creating church book duplicates from 1792 to 1876. This collection of church records covers the years 1794–1874 and are good sources to find information of ancestors before the institution of civil registration in 1876.

In Germany, a parish was an ecclesiastical jurisdiction made up of many villages and hamlets, with one of the villages designated as the main parish town. This set of church book duplicates do not usually include records from all of the villages within a parish, but only records from one village, or from a few of the villages within the parish. In larger cities, where there was more than one church, each church is listed separately.

Outside of Prussia, the clergy were required to record the vital events (births, marriages and deaths) of people living within their jurisdiction regardless of their religion. For example, Catholic or Jewish people living in an area that did not have a Catholic church or Jewish synagogue were often recorded in the Lutheran records. The reverse was also true in Catholic areas, where Lutherans and Jews were recorded in Catholic records.  However, in Prussia--including Brandenburg and, from 1793 onward, Posen--this was not the common practice.Some Posen church books have entries for Jews during the period 1807-1814, i.e., the Napoleonic occupation.

German church book duplicates, like the originals, are the most reliable and accurate family history source until 1876 when civil registration of births, marriages and deaths began in all of Germany.Church book duplicates may differ slightly from the originals because of transcription variations. They are often more legible than the originals. Entries are usually arranged in chronological order in a column format. The baptisms, marriages and deaths for one year are grouped together before the baptisms, marriages and deaths for the next year.

For Help Reading These Records[edit | edit source]

These records are written in German and Polish. For help reading these records see the following:

To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Germany, Prussia, Brandenburg and Posen, Church Book Duplicates, 1794-1874.

What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

The information in these records usually include the following:

Marriage

  • Names of bride, groom, their parents, and witnesses
  • Date and place of marriage and marriage proclamations or bans
  • Age of bride, groom, and their parents
  • Residence of bride, groom, and their parents
  • Religion of bride and groom
  • Occupation of groom and fathers

Death

  • Names of deceased, spouse, and parents
  • Date and place of death and burial
  • Age and residence of deceased (sometimes date and place of birth)
  • Cause of death

Baptismal

  • Names of child, parents, and witnesses or godparents
  • Date of birth and place of baptism
  • Residence and religion of parents
  • Occupation of father
  • Whether child was legitimate or illegitimate

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

Sample Images[edit | edit source]

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

Before beginning a search in these records, it is best to know the full name of the individual in question, as well as an approximate time range for the desired record. When entered into the search engine on the Collection Page, this information provides the quickest, most reliable path to finding the correct person. Of course, other information can be substituted as necessary.

Search the Index[edit | edit source]

Search by name by visiting the Collection Details Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

View the Images[edit | edit source]

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page

  1. Select Province
  2. Select Town (district): Affiliated Towns
  3. Select Religion
  4. Select Event, Year Range (Archival Call Number) to view the images


How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Use the age in the record to find an approximate birth year, which will help you find their other records
  • Use the information in each record to find additional family members
  • Repeat this process with additional family member’s records to find more generations of the family

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Consult the Germany Record Finder to find other records
  • Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that their may be more than one person in the records with the same name
  • Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images

Research Helps[edit | edit source]

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in Germany.


Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.