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| link5=[[Germany Genealogy|Germany]]}}{{Germany-sidebar}}Guide to '''German ancestry, family history, and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
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==Country Information==
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Germany is a vibrant country with a rich history and heritage.  As with many countries of Europe, Germany has seen dramatic changes to its borders and even its internal regions.  Over the centuries, Germany consisted of numerous independent kingdoms, duchies, principalities, and states. Then in 1871 all German-speaking states except the Austrian states were consolidated into the German Empire. <ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Germany," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany, accessed 23 March 2016.</ref>  This construct is still seen in Germany today.
  
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Place-names and county, province, and state jurisdictions also changed, often more than once. Because of these changes, you may discover that it is difficult to find the name of your German ancestor's town on a modern map. You may also have trouble determining the jurisdiction where their records were kept. Various resources are available to help you find that information and will be included here.
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| style="font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center" | '''Beginners Corner'''
 
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| style="background: rgb(249,243,253)" align="left" |
 
*[[Germany Getting Started|Getting Started]]
 
*[[Germany Gathering Information|Gathering Information]]
 
*[[Germany Locating Place of Origin|Locating Place of Origin]]
 
*[[Germany Finding Records|Finding Records]]
 
*[[Germany Resources|German Resources]]
 
  
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==Getting Started ==
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{| style="vertical-align: top;"|
 
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| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''News &amp; Events'''
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<h3>Getting Started with Germany Research</h3>
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Links to articles on getting started with German research:
If you want to do research in German archives be aware that some are charging fees for using their research facilities. Doing research in archives might not be free of charge! For further information please click [http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/DAGV/Archivgebühren here]
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*[[Germany How to Guides|"How to" Guides]]
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*[[Germany Gathering Information to Locate Place of Origin|Gathering Information to Locate Place of Origin]]
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*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?fq=place%3A%22Germany%22 German Research Online Tutorials]
 +
* [http://is.byu.edu/courses/pe/999022071006/public/start.htm German Research], BYU Independent Study, no cost.
 +
*[[German Research Troubleshooting Strategies]]
  
|-
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:[[Germany Genealogy#More Germany Research Strategies|''See More Research Strategies'']]
| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''Topics'''
 
|-
 
| style="text-align: left; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(250,245,255); font-size: 95%" |
 
*[[Germany Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]
 
*[[Germany Biography|Biography]]
 
*[[Germany Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
 
*[[Germany Census|Census]]
 
*[[Germany Church Directories|Church Directories]]
 
*[[Germany Church History|Church History]]
 
*[[Germany Church Records|Church Records]]
 
*[[Germany Cities and Towns]]
 
*[[Germany Civil Registration|Civil Registration]]
 
*[[Germany Court Records|Court Records]]
 
*[[Germany Finding Cultural Areas|Cultural Areas]]
 
*[[Germany German Funerary Customs and Practices|Customs]]
 
*[[Germany Digital Resources|Digital Resources]]
 
*[[Germany Directories|Directories]]
 
*[[Germany Dwellings|Dwellings]]
 
*[[Germany Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]
 
*[[French Influence on German Research|French Influence]]
 
*[[Germany Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]
 
*[[Germany Genealogy|Genealogy]]
 
*[[Germany Heraldry|Heraldry]]
 
*[[Germany Historical Geography|Historical Geography]]
 
*[[Germany History|History]]
 
*[[Germany Jewish Records|Jewish Records]]
 
*[[Germany Jurisdictions|Jurisdictions]]
 
*[[Germany Land and Property|Land and Property]]
 
*[[Germany Language and Languages|Language and Languages]]
 
*[[Germany Maps|Maps]]
 
*[[Germany Military Records|Military Records]]
 
*[[Germany Minorities|Minorities]]
 
*[[Germany Names, Personal|Names Personal]]
 
*[[Germany Naturalization and Citizenship|Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 
*[[Germany Newspapers|Newspapers]]
 
*[[Germany Nobility|Nobility]]
 
*[[Germany Obituaries|Obituaries]]
 
*[[Germany Occupations|Occupations]]
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Ortssippenb%C3%BCcher_in_Baden Ortssippenbücher]
 
*[[Germany Periodicals|Periodicals]]
 
*[[Germany Population|Population]]
 
*[[Germany Probate Records|Probate Records]]
 
*[[Germany Schools|Schools]]
 
*[[Germany Societies|Societies]]
 
  
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| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''Did You Know?'''
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<h3>Germany Research Tools</h3>
|-
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Links to tools and websites that assist in German research:
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*[http://www.meyersgaz.org Meyers Gaz Online Gazetteer]
* Add information
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*[https://www.archion.de/de/archive-in-archion/ Archion:] online digital archives of Evangelical Lutheran parish records.
}}}
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*[http://wiki-en.genealogy.net/Main_Page The German Genealogy Wiki (GenWiki)]
 +
*[[German Research Websites|German Research Websites]]
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*[http://meta.genealogy.net/ German Genealogy]
 +
*[http://www.blackseagr.org/index.php Black Sea German Research]
 +
*[[German Word List|German Genealogical Word List]]
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/375 Old German Script Part 1], [https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/377 Part 2], [https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/426  Part 3]
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-german-handwritten-records-lesson-1-kurrent-letters/69 '''Reading German Handwritten Records Lesson 1: Kurrent Letters''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-german-handwritten-records-lesson-2-making-words-in-kurrent/70 '''Reading German Handwritten Records Lesson 2: Making Words in Kurrent''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/german-script-tutorial/91 '''German Script Tutorial''']
 +
*[[German Letter Writing Guide]]
 +
:[[Germany Genealogy#More Germany Research Tools|''See More Research Tools'']]
 
|}
 
|}
  
{{Forum badge
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{{Click|Image:Germany ORP.png|Germany Online Genealogy Records}} [[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups on Facebook]] <br>[[File:Dark thin font green pin Version 4.png]]
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'''If you know the name of the town/city, consult a gazetteer for more details. See [[Germany Gazetteers#Meyers Gazetteer|''Meyer's Gazetteer]] or a [[Online German Gazetteers and Parish Register Inventories|''regional online gazetteer'']].'''
| forum link = http://forums.familysearch.org/en/forumdisplay.php?f=68
 
| forum name = German Empire Research Forum
 
}} {{Online course badge
 
| layout = vertical
 
| course link = https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/germany-beginning-research-series-lesson-1-getting-started/261
 
| course name = Germany courses
 
}}
 
  
{{FacebookGRC badge
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== Germany Clickable Map - 1945-present ==
| layout = vertical
 
| link = https://www.facebook.com/GermanyGenealogy?cid=GRCW_Germany
 
}}
 
</div><div style="width: 70%; float: right">
 
[[Image:Brandenburger Tor Blaue Stunde.jpg|left|430px|Brandenburger Tor Blaue Stunde.jpg]]
 
  
== Getting started with German research  ==
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{| style="vertical-align:top;"
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|-
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<h4>Using the map, click on the state name, or use the State links below.</h4>
  
Welcome to the Germany page!
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|style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:1em"|
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{{Germany imagemap2}}
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|}
  
FamilySearch Wiki is a community website dedicated to helping people throughout the world learn how to find their ancestors. Through the Germany page you can learn how to find, use, and analyze Germanic records of genealogical value. The content is variously targeted to beginners, intermediate, and expert researchers. The Germany Page is a work in progress, your [[FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages|contributions]] and [[FamilySearch Wiki:Feedback|feedback]] are essential!
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== Jurisdictions - 1945-present ==
  
''View [http://script.byu.edu/german/en/welcome.aspx the German Research online tutorials] from FamilySearch Learning Center.''
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{|style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:1em"
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|-
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|
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'''Germany''' (English)
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*[[Baden-Württemberg, Germany Genealogy|Baden-Württemberg]]
 +
*[[Bavaria, Germany Genealogy|Bavaria]]
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*[[Berlin, Germany Genealogy|Berlin]]
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*[[Brandenburg, Germany Genealogy|Brandenburg]]
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*[[Bremen, Germany Genealogy| Bremen]]
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*[[Hamburg, Germany Genealogy|Hamburg]]
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*[[Hessen, Germany Genealogy|Hesse]]
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*[[Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany Genealogy|Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania]]
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*[[Lower Saxony, Germany Genealogy|Lower Saxony]]
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*[[North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Genealogy|North Rhine-Westphalia]]
 +
*[[Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany Genealogy|Rhineland-Palatinate]]
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*[[Saarland, Germany Genealogy|Saarland]]
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*[[Saxony, Germany Genealogy|Saxony]]
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*[[Saxony-Anhalt, Germany Genealogy|Saxony-Anhalt]]
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*[[Schleswig-Holstein, Germany Genealogy|Schleswig-Holstein]]
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*[[Thuringia, Germany Genealogy|Thüringia]]  
  
== Nobility &amp; Government Areas  ==
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|style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:1em"|
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'''Germany''' (Deutsch)
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*[[Baden-Württemberg, Germany Genealogy|Baden-Württemberg]]
 +
*[[Bavaria, Germany Genealogy|Bayern]]
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*[[Berlin, Germany Genealogy|Berlin]]
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*[[Brandenburg, Germany Genealogy|Brandenburg]]
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*[[Bremen, Germany Genealogy| Bremen]]
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*[[Hamburg, Germany Genealogy|Hamburg]]
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*[[Hessen, Germany Genealogy|Hessen]]
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*[[Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany Genealogy|Mecklenburg-Vorpommern]]
 +
*[[Lower Saxony, Germany Genealogy|Niedersachsen]]
 +
*[[North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Genealogy|Nordrhein-Westfalen]]
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*[[Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany Genealogy|Rheinland-Pfalz]]
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*[[Saarland, Germany Genealogy|Saarland]]
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*[[Saxony, Germany Genealogy|Sachsen]]
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*[[Saxony-Anhalt, Germany Genealogy|Sachsen-Anhalt]]
 +
*[[Schleswig-Holstein, Germany Genealogy|Schleswig-Holstein]]
 +
*[[Thuringia, Germany Genealogy|Thüringen]]
  
*[[Anhalt - Herzogtum (duchy)|Anhalt - Herzogtum (duchy)]]
+
|}
*[[Baden Grossherzogtum (grand duchy)|Baden Grossherzogtum (grand duchy)]]
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====Research Articles on Former States of Germany====
*[[Bayern (Bavaria) – Königreich (kingdom)|Bayern – Königreich (kingdom)]] (Bavaria)
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These former states of Germany are now parts of Poland, Russia, the Czech Republic, Lithuania, France or Denmark. Click on German states in this list to link to their research information.
*[[Braunschweig (Brunswick) – Herzogtum (duchy)|Braunschweig (Brunswick) – Herzogtum (duchy)]]
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*[[Alsace-Lorraine, France or Germany Genealogy|'''Alsace-Lorraine or Elsass-Lothringen''']]
*[[Elsass-Lothringen (Alsace-Lorraine – Reichsland (imperial province)|Elsass-Lothringen ( – Provinz)]] (Alsace-Lorraine province, 1871-1918)
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*[[East Prussia, Germany Genealogy|'''East Prussia or Ostpreussen''']]
*[[Hessen – Herzogtum (duchy)|Hessen – Grossherzogtum (Grand duchy)]]  
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*[[Neumark (region), Brandenburg, Germany|'''Neumark Region of Brandenburg''']]
*[[Lippe – Fürstentum (principality)|Lippe – Fürstentum (principality)]]
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*'''Northern Schleswig'''<br>
*[[Mecklenburg-Schwerin – Großherzogtum (grand duchy)|Mecklenburg-Schwerin – Großherzogtum (grand duchy)]]
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:: Before 1945, see [[Schleswig-Holstein, Germany Genealogy|'''Schleswig-Holstein''']]
*[[Mecklenburg-Strelitz – Großherzogtum (grand duchy)|Mecklenburg-Strelitz – Großherzogtum (grand duchy)]]  
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::After 1945, see [[Denmark Genealogy|'''Denmark''']]
*[[Oldenburg – Herzogtum (duchy)|Oldenburg – Herzogtum (duchy)]]
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*[[Pomerania, Germany Genealogy|'''Pomerania or Pommern''']]
*[[Bremen, Germany|Bremen]]
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*[[Posen, Germany Genealogy|'''Posen''']]
*[[Hamburg, Germany|Hamburg]]
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*[[Silesia, Germany Genealogy|'''Silesia or Schlesien''']]
*[[Freie Stadt Lübeck|Lübeck]]  
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*[[West Prussia, Germany Genealogy|'''West Prussia or Westpreussen''']]
*'''Preussen (Prussia &amp; Preußen) – Königreich (kingdom)'''  
 
**[[Prussia - Brandenburg|Brandenburg]]
 
**[[Prussia - Hannover|Hannover]] (Hanover)
 
**[[Prussia - Hessen-Nassau|Hessen - Nassau]] (Hesse-Nassau)
 
**[[Prussia - Hohenzollern|Hohenzollern]]
 
**[[Prussia - Ostpreußen|Ostpreußen]] (Ostpreussen, East Prussia)
 
**[[Prussia - Pommern|Pommern]] (Pomerania)
 
**[[Prussia - Posen|Posen]] (Poznan)
 
**[[Prussia - Rheinland|Rheinland]] (Rhineland)
 
**[[Prussia - Provinz Sachsen|Provinz Sachsen]] (Province of Saxony)
 
**[[Prussia - Schlesien|Schlesien]] (Silesia)
 
**[[Prussia - Schleswig-Holstein|Schleswig-Holstein]] (Sleswick-Holsatia)
 
**[[Prussia - Westfalen|Westfalen]] (Westphalia)
 
**[[Prussia - Westpreußen|Westpreußen]] (Westpreussen, West Prussia)
 
*[[Sachsen (Saxony) – Königreich (kingdom)|Sachsen - Königreich]] (Kingdom of Saxony)
 
*[[Schaumburg-Lippe – Fürstentum (principality)|Schaumburg-Lippe – Fürstentum]]
 
*'''Thüringen (Thuringia)'''  
 
**[[Thuringia - Sachsen Altenburg – Herzogtum (duchy)|Sachsen Altenburg – Herzogtum (duchy)]]
 
**[[Thuringia - Sachsen Coburg - Gotha – Herzogtum (duchy)|Sachsen Coburg-Gotha – Herzogtum (duchy)]]
 
**[[Thuringia - Sachsen Meiningen – Herzogtum (duchy)|Sachsen Meiningen – Herzogtum (duchy)]]
 
**[[Thuringia - Sachsen Weimar - Eisenach – Herzogtum (duchy)|Sachsen Weimar - Eisenach – Herzogtum (duchy)]]
 
**[[Thuringia - Schwarzburg Rudolstadt – Fürstentum (principality)|Schwarzburg Rudolstadt – Fürstentum (principality)]]
 
**[[Thuringia - Schwarzburg Sonderhausen – Fürstentum (principality)|Schwarzburg Sondershausen – Fürstentum (principality)]]
 
**[[Thuringia - Reuss ältere Linie – Fürstentum (principality)|Reuss ältere Linie – Fürstentum (principality)]] (Older line)
 
**[[Thuringia - Reuss jüngere Linie – Fürstentum (principality)|Reuss jüngere Linie – Fürstentum (principality)]] (Younger line)
 
*[[Waldeck - Fürstentum (principality)|Waldeck - Fürstentum (principality)]]
 
*[[Württemberg – Königreich (kingdom)|Württemberg – Königreich (kingdom)]] (Wuerttemberg)
 
  
== Featured Content  ==
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==Modern German States Compared to the German Empire==
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Click on the state below to see a comparison of the German Empire map and the modern state:<br>
 +
{| style="width:100%; vertical-align:top;"
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|-
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|style="width:15%; vertical-align:top"|
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*[[Germany Historic and Current States#Baden-Württemberg|Baden-Württemberg]]
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*[[Germany Historic and Current States#Bavaria|Bavaria]] (Bayern)
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*[[Berlin, Germany Genealogy|Berlin]]
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*[[Germany Historic and Current States#Comparison of Brandenburg in 1871 and Modern Brandenburg|Brandenburg]]
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|style="width:25%; vertical-align:top"|
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*[[Bremen, Germany Genealogy| Bremen]]
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*[[Germany Historic and Current States#Hamburg|Hamburg]]
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*[[Germany Historic and Current States#Hessen|Hessen]]
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*[[Germany Historic and Current States#North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen)|North Rhine-Westphalia]] (Nordrhein-Westfalen)
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|style="width:35%; vertical-align:top"|
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*[[Germany Historic and Current States#Mecklenburg-Vorpommern|Mecklenburg-Vorpommern]] (Mecklenburg-Western Pommerania)
 +
*[[Germany Historic and Current States#Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen)|Lower Saxony]] (Niedersachsen)
 +
*[[Germany Historic and Current States#Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz)|Rhineland-Palatinate]] (Rheinland-Pfalz)
 +
*[[Germany Historic and Current States#Saarland|Saarland]]
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|style="width:25%; vertical-align:top"|
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*[[Germany Historic and Current States#Saxony (Sachsen)|Saxony]] (Sachsen)
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*[[Germany Historic and Current States#Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt)|Saxony-Anhalt]] (Sachsen-Anhalt)
 +
*[[Germany Historic and Current States#Schleswig-Holstein|Schleswig-Holstein]]
 +
*[[Germany Historic and Current States#Thuringia (Thüringen)|Thuringia]] (Thüringen)
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|-
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|}
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<br>
  
[[Image:Village in Thueringen.jpg|right|335px|Village in Thueringen.jpg]] As a result of wars and political realignments, the internal and external boundaries of Germany have changed several times. A Web site that lists links to various maps of areas found in the German Empire is... [[Germany Historical Geography|(Read More)]]
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== Germany Clickable Map - 1864-1871 ==
  
== Research Tools ==
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<br>
 +
<span style="color:Orange; font-size:16px"> '''Many states are too small to make clickable. You will need to access them from the list after the map.'''</span>
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<br>
  
*Listing of all [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&countryId=1927074 records collections for Germany] available on FamilySearch.org.
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{{Imagemap Germany 1864}}
*Join a [https://www.facebook.com/pages/German-Genealogy-Research-Community/127231670710853?sk=wall Facebook] or [[Join a Skype Research Community|Skype]] Germany Genealogy Research Community
 
*[[German Research Websites|German Research Websites]]
 
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/c/c4/Localities.pdf Pdf Archive Inventory] Part 1 of 2: Church records in Archives" - an inventory of localities and the location or archive where the records should be found.
 
*The list of archives with addresses, Part 2 of 2, which correspond to the localities list, can be found at this link [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/f/f7/Archive_Add_.pdf Archive Addresses] Please note that in the second column, with the heading of "key" matches the Archive "number" in the first link which contains the database.
 
  
== Related Content  ==
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== Jurisdictions - 1864-1871 ==
  
*[[Germans from Russia|Germans from Russia]]  
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{| style="width:100%; vertical-align:top"
*[[Hamburg Passenger Lists|Hamburg Passenger Lists]]
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|-
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|style="width:20%;vertical-align:top"|
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'''States'''
 +
<br>
 +
*[[Alsace-Lorraine, France or Germany Genealogy|Alsace-Lorraine]] (Elsass-Lothringen)
 +
*[[Anhalt Genealogy|Anhalt]]
 +
*[[Baden Genealogy|Baden]]
 +
*[[Bavaria Genealogy|Bavaria]] (Bayern)
 +
*[[Brunswick Genealogy|Brunswick]] (Braunschweig)
 +
*[[Hessen, Germany Genealogy|Hessen]]
 +
*[[North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Genealogy|Lippe]]
 +
*[[Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany Genealogy|Mecklenburg-Schwerin]]
 +
*[[Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany Genealogy|Mecklenburg-Strelitz]]
 +
*[[Saxony Genealogy|Saxony]] (Sachsen)
 +
*[[Schaumburg-Lippe Genealogy|Schaumburg-Lippe]]
 +
*[[Waldeck Genealogy|Waldeck]]
 +
*[[Württemberg Genealogy|Württemberg]]
 +
|style="width:10%;;vertical-align:top"|
 +
'''City/States'''
 +
<br>
  
== Did you know?  ==
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*[[Bremen Genealogy|Bremen]]
 +
*[[Hamburg Genealogy|Hamburg]]
 +
*[[Lübeck Genealogy|Lübeck]]
 +
*[[Oldenburg Genealogy|Oldenburg]]
 +
|style="width:25%;;vertical-align:top"|
 +
'''Prussian States'''
 +
<br>
  
[[Image:Muehlhausen Thueringen .jpg|right|335px|Muehlhausen Thueringen .jpg]]  
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*[[Prussia Genealogy|Prussia]] (Preussen)
 +
**[[Brandenburg Genealogy|Brandenburg (Prussia)]] (Preussen)
 +
**[[East Prussia, Germany Genealogy|East Prussia (Prussia)]] (Ostpreussen)
 +
**[[Hannover Genealogy|Hannover (Prussia)]] (Preussen)
 +
**[[Hessen, Germany Genealogy|Hessen - Nassau (Prussia)]] (Preussen)
 +
**[[Hohenzollern, Germany Genealogy|Hohenzollern (Prussia)]] (Preussen)
 +
**[[Pomerania Genealogy|Pomerania (Prussia)]] (Pommern, Ostpreussen)
 +
**[[Posen Genealogy|Posen (Prussia)]] (Preussen)
 +
**[[Province of Saxony, Germany Genealogy|Province of  Saxony]] (Prussia) (Preussen)
 +
**[[Rhineland Genealogy|Rhineland (Prussia)]] (Preussen)
 +
**[[Schleswig-Holstein Genealogy|Schleswig-Holstein (Prussia)]]
 +
**[[Silesia Genealogy|Silesia (Prussia)]] (Schlesien, Preussen)
 +
**[[West Prussia Genealogy|West Prussia]] (Prussia) (Westpreussen)
 +
**[[North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Genealogy|Westphalia (Prussia)]] (Preussen)
 +
|style="width:35%;vertical-align:top"|
 +
'''Thuringian States'''
 +
<br>
  
German-Americans are the largest ancestral group in the United States. According to the 2005 US census, an estimated 49.2 million Americans identify German as their ancestry. In the 1990 U.S. census, 58 million Americans reported they were solely or partially of German descent. The first significant numbers arrived in the 1680s in New York and Pennsylvania and some eight million German immigrants have entered the United States since that time. In 1745, there were an estimated 45,000 Germans living in Pennsylvania alone. German immigration continued in substantial numbers during the 19th century with the largest number of arrivals in the 1840–1880 time frame. Today, California and Pennsylvania have the largest populations with German ancestry, with over six million German Americans residing in the two states alone, although the highest density of German Americans reside in North Dakota and Wisconsin.
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*[[Thuringia, Germany Genealogy|Reuss Older Line  (Thuringia)]] (Reuss ältere Linie, Thüringen)
 +
*[[Thuringia, Germany Genealogy|Reuss Younger Line  (Thuringia)]] (Reuss jüngere Linie, Thüringen)
 +
*[[Thuringia, Germany Genealogy|Sachsen-Altenburg  (Thuringia)]] (Thüringen)
 +
*[[Thuringia, Germany Genealogy|Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha  (Thuringia)]]  (Thüringen)
 +
*[[Thuringia, Germany Genealogy|Sachsen-Meiningen  (Thuringia)]] (Thüringen)
 +
*[[Thuringia, Germany Genealogy|Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach  (Thuringia)]]  (Thüringen)
 +
*[[Thuringia, Germany Genealogy|Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt  (Thuringia)]] (Thüringen)
 +
*[[Thuringia, Germany Genealogy|Schwarzburg Sondershausen (Thuringia)]]  (Thüringen)
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
=== New portal for German Church Records on the Internet  ===
+
==Former Germany Territories, (1919 and 1945 changes)==
 +
Germany's boundaries were impacted by their losses of World War I and World War II.  The treaties (1919 for World War I and 1945 for World War II) ending those wars had to deal with the disposition of lands annexed by Hitler, but also to resolve some disputes that had waged for the previous century.  Many of the border states of Germany had mixed populations (most notably Germans and Polish people). Frequently, the return of lands was accompanied by expulsion of German citizens from the area.
 +
*Records for a former German area are now kept in repositories of the new country.
 +
**Once you locate the state and town in a gazetteer, you should find a detailed map. Detailed maps, which are useful if you must expand your search to neighboring towns, will usually be found under the former German name.
 +
*Internet searches for maps could use either place name.
 +
*For microfilmed records in the [https://familysearch.org/catalog/search FamilySearch catalog], look under both the German place name or the current place name.
 +
*If the records you need are not microfilmed, you may need to write to a church or an archive for them. Then you will use the locality's modern location to find an address.
 +
*See [[Finding Parish Registers for Germany Areas Now in Other Countries|'''Finding Parish Registers for Germany Areas Now in Other Countries''']].
 +
*For more detailed maps of territory reclaimed by Poland in 1945, see [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recovered_Territories ''Recovered Territories''].
  
The new [http://www.kirchenbuchportal.de/inhalt.htm Kirchenbuchportal] (church book portal) has been created by the Association of Church Archives to facilitate access to German-language church records. As of July 2010 several archives have posted detailed inventories of the parish registers in their collections. Details about the participating archives, including links to posted inventories, are found [http://www.kirchenbuchportal.de/visit.htm here]. A database of all inventoried records, arranged by archive, is found [http://www.kirchenbuchportal.findbuch.net/php/main.php?ar_id=3708 here]. For details see "Germany- Church Records"
+
{{Former German Territories}}
 +
===List of Former German Territories, the Date of the Boundary Change, and the Current Country===
 +
[[Alsace-Lorraine, France or Germany Genealogy|'''Alsace-Lorraine (Elsass-Lothringen)''']], 1919:[[France Genealogy|France]]<br>
 +
[[Neumark (region), Brandenburg, Germany Genealogy|'''Brandenburg:''' the Neumark region,]] 1945: [[Neumark (region), Brandenburg, Germany Genealogy|Poland]] <br>
 +
[[East Prussia, Germany Genealogy|'''East Prussia,]]''' 1945:
 +
*[[East Prussia, Germany Genealogy|Southern East Prussia, '''(Warmia) and (Masuria), and Soldau''']] became part of [[Poland Genealogy|Poland.]]
 +
*[[East Prussia, Germany Genealogy|Northern East Prussia]] was divided between:
 +
**[[Russia Genealogy|the '''Kaliningrad (formerly Königsberg) Oblast''']]: Russia
 +
**the constituent counties of the [[East Prussia, Germany Genealogy|'''Klaipėda Region''']]: [[Lithuania Genealogy|Lithuania]]
 +
***'''[[East Prussia, Germany Genealogy|Memel Territory]]''' : [[Lithuania Genealogy|Lithuania]]
 +
::::Memel Territory, ''Memelland'' or ''Memelgebiet'', north of the Neman River and including the city of Klaipėda, occupied by Lithuania in 1923, occupied by Germany 1939-1945. <br>
 +
'''[[Belgium Genealogy|Eupen-Malmédy]]''', 1919: Belgium<br>
 +
'''[[West Prussia, Germany Genealogy|Free City of Danzig,]]''' 1945: Poland<br>
 +
'''[[Schleswig-Holstein, Germany Genealogy|North Schleswig,]]''' 1919: [[Denmark Genealogy|Denmark]]<br>
 +
'''[[Pomerania, Germany Genealogy|Pomerania]],''' 1945:
 +
*'''western Pomerania''' is in [[Pomerania, Germany Genealogy|Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany]]
 +
*[[Pomerania, Germany Genealogy |'''Pomeralia (Gdansk Pomerania, or East Pomerania''')]]: Poland
 +
[[Posen, Germany Genealogy|'''Posen,''']] 1919: Wielkie Księstwo Poznańskie, Poland<br>
 +
'''[[Silesia, Germany Genealogy|Silesia (Schlesien),]]'''1945:
 +
*mostly in [[Poland Genealogy|Poland]]
 +
*[[Silesia, Germany Genealogy|'''The Hlučín Area of Moravian-Silesian Region''']]: [[Czech Republic Genealogy|Czech Republic]]
 +
*the small [[Silesia, Germany Genealogy|'''Lusatian strip''' west of the Oder-Neisse line]]: Germany
 +
<br>
 +
[[Silesia, Germany Genealogy|'''Upper Silesia''']], 1919: [[Poland Genealogy|Poland]] <br>
 +
[[West Prussia, Germany Genealogy|'''West Prussia''',]] 1919: Pomeranian Voivodeship, [[Poland Genealogy|Poland]]
  
=== Germany Relaxes Access to Civil Registration Records  ===
 
  
As of 1 Jan 2009 the German rights-to-privacy laws with regard to to post-1875 civil registration birth, marriage and death certificates have been relaxed. Under the new law, births are available after 110 years, marriages after 80 years and deaths after 30 years, as long as all persons mentioned in the record are dead. The law also provides for older records to be transferred from the local civil registration office to an archive for easier access. For details, see: [[Germany Civil Registration#Recent_Changes_in_Rights-to-Privacy_Laws|Recent Changes in Rights-to-Privacy Laws]].  
+
==More Germany Research Strategies==
 +
Research strategies give guidance on how to research or what records to search for first. Below are additional research strategy wiki articles for Germany.
 +
*[[Germany Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]
 +
*[[Germany Resources|German Resources]]
 +
*[[Germans from Russia|Germans from Russia]]
 +
*[[Tracing Immigrant Origins|'''Tracing Immigrant Origins''']]
 +
*[[German Research: Hansel and Gretel: Finding our German ancestors' trail home|'''German Research: Hansel and Gretel: Finding our German ancestors' trail home''']]
 +
*[[Internet Resources for Finding 19th Century German Emigrants|'''Internet Resources for Finding 19th Century German Emigrants''']]
 +
*[[Germany Emigration and Immigration|'''Germany Emigration and Immigration''']].
  
=== Jewish Records online ===
+
==More Germany Research Tools==
 +
Research tools can include resources that assist in locating correct records to search and determining the correct locality to search in. Below are links and Wiki articles to research tools in Germany.
 +
*[[Media:Localities.pdf|Pdf Archive Inventory]] Part 1 of 2: Church records in Archives" - an inventory of localities and the location or archive where the records should be found.
 +
*The list of archives with addresses, Part 2 of 2, which correspond to the localities list, can be found at this link [[Media:Archive_Add_.pdf|Archive Addresses]] Please note that in the second column, with the heading of "key" matches the Archive "number" in the first link which contains the database.
 +
*[http://feefhs.org/links/germany.html Germany Genealogy Resources from Federation of East European Family History Societies (FEEFHS)]<br>
 +
*The [http://www.kirchenbuchportal.de/inhalt.htm Kirchenbuchportal] (church book portal) website was created by the Association of Church Archives to facilitate access to German-language church records in 2009. By July 2010 several archives had posted detailed [http://www.kirchenbuchportal.findbuch.net/php/main.php?ar_id=3708 inventories] of the parish registers in their collections. By September 2014 this plan had evolved into a project carried out by twelve Evangelical state churches in Germany. Their records are now accessible at a new fee-based site called [https://www.archion.de/ Archion].
 +
*[[Hamburg Passenger Lists|Hamburg Passenger Lists]]
 +
*Berlin Evangelical Central Archive Inventory Online - The [http://www.ezab.de/kirchenbuecher/provinzen.html Evangelical Central Archive in Berlin (EZAB)] holds many Lutheran church records from Eastern areas, including Ostpreussen, Schlesien, Posen, Brandenburg, Pommern and Westpreussen. On the website the box titled "Familienforschung" (family history research) includes a link to the listing of accessible parish registers under "[http://www.ezab.de/kirchenbuecher/kirchenbuch-suche.php Kirchenbuch-Suche]".
  
In March 2009 the Landesarchiv Baden-Wuerttemberg made images of [https://www2.landesarchiv-bw.de/ofs21/olf/einfueh.php?bestand=5632 Jewish records] available on the Internet. Previously this collection could only be viewed on microfilm at the State Archive in Stuttgart. The collection includes birth, marriage, and death registers, family books, and other lists, mostly from the 19th Century. See [[German Jewish Records#Jewish_Records_available_on_the_Internet|Jewish Records available on the Internet]] for details. See also [[Jewish Genealogy Research]] for many how-to-research instruction pages on the Wiki.
+
<br>
  
=== Berlin Evangelical Central Archive Inventory Online  ===
+
==FamilySearch Resources==
 +
Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.
 +
*[[Genealogy Help on Facebook|Facebook Communities]] - Facebook groups discussing genealogy research
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/location/1927074 Germany historical records collections].
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/help#localResource Family History Center locator map]
  
[http://www.matricula.findbuch.net/php/main.php?ar_id=3670 The Matricula site] includes inventories of many Lutheran church records from Eastern areas, including Ostpreussen, Schlesien, Posen, Brandenburg, Pommern and Westpreussen. This data was contributed by the Evangelical Central Archive of Berlin (EZAB). As of January 2010 only the EZAB inventory has been posted, not the actual records. The site contains some digitized church records from other German and Austrian archives. [[Germany, Mecklenburg-Schwerin Censuses (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Germany, Mecklenburg-Schwerin Censuses (FamilySearch]]  
+
===German Research Tutorials===
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/235 '''Germany Beginning Research Series:''']
 +
**Lesson 1: Getting Started
 +
**Lesson 2: Learn about Historical Background
 +
**Lesson 3: Using Maps, Gazetteers and Websites
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/12 '''German Church and Civil Records''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/873 '''German Church Records and Beyond: Deepen Your Research Using a Variety of Town Records''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/355 '''German Census Records 1816-1916''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/870 '''Finding German Places of Origin''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/871 '''Spelling Variations in German Given and Place Names''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/424 '''The Volga German Settlements in Russia''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/416 '''Research in German Archives''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/358 '''German Historical Maps and Territories''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/872 '''Meyer's Gazetteer Now Online, Indexed and Fully Searchable!''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/881 '''Calendar Changes in France, Germany, Switzerland, and the Low Countries''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/38 '''Reading German Handwritten Records:''']
 +
**Lesson 1: Kurrent Letters
 +
**Lesson 2: Making Words in Kurrent
 +
**Lesson 3: Reading Kurrent Documents
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/375 '''Old German Script Part 1''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/377 '''Old German Script Part 2''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/426 '''Old German Script (German Church and Civil Records) Part 3''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/422 '''Russian Germans in the North Caucasus''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/711 '''German Historical Geography''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/356 '''German Research: Strategies and Sources for Eastern Provinces''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/363 '''Kartenmeister.com Finding Places in the Former German Area of Poland''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/401 '''Finding Places in the Former German Areas of Poland Using the Online Gazetteer Kartenmeister.com''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/489 '''Hansen’s Map Guides: Finding Records with Parish Maps''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/502 '''Online Ortsfamilienbücher (Village lineage books) at Genealogy.net''']
  
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''
+
== References ==
 
+
<references />
*[https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Germany,_Baden_Church_Book_Duplicates_%28FamilySearch_Historical_Records%29 Germany, Baden Church Book Duplicates (FamilySearch Historical Records)]
 
*[[Germany, Bavarian Archives Miscellaneous Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Germany, Bavarian Archives Miscellaneous Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Germany, Bavaria, Dinkelsbuhlühl Miscellaneous City Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Germany, Bavaria, Dinkelsbuhl Miscellaneous City Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Germany Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Germany Birth and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Germany,_Bavaria,_Neumarkt_Miscellaneous_City_Records_%28FamilySearch_Historical_Records%29 Germany, Bavaria, Meumarkt Miscellaneous City Records (FamilySearch&nbsp;Histoarical Records)]
 
*[[Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicates (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicates (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Germany, Bremen Name Card Index to Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Germany, Bremen Name Card Index to Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Germany Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Germany Deaths anf Burials (FamilySearch HIstorical Records]])
 
*[[Germany, East Prussia, Königsberg, Index to Funeral Sermons and Memorials (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Germany, East Prussia, Konigsberg, Index to Funeral Sermons and Memorials (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Germany, Hessen, Darmstadt City Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Germany, Hessen, Darmstadt City Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Germany Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Germany Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Germany, Mecklenburg-Schwerin Censuses (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Germany, Mecklenburg-Schwerin Censuses (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Germany, Saxony, Bautzen, Citizen Rolls (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Germany, Saxony, Bautzen Citizen Rolls (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Germany, Pomerania Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Germany, Pomerania Church Records (FamilySerch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Germany, Saxony, Freiberg Funeral Sermons (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Germany, Saxony, Freiberg Funeral Sermons (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Germany, Westfalen, Minden Citizen Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Germany, Westfalen, Minden Citizen Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Germany, Württemberg, Schwäbisch Hall Probate Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Germany, Wurttemberg, Schwabisch Hall Probate Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
 
 
== Things you can do  ==
 
 
 
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:<br>
 
 
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|
 
*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]]
 
*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]<br>
 
*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]<br>
 
 
 
|
 
*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]
 
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]]
 
*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Translation|Translate pages]]
 
|}
 
 
 
<br>
 
</div>
 
{{featured article}}
 
  
[[Category:Germany]]
+
__NOTOC__
 +
[[Category:Move Content]][[Category:Germany]]{{H-langs|en=Germany|pt=Alemanha}}

Latest revision as of 18:27, 1 December 2017

Europe
Germany
Germany Research Topics
Muehlhausen Thueringen .jpg
Beginning Research
Record Types
Germany Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources
Moderator
The FamilySearch moderator for Germany is Baerbel
Guide to German ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Country Information

Germany is a vibrant country with a rich history and heritage. As with many countries of Europe, Germany has seen dramatic changes to its borders and even its internal regions. Over the centuries, Germany consisted of numerous independent kingdoms, duchies, principalities, and states. Then in 1871 all German-speaking states except the Austrian states were consolidated into the German Empire. [1] This construct is still seen in Germany today.

Place-names and county, province, and state jurisdictions also changed, often more than once. Because of these changes, you may discover that it is difficult to find the name of your German ancestor's town on a modern map. You may also have trouble determining the jurisdiction where their records were kept. Various resources are available to help you find that information and will be included here.

Getting Started

Getting Started with Germany Research

Links to articles on getting started with German research:

See More Research Strategies

Germany Research Tools

Links to tools and websites that assist in German research:

See More Research Tools


{{{link}}} Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg
Dark thin font green pin Version 4.png If you know the name of the town/city, consult a gazetteer for more details. See Meyer's Gazetteer or a regional online gazetteer.

Germany Clickable Map - 1945-present

Using the map, click on the state name, or use the State links below.

Schleswig-HolsteinMecklenburg-VorpommernHamburgBremen|Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony)Berlin|BrandenburgNordrhein-WestfalenSaxony-AnhaltHessenThüringenSachsen (Saxony)Rheinland-Pfalz (Palatinate)SaarlandBaden-WürttembergBayern (Bavaria)Modern Germany map2.png
About this image

Jurisdictions - 1945-present

Germany (English)

Germany (Deutsch)

Research Articles on Former States of Germany

These former states of Germany are now parts of Poland, Russia, the Czech Republic, Lithuania, France or Denmark. Click on German states in this list to link to their research information.

Before 1945, see Schleswig-Holstein
After 1945, see Denmark

Modern German States Compared to the German Empire

Click on the state below to see a comparison of the German Empire map and the modern state:


Germany Clickable Map - 1864-1871


Many states are too small to make clickable. You will need to access them from the list after the map.


Schleswig-HolsteinHannoverMecklenburg-SchwerinLübeckHamburgBremenPomerania (Pommern)West Prussia (Westpreußen)East Prussia (Ostpreußen)PosenBrandenburgMecklenburg-StrelitzSaxony (Sachsen)AnhaltBrunswick (Braunschweig)LippeWestphalia (Westfalen)WaldeckRhineland (Rheinland)Hessen-NassauHessen|OldenburgSaxony (Sachsen)Alsace-Lorraine (Elsass-Lothringen)Bavaria (Bayern)Bavaria (Bayern)BadenWürttembergNew Germany map.png
About this image

Jurisdictions - 1864-1871

States

City/States

Prussian States

Thuringian States

Former Germany Territories, (1919 and 1945 changes)

Germany's boundaries were impacted by their losses of World War I and World War II. The treaties (1919 for World War I and 1945 for World War II) ending those wars had to deal with the disposition of lands annexed by Hitler, but also to resolve some disputes that had waged for the previous century. Many of the border states of Germany had mixed populations (most notably Germans and Polish people). Frequently, the return of lands was accompanied by expulsion of German citizens from the area.

  • Records for a former German area are now kept in repositories of the new country.
    • Once you locate the state and town in a gazetteer, you should find a detailed map. Detailed maps, which are useful if you must expand your search to neighboring towns, will usually be found under the former German name.
  • Internet searches for maps could use either place name.
  • For microfilmed records in the FamilySearch catalog, look under both the German place name or the current place name.
  • If the records you need are not microfilmed, you may need to write to a church or an archive for them. Then you will use the locality's modern location to find an address.
  • See Finding Parish Registers for Germany Areas Now in Other Countries.
  • For more detailed maps of territory reclaimed by Poland in 1945, see Recovered Territories.


North SchleswigMemelFree City of DanzigFree City of DanzigPomeraniaUpper SilesiaSilesiaHultschiner LaendchenPosenWest PrussiaPosenWest PrussiaSouthern East PrussiaSilesiaNorthern East PrussiaHultschiner LaendchenPomeraniaSilesiaAlsace-LorrainePomeraniaMalmedy-EupenAlsace-LorraineAlsace-LorraineCountries formerly in Germany.png
About this image

List of Former German Territories, the Date of the Boundary Change, and the Current Country

Alsace-Lorraine (Elsass-Lothringen), 1919:France
Brandenburg: the Neumark region, 1945: Poland
East Prussia, 1945:

Memel Territory, Memelland or Memelgebiet, north of the Neman River and including the city of Klaipėda, occupied by Lithuania in 1923, occupied by Germany 1939-1945.

Eupen-Malmédy, 1919: Belgium
Free City of Danzig, 1945: Poland
North Schleswig, 1919: Denmark
Pomerania, 1945:

Posen, 1919: Wielkie Księstwo Poznańskie, Poland
Silesia (Schlesien),1945:


Upper Silesia, 1919: Poland
West Prussia, 1919: Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland


More Germany Research Strategies

Research strategies give guidance on how to research or what records to search for first. Below are additional research strategy wiki articles for Germany.

More Germany Research Tools

Research tools can include resources that assist in locating correct records to search and determining the correct locality to search in. Below are links and Wiki articles to research tools in Germany.

  • Pdf Archive Inventory Part 1 of 2: Church records in Archives" - an inventory of localities and the location or archive where the records should be found.
  • The list of archives with addresses, Part 2 of 2, which correspond to the localities list, can be found at this link Archive Addresses Please note that in the second column, with the heading of "key" matches the Archive "number" in the first link which contains the database.
  • Germany Genealogy Resources from Federation of East European Family History Societies (FEEFHS)
  • The Kirchenbuchportal (church book portal) website was created by the Association of Church Archives to facilitate access to German-language church records in 2009. By July 2010 several archives had posted detailed inventories of the parish registers in their collections. By September 2014 this plan had evolved into a project carried out by twelve Evangelical state churches in Germany. Their records are now accessible at a new fee-based site called Archion.
  • Hamburg Passenger Lists
  • Berlin Evangelical Central Archive Inventory Online - The Evangelical Central Archive in Berlin (EZAB) holds many Lutheran church records from Eastern areas, including Ostpreussen, Schlesien, Posen, Brandenburg, Pommern and Westpreussen. On the website the box titled "Familienforschung" (family history research) includes a link to the listing of accessible parish registers under "Kirchenbuch-Suche".


FamilySearch Resources

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.

German Research Tutorials

References

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Germany," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany, accessed 23 March 2016.