Georgia Military Records
Many military records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal archives. The U.S. Military Records article provides more information on federal records. Additional military records are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History. The following sources are also very helpful.
- Fort Charlotte
- Fort Clinch 1847-
- Fort Early
- Fort Fidius 1793-97
- Fort Frederica
- Fort Hawkins 1806-17
- Fort James 1797-1802
- McPherson Barracks -- Textual records of this post, 1866-1881, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
- Oglethorpe Barracks 1821-51
- Fort Prince George
- Fort Pulaski 1862-73
- Fort Scott 1816-21
- Fort Telfair 1790-95
- Fort Wayne 1821-23
- Fort Wilkinson 1797-1806
For a list of Cherokee Removal Forts go to ngeorgia.com
Lists of soldiers who served in Georgia military units include:
- Georgia Secretary of State. Georgia Military Records, 1779-1842. Nine Volumes. [N.p.], 1940. FHL films 007031-35 Includes muster and pay lists.
- Georgia Adjutant Generals Office. Military Records, 1782-1899. Six Volumes. [N.p.], 1957? FHL films 159015-17
Includes payrolls, muster rolls, and lists of commissioned officers.
- Clark, Murtie June. Colonial Soldiers of the South, 1732-1774. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1983. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 975 M29c
- Georgia Executive Department. Military Commissions in the State Militia, 1798-1860. FHL films 158997-014
- "Register of the Georgia Society Colonial Dames of America" published 1904 (Google Books) - lists women who are members of the society and a description of the ancestors service.
Revolutionary War (1775-1783)
There are several published volumes of service records, bounty land certificates, and muster rolls. These include:
- Davis, Robert S., Jr. Georgia Citizens and Soldiers of the American Revolution. Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1979. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 975.8 H2dr This is listed in the Family History Library Catalog under GEORGIA - HISTORY.
- Hemperley, Marion R. Military Certificates of Georgia, 1776-1800. Atlanta, Georgia: State Printing Office, 1983. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 975.8 M2hm
- Revolutionary Soldier's Receipts for Georgia Bounty Grants. Atlanta, Georgia: Foote and Davies Company, 1928. FHL film 163524.)
The 1835 Pension Roll
On June 5, 1834, the U.S. Senate required the Secretary of War to submit a statement showing the names of pensioners who were on the pension rolls or had previously been on the pension rolls. For more information on the 1835 Pension Roll see Revolutionary War Pension Records. The 1835 Pension Roll of Georgia, which includes Revolutionary War pensioners and heirs of War of 1812 casualties is available online:
- Report from the Secretary of War... Vol. III (Google Books)
- The Pension Roll of 1835, Vol. III (Ancestry) ($)
- Georgia Pension Roll of 1835 (USGenWeb Archives) - transcription.
Helpful but undocumented lists are:
- Knight, Lucian Lamar. Georgia's Roster of the Revolution. 1920. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1967. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL microfilm 547588; microfiche 6050221; book 975.8 M23k.
- McCall, Ettie Tidwell H. Roster of Revolutionary Soldiers in Georgia. Three Volumes. 1941. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1968. At various libraries (WorldCat); 975.8 M23m.)
War of 1812 (1812-1815)
- War of 1812 pension records (fold3) (free access) are being digitized. Some soldiers from Georgia are listed in the records. Currently the digitization of these records is not complete.
Mexican War (1846-1848)
Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)
Creek War (1813-1814)
A card index of Indian War soldiers is:
- Alabama. Department of Archives and History. Indian War Service, 1812–1814. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1988. (Family History Library film 1462786 item 3.) This includes alphabetically arranged, typed cards for the Indian wars of 1813–1814 and the War of 1812. The films include each soldier’s name, age, residence, rank, and date enrolled and the date and amount of his pension payments (usually for the years of 1833–1834). Includes records of Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia and South Carolina soldiers, as well as Indian names.
Cherokee Disturbance and Removal (1836-1839)
- "Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers who Served During the Cherokee Disturbances and Removal in Organizations From the State of Georgia" (NARA M907) (FHL film 1205402) (Worldcat) The Cherokees were removed to the Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma. The compiled military service records have not been microfilmed.
- The above collection is also available online:
- U.S. Army Indian Campaign Service Records Index (Ancestry) ($) - browsable only.
Civil War (1861-1865)
See Georgia in the Civil War for information about Georgia Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Georgia regiments involved in the Civil War. The regimental articles often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching the families of the soldiers.
For information about African American troops, see United States Colored Troops in the Civil War to learn about the regiments and units that served from South Carolina.
The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiment for each soldiers. Then you can check the regiment page to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.
- Georgia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865 (FamilySearch Historical Records - Free)
- Georgia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 (FamilySearch Historical Records - Free)
- Northeast Georgia Civil War Round Table Links
Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:
- Georgia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers ( FamilySearch Historical Records)
- Georgia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)
Spanish-American War (1898)
A list of soldiers who served in this war is Carlton J. Thaxton, et. al., A Roster of Spanish American Soldiers from Georgia (Americus, Georgia: Thaxton Company, 1984; Family History Library book 975.8 M2th).
World War I (1917-1918)
- United States. Selective Service System. Georgia, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On Family History Library microfilms beginning with 1556940) These cards have been digitized and are searchable online. See WWI Draft Records for more information.
World War II (1941-1945)
- Georgia, World War II Draft Registration Cards,1940-1942 (FamilySearch Historical Records - Free)
World Wars I and II
The Family History Library has many military discharge papers on microfilm dating from 1917 to 1960. These are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under GEORGIA, [COUNTY] - MILITARY RECORDS. Photographs and service records of men who served in World War I are in Bert E. Boss, The Georgia State Memorial Book (N.p.: 1921; Family History Library microfilm 175271).