Germany, Mecklenburg-Schwerin Censuses (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Access the records: Germany, Mecklenburg-Schwerin Census, 1867Germany, Mecklenburg-Schwerin Census, 1900, and Germany, Mecklenburg-Schwerin Census, 1890.

Title in the Language of the Records

Deutschland, Großherzogthum Mecklenburg Volkszählungen

Record Description

This is a collection of censuses of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany.

The 1900 census consist of two forms: the individual forms (Zählkarten), which lists information about each person, and the household lists (Haushaltungslisten), which identify the members of a family and their relationship to the head of household. Both forms are filed by place. These places are then arranged alphabetically by each manorial district or city (Ritteramt, Domänenamt, Klosteramt, Stadt).

A name index and images for a portion of The 1890 census consist of a name index arranged by towns under their enumeration district. Two types of forms are found for each town: Zählkarten and Namenslisten. The Zählkarten list individuals and give the date and place of birth, occupation, residence, gender and marital status, etc. The Namenslisten list the inhabitants of a given household and show relationship to the head of the household. Most of the census did not survive.

Census of citizens of Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin as of 2/3 December 1867. Authorized enumerators, went from house to house in their appointed areas, recording in a “household list” of each person who was present at the time in the apartment or house. Household members who were not physically present at the time of the census were recorded in an addendum. The following information was recorded about each person: first and last name, gender, year of birth, religious affiliation, marital status, occupation or social standing, citizenship, the reason why visitors were in the census area, and distinguishing physical characteristics. Based on the 1867 census, population of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was determined to be 560,668. Of those, 193,882 people lived in the cities.

For a list of records by date or locality currently published in the Germany, Mecklenburg-Schwerin Census, 1867 collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.

The censuses cover territory controlled by the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. For the 1900 census, takers went to each house in each of the 2,559 districts and recorded all the inhabitants as of December 1, 1900, therefore covering about 95 to 98 percent of the population living in Mecklenburg-Schwerin in December of 1900. 

The original records are preserved at the German State Archives in Schwerin. The Family History Library has copies on microfilm also.  For a list of records by date or locality currently published in the Germany, Mecklenburg-Schwerin Census, 1890 collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.

For a list of records by date or locality currently published in the Germany, Mecklenburg-Schwerin Census, 1900 collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.

This collection of census records pertains to the census of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin conducted in 1867, 1890, and 1900. Mecklenburg censuses were conducted intermittently from 1636 to 1939. 

The censuses were taken to assess military and taxation capacity, as well as for religious, occupational, and language background.

Census information was provided by any member of the household. If some information was incomplete, the census taker had to return to the houseold to complete the information. Each record was signed by the census taker as verification of its accuracy.

Citations for This Collection

The following citations refer to the original source of the data and images published on Historical Records. They may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

Mecklenburg-Schwerin Volkszählungsamt. Germany, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, census 1867. Mecklenburgische Landeshauptarchiv Schwerin, Germany.

This collection may include information previously published in the International Genealogical Index or Vital Records Index collections.

Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.

Record Content

The key genealogical facts found on most census lists are:

  • Full name
  • Marital status
  • Birth date
  • Birthplace
  • Place of residence
  • Occupation
  • Relationship to the head of household
  • Street address

How to Use the Records

To search the collection, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page ⇒ Select the “Ort: Ortsnummer (Amt oder Stadt)” which takes you to the images.

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

Next to parish registers, census records provide more family information than any other Mecklenburg record for the time period. You must know how to read German Gothic script. You also need to know at least the name of your ancestor and the approximate place of residence at the time of the census.

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Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

 Citation Example for a Record Found in Collection

"Germany, Mecklenburg-Schwerin Census, 1890," index and images, ( : accessed 19 July 2012), Ernst Klinck, 1867; citing Census Records, FHL microfilm 1,981,754; Mecklenburgisches Landeshauptarchiv, Schwerin, Germany.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.