Difference between revisions of "Georgia Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(added a link)
(30 intermediate revisions by 18 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{Record_Search_article
+
{{breadcrumb
|CID=CID
+
| link1= [[United States Genealogy|United States]]
|title=Deaths and Burials, 1875-1881
+
| link2=
 +
| link3=
 +
| link4=
 +
| link5= [[Georgia, United States Genealogy|Georgia]]
 +
}}
 +
{{US State HR Infobox
 +
|CID=CID  
 +
|title=Georgia Deaths and Burials, 1875-1881
 +
|location=
 
|scheduled=
 
|scheduled=
|location=United States}}<br>
+
| LOC_01 = Georgia
 
+
| LOC_02 =
== Collection Time Period ==
+
| LOC_03 =
 
+
| loc_map =   
This index covers events from 1845 through 1967.  
+
| state_loc_map = US_Locator_Georgia.png
 
+
| State_flag = Georgia flag.png
== Record Description  ==
+
| record_type =Deaths and Burials
 
+
| start_year =1875
This index is an electronic database of information. The entries are primarily from the International Genealogical Index ([[International Genealogical Index|IGI]]) along with some entries derived from compiled and original records such as:
+
| end_year = 1881
 
+
| FS_URL_01 =[[Georgia Genealogy (state)]]
*Family Records  
+
| FS_URL_02 =[[Georgia Archives and Libraries]]  
*Church Records
+
| FS_URL_03 =[[Georgia Vital Records]]
*Civil Registration
+
| FS_URL_04 =
 
+
| FS_URL_05 =
It may also include indexes generated by the internet indexing project sponsored by the LDS Church.
+
| FS_URL_06 =
 
+
| FS_URL_07 = 
There may be entries that cite a specific source such as the following:
+
| FS_URL_08 = 
 
+
| FS_URL_09 = 
*"Vital Record of Rhode Island, 1636-1850: a Family Register for the People" by James Arnold
+
| FS_URL_10 = 
*"Paul Dingwell Genealogical Collection" by Paul Dingwell
+
| RW_URL_01 =[http://www.deathindexes.com/georgia/ Online Georgia Death Indexes and Records]
*A county or state vital record registration
+
| RW_URL_02 =
 
+
| RW_URL_03 = 
These entries are in this collection for one of the following reasons:
+
| RW_URL_04 = 
 
+
| RW_URL_05 = 
*They were submitted by private individuals to the LDS Church and as such are part of the IGI resulting in their inclusion in this index.
+
| custodian = 
*They have been indexed through the internet indexing project sponsored by the LDS Church. If this is the case, the index they are a part of has been included as part of this database.
+
}}
 
+
== What is in This Collection? ==
The Vital Record Index databases are not necessarily intended to index any specific set of records although some sub-indexes (an index to a set of records within the database) have been found. When we identify a sub-index, we remove it from the database and post it separately on FamilySearch under its appropriate title.  
+
This index is an electronic index for the years 1875 to 1881. This index is not complete for any particular place, region or time period. This collection may include information previously published in the [[International Genealogical Index (IGI) (FamilySearch Historical Records) |International Genealogical Index]] or Vital Records Index collections.
 
+
== Collection Content ==
This index is not complete for any particular place or region.  
+
=== Coverage Table  ===
 
+
A coverage table for this collection is available in the wiki article [[Georgia Deaths and Burials, Coverage Table (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
== Citation for This Collection  ==
 
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
 
 
 
{{Collection citation| text=<!--bibdescbegin-->"Deaths and Burials, 1875-1881," index, "FamilySearch" (https://www.familysearch.org). Index based on the International Genealogical Index, Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. FHL digital index. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->}}
 
 
 
[[Georgia Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records)   #Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]  
 
 
 
=== Record Content ===
 
 
 
The key genealogical facts found in marriage index entries may include:
 
 
 
*Name of the bride and groom
 
*Names of the parents
 
*Marriage date
 
*Marriage place
 
*Family History Library Microfilm and item numbers for the source materials
 
 
 
== Coverage Table  ==
 
 
 
This collection is a partial index of records for the localities listed below as of April 2010. The table below shows the number of records by locality. Localities not listed may not have any records in this collection.
 
 
 
Most of these records date from the time period indicated in the columns below; however, there may be records before and after these dates. Record counts where the locality information was incomplete are included below under the country name. Because of this, you may wish to search only by state.
 
 
 
As this is an index of records compiled from various sources, it is strongly recommended that you verify the information in original records. Due to privacy laws not all records may be displayed.<br><br>
 
 
 
{| border="3"
 
|-
 
! align="center" style="background: rgb(240,240,240)" scope="col" | '''Locality'''
 
! align="center" style="background: rgb(240,240,240)" scope="col" | '''Births and Christenings, 1845-1930*'''
 
! align="center" style="background: rgb(240,240,240)" scope="col" | '''Marriages, 1808-1967'''
 
! align="center" style="background: rgb(240,240,240)" scope="col" | '''Deaths and Burials, 1875-1881*'''
 
|-
 
| Appling
 
| 0
 
| 10,404
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Baker
 
| 0
 
| 2,812
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Baldwin
 
| 0
 
| 12,250
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Banks
 
| 0
 
| 4,205
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Bartow
 
| 0
 
| 14,023
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Berrien
 
| 0
 
| 4,075
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Bibb
 
| 1,267
 
| 26,233
 
| 604
 
|-
 
| Bleckley
 
| 0
 
| 154
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Brooks
 
| 0
 
| 2,668
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Bryan
 
| 0
 
| 3,434
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Bulloch
 
| 0
 
| 1,655
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Burke
 
| 0
 
| 10,246
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Butts
 
| 0
 
| 9,136
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Calhoun
 
| 0
 
| 1,037
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Camden
 
| 374
 
| 3,399
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Carroll
 
| 110
 
| 16,435
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Catoosa
 
| 0
 
| 4,258
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Charlton
 
| 0
 
| 3,934
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Chatham
 
| 4,423
 
| 39,724
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Chattahoochee
 
| 0
 
| 4,092
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Chattooga
 
| 0
 
| 5,996
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Cherokee
 
| 0
 
| 10,467
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Clarke
 
| 0
 
| 11,621
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Clay
 
| 0
 
| 6,609
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Clayton
 
| 0
 
| 6,122
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Clinch
 
| 0
 
| 2,510
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Cobb
 
| 0
 
| 17,670
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Coffee
 
| 0
 
| 2,541
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Colquitt
 
| 0
 
| 6,292
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Columbia
 
| 0
 
| 14,859
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Coweta
 
| 0
 
| 14,594
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Crawford
 
| 0
 
| 7,621
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Dade
 
| 0
 
| 1,823
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Dawson
 
| 0
 
| 4,114
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Decatur
 
| 0
 
| 9,572
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| DeKalb
 
| 0
 
| 7,140
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Dodge
 
| 0
 
| 4,918
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Dougherty
 
| 0
 
| 8,784
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Douglas
 
| 0
 
| 6,876
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Early
 
| 0
 
| 7,123
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Echols
 
| 0
 
| 3,603
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Effingham
 
| 0
 
| 10,057
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Elbert
 
| 0
 
| 12,410
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Emanuel
 
| 0
 
| 2,272
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Fannin
 
| 0
 
| 2,763
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Fayette
 
| 0
 
| 10,086
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Floyd
 
| 358
 
| 15,987
 
| 543
 
|-
 
| Forsyth
 
| 0
 
| 7,340
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Franklin
 
| 0
 
| 5,841
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Fulton
 
| 0
 
| 47,413
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Georgia
 
| 14,903
 
| 32,525
 
| 169
 
|-
 
| Gilmer
 
| 0
 
| 1,484
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Glascock
 
| 0
 
| 4,086
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Glynn
 
| 514
 
| 2,681
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Gordon
 
| 0
 
| 8,695
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Greene
 
| 0
 
| 12,625
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Gwinnett
 
| 0
 
| 6,923
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Habersham
 
| 0
 
| 1,838
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Hall
 
| 0
 
| 7,241
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Hancock
 
| 0
 
| 14,095
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Haralson
 
| 0
 
| 3,293
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Harris
 
| 0
 
| 14,110
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Hart
 
| 0
 
| 9,431
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Heard
 
| 0
 
| 3,492
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Henry
 
| 0
 
| 11,754
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Houston
 
| 0
 
| 1,770
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Irwin
 
| 0
 
| 2,187
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Jackson
 
| 0
 
| 16,405
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Jasper
 
| 114
 
| 11,983
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Jefferson
 
| 0
 
| 15,100
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Johnson
 
| 0
 
| 1,969
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Jones
 
| 0
 
| 11,620
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Laurens
 
| 0
 
| 14,190
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Lee
 
| 0
 
| 4,357
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Liberty
 
| 2,951
 
| 10,804
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Lincoln
 
| 0
 
| 4,792
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Lowndes
 
| 0
 
| 5,684
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Lumpkin
 
| 0
 
| 7,539
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Macon
 
| 641
 
| 7,920
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Madison
 
| 586
 
| 6,791
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Marion
 
| 0
 
| 4,506
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| McDuffie
 
| 0
 
| 4,323
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| McIntosh
 
| 246
 
| 3,128
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Meriwether
 
| 0
 
| 7,692
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Miller
 
| 0
 
| 2,384
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Mitchell
 
| 0
 
| 3,715
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Monroe
 
| 125
 
| 15,743
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Montgomery
 
| 0
 
| 7,288
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Morgan
 
| 0
 
| 13,761
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Murray
 
| 0
 
| 7,970
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Muscogee
 
| 0
 
| 18,692
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Newton
 
| 0
 
| 9,937
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Oconee
 
| 0
 
| 4,997
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Oglethorpe
 
| 0
 
| 16,596
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Paulding
 
| 0
 
| 10,039
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Pickens
 
| 0
 
| 4,370
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Pierce
 
| 0
 
| 3,077
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Pike
 
| 0
 
| 5,744
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Polk
 
| 0
 
| 9,695
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Pulaski
 
| 0
 
| 15,456
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Putnam
 
| 0
 
| 12,411
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Rabun
 
| 0
 
| 3,794
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Randolph
 
| 0
 
| 8,602
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Richmond
 
| 2,958
 
| 24,058
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Rockdale
 
| 0
 
| 1,911
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Schley
 
| 0
 
| 3,053
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Screven
 
| 0
 
| 1,572
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Spalding
 
| 0
 
| 5,514
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Stewart
 
| 0
 
| 11,458
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Sumter
 
| 941
 
| 7,982
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Talbot
 
| 0
 
| 11,926
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Taliaferro
 
| 0
 
| 5,943
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Tattnall
 
| 0
 
| 8,952
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Taylor
 
| 0
 
| 5,050
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Telfair
 
| 0
 
| 4,083
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Terrell
 
| 0
 
| 7,396
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Thomas
 
| 217
 
| 17,570
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Towns
 
| 0
 
| 1,121
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Troup
 
| 0
 
| 16,145
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Union
 
| 0
 
| 4,415
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Upson
 
| 0
 
| 13,962
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Walker
 
| 0
 
| 3,033
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Walton
 
| 0
 
| 10,827
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Ware
 
| 0
 
| 5,030
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Warren
 
| 0
 
| 10,631
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Washington
 
| 0
 
| 36,261
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Wayne
 
| 125
 
| 2,286
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Webster
 
| 0
 
| 1,776
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| White
 
| 0
 
| 3,726
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Whitfield
 
| 0
 
| 8,955
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Wilcox
 
| 0
 
| 3,478
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Wilkes
 
| 0
 
| 9,897
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Worth
 
| 0
 
| 3,872
 
| 0
 
|-
 
| Total
 
| 30,853
 
| 1,152,385
 
| 1,316
 
|}
 
  
 
*These records are published in the United States Miscellaneous Deaths collection.
 
*These records are published in the United States Miscellaneous Deaths collection.
 
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
== How to Use the Record  ==
+
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
 
+
*The name of your ancestor
Use this file to help you learn more about your ancestors. The information could help you identify family relationships and lineages as well as direct you to original records of your ancestors, which may contain additional information.
+
*The approximate date of death or burial
 
+
*The residence of your ancestor
Depending on the time period and place there may not be a surname listed in the original records. When that happened, the indexer often assigned a surname based on the father's surname which may not be correct. So if you are looking for a birth/christening, search by the given name of the child, adding parents' names and as much locality information as is permitted.
+
*The names of other family members and their relationships
 
+
=== Search the Index ===
Each entry in this index has a source listed which includes a batch number. You will need to trace the batch number for the individual entry to learn its source.
+
{{Search Collection Link
 
+
| CID=CIDnumber
Please see the following wiki articles for more information on batch numbers:
+
| scheduled =
 
+
}}
*[[IGI]]
+
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
*[[IGI Batch Number Descriptions]]
+
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.  Keep track of your research in a [[Use_Appropriate_Forms#Prepare_a_Research_Log | research log]].
*[[IGI Batch Numbers for the British Isles and North America]]
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 
+
When you have located your ancestor’s death record, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
If an FHL film number is given in the entry for your ancestor, search for it in the [https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog&catSearchType=film_number Family History Library Catalog].  
+
=== I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
 
+
*Use the death date along with the place of death to find the family in census records
== Record History  ==
+
*Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church and land records
 
+
*Continue to search the death records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who were born in the same county or nearby
For over 30 years, volunteer indexers extracted this information from microfilm copies of the original records. In 1998, a few of the entries were published on 7 CDs by the Family History Department of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints as the "North America Vital Records Index." This is an index of some marriages throughout Georgia. The index is not necessarily complete for any particular place or region.  
+
=== I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now? ===
 
+
*Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names
=== Why the Record Was Created  ===
+
*Look for another index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records
 
+
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints sponsored the indexing to accomplish its program of identifying the ancestry of mankind.
 
 
 
=== Record Reliability ===
 
 
 
Church records and civil registration were official sources and are some of the most reliable sources of information available on those who were born, married, or died in Georgia.
 
  
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 
 
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Georgia Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
 
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Georgia Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
 +
== Citing this Collection ==
 +
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
;Collection Citation:
 
+
"Georgia Deaths and Burials, 1875-1881." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. <nowiki>http://FamilySearch.org</nowiki> : Index based on the International Genealogical Index, Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.  
[http://www.deathindexes.com/georgia/ Online Georgia Death Indexes and Records]
 
 
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
 
 
*[[Georgia (state)|Georgia (state]])
 
*[[Georgia Vital Records]]
 
 
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
 
 
{{Contributor invite}}
 
 
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
 
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
 
 
 
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
 
 
 
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection ===
 
  
"Georgia Marriages, 1808-1967." database and digital images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://www.familysearch.org https://www.familysearch.org]): accessed March 9,2011), Calvin L. Peterson and Julie Burden, married 28 July 1897; citing Marriage Records, FHL microfilm 203,066; International Genealogical Index, Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States.
+
{{Record_Citation}}
  
 +
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
[[Category:Georgia|Vital]]
+
{{Contributor invite}}

Revision as of 13:47, 20 February 2018

United States
Georgia
Access the Records
CID
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records scheduled to become available at FamilySearch.org.
Georgia, United States
Georgia flag.png
Flag of Georgia
US Locator Georgia.png
Location of Georgia
Record Description
Record Type Deaths and Burials
Collection years 1875-1881
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites


What is in This Collection?

This index is an electronic index for the years 1875 to 1881. This index is not complete for any particular place, region or time period. This collection may include information previously published in the International Genealogical Index or Vital Records Index collections.

Collection Content

Coverage Table

A coverage table for this collection is available in the wiki article Georgia Deaths and Burials, Coverage Table (FamilySearch Historical Records)

  • These records are published in the United States Miscellaneous Deaths collection.

How Do I Search the Collection?

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • The approximate date of death or burial
  • The residence of your ancestor
  • The names of other family members and their relationships

Search the Index

You will be able to search this collection when it is published.

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s death record, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Use the death date along with the place of death to find the family in census records
  • Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church and land records
  • Continue to search the death records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who were born in the same county or nearby

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names
  • Look for another index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby counties

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Citing this Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation

"Georgia Deaths and Burials, 1875-1881." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : Index based on the International Genealogical Index, Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.